Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm John M. Miller
  • Patent number: 6803681
    Abstract: A path module for a linear motor system includes a controller coupled to one or more amplifiers that are operative to control associated windings in the module. The controller receives control information via a communications link. The controller controls the amplifier based on the received control information so as to selectively energize the associated windings in the module. In one aspect, a plurality of such modules may be connected together to form a path along which one or more stages are moveable according to energization of the windings in the path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventors: Mustansir Faizullabhoy, Anwar Chitayat, Joseph Cardamone
  • Patent number: 6803682
    Abstract: A magnet assembly includes a back iron and an array of magnets. The back iron is in the form of a plate having opposed surfaces. The magnets are arranged along one of the surfaces, with the other surface being dimensioned and configured according to the magnetic field distribution associated with the magnets. The back iron geometry provides for reduced mass, reduced leakage flux, and high flux densities to improve performance of a linear motor that employs such a magnet assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventors: Nandakumar Thirunarayan, James F. Smith
  • Patent number: 6798089
    Abstract: A three phase linear motor system includes a forcer having three pole pairs, which are moveable relative to a platen. The pole pairs are arranged to oppose associated teeth of the platen. The platen teeth are spaced apart from each other in a travel direction according to a predefined tooth pitch. Each of the pole pairs includes a set of teeth that extend from magnetically coupled poles toward the platen. The set of teeth of one of the pole pairs is spaced from the sets of teeth for the other two poles by distances functionally related to about 120 degrees and 240 degrees, respectively, of the tooth pitch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Smit
  • Patent number: 6798087
    Abstract: A rotary-linear actuator system, method of manufacturing and method of using a linear actuator are provided. An aspect of the invention includes a rotary-linear actuator having a spindle assembly and a housing assembly. The spindle assembly includes a plurality of annular magnets and a plurality of bar magnets affixed to a rotor. The plurality of annular magnets can be arranged with alternating polarity. The plurality of bar magnets can likewise be arranged with alternating polarity. The housing assembly includes a first set of coil(s) and a second set of coil(s). The spindle assembly can be movable and/or rotatable along a longitudinal axis extending through the spindle assembly. The first set of coil(s) can be arranged to, when energized, interact with at least one of the plurality of annular magnets to move the spindle assembly in a linear mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Gerald L. Swift
  • Patent number: 6784572
    Abstract: A path for a linear motor system includes routing system between a trunk of the path and two or more branches. The routing system is operative to couple the trunk with a selected branch to enable a stage to travel between the trunk and the selected branch. The routing system includes armature windings that may be energized to effect movement of the stage in a desired direction between the trunk and the selected branch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventors: Michael H. Backman, Frederick A. Sommerhalter, Jr., Mustansir A. Faizullabhoy, Anwar Chitayat
  • Patent number: 6768189
    Abstract: A packaged die (112) for an integrated circuit (62) that eliminates the wire bonds required in the prior art, and provides integrated circuit packaging while the circuit (62) is still in a wafer format. A wafer substrate (64) on which the integrated circuits (62) have been fabricated is patterned and etched to form signal and ground vias (74, 72) through the substrate (64). A back-side ground plane (82) is deposited in contact with the ground vias (72). A protective layer (90) is formed on the top surface (76) of the substrate (64), and a protective layer (98) is formed on the bottom surface (84) of the substrate (64), where the bottom protective layer (98) fills in removed substrate material between the integrated circuits (62). Vias (106) are formed through the bottom protective layer (98), and the wafer substrate (64) is diced between the integrated circuits (62).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: Northrop Grumman Corporation
    Inventors: James Anderson, Gershon Akerling
  • Patent number: 6719174
    Abstract: A rotary-linear system is configured to operate an associated tool. The system includes a rotary-linear actuator having first and second portions that can move linearly and/or rotationally relative to each other, such as about a central axis extending through the actuator. An elongated drive rod extends axially through at least a portion of the actuator, which is operative to rotate about a longitudinal axis thereof generally independently of the actuator. While the rotation of the drive rod can be independent of movement of the actuator, such rotation can be controlled based on the position and/or movement of the actuator. An end of the drive rod near a distal end of the actuator is operative to actuate an associated tool, such as can be mounted at a distal end of the actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Gerald Liam Swift
  • Patent number: 6715426
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a stability brake for absorbing parasitic vibrations of a stage moved to a working position in a motion system. The stability brake includes a motor coupled to a flexure plate through a translation system. The translation system translates horizontal motion of the motor into vertical motion of the flexure plate. The stability brake can be mounted to a stage in a motion system, such as a linear motion system. The stability brake is operative to absorb jitters and vibrations of the stage when the stage is moved to a working position in a motion system and held under servo at the working position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Devarajan Rajaraman
  • Patent number: 6713902
    Abstract: A system and method for a linear motor for driving a plurality of stages along a path are provided. The linear motor system includes a plurality of armature windings arranged to form a path, such as may be straight, curved, opened or closed. The stages include motor magnets that provide a magnet field. An encoder sensor is connected for movement with the stages so as to sense relative movement between the stages and the path. The encoder sensor further is operative to provide an encoder signal having an electrical characteristic indicative of relative movement between the stages and the path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Anwar Chitayat
  • Patent number: 6591757
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a stability brake for absorbing parasitic vibrations of a stage moved to a working position in a motion system. The stability brake includes a motor coupled to a flexure plate through a translation system. The translation system translates horizontal motion of the motor into vertical motion of the flexure plate. The stability brake can be mounted to a stage in a motion system, such as a linear motion system. The stability brake is operative to absorb jitters and vibrations of the stage when the stage is moved to a working position in a motion system and held under servo at the working position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Devarajan Rajaraman
  • Patent number: 6556153
    Abstract: A system and method are disclosed for improving resolution of an encoder or other position sensing device that provides one or more signals indicative of relative movement between two bodies. The signals are employed to determine an operating mode, which varies as a function of relative speed between the two bodies. In one operating mode, the system determines an indication of position by interpolating between position information of a table. Position also can be predicted in this operating mode, which can be used to update the position information. The table is populated with position information based on a sample of the signals from the position sensing device, such as to provide the position information for the table. In another operating mode, an indication of position is determined as a function of velocity and time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2003
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Joseph M. Cardamone
  • Patent number: 6522035
    Abstract: A three phase linear motor system includes a forcer having three pole pairs, which are moveable relative to a platen. The pole pairs are arranged to oppose associated teeth of the platen. The platen teeth are spaced apart from each other in a travel direction according to a predefined tooth pitch. Each of the pole pairs includes a set of teeth that extend from magnetically coupled poles toward the platen. The set of teeth of one of the pole pairs is spaced from the sets of teeth for the other two poles by distances functionally related to about 120 degrees and 240 degrees, respectively, of the tooth pitch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Smit
  • Patent number: 6455957
    Abstract: An encoder includes a plurality of magnetic zones of alternating polarity. At the opposed ends of the encoder magnet are magnetic end zones that provide substantially symmetric magnetic fields. The encoder sensors include first and second sensors that are spaced apart from each other a distance functionally related to the distance between the magnetic end zones. A plurality of first and second sensors are arranged so that the encoder magnet may move relative to the sensors. Each of the first and second sensors provides an associated output signal in response to magnetic influence of the encoder magnet moving past each respective encoder sensor. When each of the first and second encoder sensors senses one of the magnetic end zones of the encoder magnet, the associated output signals are substantially symmetric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2002
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Anwar Chitayat
  • Patent number: 6417584
    Abstract: A magnet configuration for a linear motor includes an array of a plurality of magnets having alternating polarity aligned to define a span. Additional magnets are positioned outside of the span near opposed ends of the span. Each of the additional magnets has a magnetic polarity opposite that of an adjacent one of the plurality of magnets at a corresponding opposed end of the span, such that the array of magnets provides a substantially sinusoidal magnetic field in the span.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Anwar Chitayat
  • Patent number: 6412350
    Abstract: A force sensing system includes a pair of spaced apart magnets arranged to repel each other. A force sensor is operatively associated with one magnet of the pair of magnets and spaced apart from the other of the magnets. The one magnet preloads the force sensor based on interactions between magnetic fields of the magnets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Gerald Liam Swift
  • Patent number: 6304176
    Abstract: A parasitically powered remote sensing device for monitoring an industrial system. The device comprising a tuned transducer which converts stray energy emitted by the system into an electric potential for consumption by a remote sensing device and/or a wireless communications link. In an alternate embodiment the remote sensing device further comprises an energy storage element connected to the transducer to provide the sensing element and wireless communications link with the electric potential when the stray energy is insufficient to power the remote sensing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2001
    Assignee: Rockwell Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Frederick M. Discenzo
  • Patent number: 6274952
    Abstract: A linear motor path forms a closed figure. Contactless power control and position feedback permit a linear motor stage to traverse the closed figure without interference from trailing wires. One embodiment of the closed figure includes a racetrack pattern with straight runs joined by curved ends. Axes of armature windings are skewed to lie across the path in the curved ends to maintain force on the linear motor stage. Other embodiments of the invention includes multilevel paths wherein one portion of the path crosses over another portion of the path. Disclosure is made of a linear motor stage supported below the path by magnetic attraction between permanent magnets on the stage and magnetic material in the path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Assignee: Anorad Corporation
    Inventor: Anwar Chitayat
  • Patent number: 6236277
    Abstract: A local clock used for synchronizing events in an industrial control system may be synchronized with a master clock according to synchronization signals received at a first period. Updating of the local clock is performed on a more frequent basis than the receipt of the update signals. By using the update signals to derive an error value which is incrementally applied to the clock at a much higher rate, the maximum deviation is reduced. The system works with clocks having discrete frequency outputs by adjusting the update rate so as to effectively produce a continuously variable output frequency for the local clock over an interval equal to the update rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: Rockwell Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Lawrence W. Esker
  • Patent number: 6225825
    Abstract: A programmable analog I/O circuit for use in an industrial control system has a first mode of operation as an input circuit and a second mode of operation as an output circuit. In the first mode of operation, a device-side I/O terminal is adapted for receiving an analog input status signal from an analog input device. In the second mode of operation, the device-side I/O terminal is adapted for transmitting an analog output control signal to an analog output device. According to another aspect, a programmable I/O circuit that drives an output device in an industrial control system comprises a plurality of configurable gain stages and a plurality of programmable isolating links. The plurality of programmable isolating links are coupled to the plurality of configurable gain stages and are programmable to determine a series or parallel arrangement of the plurality of configurable gain stages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2001
    Assignee: Rockwell Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Edward C. Hopsecger
  • Patent number: 6215204
    Abstract: A modular emergency stop device including a switch unit and a control unit. The switch unit includes a switch which converts from a normal state to an emergency state when an emergency stop is necessary and a housing for the switch. The control unit includes a controller which controls a power source for a machine and a housing for the controller. The switch unit's housing and the control unit's housing are adapted to be selectively coupled together and uncoupled from each other. The switch is operably coupled to the controller when the housings are coupled together whereby the controller may appropriately control the machine's power source when the switch is converted to the emergency state. To replace the switch, the switch's housing is uncoupled from the controller's housing to remove the switch unit and a new switch unit is coupled to the controller's housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: Rockwell Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Paul C. Brown, Kevin M. Zomchek, Homer S. Sambar