Patents Represented by Attorney John R. Manning
  • Patent number: 5438623
    Abstract: Synthetic head related transfer functions (HRTFs) for imposing reprogrammable spatial cues to a plurality of audio input signals included, for example, in multiple narrow-band audio communications signals received simultaneously are generated and stored in interchangeable programmable read only memories (PROMs) which store both head related transfer function impulse response data and source positional information for a plurality of desired virtual source locations. The analog inputs of the audio signals are filtered and converted to digital signals from which synthetic head related transfer functions are generated in the form of linear phase finite impulse response filters. The outputs of the impulse response filters are subsequently reconverted to analog signals, filtered, mixed and fed to a pair of headphones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Durand R. Begault
  • Patent number: 5371469
    Abstract: A constant current loop measuring system is provided for measuring a characteristic of an environment. The system comprises a first impedance positionable in the environment, a second impedance coupled in series with said first impedance and a parasitic impedance electrically coupled to the first and second impedances. A current generating device, electrically coupled in series with the first and second impedances, provides a constant current through the first and second impedances to produce first and second voltages across the first and second impedances, respectively, and a parasitic voltage across the parasitic impedance. A high impedance voltage measuring device measures a voltage difference between the first and second voltages independent of the parasitic voltage to produce a characteristic voltage representative of the characteristic of the environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 6, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Karl F. Anderson
  • Patent number: 5360878
    Abstract: A new highly crosslinked silicone polymer particle for gas chromatography application and a process for synthesizing such copolymer. The new copolymer comprises vinyltriethoxysilane and octadecyltrichlorosilane. The copolymer has a high degree of crosslinking and a cool balance of polar to nonpolar sites in the porous silicon polymer assuring fast separation of compounds of variable polarity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Thomas C. Shen
  • Patent number: 5359326
    Abstract: A maneuver envelope warning system for an aircraft having operating limits, operating condition sensors and an indicator driver. The indicator driver has a plurality of visual indicators. The indicator driver determines a relationship between sensed operating conditions and the operating limits; such as, a ratio therebetween. The indicator driver illuminates a number of the indicators in proportion to the determined relationship. The position of the indicators illuminated represents to a pilot in an easily ascertainable manner whether the operational conditions are approaching operational limits of the aircraft, and the degree to which operational conditions lie within or exceed operational limits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Courtland C. Bivens, Joel M. Rosado, Burnett Lee
  • Patent number: 5333210
    Abstract: A method and system for performing pattern analysis with a neural network coarse-code a pattern to be analyzed so as to form a plurality of sub-patterns collectively defined by data. Each of the sub-patterns comprises sets of sub-pattern data. The neural network includes a plurality of fields, each field being associated with one of the sub-patterns so as to receive the sub-pattern data therefrom. Training and testing by the neural network then proceeds in the usual way, with one modification: the transfer function thresholds the value obtained from summing the weighted products of each field over all sub-patterns associated with each pattern being analyzed by the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Liljana Spirkovska, Max B. Reid
  • Patent number: 5329089
    Abstract: A welding torch for plasma arc welding apparatus has a transparent shield cup disposed about the constricting nozzle, the cup including a small outwardly extending polished lip. A guide tube extends externally of the torch and has a free end adjacent the lip. First and second optical fiber bundle assemblies are supported within the guide tube. Light from a strobe light is transmitted along one of the assemblies to the free end and through the lip onto the weld site. A lens is positioned in the guide tube adjacent the second assembly and focuses images of the weld site onto the end of the fiber bundle of the second assembly and these images are transmitted along the second assembly to a video camera so that the weld site may be viewed continuously for monitoring the welding process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: William F. McGee, Daniel J. Rybicki
  • Patent number: 5326050
    Abstract: A deployable system for assisting flight control under certain flight conditions, such as at high angles of attack, whereby two inflatable membranes are located on the forebody portion of an aircraft on opposite sides thereof. The members form control surfaces for effecting lateral control forces if one is inflated and longitudinal control forces if both are inflated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Peter T. Zell
  • Patent number: 5315296
    Abstract: A pattern of light is projected from multiple sources located on an aircraft to form two clusters. The pattern of each cluster changes as the aircraft flies above and below a predetermined nominal altitude. The initial patterns are two horizontal, spaced apart lines. Each is capable of changing to a delta formation as either the altitude or the terrain varies. The direction of the delta cues the pilot as to the direction of corrective action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Mary K. Kaiser, Walter J. Johnson
  • Patent number: 5314500
    Abstract: An artificial manually positionable elbow joint for use in an upper extremity, above-elbow, prosthetic which provides a locking feature that is easily controlled by the wearer. The instant elbow joint is very strong and durable to withstand the repeated heavy loadings encountered by a wearer who works in an industrial, construction, farming or similar environment. The elbow joint of the present invention comprises a turntable, a frame, a forearm and a locking assembly. The frame generally includes a housing for the locking assembly and two protruding ears. The forearm includes an elongated beam having a cup-shaped cylindrical member at one end and a locking wheel having a plurality of holes along a circular arc on its other end with a central bore for pivotal attachment to the protruding ears of the frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Bruce C. Weddendorf
  • Patent number: 5302351
    Abstract: Payload customers for the Space Shuttle have recently expressed concerns about the possibility of their payloads at an adjacent pad being contaminated by plume effluents from a shuttle at an active pad as they await launch on an inactive pad. As part of a study to satisfy such concerns a ring of inexpensive dosimeters was deployed around the active pad at the inter-pad distance. However, following a launch, dosimeters cannot be read for several hours after the exposure. As a consequence factors such as different substrates, solvent systems, and possible volatilization of HCl from the badges were studied. This observation led to the length of stain (LOS) dosimeters of this invention. Commercial passive LOS dosimeters are sensitive only to the extent of being capable of sensing 2 ppm to 20 ppm if the exposure is 8 hours. To map and quantitate the HCl generated by Shuttle launches, and in the atmosphere within a radius of 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Dale E. Lueck
  • Patent number: 5302804
    Abstract: A welding torch for plasma arc welding apparatus has an inert gas applied circumferentially about the arc column externally of the constricting nozzle so as to apply a constricting force on the arc after it has exited the nozzle orifice and downstream of the auxiliary shielding gas. The constricting inert gas is supplied to a plenum chamber about the body of the torch and exits through a series of circumferentially disposed orifices in an annular wall forming a closure at the forward end of the constricting gas plenum chamber. The constricting force of the circumferential gas flow about the arc concentrates and focuses the arc column into a more narrow and dense column of energy after exiting the nozzle orifice so that the arc better retains its energy density prior to contacting the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: William F. McGee, Daniel J. Rybicki
  • Patent number: 5302805
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a device which is used to monitor the position of a filler wire relative to a base material being welded as the filler wire is added to a welding pool. The device is applicable to automated welding systems wherein nonconsumable electrode arc welding processes are utilized in conjunction with a filler wire which is added to a weld pool created by the electrode arc. The invention senses pressure deviations from a predetermined pressure between the filler wire and the base material, and provides electrical signals responsive to the deviations for actuating control mechanisms in an automatic welding apparatus so as to minimize the pressure deviation and to prevent disengagement of the contact between the filler wire and the base material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Timothy B. Morris, Peter F. Milly, Sr., J. Kevin White
  • Patent number: 5296288
    Abstract: A protective coating for ceramic materials such as those made of silicon carbide, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, aluminoborosilicate and silicon dioxide, and a thermal control structure comprising a ceramic material having coated thereon the protective coating. The protective coating contains, in admixture, silicon dioxide powder, colloidal silicon dioxide, water, and one or more emittance agents selected from silicon tetraboride, silicon hexaboride, silicon carbide, molybdenum disilicide, tungsten disilicide and zirconium diboride. In another aspect, the protective coating is coated on a flexible ceramic fabric which is the outer cover of a composite insulation. In yet another aspect, a metallic foil is bonded to the outer surface of a ceramic fabric outer cover of a composite insulation via the protective coating. A primary application of this invention is as a protective coating for ceramic materials used in a heat shield for space vehicles subjected to very high aeroconvective heating environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Demetrius A. Kourtides, Rex A. Churchward, David M. Lowe
  • Patent number: 5294080
    Abstract: A tab deployable from the trailing edge of a main airfoil element forces flow onto a following airfoil element, such as a flap, to keep the flow attached and thus enhance lift. For aircraft wings with high lift systems that include leading edge slats, the slats may also be provided with tabs to turn the flow onto the following main element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: James C. Ross
  • Patent number: 5291055
    Abstract: A resonant infrared detector includes an infrared-active layer which has first and second parallel faces and which absorbs radiation of a given wavelength. The detector also includes a first tuned reflective layer, disposed opposite the first face of the infrared-active layer, which layer reflects a specific portion of the radiation incident thereon and allows a specific portion of the incident radiation at the given wavelength to reach the infrared-active layer. A second reflective layer, disposed opposite the second face of the infrared-active layer, reflects back into the infrared-active layer substantially all of the radiation at the given wavelength which passes through the infrared-active layer. The reflective layers have the effect of increasing the quantum efficiency of the infrared detector relative to the quantum efficiency of the infrared-active layer alone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jam Farhoomand, Robert E. McMurray, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5281042
    Abstract: A saddle clamp assembly includes a hollow cylindrical body centered about a longitudinal axis and being diametrically split into semicircular top and bottom sections each having a pair of radially outwardly projecting connection flanges at their opposite ends. A pair of bolts are captively retained on the top section flanges and are threadable into nuts captively retained on the bottom section flanges. A base member is anchored to a central underside portion of the bottom clamp body section and has a pair of connection tabs positioned beneath the bottom clamp body section connection flanges on opposite sides of the clamp axis. A pair of bolts are captively retained on the base member connection tabs and are threadable into a pair of nuts captively retainable on a support structure. The connection tab and connection flanges on each side of the clamp body are axially offset in a manner permitting downward installation/removal tool access to the lower bolts past the connection flanges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Adminstration
    Inventor: Charles R. Belrose
  • Patent number: 5279092
    Abstract: A rigid patch body for placing over and around a damaged portion (hole) of the external wall of a pressurized vessel, such as a space vehicle or habitat. The rigid patch body allows a person such as an astronaut to make temporary repairs to the pressurized vessel from the exterior of the vessel to enable more permanent repairs to be made from the interior of the vessel. The pressure wall patch of the present invention includes a floor surrounded by four side members. Each side member includes a threaded screw for anchoring the patch body to the external wall of the pressurized vessel and a recess in its lower surface for supporting an inflatable bladder for surrounding the damaged portion (hole) of the external wall to seal the area surrounding the damaged portion to allow the vessel to be repressurized. The floor of the rigid patch body supports a source of gas in communication with a gas supply valve and a gas supply gauge in communication with the gas supply valve and the inflatable bladder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 18, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Joel E. Williamsen, Bruce C. Weddendorf
  • Patent number: 5278636
    Abstract: A bistable switching element is made of a material whose electrical resistance reversibly decreases in response to intercalation by positive ions. Flow of positive ions between the bistable switching element and a positive ion source is controlled by means of an electrical potential applied across a thermal switching element. The material of the thermal switching element generates heat in response to electrical current flow therethrough, which in turn causes the material to undergo a thermal phase transition from a high electrical resistance state to a low electrical resistance state as the temperature increases above a predetermined value. Application of the electrical potential in one direction renders the thermal switching element conductive to pass electron current out of the ion source. This causes positive ions to flow from the source into the bistable switching element and intercalate the same to produce a non-volatile, low resistance logic state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Roger M. Williams
  • Patent number: 5277959
    Abstract: An improved composite flexible blanket insulation comprising top silicon carbide having an interlock design, wherein the reflective shield is composed of single or double aluminized polyamide and wherein the polyamide film has a honeycomb pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Demetrius A. Kourtides, David M. Lowe
  • Patent number: 5267950
    Abstract: An articulated tang in clevis joint for incorporation in newly manufactured conventional strap-on orthotic knee devices or for replacing such joints in conventional strap-on orthotic knee devices. The instant tang in clevis joint allows the user the freedom to extend and bend the knee normally when no load (weight) is applied to the knee and to automatically lock the knee when the user transfers weight (load) to the knee, thus preventing a damaged knee from bending uncontrollably when weight (load) is applied to the knee.The tang in clevis joint of the present invention includes first and second clevis plates, a tang assembly and a spacer plate sandwiched and secured between the clevis plates. Each clevis plate includes a bevelled serrated upper section. A bevelled shoe is secured to the tang in close proximity to the bevelled serrated upper section of the clevis plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Bruce C. Weddendorf