Patents Represented by Attorney E. T. Grimes
  • Patent number: 5334235
    Abstract: A tenacious wear resistant coating is applied with a high velocity oxygen-fuel thermal spray gun using a composite powder of aluminum and an iron base metal. The metal may be iron-chromium, iron-molybdenum, cast iron or a combination. A particular combination is a blend of a first powder and a second powder, the first powder consisting of a composite of aluminum subparticles and iron-molybdenum alloy subparticles, and the second powder consisting of a composite of aluminum subparticles and cast iron subparticles. An internal combustion engine block has such a coating applied to the cylinder walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1994
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Mitchel R. Dorfman, Jorge E. Garcia, Burton A. Kushner
  • Patent number: 5329965
    Abstract: In a fluid valving system, binary fluid control lines are connected in parallel between a common fluid inlet and a common fluid outlet. Each line has a binary valve and a metering orifice for passing a predetermined rate of fluid flow. The rates are in a geometric progression in factors of two. An analog fluid control line is connected in parallel with the binary lines, and has a continuously adjustable flow rate regulator for passing any selected rate of fluid flow up to a maximum at least equal to the largest increment of rate change in the binary lines. The regulator is formed of a miniature solid state device. A controller sets each binary valve open or closed, and sets the regulator for a selected flow rate, such that cooperative settings provide for a smoothly variable rate of total fluid flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1994
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventor: Daniel J. Gordon
  • Patent number: 5315113
    Abstract: An instrument for surface analysis includes a gun for selectively focusing an electron beam on an anode spot, or rastering the beam across an array of such spots, to generate x-rays. A concave monochromator focuses an energy peak of the x-rays to a specimen surface, in a spot on a selected pixel area or across an array of pixel areas on the surface to emit photoelectrons. An analyzer with a detector provides information on the photoelectrons and thereby chemical species in the surface. A second detector of low energy photoelectrons is cooperative with the rastering to produce a scanning photoelectron image of the surface, for viewing of a specimen to be positioned, or for imaging an insulator surface. The monochromator is formed of platelets produced by cutting an array of platelets from a single crystal member, and bonding the platelets to a concave face of a base plate juxtaposed in crystalline alignment in a positioned array identical to that of the initial array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Paul E. Larson, Paul W. Palmberg
  • Patent number: 5303165
    Abstract: A spectrometric instrument which exhibits an intrinsic profile for a sharp spectral line produces profile data for narrow spectral lines. The spectral lines are effected with a high finesse etalon of gold coated polymer. A transformation filter is computed for transforming the profile data to a gaussian profile. A wavelength calibration is combined with the filter to effect a correction matrix which is applied to sample data to generate calibrated standardized data. Iteratively a correction matrix is applied to calibration data to generate standardized calibration data which is utilized for the wavelength calibration. Calibration is effected with an optical standard, an interference etalon and a fringe formula. Etalon effective thickness is first estimated and then precisely determined so that fringe peaks calibrate wavelength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Alan M. Ganz, David H. Tracy, Robert A. Hoult
  • Patent number: 5291426
    Abstract: A method of producing spectral data corrected for background includes generating spectral data, ascertaining background and subtracting background points to produce the corrected data. To ascertain background the spectral data are masked initially at the spectral peak of interest, and a least squares curve is fitted to the masked data. A runs test is performed to detect whether the number of runs exceeds a selected significance level. If so, the data are further masked and a curve is refitted. These steps are iterated until no further significant number of runs is detected. Similar testing for outliers is then effected with similar masking, a final curve represents the background level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1994
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: John B. Collins, Marc L. Salit
  • Patent number: 5275336
    Abstract: In an angular gas cap on a wire thermal spray gun, a forward channel extends from a rearward channel at an oblique angle thereto so as to have a lateral directional component. The rearward channel at the nozzle has a channel axis parallel to the central axis of the nozzle and is offset from the central axis in a direction opposite the lateral directional component. Immediately upon termination of spraying the wire is retracted into the nozzle. A wire positioner includes a hollow collet with the wire extending therethrough. A linear actuator retains the collet against a wall to hold the collet open from the wire during spraying. Upon termination of spraying the actuator retracts to release the collet from the wall so the collet is sprung to engage the wire during the retraction. Upon startup the wire is advanced into the gas cap faster than normal spraying speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1994
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Robert J. Stasi, Peter J. Ribando, James J. Savino
  • Patent number: 5255836
    Abstract: A wire flame spray apparatus includes a wire feed pulley driven by a motor. A first counterpulley urges a wire into engagement with the feed pulley. A detector pulley with a second counterpulley engages the wire to detect actual wire feed rate. A balance beam supports the counterpulleys. A pressure cylinder acts on the beam to increase counterpulley force on the wire in response to a lagging of actual feed rate from a predetermined feed rate so as to avert slippage of the wire on the feed pulley. A sensor senses changes in rotational speed of the detector pulley and generates signals to increase the counterpulley force. A microprocessor provides control signals for the motor and pressure cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1993
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Ralph H. Herber, Karsten J. Eichhorn
  • Patent number: 5229838
    Abstract: To calibrate a photodetector, a rotating disk with a slot is disposed in a light beam with decreasing speed from a defined maximum rotational speed to a defined minimum speed, while magnitudes and times of signals are read out and stored. Vernier pairs of signals occur in adjacent readout intervals, and non-vernier signals exclude the verniers. Readout times for verniers are used to estimate a preliminary function of rotations versus time. From the function are estimated an occurrence time for each pair and period of disk rotation at the time. Vernier fraction is the ratio of one signal in the pair to the sum of the pair. A time offset is the product of vernier fraction, slot fraction of the disk and the estimated period. Occurrence times corrected with the time offset are utilized to fit a corrected function of disk rotations versus time. Points of time for the non-vernier signals are determined from the corrected function, each point corresponding to disk rotations to a corresponding non-vernier signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1993
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Alan M. Ganz, David H. Tracy
  • Patent number: 5218428
    Abstract: An optical transmittance apparatus has a pair of reference channels of glass rods and a pair of sample channels containing sample fluid. A beam splitter and mirror pass a first portion of an incident beam through an ingoing reference channel, and a second portion through an ingoing sample channel. The first portion is reflected back through an outgoing reference channel, and the second portion back through an outgoing sample channel. The beam splitter and mirror directs the outgoing beams into a common outlet path. A partial disk selectively passes either portion. For positioning the disk, poles of a magnet mounted on the disk axle face windings made about an axis perpendicular to the axle, the windings being on the opposite side of a barrier plate from the poles. Current of one polarity through the windings effects one orientation of the disk, and reversed olarity reorients it perpendicularly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventor: Robert A. Hoult
  • Patent number: 5218262
    Abstract: In an electrode assembly, an electrode holder has a forward end thereof affixed coaxially to an electrode tip. An attachment member is affixed to the holder rearwardly of the electrode. A retaining assembly includes an outer cup component, an inner cup component and a magnet therein. An electrical lead is connected to the inner cup component. The electrode assembly fits coaxially into the retaining assembly with the attachment member adjacent to and retained by the magnet. The electrode holder is seated in electrical contact with the inner cup component. The holder, cup components and attachment member are magnetically permeable, and separated in each assembly by insulators, so as to effect an outer magnetic shielding loop and an inner magnetic shielding loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Masami Taguchi, Charles A. Brantingham
  • Patent number: 5213301
    Abstract: A suspension system for isolating a platform from external vibrations includes spring assemblies suspending the platform. In each spring assembly an elongated outer coil spring is suspended at an upper end thereof from a support structure. A tube is disposed loosely within the outer spring and is attached to a lower end of the spring so as to extend upwardly. An elongated inner coil spring is disposed loosely within the tube and is suspended from an upper point of the tube. The inner spring has a lower end attached to the platform. For friction dampening, o-rings are fitted on the inner spring in sliding contact with the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corp.
    Inventors: Masami Taguchi, Timothy P. Sheridan
  • Patent number: 5184525
    Abstract: A mobile component carrier in an instrument includes a disk with a scalloped periphery. A larger bearing and a smaller bearing are mounted on a support structure. The larger bearing has a radius greater, and the smaller bearing has a radius less than that of each of the scallops. The disk is urged into the bearings which have a relative spacing such that the larger bearing seats against two adjacent intersections of the scallops, and the smaller bearing seats against a dished surface between two other adjacent intersections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1993
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Charles A. Brantingham, Timothy P. Sheridan
  • Patent number: 5173742
    Abstract: A double beam detector system for liquid chromatography includes a light source and slits to effect two beams of radiation symmetrical to an optical axis and focused through a common point. A concave reflective dispersion grating is disposed on the optical axis which is folded at the grating. A collimating lens directs the beams parallel to the optical axis into a pair of detector cells. The collimating lens and entrance lenses for the cells are selected so that the common point is imaged on exit windows of the cells. The grating has a curvature selected cooperatively with the collimating lens, entrance lenses and relevant distances so as to focus the entrance slits at respective entrance windows for the cells. The beam size is constricted to less than the cell bore size by selected parameters of the collimating lens and the entrance lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventor: Eugene F. Young
  • Patent number: 5148986
    Abstract: A high velocity thermal spray gun includes a nozzle member injecting an annular flow of combustible mixture at high pressure into a constricted gas cap. An outer flow of air is injected adjacent to the gas cap wall. Powder is fed axially from the nozzle member into the combustion chamber. An annular inner flow of air is injected coaxially outwardly of the powder. The nozzle face has a shallow annular slot therein between the outer and inner gas injections. Combustion gas and oxygen flow through separate annular gas channels to mutually impinge at the inlet end of the slot for effectual mixing, so that combusting of the combustible mixture is rooted in the annular slot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventor: William P. Rusch
  • Patent number: 5145293
    Abstract: A powder pickup device has a tube formed of an elastomeric tube wall with an orifice therein receptive of powder from a vessel so as to direct powder into a carrier gas in a central passage in the tube. A tubular shell supports the tube and has an aperture therein aligned with the orifice. In another embodiment the tube is combined of a rigid tube and an elastomeric tube fitted tandemly in the shell. The rigid tube extends to an inner end proximate the aperture and has the orifice situated therein. The elastomeric tube extends from the rigid tube and is disposed so as to place a section thereof opposite the orifice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: James J. Savino, Anthony J. Rotolico, Mark F. Spaulding, Richard A. Goering
  • Patent number: 5140005
    Abstract: A superconductive oxide powder is produced by a method comprising spray drying a slip to form agglomerates, feeding the agglomerates sequentially through a first and a second oxygen supported combustion flame for fusing the fine particles in the agglomerates to form an intermediate powder, annealing the intermediate powder in an oxygen-containing environment such as to produce a friable mass, and crushing the mass to form the superconductive oxide powder. For example, a precursor compound in the slip is barrium carbonate, the other precursor constituents are yttrium oxide and copper oxide, and the yttrium, barium and copper in atomic proportions in the precursor constituents are 1:2:3+Y where Y denotes a copper surplus having a value of up to about 1.5. In the final powder the proportions are 1:2:3+Z where Z is between about 0.2 and 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Subramaniam Rangaswamy, Burton A. Kushner, Anthony J. Rotolico
  • Patent number: 5131611
    Abstract: An object mounted on a carrier constitute a rotationally free system such as a telescope on a space vehicle. A separation vector is directed from the center-of-mass of the carrier to the center-of-mass of the object. The object is rotated through a selected angle thereby defining a rotation vector. Simultaneously the object is translated so as to displace the object center-of-mass through a translation distance in a direction such that mathematically crossing the translation vector into the separation vector results in a further vector having the same direction as the rotation vector. A formula is provided for the translation distance in order that the object may be rotated without counter-rotation of the carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventor: Joseph F. Vollaro
  • Patent number: 5126205
    Abstract: A thermal spray powder is formed of granules of a silicon aluminum alloy each having bonded thereto discrete particles of a neoalkoxy zirconate type of organo-zirconate. A modified polyester powder may be blended with the mineral granules, in which case the polymeric granules also should have the zirconate bonded thereto. The powder is made by forming a slurry of alloy and zirconate starting powders with an organic binder, and drying the slurry to form the powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Tuck Chon, Burton A. Kushner, Anthony J. Retolico
  • Patent number: 5122182
    Abstract: Two constituent powders of a powder blend for thermal spraying are in the form of composite particles containing subparticles of nickel alloy and benoite for clearance control coatings. The composite particles are formed by spray drying. In one embodiment the volume percentage of metal in one constituent powder is at least 25% greater than in the other powder. In another embodiment the difference is about 10% by volume, and the alloy rich constituent has alloy subparticles sufficiently large to act as core particles to which the finer subparticles of bentonite are bonded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Mitch R. Dorfman, Burton A. Kushner, Anthony J. Rotolico, Brian A. DelRe, Edward R. Novinski
  • Patent number: 5118941
    Abstract: Target area on a specimen surface is located in an electron microanalyzer system that includes an electron energy analyzer and an analyzer detector. An electron gun impinges a rastering beam of incident electrons across the surface, a secondary electron detector provides corresponding signals for producing a scanning electron microscope image of the surface. Backscattered electrons effected from the incident electrons are passed through the analyzer for producing a further image that is superimposed on the SEM image to locate the target area to be subject to a separate microanalysis. Particularly for an electrically insulating specimen surface, the images are produced in a single frame of rastering, and surface area and beam current are sufficient to produce the images without substantial charge buildup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1992
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventor: Paul E. Larson