Abstract: A method of manufacturing (meth)acrylic acid includes:
a reaction step of carrying out a catalytic gas-phase oxidation reaction;
an absorbing step of absorbing (meth)acrylic acid from a (meth)acrylic-acid-containing mixed gas prepared in the reaction step;
a refinement step of separating, refining, and recovering (meth)acrylic acid from a (meth)acrylic-acid-containing liquid prepared in the absorbing step; and
a recirculation step of recirculating (meth)acrylic acid contained in a vent gas produced in the refinement step to the absorbing step and/or the refinement step.
Abstract: An active matrix substrate as one of substrates constituting a liquid crystal panel of a liquid crystal display device is made of a piece of substrate produced by connecting a plurality of small active matrix substrates side by side, and has color filters formed thereon. With this structure, when each of the small active matrix substrates has a maximum area obtainable by a conventional production line, a counter substrate disposed opposite to the active matrix substrate is larger than the maximum size producible by the conventional production line. However, since the color filters are formed on the small active matrix substrates, it is not necessary to newly provide a color filter production line corresponding to the larger counter substrate. Since new facility investment is not required, it is possible to provide a large-area liquid crystal display device at a low price.
Abstract: The present invention provides therapeutically useful substituted guanidines, and methods of treatment and pharmaceutical compositions that utilize or comprise one or more of such guanidines.
June 5, 1995
Date of Patent:
September 11, 2001
Cambridge NeuroSciences, Inc.
Stanley M. Goldin, James B. Fischer, Andrew Gannett Knapp, N. Laxma Reddy, David Berlove, Graham J. Durant, Subbarao Katragadda, Lain-Yen Hu, Sharad Magar, Wenhong Fan, Elizabeth Yost, Jun Qing Guo
Abstract: A pixel substrate of a liquid crystal display device of the present invention are equipped with gate bus lines, reference signal lines, gate signal input terminals, a reference signal trunk line, and reference signal input terminals. The reference signal trunk line is formed so as to run along all side edges of the pixel substrate except the left side edge which is on the gate signal input side, outside a display area of the pixel substrate (an area corresponding to a display area of a liquid crystal panel when completed), and is connected with every reference signal line. A sealing member for making the pixel substrate and a counter substrate adhere to each other is provided so as to be positioned on the reference signal trunk line 7.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for detection of protein using a counter-dye composition, on polyaciylamide gels, and the counter-dye composition for detection of protein on polyacrylamide gels. More specifically, the present invention relates to a method for detection of protein in a high sensitivity on polyacrylamide gels in a rapid and simple manner, comprising the step of staining the polyacrylamide gels with a counter-dye composition containing an acidic organic dye and a basic organic dye, and the counter-dye composition for detection of protein on polyacrylamide gels.
July 10, 1999
Date of Patent:
August 21, 2001
Jung Kap Choi, Gyoung Hoon Tak, Da-Woon Jung, Gyurng Soo Yoo
Abstract: A magneto-optical memory medium according to the present invention comprises a reproducing layer, which has in-plane magnetization at room temperature and perpendicular magnetization when heated to above a predetermined temperature by a reproducing light beam; a recording layer, which is magnetostatically coupled to the reproducing layer; and an in-plane magnetized layer, provided adjacent to the recording layer, which has a Curie temperature at the above-mentioned predetermined temperature. In this medium, at temperatures below the predetermined temperature, signals recorded at high density in the recording layer are masked, and the above-mentioned magnetostatic coupling is suppressed, by magnetic masking by the in-plane magnetized layer.
Abstract: The feedback caused between the output and the input of an amplification path is reduced by providing a delay in the amplification path, passing through the amplification path a signal having an auto-correlation function which is substantially a delta function, correlating the said signal before being delayed in the delay with the signal after being delayed in the delay to produce a plurality of correlation coefficients, modifying the signal in the amplification path to provide a modified signal, the modification being provided by a transversal filter controlled by the said plurality of correlation coefficients, and combining the modified signal with the signal in the amplification path so as to reduce the effect of the feedback.
August 10, 1998
Date of Patent:
July 31, 2001
British Broadcasting Corporation
Jonathan Highton Stott, Nicholas Dominic Wells
Abstract: A magneto-optical recording medium is composed of a base which has a property that a light can be transmitted therethrough, a readout layer formed on the base, which has in-plane magnetization at room temperature, whereas, a transition occurs from in-plane magnetization to perpendicular magnetization as the temperature thereof is raised and a recording layer formed on the readout layer for recording information magneto-optically. A recording and reproducing method and the optical head are designed for the magneto-optical recording medium. By the recording and reproducing method using the optical head, information recorded at high density can be reproduced.
Abstract: Communications devices connect a plurality of digital copying machines. One of the copying machines is used to search among the other copying machines for those whose processing functions match conditions and priorities regarding image processing, post-processing, size of paper, and functions set by the operator. Those machines that match the conditions and priorities set by the operator are registered as being capable of allocation processing operations. Thereafter, the current availability of the registered digital copying machines is checked, and an outputting job is allocated, and image data is transferred, to available ones of the digital copying machines, thereby causing them to perform an allocation processing operation. Therefore, by setting the conditions and priorities for obtaining hard copies as desired by the operator using one digital copying machine, the capable and available other digital copying machines are selected and caused to perform an allocation processing operation.
Abstract: An aromatic polycarbonate of the present invention is produced by reacting an aromatic dihydroxy compound with a compound capable of introducing a carbonate bond, and has a viscosity-average molecular weight of 12,000 to 40,000 and a content of a cyclic oligomer represented by the formula (1) of not more than 1,000 ppm,
in which the percentage of the content of said cyclic oligomer represented by the formula (1) based on the total contents of the cyclic oligomer represented by the formula (1), an oligomer represented by the formula (2) and an oligomer represented by the formula (3) satisfies the following relational formula [I]:
November 22, 1999
Date of Patent:
July 3, 2001
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc.
Abstract: Tri- and tetra-substituted guanidines which exhibit a high binding affinity to phencyclidine (PCP) receptors and, more preferably, low affinity to the brain sigma receptors. These guanidine derivatives act as non-competitive inhibitors of glutamate induced responses of the NMDA receptor by acting as blockers for the ion channel of the NMDA receptor-ion channel complex. These compounds thus exert neuroprotective activity and are useful in the therapeutic treatment of neuronal loss in hypoxia, hypoglycemia, brain or spinal cord ischemia, and brain or spinal chord trauma as well as being useful for the treatment of epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Down's Syndrome, Korsakoff's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders.
June 6, 1995
Date of Patent:
June 26, 2001
State of Oregon, acting by and through the Oregon State Board
of Higher Education, acting for and on behalf of the Oregon Health
Sciences University and the University of Oregon
Abstract: The present invention relates to an oriented laminated polyester film for pasting on car windows, comprising at least three layers including intermediate layer(s) being incorporated with a dye, which laminated polyester film satisfies the following conditions simultaneously:
the ratio of the dye concentration (%) in the outermost layers on both sides (CA) to the dye concentration (%) in the intermediate layer (CB) being not more than 0.5,
the ratio of the sum of the thicknesses (&mgr;m) of the outermost layers (DA) to the overall thickness (&mgr;m) of the whole layers (DZ) being 0.02 to 0.8,
the heat shrinkage (%) in the machine direction and transverse direction of the film when heat-treated at 180° C. for 5 minutes (SMD and STD) being 1.0 to 5.0% and not more than 2.0%, respectively,
the center line average roughness (&mgr;m) of the film surface (Ra) being 0.005 to 0.05 &mgr;m, and
the film haze (H, %) being not more than 5%.
Abstract: Methods are provided for treatment of eye disorders and injury, including methods for treatment of reduced flow of blood or other nutrients to retinal tissue and/or optic nerve, methods for treatment of retinal ischemia and trauma and methods for treatment for optic nerve injury/damage.
Abstract: An image processing apparatus of the present invention is provided with a region separating section and an automatic adjusting section. The region separating section, upon receiving a reference document having a specified ratio of a character region, a photographic region, and a spot region, recognizes and separates the each region of the received document from one another. The automatic adjusting section (1) counts the number of pixels in each of the separated regions and (2) uses the number of pixels thus counted to change a density conversion table, a filter, or a region separation table so as to adjust the separated state of each region such that the number of pixels thus counted is substantially equal to the number of pixels of the region separation state, thereby improving the accuracy of region separation of the image processing apparatus and the image quality of a final image after it is processed with image processing.
Abstract: A method for analyzing a Schottky junction of the present invention includes the step of obtaining electrical field dependence of the Schottky barrier height which shows a degree of dependence of the Schottky barrier height of the Schottky junction formed on a semiconductor wafer on an electrical field applied to an interface of the Schottky junction in a case where a reverse bias is applied to the Schottky junction.
Abstract: During warming up such as carried out upon power application, a first or second condition managing section monitors the status of an always changing device such as an image station and a fixing device, and based upon the current status of the device and the features of data for print jobs that have been received, a control section determines the order of the jobs to be printed out and carries out the corresponding output. Therefore, it is possible to efficiently output images without delay in handling image data even during warming up upon power application.
Abstract: In order to provide a method of safely, efficiently, and industrially manufacturing fluoroaryl magnesium halide containing no impurities, such as coloring components, by a relatively gradual reaction compared with the conventional reactions, and a method of readily and efficiently manufacturing a highly-pure fluoroaryl borane derivative, fluoroaryl magnesium halide expressed by General Formula (1):
where each of R1-R5 independently represents H, F, a hydrocarbon group, or an alkoxy group, provided that at least three of R1-R5 are fluorine atoms, and Xa represents Cl, Br, or I;
is manufactured by reacting, in a solvent containing a chain ether solvent, hydrocarbon magnesium halide expressed by General Formula (2):
where R6 represents a hydrocarbon group, and Xa represents Cl, Br, or I;
with fluoroaryl halide expressed by General Formula (3):
where each of R1-R5 independently represents H, F, a hydrocarbon group, or an alkoxy group, provided that at
Abstract: The present invention relates to a capacitor installed in the automobile engine room, comprising polyethylene-2,6-naphthalate film comprising polyethylene-2,6-naphthalate with an intrinsic viscosity (IV) of not less than 0.56 and having a degree of crystallinity of 32 to 42%, the film elongation retention after a 3,000-hour degradation test at 170° C. being not less than 50%, and the residual elongation of the film after said test being not less than 30%.
Abstract: An optical transmission and receiving module includes a light source; a light receiving element; and a light branching element for causing signal light from the light source to be incident on an optical fiber and causing signal light output from the optical fiber to be incident on the light receiving element. The light branching element includes a prism array including a plurality of triangular prisms arranged at substantially an identical pitch on a plane extending substantially perpendicular to an imaginary line connecting the light source and the light receiving element.
Abstract: A reader having a high-resolution mode and a high-speed mode is disclosed. The reader comprises a CCD sensor, a buffer, a first AD convertor, a second AD convertor, a data selector and a control circuit. The input of the buffer is connected to the CCD sensor through a capacitor and a 5 V power source through an analog switch, and an output of the buffer is connected to the first AD converter for the high-resolution mode and the second AD converter for the high-speed mode in parallel. The data selector for selecting an output from the first AD convertor or the second AD convertor and sending it out to the control circuit is connected to the outputs of the first AD convertor and the second AD convertor.