Abstract: The present invention is directed toward a breadcrumb continuous processing line and process capable of producing multiple types of breadcrumbs, namely American style breadcrumbs, Japanese style breadcrumbs and cracker meal crumbs. Each type of bread crumbs has different characteristics including the thickness of the dough sheet the different baking requirements. The breadcrumb processing line, and the oven therein is capable of being adjusted to process of the bread dough sheet in the manner necessary to produce the type of breadcrumb desired at any given time on a single processing line.
June 28, 2002
Date of Patent:
February 8, 2005
Kerry Group Services International, Ltd.
Abstract: The method of the present invention is directed to a poker card game, preferably a video card game such as played on a computer screen or in a video poker machine such as found at a casino, wherein on a single wager the poker player plays a face down hand, called a card back hand, and a face up poker hand. The card back hand, played either prior to or after playing the face up hand, is a random dealt hand and, if winning criteria are met, establishes a payout greater than the normal payout on preselected winning face up poker hands. This increases the potential payout on a given poker wager, while using a standard poker deal and playing method for the face up poker hand.
February 5, 2001
Date of Patent:
December 9, 2003
Card Back Gaming Corporation
Stephen Eugene Ashley, Kristine Marie Ashley
Abstract: In a flexible coupling generally comprising a driving and a driven hub, each having axially extending teeth, and a slotted cylindrical elastomeric element positioned around the hub teeth so as to transmit torque from a driving hub teeth to the driven hub teeth, the bottom of the slots of the elastomeric element are formed with compound curves so as to reduce stress on the elastomeric element and also provide a relief area for the outer periphery of the hub teeth to prevent engagement of the sharp edges of the hub teeth with the elastomeric element. This provides greater flexibility and improved life for the elastomeric element. Furthermore, the hub teeth are tapered in the axial direction so as to provide for axial insertion of the hub teeth into the elastomeric element and furthermore provide a curved surface on the teeth to reduce the biting effect of the leading edges of the hub teeth on the elastomeric element.
Abstract: A lubrication mechanism for directing lubrication to the teeth of the sun gear of a planetary gear set without requiring separate pumping mechanisms wherein the rotating planet carrier has a deflector and generally radially extending passageways so as to collect lubricant within the casing and direct it through the passageways to the outwardly facing sun gear teeth. The passageways are also used for providing visual inspection of the sun gear teeth to determine the amount of wear of the sun gear teeth.
September 24, 1998
Date of Patent:
March 21, 2000
The Falk Corporation
Richard A. Schunck, Gordon L. Sokolowski
Abstract: A holdback system is provided which allows additional rotation of a shaft following actuation of an associated holdback device. That additional rotation of a shaft permits other associated holdbacks to actuate. This additional rotation of a rotatable shaft, such as a shaft of a speed reducer, is accomplished by providing a helical gear of a speed reducer mechanism in gear mesh relation with a helical gear of a speed reducer and, in addition, allowing the driven helical gear of the holdback mechanism to move axially after the holdback mechanism is actuated. This axial movement permits the driving helical gear of the speed reducer to rotate by a preselected amount and allow the entire system to move a slight degree in the reverse direction. This reverse movement permits other later actuated holdbacks to actuate and share the overall load with the earliest actuating holdback.
Abstract: The present invention is directed to an improved purging of a liquid drain system for a liquid separator used in a moisture laden process vacuum system wherein the liquid separated from the flow stream by the separator is collected in an accumulator which in turn is periodically pressure purged to quickly remove the liquid contents of the accumulator while such accumulator is out of fluid communication with the liquid separator so that the vacuum process need not be interrupted. A pressure responsive drain valve is connected between the separator and the accumulator. The pressure used to purge the accumulator also activates the normally opened drain valve to inhibit the fluid flow between the separator and the accumulator. A pressure responsive drain is connected to the accumulator and opens in response to the increased pressure used to purge the accumulator and close the normally opened drain valve.
Abstract: The invention relates to an improved fin and tube type heat exchanger wherein thin, heat-conducting fins act as a secondary heat-exchange surface for a heat-conducting medium flowing through the tubes. The thin fin plates substantially lie in a plane perpendicular to the air flow and have angled louvers formed therein. The angled louvers have a short leg and a long leg, with the short leg preferably in the fin plane with the long leg bent therefrom. The unequal length legs permit a larger condensate gap between the trailing edge of one louver and the leading edge of the next louver. With the combination of an angled louver plus the short leg lying in the fin plane, a substantially strong fin is provided even with a thin fin plate. The combination of the short leg lying in the direction of air flow, with the longer leg being inclined thereto, allows a high heat transfer coefficient at the leading edge, while the angled portion behind the leading edge generates a turbulent flow to reduce boundary layer growth.
October 2, 1989
Date of Patent:
November 5, 1991
Sundstrand Heat Transfer, Inc.
Charles H. Bemisderfer, James A. Wanner
Abstract: A core for use in a heat exchanger including a tube of heat conductive material and a tape of heat conductive material wrapped around the tube. The tape has a base extending completely about the periphery of the tube in abutment therewith and a plurality of spines extending generally radially from the base in fanned relation over an arc length in the range of about 180.degree.-220.degree.. The tube is essentially free of the spines along a longitudinally extending area having an arc length in the range of approximately 180.degree.-140.degree..
Abstract: An apparatus for producing signals indicative of both a Coriolis rate and an acceleration along a preferred axis while decoupling extraneous vibration and motion that would introduce errors into the signals, and a driving mechanism for vibrating the apparatus at a dither frequency. The apparatus includes a parallelogram frame (50) including two accelerometer support surfaces (24, 26) on which are mounted two accelerometers (20 and 22) having their sensitive axes in parallel alignment. The accelerometer support surfaces are connected to opposite ends of a flex member (52), which includes six flexures (32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42) having parallel bending axes. Two of the flexures (34, 38) are disposed at opposite ends of one side of each flexure member, and have a "long" axis that is substantially parallel to the sensitive axes of the accelerometers and aligned with a line connecting their centers of percussion.
Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed for passively determining altitude above the ground of an aircraft by use of an active emitter carried on a second higher altitude aircraft. Specifically, the altitude of the aircraft is determined by measuring the time difference between direct path radiation and reflected path radiation, taking into account the distance between an upper antenna which receives the direct path radiation and a lower antenna which receives the reflected path radiation and the angles of travel relative to the vertical between the direct path radiation and the reflected path radiation.
Abstract: A magnetometer sensor is described for a borehole survey. The magnetometer features a bobbin made from a metal alloy such as copper-nickel, which has a very low magnetic permeability, on the order of 1.0001, which can be joined to a magnetic metal alloy, such as Permalloy, by welding, which can be treated by annealing at a temperature of 1500 degrees Fahrenheit and which has a thermal coefficient of expansion generally on the order of the magnetic alloy. In one particular embodiment, the magnetometer sensor comprises a strip of magnetic metal alloy wrapped around the aforesaid bobbin to define a magnetic core, one excitation winding wrapped around the core, a plastic frame for carrying the magnetic core and excitation winding and at least one sense winding wrapped around the frame, the core and the excitation winding.
Abstract: The apparatus includes a parallelogram frame (50) including two accelerometer support surfaces (24, 26) on which are mounted two accelerometers (20 and 22) having their sensitive axes in parallel alignment. The accelerometer support surfaces are connected to opposite ends of a flex member (52), which includes six flexures (32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42) having parallel bending axes. Two of the flexures (34, 38) are disposed at opposite ends of one side of each flexure member, and have a "long" axis that is substantially parallel to the sensitive axes of the accelerometers and aligned with a line connecting their centers of percussion. The centers of mass of the accelerometers and their associated supporting surfaces are coincident with the centers of percussion, and are rigidly connected by the two flexures and by one side (30) of each flex member. This solid metal path between the centers of percussion minimizes common mode errors.
Abstract: A heat exchanger core including a heat conducting tube. A plurality of spines are mounted on the tube in opposed groups and are separated by spine free areas, one of which faces the direction of air flow and the other of which faces away from the direction of air flow.
Abstract: This invention is directed to a method of working the free end of heat exchanger tubes, and particularly the formation of braze cups, with the heat exchanger tubes in situ relative to the heat exchanger core with the method including the step of utilizing centering tooling positioned about a tube expansion rod to assure that the braze cup is centered relative to its respective tube axis.
Abstract: The present invention is directed to a power control for an automatic transmission which consists of two valves, the first of which is a characteristic valve providing a pressure differential linearly proportional to an input speed signal provided by a prime mover driven fixed displacement pump, and a second valve which is modulated by the pressure differential generated by the first valve and by a pressure feedback proportional to the torque transmitted by the transmission. The power control provides a series of linear control curves proportional to input speed and is useful as either an automotive type control or an anti-stall control, or a combination of both.
Abstract: A displacement control for a variable displacement hydraulic motor wherein the control is a summing pressure compensator control which is responsive to the pressures of a plurality of loads so that the average, weighted average, or total pressures of the loads can be sensed to generate a control signal for increasing the displacement of at least one motor when the plurality of pressures have a sum or average above a predetermined level. The summing pressure compensator control can also include an overpressure sensing device which is responsive to the pressure of one load, or the highest pressure of more than one load, to also provide a control signal to increase motor displacement. The increase in motor displacement limits the pressure of the motor system.
Abstract: A dual pressure source, or selectively alternative high pressure source, control system for a variable displacement hydraulic unit servo mechanism wherein normal control of the unit is provided by the low pressure source, such as a transmission charge pump, and wherein a high pressure source of control fluid with a restrictive orifice is provided to initiate servo movement, especially under conditions generating high internal friction. The flow restrictive orifice generates a pressure drop in a high pressure control line once the servo mechanism starts to move, inducing flow through such line. Thus, the control system provides a momentary source of high pressure fluid but permits control rate changes which are substantially independent of the hydraulic unit working pressure. Preferably, the high pressure source is a shuttle selected highest pressure of a transmission main loop incorporating the hydraulic unit.
Abstract: This invention relates to a jam tolerant rotary actuation system having multiple flight control surfaces. The actuation system includes in combination an actuation mechanism for each flight control surface. Each actuation mechanism is releaseably coupled to a main drive line shaft. The main drive line shaft is mechanically, serially coupled to each actuation mechanism to thereby establish an actuation assembly.A power drive unit is provided and is drivingly coupled to either end of the actuation assembly to thereby create an actuation system that will respond to the jamming of one of the flight control surfaces by the release of the actuation mechanism associated with the jammed surface from the main drive line shaft and the actuation of the remaining surfaces by the power drive unit.
Abstract: The invention is directed to a rotational speed sensing switch which provides a variable linear displacement of an output member in response to a varying speed rotational input. The switch includes a sensing means, which includes a rotatable rolling element-and-ramp assembly, acting in cooperation with a signaling means which includes an axially movable actuating disc, an output member comprising a switch rod, and a biasing means. The aforementioned improvement over the prior art comprises a regulating means included within the sensing means.
Abstract: In a single-frequency precision guidance landing system, the use of a DME interrogator in the aircraft and a DME receiver at the ground installation, each tuned to the same DME channel frequency, to uniquely interrogate a selected ground station and hence identify it by virtue of its replies being synchronous in the aircraft with the interrogations, the interrogations and the replies also being used to obtain range to the ground installation. This technique uses airborne already-installed DME interrogators for selective interrogation of a desired landing installation, thereby to eliminate any need to add additional special purpose equipment to the aircraft to accomplish the desired uniqueness of interrogation and ground installation identification achieved by this invention.