Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Herbert M. Shapiro
  • Patent number: 6572625
    Abstract: The harvesting of hair for a hair transplant procedure employs a hollow drill with an imaging system which permits alignment of center of the cutting edge of the needle with the axis of the follicular unit to be removed. The diameter of the needle is chosen such that when properly aligned, a follicular unit is removed without damaging critical anatomical portions of the follicles. In one embodiment, fluid is introduced to separate adjacent follicles. In another embodiment, suction is applied to aid in the removal of the excised follicular unit. In still another embodiment, an x/y/z stabilizing gantry is employed to position the hollow needle in each instance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2003
    Inventor: William R. Rassman
  • Patent number: 6370291
    Abstract: A printed circuit board is made of a light transmitting material and is used as a waveguide for light. The board may be coated on both surfaces with a light-reflecting material to improve waveguiding properties. Such a board is operative to replace the microlens and optical fiber common in laser diode packages to form an optical path to deliver optical energy to some sensor position. A sensor of optical energy need only be coupled to a window in one of the coatings or positioned at the edge of the board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventor: James Cameron Mitchell
  • Patent number: 6351481
    Abstract: The screening of edge-emitting laser diode bars in a production line is permitted by fabricating the source electrodes of each diode in the bar in two parts spaced apart to form a window aligned with the lasing cavity of the diode. Such windows have been made in failed devices to determine the cause of failure. Here, the windows are formed in a wafer stage of fabrication for later separation into laser bars or individual laser diodes. All wafers, all laser bars and all laser diodes are fabricated with windows thus permitting automatic screening during fabrication rather than opening a window to examine only failed devices as is the case in the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2002
    Assignee: Opto Power Corp
    Inventors: Steve Marcomber, Rushikesh Patel, Sheng-Hui Yang
  • Patent number: 6313803
    Abstract: The addition of semiconductor spacers into the spaces between the metal strips of a metal grid permits electron-hole plasmas to be introduced there controllably. Thus, the grid can be made to transmit or reflect an incident wave with a polarization perpendicular to the strips depending on whether or not the spacers are filled with minority carriers. The presence of carriers may be controlled electrically, optically and by field effect means which permit the basic metal strip/semiconductor structure (MGSS) to operate as a reconfigurable hologram, a reflector, a phase shifter, a switch, and a beam-steering antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignee: Waveband Corporation
    Inventors: Valadimir Manasson, Lev Sadovnik
  • Patent number: 6298077
    Abstract: A GaInAsP/AR GaInP laser diode is provided with an AlGaAs type II carrier blocking layer in the waveguide of the diode. The resulting diode exhibits a relatively low threshold current, an increased slope efficiency and characteristic T0 and T1, for the diodes are less limited by carrier leakage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventor: Xiauguang He
  • Patent number: 6298078
    Abstract: Laser diodes are formed using composite material systems which result in the decoupling of the refractive index and band gap profiles of the structures formed with such systems. Laser diodes with composite material systems are described which produce desirable large diameter laser beams and low beam divergence through independent control of the two profiles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventor: Xiauguang He
  • Patent number: 6282338
    Abstract: An optical fiber waveguide including a selected period reflection grating structure for coupling the forward propagating mode of an optical signal transmitted through the waveguide into a backward propagating interfacial mode where a substantial portion of the optical signal is propagated in the cladding region of the fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Assignee: Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Claudio O. Egalon
  • Patent number: 6272159
    Abstract: A laser diode or laser diode bar mounted on a heat sink and having an insulating layer of greater thickness also mounted on the heat sink requires a lead overlying both the insulating layer and the diode to bend downward for making electrical contact. Failures have been found to occur at the bend. The provision of a pattern of slots at the bend alleviates the problem by reducing stress there. The use of such slotted leads is disclosed for diodes or diode bars individually or in a stack arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2001
    Assignee: Opto Power Corp
    Inventor: Juan Alfonso Garcia
  • Patent number: 6268653
    Abstract: A substrate comprising, for example, a copper-beryllium oxide ceramic-copper sandwich permits a laser diode along with cooperative components to be soldered in place using a high temperature solder. The sandwich structure is operative to move the effective thermal properties of the copper more towards that of the beryllium oxide thus reducing, for example, any stress which might occur between the solder, the substrate, and the laser diode. The use of high temperature solder provides for significantly improved operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventors: Stewart Wayne Wilson, Rushikesh M. Patel, Shantanu Gupta
  • Patent number: 6250085
    Abstract: Thermoelectric coolers are distributed within a semiconductor or an optical chip at anticipated hot spots. Each cooler is responsive to normal operating conditions or to signals from a heat sensor to remove heat from the associated hot spot. In an alternative embodiment, a cooler is placed within the semiconductor package rather than being defined within the chip itself. The closer the cooler to the hot spot, the more efficient the heat removal. As smaller and smaller line width technology leads to denser and denser circuitry, heat removal, already an operation-limiting consideration, will become an increasingly significant issue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Inventor: Eliahou Tousson
  • Patent number: 6252631
    Abstract: Apparatus for encoding a continuous (i.e. QAM) signal into a (non-continuous) video signal is achieved in a manner to obviate noise problems normally introduced by breaks in the (video) signal due to horizontal and vertical pulses, low fidelity circuits, timing errors and time shifts. The apparatus employs a circular First-In-First-Out buffer with an address counter. The continuous signal is samples and coded on to a active portion of a video line and an address pointer in the address counter is adjusted back a given number of samples at the end of the video line. On the next video line, that (adjusted) number of samples (from the previous line) are output from the buffer before new data is output. By adjusting the number of samples and adding extra samples to the next video line, noise problems are virtually eliminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: AdvancedInteractive, Inc.
    Inventor: Karim Lakhani
  • Patent number: 6221028
    Abstract: The inner eye of a surgical patient is illuminated by incorporating an optical fiber in a ring configuration imbedded into or attached to a contact lens. The viewing surface of the lens if planar to optimize the surgeon's view. The opposite surface of the lens is curved to conform to the patient's eye. A solution conduit irrigates the eye. The apparatus is easily positioned and easily directed. The apparatus also is sufficiently inexpensive to be disposable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2001
    Assignee: Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert A. Lieberman, Edgar A. Mendoza
  • Patent number: 6211836
    Abstract: A scanning antenna includes a cylinder coupled to a dielectric waveguide into which an electromagnetic wave is launched. The cylinder includes rows of features such as recesses or stubs of differing vertical dimensions and periods. The cylinder when rotated directs the coupled radiation over a range determined by the periods of features in the rows and the rotation of the cylinder. Both transmitters and receivers are described. Benefits are described in connection with different cross section geometries to the waveguide. Also, both linear and circular polarization operations are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Waveband Corporation
    Inventors: Vladimir Manasson, Lev Sadovnik
  • Patent number: 6209483
    Abstract: CVD reactors can be cleaned at surprisingly high rates using Non-Green House gases by employing the Non-Green House gases at high temperatures and with relatively high fluorine free radical concentrations so long as high concentrations of oxygen are also used to compensate for the detrimental effects of the high temperatures and free fluorine radical concentrations. Net oxide residue etch rates approximately 2,800 times greater than etch rates achieved with controlled Green House gases can be achieved. This is done by employing a pre-ionization module upstream of the reactor to be cleaned to generate the requisite high density plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Accord S. E. G.
    Inventor: Timothy Scott Dyer
  • Patent number: 6205263
    Abstract: Distributed fiber optic chemical and physical sensors provide a relatively highly uniform response over the length of the fiber by, for example, varying such properties as the core/cladding index of refraction ratio to compensate for the non-linearity in sensitivity due to the loss of higher order modes in multi-mode fibers. The variation of the ratio changes the absorption coefficient of the fiber and can be used to compensate for any non-linearity in response. Other techniques for compensation also are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: Intelligent Optical Systems
    Inventors: Robert A. Lieberman, Claudio O. Egalon
  • Patent number: 6195376
    Abstract: Semiconductor laser diodes or diode bars are assembled into stacks by a method which permits testing of an entire stack at once and which uses only high temperature solder. The stack includes a plurality of submounts which resemble elongated bars which are square in cross section. Laser diodes (or diode bars) are sandwiched between adjacent submounts. Each submount has an elongated mesa and the mesas are so shaped and positioned in the stack to form a set of ridges which fit into a set of grooves in a substrate. The diodes are bonded to adjacent submounts in a stack simultaneously by reflowing solder preforms (high temperature) in a reflow oven. The stack is secured in place in the grooves of the substrate by reflowing solder placed at the bottom of the grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2001
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventors: Stewart Wayne Wilson, Rushikesh M. Patel
  • Patent number: 6177203
    Abstract: Diffusion bonding techniques are extended to the simultaneous bonding of an array of multilevel piece parts. The problems of uneven expansion and contraction of different levels of different piece parts in the array are obviated by positioning each level of the array within a frame. The stack of frames is pinned in one corner. The opposite corner of the array has a slot at a 45° angle with respect to the x and y axes of the array. The slot engages a pin and allows the entire array to expand and contract along the slot in a manner to maintain the registration of features between respective levels of each piece part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2001
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventor: Juan Alfonso Garcia
  • Patent number: 6178189
    Abstract: Multi-layer, semiconductor devices are configured to reduce stress by the removal of much of the structure which does not actually contribute to device performance. In one embodiment, trough between mesas which define light emitting facets in a laser diode bar are etched well into the substrate to remove all layers of different compositions there. In another embodiment, troughs are also etched in the backside of the substrate of a laser diode structure where the troughs are aligned along axes perpendicular to the axes of the mesas. The removal of stress permits more accurate alignment of the multiple facets along a single axis when the laser bar is bonded to a heat sink. The accurate alignment minimizes the placement constraints on the position of a microlens for achieving maximum power output and coupling efficiency for optical fibers coupled to the microlens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2001
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventors: Swaminathan Srinivasan, Rushikesh M. Patel
  • Patent number: 6175165
    Abstract: Electrical equipment such as a personal computer includes a plurality of internal components which require different voltages including low voltages of about five volts for operation. The different voltages are supplied by an internal power supply, with a voltage regulator, which is itself connected to an appropriately transformed high voltage supply typically from an in-the-wall source. Peripherals such as a FAX/modem, CD ROM, or tape recorder are powered by cables plugged into mating sockets in the face of the computer housing. The sockets, in turn, are connected to the appropriate outputs of the internal power supply to obtain appropriate voltage power directly from the host computer in the absence of a transformed connection to a house supply. A switch may be provided at each of the sockets to vary the voltage there. The power supply may be mounted on the computer housing or it may be located away from the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: A M Group, Corp
    Inventor: Phillip Lam
  • Patent number: 6101205
    Abstract: A plate of metal is bonded to a plate of and electrical insulator and the metal is cut through into a plurality of parallel channels, or recesses, each of a dimension to receive a laser diode (bar). A laser diode is positioned in each of the channels and a solder preform, positioned on the top of the laser diode bars. Is heated to flow around each laser diode bar to secure it in place. A highly manufacturable laser diode assembly having a higher heat capacity results for bonding to a heat sink.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2000
    Assignee: Opto Power Corporation
    Inventors: Stewart Wayne Wilson, David Pace Caffey