Patents Represented by Attorney Dean E. Carlson
  • Patent number: 5345780
    Abstract: A bi-flow expansion device for a heat pump or other apparatus where fluid avel is reversed with different required flow rates in each direction. The device comprises a tubular member mounted in a refrigerant line and having non-symmetrical entrance-exits at the ends of the tubular member for changing the mass flow rate of refrigerant through the expansion device when the direction of refrigerant flow is changed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Commerce
    Inventors: David A. Aaron, Piotr A. Domanski
  • Patent number: 5085058
    Abstract: A bi-flow expansion device for a heat pump or other apparatus where fluid avel is reversed with different required flow rates in each direction. The device comprises a tubular member mounted in a refrigerant line and having non-symmetrical entrance-exits at the ends of the tubular member for changing the mass flow rate of refrigerant through the expansion device when the direction of refrigerant flow is changed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Commerce
    Inventors: David A. Aaron, Piotr A. Domanski
  • Patent number: 4339511
    Abstract: A process for forming a precursor powder which, when suitably pressed and sintered forms highly pure, densified .beta.- or .beta."-alumina, comprising the steps of:(1) forming a suspension (or slurry) of Bayer-derived Al(OH).sub.3 in a water-miscible solvent;(2) adding an aqueous solution of a Mg compound, a Li compound, a Na compound or mixtures thereof to the Bayer-derived Al(OH).sub.3 suspension while agitating the mixture formed thereby, to produce a gel;(3) drying the gel at a temperature above the normal boiling point of water to produce a powder material;(4) lightly ball milling and sieving said powder material; and(5) heating the ball-milled and sieved powder material at a temperature of between 350.degree. to 900.degree. C. to form the .beta.- or .beta."-alumina precursor powder. The precursor powder, thus formed, may be subsequently isopressed at a high pressure and sintered at an elevated temperature to produce .beta.- or .beta."-alumina.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1982
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Peter E. D. Morgan
  • Patent number: 4326117
    Abstract: High-strength metal joints are formed by a combined weld-braze technique. A hollow cylindrical metal member is forced into an undersized counterbore in another metal member with a suitable braze metal disposed along the bottom of the counterbore. Force and current applied to the members in an evacuated chamber results in the concurrent formation of the weld along the sides of the counterbore and a braze along the bottom of the counterbore in one continuous operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1975
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1982
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: William R. Kanne, Jr., John W. Kelker, Jr., Robert J. Alexander
  • Patent number: 4309249
    Abstract: A device for producing fissile material inside of fabricated nuclear elements so that they can be used to produce power in nuclear power reactors. Fuel elements, for example, of a LWR are placed in pressure tubes in a vessel surrounding a liquid lead-bismuth flowing columnar target. A linear-accelerator proton beam enters the side of the vessel and impinges on the dispersed liquid lead-bismuth columns and produces neutrons which radiate through the surrounding pressure tube assembly or blanket containing the nuclear fuel elements. These neutrons are absorbed by the natural fertile uranium-238 elements and are transformed to fissile plutonium-239. The fertile fuel is thus enriched in fissile material to a concentration whereby they can be used in power reactors. After use in the power reactors, dispensed depleted fuel elements can be reinserted into the pressure tubes surrounding the target and the nuclear fuel regenerated for further burning in the power reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1979
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1982
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Meyer Steinberg, James R. Powell, Hiroshi Takahashi, Pierre Grand, Herbert Kouts
  • Patent number: 4302679
    Abstract: An ion gauge having a reduced "x-ray limit" and means for measuring that limit. The gauge comprises an ion gauge of the Bayard-Alpert type having a short collector and having means for varying the grid-collector voltage.The "x-ray limit" (i.e. the collector current resulting from x-rays striking the collector) may then be determined by the formula: ##EQU1## where: I.sub.x ="x-ray limit",I.sub.l and I.sub.h =the collector current at the lower and higher grid voltage respectively; and,.alpha.=the ratio of the collector current due to positive ions at the higher voltage to that at the lower voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1979
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: David Edwards, Jr., Christopher P. Lanni
  • Patent number: 4293089
    Abstract: There is disclosed a positive cathode electrode structure formed by brazing a thin porous membrane to a backing material by preselecting a predetermined area of the thin porous membrane and thereafter providing a braze flow barrier throughout the remainder of the membrane and electrolessly plating a nickel-phosphide alloy on the backing material, or in this case the honeycomb structure. The preselected area of the thin porous membrane is placed in intimate contact with the electrolessly plated portion of the backing material and heated to elevated temperatures in the absence of oxygen to form a brazed joint limited to a preselected area. If the braze flow barrier is provided by application of a liquid organic solvent, then the organic solvent is driven off by maintaining the thin porous membrane at elevated temperatures for an extended period of time prior to the brazing operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1979
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: James T. McCormick, Paul B. Ferry, John C. Hall
  • Patent number: 4292527
    Abstract: A radiation detection system including a radiation-to-light converter and fiber optic wave guides to transmit the light to a remote location for processing. The system utilizes fluors particularly developed for use with optical fibers emitting at wavelengths greater than about 500 nm and having decay times less than about 10 ns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Larry A. Franks, Stephen S. Lutz, Peter B. Lyons
  • Patent number: 4291105
    Abstract: There is provided a class of mechanically pre-stressed structures, suitably bi-layer strips comprising a layer of group 5 transition metals in intimate contact with a layer of an intermetallic compound of said transition metals with certain group 3A, 4A or 5A metals or metalloids suitably gallium, indium, silicon, germanium, tin, arsenic or antimony. The changes of Young's modulus of these bi-layered combinations at temperatures in the region of but somewhat above absolute zero provides a useful means of sensing temperature changes. Such bi-metallic strips may be used as control strips in thermostats, in direct dial reading instruments, or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Jean F. Bussiere, David O. Welch, Masaki Suenaga
  • Patent number: 4281256
    Abstract: An internal combustion reciprocating engine is operable as a compressor during slack demand periods utilizing excess power from a power grid to charge air into an air storage reservoir and as an expander during peak demand periods to feed power into the power grid utilizing air obtained from the air storage reservoir together with combustible fuel. Preferably the internal combustion reciprocating engine is operated at high pressure and a low pressure turbine and compressor are also employed for air compression and power generation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Frederick W. Ahrens, George T. Kartsounes
  • Patent number: 4281289
    Abstract: A method of determining the oil and brine saturation distribution in an oil field by taking electrical current and potential measurements among a plurality of open-hole wells geometrically distributed throughout the oil field. Poisson's equation is utilized to develop fluid saturation distributions from the electrical current and potential measurement. Both signal generating equipment and chemical means are used to develop current flow among the several open-hole wells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Erle C. Donaldson, F. Dexter Sutterfield
  • Patent number: 4272193
    Abstract: The optical path lengths of a plurality of comparison laser beams directed to impinge upon a common target from different directions are compared to that of a master laser beam by using an optical heterodyne interferometric detection technique. The technique consists of frequency shifting the master laser beam and combining the master beam with a first one of the comparison laser beams to produce a time-varying heterodyne interference pattern which is detected by a photo-detector to produce an AC electrical signal indicative of the difference in the optical path lengths of the two beams which were combined. The optical path length of this first comparison laser beam is adjusted to compensate for the detected difference in the optical path lengths of the two beams. The optical path lengths of all of the comparison laser beams are made equal to the optical path length of the master laser beam by repeating the optical path length adjustment process for each of the comparison laser beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1979
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Jay M. Eastman, Theodore L. Miller
  • Patent number: 4266852
    Abstract: A system for welding fiber optic waveguides together. The ends of the two fibers to be joined together are accurately, collinearly aligned in a vertical orientation and subjected to a controlled, diffuse arc to effect welding and thermal conditioning. A front-surfaced mirror mounted at a 45.degree. angle to the optical axis of a stereomicroscope mounted for viewing the junction of the ends provides two orthogonal views of the interface during the alignment operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Robert W. Higgins, Roger E. Robichaud
  • Patent number: 4253023
    Abstract: A system for obtaining improved resolution in relatively thick semiconductor radiation detectors, such as HgI.sub.2, which exhibit significant hole trapping. Two amplifiers are used: the first measures the charge collected and the second the contribution of the electrons to the charge collected. The outputs of the two amplifiers are utilized to unfold the total charge generated within the detector in response to a radiation event.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Richard C. Whited
  • Patent number: 4252668
    Abstract: A solution of potassium-38 suitable for use as a radiopharmaceutical and a method for its production. Argon is irradiated with protons having energies above the threshold for the .sup.40 Ar(p,3n).sup.38 K reaction. The resulting potassium-38 is dissolved in a sterile water and any contaminating chlorine-38 is removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Richard M. Lambrecht, Alfred P. Wolf
  • Patent number: 4253190
    Abstract: A method and system are described for transmitting electromagnetic radiation by using a communications mirror located between about 100 kilometers and about 200 kilometers above ground. The communications mirror is kept aloft above the atmosphere by the pressure of the electromagnetic radiation which it reflects, and which is beamed at the communications mirror by a suitably constructed transmitting antenna on the ground. The communications mirror will reflect communications, such as radio, radar, or television waves up to about 1,100 kilometers away when the communications mirror is located at a height of about 100 kilometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Paul L. Csonka
  • Patent number: 4251340
    Abstract: This invention relates to a high molecular weight terpolymer of ethylene, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide stable to 280.degree. C. and containing as little as 36 mol % ethylene and about 41-51 mol % sulfur dioxide; and to the method of producing said terpolymer by irradiation of a liquid and gaseous mixture of ethylene, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide by means of Co-60 gamma rays or an electron beam, at a temperature of about 10.degree.-50.degree. C., and at a pressure of about 140 to 680 atmospheres, to initiate polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Richard Johnson, Meyer Steinberg
  • Patent number: 4241672
    Abstract: A method of metering underfire air for increasing efficiency and reducing particulate emissions from wood-fire, spreader-stoker boilers is disclosed. A portion of the combustion air, approximately one pound of air per pound of wood, is fed through the grate into the fuel bed, while the remainder of the combustion air is distributed above the fuel in the furnace, and the fuel bed is maintained at a depth sufficient to consume all oxygen admitted under fire and to insure a continuous layer of fresh fuel thereover to entrap charred particles inside the fuel bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Kenneth L. Tuttle
  • Patent number: 4230959
    Abstract: A corner seal for an MHD duct includes a compressible portion which contacts the duct walls and an insulating portion which contacts the electrodes, sidewall bars and insulators. The compressible portion may be a pneumatic or hydraulic gasket or an open-cell foam rubber. The insulating portion is segmented into a plurality of pieces of the same thickness as the electrodes, insulators and sidewall bars and aligned therewith, the pieces aligned with the insulator being of a different size from the pieces aligned with the electrodes and sidewall bars to create a stepped configuration along the corners of the MHD channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1979
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Francis R. Spurrier
  • Patent number: 4225781
    Abstract: The invention relates to a solar tracking device which tracks the position of the sun using paired, partially-shaded photocells. Auxiliary photocells are used for initial acquisition of the sun and for the suppression of false tracking when the sun is obscured by clouds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 30, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Burrell E. Hammons