Patents Represented by Attorney Jerry B. Kraft
  • Patent number: 6912393
    Abstract: Transmission bandwidth consumption during the on-hold condition in telecommunications is reduced in a telecommunications system providing communication channels for the transmission of data between system stations. Two bandwidth states for each connecting channel are provided: an active state granting maximum bandwidth for the transmission of data and, for an on-hold condition, a minimal activity state for the connecting channel granting a minimal bandwidth. The active state prevails during the communication unless detecting means detect an on-hold condition in said connecting channel. Then, means responsive to a detection of on-hold condition switch to and provide a minimal activity state for said connecting channel granting a minimal bandwidth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2005
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Herman Rodriguez, Newton James Smith, Clifford Jay Spinac
  • Patent number: 6895290
    Abstract: Minimizing the damaging effects of loud music but with minimal reduction in aesthetic quality of the music. When music presented through an audio is sampled in order to determine average frequency, music having very low average frequencies is predictably likely to be played louder than sampled music having higher average frequencies. This unexpected observation is based upon a human factor, i.e. rock and related music that is ordinarily composed and presented at relatively low frequencies, e.g. 500 to 1000 Hz is likely to be played on the audio system at very high volume because of the tastes of its listeners. An audio system for a data processor controlled presentation of music with a set up for minimizing the damaging effects of loud music comprising an implementation for predetermining a minimum average frequency of music being presented in combination with measuring whether the music being presented falls below said minimum average frequency for a sampling period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Faisal M. Awada, Joe Nathan Brown, Philip Bernard Burkes
  • Patent number: 6847871
    Abstract: Continuously monitoring automobile operations, performance and operating conditions from the remote diagnostic centers through Continuous wireless transmissions so that faults may be immediately recognized and corrected or the operator warned or actions remotely initiated to limit or prevent damage or safety hazards. A plurality of sensing devices in said automobile; each device for respectively continuously sensing an operational parameter of the automobile; a wireless transmitter in the automobile for transmitting the continuously sensed parameters to a diagnostic station remote from automobile; apparatus in the diagnostic station for analyzing said parameters in order to determine defective operational conditions in the automobile; and apparatus associated eith said diagnostic station for wieless transmission of data relative to the determined defective operating conditions back to said automobile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nadeem Malik, Charles Gorham Ward
  • Patent number: 6823344
    Abstract: A computer controlled user interactive display system having the customary provision of user access to the files stored therein through the display of a plurality of interactive objects which may be icons or even text representing the files usually in an arrangement of hierarchical screens. In addition, the system has means for displaying a set of high interactivity objects separate from the display of the plurality of objects. This set of high activity objects is developed through means for monitoring user interactivity with respect to basic plurality of interactive objects and means responsive to the monitoring means for selecting a set of high interactivity objects having user interactivity greater than selected levels. The system further includes means for displaying the set of high interactivity objects responsive to any file request so that the high interactivity objects are immediately displayed in response to any file request.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Scott Harlan Isensee, Ricky Lee Poston, I-Hsing Tsao
  • Patent number: 6820056
    Abstract: Simplifying command recognition from speech term recognition in speech recognition technology. A system for recognizing non-verbal sound commands within an interactive computer controlled display system with speech word recognition comprises standard technology for recognizing speech words in combination with a set up for storing a plurality of non-verbal sounds, each sound representative of a command. There are display means responsive to the recognizing of speech words for then displaying the recognized words. In response to the input of non-verbal sounds, there is a comparison of the input non-verbal sounds to said stored command sounds, together with means responsive to the comparing means for carrying out the command represented by a stored sound which compares to an input non-verbal sound. The non-verbal sounds may be voice generated or they may be otherwise physically generated. The commands may direct movement of data, e.g. cursors displayed on said display system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Shlomi Harif
  • Patent number: 6816855
    Abstract: A user-interactive display interface implementation for building structured software program statements and, particularly, such structured statements which may serve as search queries to databases including a plurality of display rows together with means enabling the entry of program terms into each of said rows. A template is vertically movable to each of said rows and includes a template row of indicators, each defining a type of program term enabled to be positioned in said row coincident with said indicator. There are a plurality of user-activatable menus of selectable terms, each menu respectively associated with one of said indicators. The selectable terms in each of the menus are respectively of the term type enabled to be positioned coincident with the associated indicator. Then, for editing purposes, there is selection of one of said indicators to thereby display the menu associated with the selected indicator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: John Mark Hartel, Rob P. Lowe, Gary Louis Macomber, Richard Walton Ragan, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6795853
    Abstract: A system for the accessing and addition of computing components outside of and consequently non-native to a current computer operation through a user interactive interface which involves predetermining a plurality of computing components to be selectively added to the computer operation, and designating and displaying a plurality of system elements. Means are provided for predetermining at least one invocative attribute for each of said elements and for enabling said selective addition of an associated computing component to said operation responsive to the occurrence of an invocative attribute. A listing of the computing components enabled for the selective addition is displayable for each of the displayed elements, together with means for selecting at least one of the listed enabled computing components to thereby add its associated computing component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey Phillip Snover
  • Patent number: 6747681
    Abstract: Smoother transitions between changing cursor images which are less stressful to the interactive user of a computer controlled display are provided by apparatus for changing the cursor image, including a frame buffer for storing the display screen image as a pixel array, a separate display buffer for storing the current cursor image as a pixel array, together with apparatus for storing an alternate cursor image as a pixel array during the display of the current cursor image, and means for replacing the current cursor image with the alternate cursor image. In raster scan apparatus for maintaining screen images in the frame buffer on said display screen, there are means for effecting the replacement of said cursor images during a vertical blanking period in said raster scanning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Narendra Maganlal Desai, Neal Richard Marion, Ashutosh Misra, Raju Bala Showry Pudota, Seetharam Gundu Rao
  • Patent number: 6714970
    Abstract: Protecting open Web sites from known malicious users in a World Wide Web (Web) communication network with access to a plurality of open Web sites responsive to requests from users at IP addresses throughout the Web. There is provided in association with a protected open Web site, a stored list of the IP addresses of known malicious users combined with means for comparing the IP addresses of each user requesting access to the protected open Web site to said list of IP addresses of the known malicious users. There are also implementations responsive to the comparing means for diverting to an alias address for the protected Web site any request from the IP address of a malicious user. The alias address is provided by a function associated with the protected open Web site. The present invention is applicable in circumstances where the malicious users or “crackers” are already known.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: William Alton Fiveash, Gerald Francis McBrearty, Shawn Patrick Mullen, Johnny Meng-Han Shieh
  • Patent number: 6711589
    Abstract: A business method for identifying business competitors' customers through Web searches of job listing databases or job boards and company Web sites where jobs are also often posted directly. Items such as competitors' business names, product names, acronyms, etc., are used as keywords and the search engine results provide an index of potential customers who are posting job listings for employees skilled in competitive products. Once the Web sites and/or Web pages posting job listings of these potential customers are located, additional information relative to doing business with said potential customers may be extracted from such pages and Web sites through “spider” or “Web crawler” routines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Timothy Alan Dietz
  • Patent number: 6665560
    Abstract: When a neural human-computer interface is used to control mechanical and electrical functions, the act of falling asleep by the user during neural control operations can produce undesirable and even disastrous results since neural activity would still be monitored and could produce involuntary signals leading to unintended results. In systems that track a user's neural activity and which use an electrical signal based upon this activity for controlling computer controlled functions, the problems associated with falling asleep may be circumvented by using an implementation which inhibits neural control when a patient's sleep state is detected. To accomplish this, an electroencephalography monitor (EEG) may be used to detect and predetermine the user's neural activity pattern during the transition from awake to sleep states. This pattern is compared against current neural activity. If matched, the neurally generated electrical signal is terminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Craig Henry Becker, Ira Richard Forman
  • Patent number: 6664987
    Abstract: A computer managed communication network with user interactive access via a plurality of display terminals and including a plurality of network objects, each respectfully associated with one of a plurality of linked network nodes. The network includes means such as databases for storing data representing attributes of network objects. There is graphically displayed on at least one of said display terminals, at least a portion of said linked network nodes and associated objects. In addition, there is a user interactive implementation for activating a transient display of a selected attribute of one of said displayed objects proximate to said object in combination with user interactive means for selecting the attribute to be transiently displayed. Preferably, the attribute is dynamically selected by user interactive means for activating the display of an attribute menu during the time of said transient display so that another attribute may be selected during said time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian James Tarbox, Bethany Rose Scaer, Jeffrey Phillip Snover
  • Patent number: 6651098
    Abstract: A World Wide Web (Web) distribution site monitors hit rates for the Web documents distributed through the site and applies its server computer resources to meet surges in hit rates for the various Web documents. A Web server system is provided for accessing said Web documents from resource databases and transmitting said Web documents onto said Web comprising a plurality of server computers of different computer powers at a resource location, a plurality of Web documents, each accessible from said resource database by a designated at least one of said server computers. The rate of user hits for each of said plurality of Web documents is monitored, and the server computers for said respective Web documents are designated based upon said rate of user hits. The server computers of the most computer power are designated for the Web documents having the highest hit rate. If needed, a plurality of said server computers may be designated for the Web documents having the highest hit rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Scott Allen Carroll, Gerald Francis McBrearty, Johnny Meng-Han Shieh
  • Patent number: 6639582
    Abstract: The combination of haptic sensory-motor effects developed at two or more networked remote locations as well as the feedback between such remote locations of the effects resultant from such combinations. Within a communications network comprising a plurality of interconnected computer controlled terminals, a system for communicating haptic sensory-motor states which comprises, within a local or first network terminal, apparatus for receiving data representing an original haptic sensory-motor effect transmitted from a second or remote terminal, apparatus for converting the received data into the physical haptic sensory-motor effect represented by the data, and apparatus for juxtaposing upon the physical haptic sensory-motor effect, a direct physical haptic sensory-motor effect to thereby produce a combined resultant haptic sensory-motor effect at the local or first terminal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Theodore Jack London Shrader
  • Patent number: 6615207
    Abstract: In a computer controlled user-interactive display system interface through which the user may easily access stored search queries to database via a displayed search query tree, there is formulation and presentation of the tree of queries in a manner enabling user-interactive rearrangement of the tree. The displayed tree has a plurality of selectable nodes, each node representative of a stored search query, arranged in a hierarchical order indicative of the order of searching by said query. An interactive user input is enabled to rearrange said tree to a different hierarchical order, and the resulting rearranged tree with the different hierarchical order is displayed. In this manner, different users of said interface may access data from said database in an order relative to their respective needs. The invention may be most advantageously used with queries in structured query language and in relational databases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: John Andrew Lawrence
  • Patent number: 6557050
    Abstract: In a display computer with multiple serial ports, there is provided an on-screen facility for identifying each of the serial ports with a numerical identifier. A process is provided responsive to a change in the status of a connection to any serial port that displays the identifier for that serial port. The change in status takes place when connecting to the serial port. The process may be effectively used in systems having their serial ports extended through a universal serial bus. The identifiers for the serial ports may be stored in a look-up table from which the appropriate identifier may be obtained and displayed upon the connection of a peripheral device to a serial port. Among the many advantages of this on-screen serial port identification is the assurance that the user will not be confused or obstructed by any errors in the physical labelling of serial ports in the manufacture or assembly of computer hardware.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2003
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick Allen Hamilton, II, Chetan Mehta, Jayeshkumar M. Patel, Maulin Ishwarbhai Patel
  • Patent number: 6414695
    Abstract: Developers and users of object oriented programs who are modifying such programs with alternate access through the interactive display interface to data in such programs, which the user or developer requires, but is not normally accessible through the display interface to the object oriented program which the user is modifying, e.g. adding function to. A basic computer controlled display system for adding function to an object oriented program which has means for storing the object oriented program is provided in combination with means for getting normally accessible data from the program. There is a user interactive display interface for displaying this normally accessible data. In addition, there are means for adding displayable function to said object oriented program requiring the access of data from said object oriented program other than said normally accessible data, together with an accessing object for accessing said other data from said object oriented program.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Richard Scott Schwerdtfeger, Lawrence Frank Weiss
  • Patent number: 6269460
    Abstract: A system is provided enabling the dynamic modification of error condition handling procedures and/or error message modification triggered by any of the set of basic error messages which are developed with and inherent in applications being executed on computers or computer networks. The system comprises means for basic detecting and handling of a basic set of error conditions, together with means for providing, on at least one display terminal, error messages relative to the detecting and handling means. The system also includes means for providing dynamic modifications in the basic handling of said error conditions during computer or network operations, means for recording data representative of the dynamic modifications, means responsive to the basic error messages for activating the dynamic modification means and means responsive to the activating means for searching said recorded data and augmenting said error messages with additional information relative to said modifications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey Phillip Snover
  • Patent number: 6253229
    Abstract: A data processor controlled user interactive display system for displaying hypertext documents, each including a sequence of display screen pages received over a communications network such as the World Wide Web. Each of the pages contains a plurality of hotspots responsive to user interactive pointing means to display a linked document. The system provides display pages in alternate versions wherein only the hotspots on the page are displayed. It includes means for selecting said alternate version for display and means, responsive to said means for selecting, for transmitting said alternate version containing hotspots only to a receiving display station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher Robbins Nielsen, Rick Lee Poston, Stephen Gray Stair, I-Hsing Tsao
  • Patent number: 6208339
    Abstract: A computer controlled interactive display system for for providing a user interface for data entry with user changeable autocomplete functions for the data entry fields. For each of the fields, there is provided autocomplete means, i.e. means for automatically providing a proposed completion of a user entry into at least one of said fields, and user-interactive means for selectively disabling or otherwise modifying said means for automatically providing a proposed completion. Further means are provided for indicating whether said means for automatically providing a proposed completion of user entries has been disabled for a data entry field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Marshall Allan Atlas, Michael Franz DiAngelo, Richard Walton Ragan, Jr.