Abstract: The present invention provides a method for detecting the widths of a plurality of laminar layers formed in a channel includes performing at least the steps of: detecting optical information generated from a reference substance contained in a laminar flow; and calculating the width of the laminar flow, based on the optical information detected in the optical information detecting step.
Abstract: Systems, methods, and computer readable media are disclosed for providing a generic audit trail service for a plurality of business objects, at least two of the plurality of business objects being of different business object types. In one implementation, a computer-implemented method is provided that comprises receiving, at an application server, a notification of a change associated with at least one of the plurality of business objects, and requesting, in response to receiving the notification, auditing data from the at least one business object, the at least one business object implementing an auditable function set to interface with the application server. Further, the method includes receiving, through a called method of the auditable function set, the requested auditing data, and storing the received auditing data in a repository.
Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a crystal oscillator piece in which the generation of leakage vibration is suppressed, and a method for manufacturing such a crystal oscillator piece.
Abstract: A method for manufacturing a color image pickup device including a pixel group in which a plurality of pixels each having a photoelectric conversion element and a color filter are arranged includes the steps of generating a random array pattern in which color filters of at least one color component are randomly arranged for an arbitrary pixel position, so that the occurrence frequency of color filters of a color component in a region having a predetermined size including the arbitrary pixel position is within a desired error range, generating a regular array pattern in which color filters of at least one color component are regularly arranged, and generating a color filter pattern by compositing in a regular manner the random array pattern generated in the random array generating step and the regular array pattern generated in the regular array generating step.
Abstract: A protective apparatus that protects a predetermined area of the front surface of a mask substrate, provided with a pellicle frame that is disposed on at least a portion of the circumference of the predetermined area and bonded to the front surface of the mask substrate, and a pellicle that is mounted on the pellicle frame so as to cover an opening portion that is formed by the pellicle frame in a manner facing the predetermined area; in which the pellicle frame includes a first side portion and a second side portion, and a third side portion and a fourth side portion that are disposed at different positions along the predetermined area, and in relation to the normal direction of the front surface of the mask substrate, the rigidity of the first side portion and the second side portion is lower than the rigidity of the third side portion and the fourth side portion.
Abstract: When a control valve allows communication through a fuel drain channel, fuel flows into an inner control chamber from an outer control chamber through a communication channel and flows out to a fuel tank. The fuel flow through the communication channel generates a differential pressure between inner control pressure and outer control pressure. Thus, an outer differential pressure immediately after an outer valve opening time can be set small, restraining an increase in the unburnt HC content of exhaust gas at low load, which could otherwise result from a high rising speed of an outer needle valve immediately after the outer valve opening time. An inner differential pressure immediately after an inner valve opening time can be set large, restraining an increase in the smoke content of exhaust gas, which could result from a low rising speed of an inner needle valve immediately after the inner valve opening time.
Abstract: The present invention provides a flaskless molding machine that can use a matching plate of different thicknesses. The flaskless molding machine has two molding flasks that have a matching plate sandwiched between them, the two molding flasks being positioned in a way such that one of opening ends of the molding flasks is opposed to each other and each of the other opening ends of the molding flasks is engaged with a squeezing board, and a pair of spaces is formed, into which spaces molding sand is filled by air through each of the openings for introducing the molding sand, disposed on a wall of each of the two molding flasks that are opposed to each other, the flaskless molding machine thus constituted being able to mold two molds by squeezing the molding sand with the squeezing boards.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for stacking a high-power lithium battery, and the object of the present invention is to provide a process for stacking a high-power lithium battery, with lowered the error rate and minimized open circuit voltage drop of the battery. The process for stacking a high-power lithium battery according to the present invention is characterized by a process for preparing a lithium battery comprised of anodes (100), separators (300) and cathodes (200), which comprises the steps of a) providing the anode (100) attached to the separator (300); b) providing the cathode (200) attached to the separator (300); and c) alternately stacking the anodes (100) attached to the separator (300) and the cathodes (200) attached to the separator (300) to form a stack cell.
Abstract: A display apparatus (1) comprises a matrix display device (DD) with pixels (10) wherein particles (14) move in a fluid (13) between electrodes (6, 6?, 7). An optical state of the pixels (10) is defined by a value of a drive voltage (VDi) and a duration (Di) of a drive period (TDi) during which the drive voltage (VDi) is present across the pixel (10). A DC-balancing circuit (3) controls the amplitudes of the drive voltages (VDi) and/or durations (Di) of drive periods (TDi) to obtain a substantially zero time-average value (N) across each pixel (10) or across each sub-group of pixels. This control of the amplitude of the drive voltages (VDi) and/or the duration (Di) of the drive periods (TDi) allows minimizing the image retention, without requiring reset pulses causing all pixels (10) to become temporarily white or black.
Abstract: A liquid crystal display consistent with the present invention comprises an insulating substrate having a signal line and a scan line. The scan line forms a crossing pattern with the signal line. A switching device is connected to the signal line and the scan line. An interlayer insulating film is formed on top of the signal line, the scan line, and the switching device. A pixel electrode is formed on the interlayer insulating film and connected to the switching device. A trench is formed in a part of the interlayer insulating film where the pixel electrode is not formed. Finally, a black matrix is formed in a predetermined part of the trench.
Abstract: The thin film transistor manufacturing apparatus comprises a surface modification layer forming means, which forms a surface modification layer on a substrate, an illuminating part, which irradiates light that includes ultraviolet rays, a mask, on which the patterns of the source electrode and the drain electrode are drawn, a projection optical system, which illuminates a mask using light from the illuminating part and projects the pattern of the mask to the substrate as a pattern image, and a coating part, which coats a fluid electrode material to a region in which the surface modification layer has been modified by projection of the pattern image in order to form the source electrode and the drain electrode.
Abstract: A picture display system having two display devices and a base device for supplying picture signals to one of the display devices and capable of having bidirectional communication with the other display device is disclosed. The picture display system (1) is made up by a mobile display device (100), a base device (200) and a large format display device (300). The base device (200) sends picture signals to the display device (100) and to the large format display device (300). On a display image surface of the mobile display device (100), there is provided a touch panel for detecting the contact position contacted by a user for displaying a remote-control panel RP accepting an operating input from the user on the display image surface. An operating signal conforming to a display item of the remote-control panel RP, displayed at a contact position, detected by the touch panel, is generated and transmitted by wireless communication to the base device (200).
Abstract: The present invention provides and includes monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) preferentially selective for HER2 antigens, hybridoma lines that secrete these HER2 antibodies or antibody fragments, and the use of such antibodies and antibody fragments to detect HER2 antigens, particularly those expressed by cancer cells. The present invention also includes antibodies that are specific for or show preferential binding to a soluble or secreted form of HER2. The present invention also includes an antibody or antibody fragment that is capable of reducing the activity of HER2 in at least one form, including a soluble form or a secreted form. The present invention further includes chimeric antibodies, processes for producing monoclonal and chimeric antibodies or monoclonal or chimeric antibodies, and their therapeutic uses, particularly in the detection of cancer most preferentially in human breast, stomach, and colon.
Abstract: Disclosed is a component built-in wiring board, including a first insulating layer; a second insulating layer positioned in a laminated state on the first insulating layer; a semiconductor element buried in the second insulating layer, having a semiconductor chip with terminal pads and having surface mounting terminals arrayed in a grid shape connected electrically with the terminal pads; an electric/electronic component further buried in the second insulating layer; a wiring pattern sandwiched between the first insulating layer and the second insulating layer, including a first mounting land for the semiconductor element and a second mounting land for the electric/electronic component; a first connecting member connecting electrically the surface mounting terminal of the semiconductor element with the first mounting land; and a second connecting member connecting electrically the terminals of the electric/electronic component with the second mounting land, made of a same material as a material of the first c
Abstract: The present invention provides a heterocyclic compound represented by the general formula (1): The compound of the present invention has a wide treatment spectrum for mental disorders including central nervous system disorders, no side effects and high safety.
Abstract: The A/D conversion circuit according to one aspect of the present invention includes: a first sampling capacitor; a first sampling switch; a buffer circuit; a second sampling capacitor; a second sampling switch; a first converter; a first reset switch; and a second reset switch. The first and second sampling switches are turned on to track voltage to the first sampling capacitor and to sample buffer voltage to the second sampling capacitor through the buffer circuit. The first sampling switch is turned off to hold voltage. The second sampling switch is turned off so that the first converter reads the voltage from the second sampling capacitor to perform A/D conversion thereon. After that, the first and second reset switches reset the first and second sampling capacitors.
Abstract: A high quality speech is reproduced with a small data amount in speech coding and decoding for performing compression coding and decoding of a speech signal to a digital signal. In speech coding method according to a code-excited linear prediction (CELP) speech coding, a noise level of a speech in a concerning coding period is evaluated by using a code or coding result of at least one of spectrum information, power information, and pitch information, and various excitation codebooks are used based on an evaluation result.
Abstract: A continuously variable transmission is provided having a driven element. The continuously variable transmission also has a first operator input device configured to transmit a first displacement signal corresponding to a displacement of the first operator input device. The continuously variable transmission further has a second operator input device configured to transmit a second displacement signal corresponding to a displacement of the second operator input device. In addition, the continuously variable transmission has a third operator input device configured to transmit a transmission operating mode request. Furthermore, the continuously variable transmission has at least one sensor configured to sense at least one parameter indicative of an operating condition of the transmission.
November 30, 2007
Date of Patent:
January 8, 2013
Kristofor Lee Dahl, Richard George Ingram, Michael Anthony Spielman, Jr., Alberto Martinez, Jr., Yaang Zhao, Ellen Jean Hoffman
Abstract: A user of a handheld communication device selects in a foreground process portions of an electronic document. In a background process a new document is prepared that comprises the selected portions. The user selects the address for forwarding the new document, and the new document gets sent in a background process.