Patents Represented by Attorney Edward K. Fein
  • Patent number: 5517183
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for detecting mechanical vibrations and outputting a signal in response thereto. Art accelerometer package having integral display and control functions is suitable for mounting upon the machinery to be monitored. Display circuitry provides signals to a bar graph display which may be used to monitor machine conditions over a period of time. Control switches may be set which correspond to elements in the bar graph to provide an alert if vibration signals increase in amplitude over a selected trip point. The circuitry is shock mounted within the accelerometer housing. The method provides for outputting a broadband analog accelerometer signal, integrating this signal to produce a velocity signal, integrating and calibrating the velocity signal before application to a display driver, and selecting a trip point at which a digitally compatible output signal is generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1996
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Richard J. Bozeman, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5451242
    Abstract: A synthetic soil/fertilizer for horticultural application having all the agronutrients essential for plant growth is disclosed. The soil comprises a synthetic apatite fertilizer having sulfur, magnesium and micronutrients dispersed in a calcium phosphate matrix, a zeolite cation exchange medium saturated with a charge of potassium and nitrogen cations, and an optional pH buffer. Moisture dissolves the apatite and mobilizes the nutrient elements from the apatite matrix and the zeolite charge sites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Douglas W. Ming, Donald L. Henninger, Earl R. Allen, Dadigamuwage C. Golden
  • Patent number: 5442961
    Abstract: An improved accelerometer comprising a transducer responsive to vibration in machinery which produces an electrical signal related to the magnitude and frequency of the vibration; a decoding circuit responsive to the transducer signal which produces a first fault signal, and isolating circuitry responsive to the first fault signal to produce a second fault signal in which ground shift effects are nullified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Richard J. Bozeman, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5441221
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are provided for a single heavy-lift launch to place a complete, operational space station on-orbit. A payload including the space station takes the place of a Shuttle Orbiter using the launch vehicle of the Shuttle Orbiter. The payload includes a forward shroud, a core module, a propulsion module, and a transition module between the core module and the propulsion module. The essential subsystems are pre-integrated and verified on Earth. The core module provides means for attaching international modules with minimum impact to the overall design. The space station includes six control moment gyros for selectably operating in either LVLH (local-vertical local-horizontal) or SI (solar inertial) flight modes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Donald C. Wade, Horacio M. De La Fuente, Reginald B. Berka, Steven L. Rickman, Edgar O. Castro, Kornel Nagy, Clarence J. Wesselski, Timothy E. Pelischek, John A. Schliesing
  • Patent number: 5439310
    Abstract: A releasable coupling device for connecting two members to one another where a collet type fastener has normally retracted latching fingers insertable into a latching recess and a longitudinally movable expander for activating the fastener. The longitudinal movement is retained with a paraffin actuated system which can reset. The longitudinal movement of the expander in one direction is through a one way threaded ratchet system which provides an automatic locking action and the expander is movable in either direction by an independently operated threaded action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Erik E. Evenson, Christian P. Lupo, Clarence J. Wesselski
  • Patent number: 5433766
    Abstract: A synthetic apatite containing agronutrients and a method for making the apatite are disclosed. The apatite comprises crystalline calcium phosphate having agronutrients dispersed in the crystalline structure. The agronutrients can comprise potassium, magnesium, sulfur, iron, manganese, molybdenum, chlorine, boron, copper and zinc in amounts suited for plant growth. The apatite can optionally comprise a carbonate and/or silicon solubility control agent. The agronutrients are released slowly as the apatite dissolves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Douglas W. Ming, Dadigamuwage C. Golden
  • Patent number: 5429594
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for extra corporeal access to blood for analysis of the blood and for treating it or constituents of it with force, energy, or radiation; e.g. electrical energy, heat, sound or electromagnetic or electrostatic force; such apparatuses in one aspect having one or more access ports in tubing or other members through which blood flows with treatment and/or analysis windows disposed at adjacent, within, or over the ports.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Kent D. Castle
  • Patent number: 5423400
    Abstract: An energy absorbing system for controlling the force where a moving object engages a stationary stop and where the system utilized telescopic tubular members, energy absorbing diaphragm elements, force regulating disc springs, and a return spring to return the telescoping member to its start position after stroking. The energy absorbing system has frusto-conical diaphragm elements frictionally engaging the shaft and are opposed by a force regulating set of disc springs. In principle, this force feedback mechanism serves to keep the stroking load at a reasonable level even if the friction coefficient increases greatly. This force feedback device also services desensitize the singular and combined effects of manufacturing tolerances, sliding surface wear, temperature changes, dynamic effects, and lubricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration
    Inventor: Clarence J. Wesselski
  • Patent number: 5416618
    Abstract: Full complex spatial light modulation is enabled by an optically additive combination of the actions of separate and independent spatial light modulators, even though the independent modulators can each express only a one-parameter subset of complex values called its operating curve. Similarly the operating curve of a single modulator can be shifted (biased) by optically adding a constant complex value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration
    Inventor: Richard D. Juday
  • Patent number: 5407152
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to methods and apparatus relating to design, construction, integration and assembly of a space station. The present invention uses pre-integrated open (unpressurized) truss segments for modular construction of the space station. Each segment includes a truss structure and utility subsystems which may be fully assembled and tested on Earth. The segments may be latched together on orbit using a remote latching system. Utility subsystems, such as solar panels and radiators, are pre-integrated into the appropriate truss segment, and are deployable from the respective truss segment on orbit. Rails run lengthwise along the assembled truss. The rails may be used with a mobile transporter for translating truss segments with respect to the spacecraft as part of the space station assembly process. The rails may also be used with a mobile transporter for carrying crew personnel, a robotic arm, and other equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics & Space Administration
    Inventors: Timothy E. Pelischek, Edgar O. Castro, Gregg A. Edeen, David A. Hamilton, Jon B. Kahn, James B. McDede, Kornel Nagy, John V. Rivers, Irene E. Verinder, Donald C. Wade, Clarence J. Wesselski
  • Patent number: 5401069
    Abstract: This invention discloses, in one aspect, a personal rescue device for use in outer space which has an inflatable flexible tube with a shaper apparatus therein. Gas under pressure flows through the shaper apparatus and into the flexible tube. The flexible tube is mounted to the shaper so that as it inflates it expands and deploys lengthwise away from the shaper. In one embodiment a housing contains the shaper and the flexible tube and the housing is designed to facilitate movement of the expanding tube from the housing so the expanding tube does not bunch up in the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Scott A. Swan
  • Patent number: 5384083
    Abstract: A method for forming a glove attachment principally for the palm of an astronaut glove to enhance the gripping area of the palm without detracting from the flexibility and utility of the glove. The attachment is a composite construction formed from a layer of silicone rubber having an outer surface with a friction configuration and an another layer of silicone rubber in which a meta-aramid mesh fabric is embedded prior to curing. The method of construction involves the use of a mold with a friction configuration surface. A first layer of silicone rubber or sealant is disposed in the mold and allowed to set for an hour. A second layer of silicone rubber or sealant is layered over the first layer and leveled. A meta-aramid mesh fabric is embedded into the second layer and the composite is permitted to cure. When cured, a configured area of the composite construction is glued or stitched to the palm area of the glove.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration
    Inventors: Frederic S. Dawn, Walter W. Guy, Joseph J. Kosmo, Arthur P. Drennan, Richard P. Tschirch
  • Patent number: 5376128
    Abstract: A control system and method for prosthetic devices is provided. The control system comprises a transducer for receiving movement from a body part for generating a sensing signal associated with that movement. The sensing signal is processed by a linearizer for linearizing the sensing signal to be a linear function of the magnitude of the distance moved by the body part. The linearized sensing signal is normalized to be a function of the entire range of body part movement from the no-shrug position of the moveable body part through the full-shrug position of the moveable body part. The normalized signal is divided into a plurality of discrete command signals. The discrete command signals are used by typical converter devices which are in operational association with the prosthetic device. The converter device uses the discrete command signals for driving the moveable portions of the prosthetic device and its sub-prosthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Richard J. Bozeman, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5369012
    Abstract: A portion of an organic polymer article such as a membrane is made hydrophilic by exposing a hydrophobic surface of the article to a depth of about 50 to about 5000 angstroms to atomic oxygen or hydroxyl radicals at a temperature below 100.degree. C., preferably below 40.degree. C., to form a hydrophilic uniform surface layer of hydrophilic hydroxyl groups. The atomic oxygen and hydroxyl radicals are generated by a flowing afterglow microwave discharge, and the surface is outside of a plasma produced by the discharge. A membrane having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces can be used in an immunoassay by adhering antibodies to the hydrophobic surface. In another embodiment, the membrane is used in cell culturing where cells adhere to the hydrophilic surface. Prior to adhering cells, the hydrophilic surface may be grafted with a compatibilizing compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Steven L. Koontz, Glenn F. Spaulding
  • Patent number: 5368090
    Abstract: An apparatus and method is disclosed for regulating flow of working fluid through parallel condensation tubes requiring subcooling. The apparatus provides an elongated restriction element extending into the outlet of the respective condensation tubes to the approximate point of onset of subcooling. The elongated restriction element is braced externally to the condensation tube with a support that is used for positioning and maintaining the elongated restriction element in the correct position. The elongated restriction element has a pentagonal cross-section and is slightly undersize with respect to the working fluid passageways through the condensation tubes. The restriction member significantly restricts flow of partially vaporized working fluid but does not significantly affect the flow of fully liquid working fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Inventors: Eugene K. Ungar, William D. Harwell, John D. Cornwell
  • Patent number: 5368067
    Abstract: A system for recovering and recycling gases is disclosed having, in one aspect, inlet and outlet flow lines and controllers with an inflatable enclosure which, in one aspect, has a series of one or more inflatable rib stiffeners which, in one aspect, are inflatable by the gas to be stored. In one aspect the system does not present gas at an undesirable back pressure to the gas source. In one aspect a filtering relief valve is employed which prevents environmental airborne contamination from flowing back into the system when the relief valve is closing. In one aspect the system is for storing and re-using helium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Joseph S. Cook, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5366181
    Abstract: A landing pad system for absorbing horizontal and vertical impact forces upon engagement with a landing surface (15) where circumferentially arranged landing struts (12) respectively have a clevis (24) which receives a slidable rod member (13) and where the upper portion of a slidable rod member is coupled to the clevis by friction washers (30,32) which are force fit onto the rod member to provide for controlled constant force energy absorption when the rod member moves relative to the clevis. The lower end of he friction rod is pivotally attached by a ball and socket (44) to a support plate (42) where the support plate is arranged to slide in a transverse direction relative to a housing which contains an energy absorption material (50) for absorbing energy in a transverse direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Christopher P. Hansen
  • Patent number: 5359896
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to methods and apparatus relating to an accelerometer electrical signal recorder and playback module. The recorder module may be manufactured in lightweight configuration and includes analog memory components to store data. Signal conditioning circuitry is incorporated into the module so that signals may be connected directly from the accelerometer to the recorder module. A battery pack may be included for powering both the module and the accelerometer. Timing circuitry is included to control the time duration within which data is recorded or played back so as to avoid overloading the analog memory components. Multiple accelerometer signal recordings may be taken simultaneously without analog to digital circuits, multiplexing circuitry or software to compensate for the effects of multiplexing the signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Richard J. Bozeman, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5335881
    Abstract: An apparatus is disclosed for capturing and holding a rod, bar or similar member; the apparatus having in one aspect a body member with a recess therein and a hook extending from the body member, the hook and recess defining a capture envelope for receiving and confining the rod etc. In one aspect such an apparatus is disclosed in which the hook is movable with respect to the body member to vary the size of the capture envelope, both to initially facilitate emplacement of the apparatus about the rod, etc., and then to provide for tightening of the apparatus about the rod, etc., if desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Ronald J. Zaguli
  • Patent number: 5332551
    Abstract: An apparatus (200) for treating a microporous structure (239) with atomic oxygen. The apparatus (200) includes a main gas chamber (202) for flowing gas in an axial direction and a source (218, 220) of gas, containing atomic oxygen, connected for introducing the gas into the main gas chamber (202). The apparatus (200) employs at least one side arm (228) extending from the main atomic oxygen-containing chamber (202). The side arm (228) has characteristic relaxation times such that a uniform atomic oxygen dose rate is delivered to a specimen (239) positioned transversely in the side arm (228) spaced from the main gas chamber (202).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Steven L. Koontz