Abstract: A belt deflector for the seat belt of a front seat in an automotive vehicle, more specifically in a cabriolet or coupé-type automotive vehicle, said belt deflector comprising a movable beam (28) that has a deflection portion (50) for the shoulder belt portion (46) of a seat belt, a base member (30) comprising a) securing means for securing it in the side region (22) of a bodywork, behind a front door and beneath a bodywork line (24) that is defined by the lower edges of the side window recesses, and forming b) a guide for the movable beam (28) so that the movable beam (28) is guided between a lower at-rest position and an upper position in which upper position the deflection portion (50) is located above the bodywork line (24), a drive (36) for the beam (28) which is movable relative to the base member (30), a control unit being associated with the drive (36) and a crash sensor that is responsive to crash acceleration of the automotive vehicle and triggers the control unit so that the drive (36) causes the mo
Abstract: An integrated dual antenna system for Global Positioning System (GPS), Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS), ground based subsystem surface mounted (pole/tower/platform/other) and coaxially stacked (over and under). The dual antenna and receiver system is specifically designed and tuned to receive only the direct GPS satellite ranging signals while highly rejecting the ground multipath (indirect) signals. The upper antenna is a Right Hand Circularly Polarized (RHCP) omni-directional High Zenith Antenna (HZA) with dual obstruction lights and dual air terminals. The lower antenna is an electrically long vertically polarized omni-directional linear phased array having a very sharp horizon cut off and is a Multipath Limiting Antenna (MLA). When the two antennas (MLA and HZA) are mounted together they become the Integrated Multipath Limiting Antenna (IMLA). Interoperability is assured by high RF isolation between antennas.
Abstract: The present invention describes a method for the binding of pathogenic microorganisms and their toxic proteins with ligands that have been covalently tethered at some distance from the surface of a substrate: distances of at least fifteen Å are required for microorganism binding ligand tethers and at least six Å are required for protein binding ligand tethers. The ligands described herein include heme compounds, siderophores, polysaccharides, and peptides specific for toxic proteins, outer membrane proteins and conjugated lipids. Non-binding components of the solution to be analyzed are separated from the bound fraction and binding is confirmed by detection of the analyte via microscopy, fluorescence, epifluorescence, luminescence, phosphorescence, radioactivity, or optical absorbance. By patterning numerous ligands in an array on a substrate surface it is possible to taxonomically identify the microorganism by analysis of the binding pattern of the sample to the array.
November 1, 2001
Date of Patent:
August 24, 2004
Microbiosystems, Limited Partnership
Linda S. Powers, Walther R. Ellis, Jr., Christopher R. Lloyd
Abstract: Method and apparatus for the detection of microbes in liquids, in air and on non-living surfaces in which samples are exposed to electromagnetic radiation of specific energies capable of exciting various metabolites, cofactors and cellular and spore components, with the microbial cells to be sampled (and more specifically the excited metabolites, cofactors and or other cellular components) contained therein emit fluorescence that can be measured. The signal from the background and scattered excitation signals is removed from the fluorescence signals of the microbial components, the relative fluorescent signals of the intrinsic microbial components are required to lie within physiological ranges, and the amplitude of the background-corrected fluorescence signals used to enumerate the microbe content in the sample.
Abstract: The dryer for compressed air comprises a filter bowl (20), which has an inlet (22) for damp compressed air, an outlet (24) for dried compressed air, a scavenging air inlet (26) and a scavenging air outlet (28). A membrane is accommodated in the filter bowl (20). The membrane lets selectively water steam flow through and has two sides. One side of the membrane is stroked by the compressed air, while scavenging air flows on the other side of the membrane. A feeder pipe (32) is provided, through which dried compressed air coming from the outlet (24) is fed into the scavenging air inlet (26). A closing device (34, 36, 38) is arranged in the feeder pipe (32) and has a closed position. The closed position depends on the consumption of compressed air in such a way that more or less scavenging air is made available when more or less compressed air is taken by a consumer device, operated by dried compressed air.
Abstract: A power adjustable vehicle seat with a seating that is adjustable in height has a side part and an electromotor. The electromotor comprises a flange-mounted transmission, which transmission is provided with an output shaft and with a transmission case. The side part is provided with a bearing for the output shaft. The transmission case has an area axially facing said bearing for the output shaft. The area facing the side part is open-ended by having no case wall on that open end axially facing the bearing for the output shaft. The side part functions as a case wall of the transmission case once the transmission case is fastened to the side part.
Abstract: This frame for a seat carrier of a vehicle seat is provided with a left and a right side part (20, 22) and with a left and a right front swiveling prop (52, 54). The swiveling prop (52) is hinged in the front area of the left side part (20) and the right swiveling prop (54) in the front area of the right side part (22) and an adjusting device is provided by means of which the incline of the two swiveling props (52, 54) may be adjusted. One swiveling prop (52) a) is arranged on the outer side of the side part (20) to which it belongs, b) is hooked out downwards starting from the hinge joint connecting it to this side part (20), c) has a stiffening (64) across its plane of motion and d) is rigidly connected with the other swivelling prop (54) via a cross tube (50).
Abstract: The invention presents a vehicle seat with an adjusting mechanism, for example with a height adjustment of the seat area or with a length adjustment of a longitudinal guiding (20, 22), whereas the adjusting mechanism is provided with an electromotor (36), a step-down gear (34) and an adjusting device having a first adjusting element as well as a second adjusting element which may be adjusted relative to the first adjusting element. The adjusting mechanism is additionally provided with a constantly engaged brake (38) that is leading to a braking moment in both senses of rotation of the electromotor (36), the braking moment being calculated so as to be considerably smaller than the active driving moment of the electromotor (36) but so as to be bigger than the passive torques occurring during normal operation of the vehicle due to all kinds of acceleration and loads.
August 11, 1999
Date of Patent:
July 17, 2001
Ernst-Reiner Frohnhaus, Burckhard Becker, Michael Lingner
Abstract: The vehicle seat is equipped with an adjusting device having with a first adjusting element (20) and a second adjusting element (22). The adjusting device is particularly suited for a length-adjustment of an underframe relative to a seat. The adjusting device has a spindle (26) and an auxiliary spindle nut (30) encompassing the spindle (26). The spindle (26) is fastened onto the first adjusting element (20) of the adjusting device so as to rotate in unison with it and the spindle nut (30) a) is rotatably supported in the second adjusting element which is motion-linked with the first adjusting element (20) and b) is forming on its outer case a worm wheel that is engaged with a worm (32) which may be connected to a multi-turn actuation (36).
Abstract: A seat frame of a vehicle seat includes a seat support having two side parts (20,22) and one rear tie-bar (24). The tie bar is detachably connected to the two side parts (20, 22). At least two different tie-bars (24, 25) are provided that may be used optionally one of the tie-bars (25) being conventional and the other tie bar provided with bars for a toddler seat, more particularly with a so-called Isofix connection.
Abstract: A method is disclosed to separate the heavy rare earth elements Lu through Sm plus Y by an ion-exchange process called selective elution. Mixed rare earths are saturated onto a loading column containing sulfonic resin. Iminodiacetic resin in a separation column is conditioned into the hydrogen and ammonium form before it is saturated with rare earth retaining ion. The rare-earth retaining ion has an atomic weight at least as heavy as the heaviest rare earth element being separated. The hydrogen form section is positioned down stream of the ammonium form resin. Chelating solutions like ammonium EDTA are put through the loading and then the separation column to separate the rare earth elements. The hydrogen form iminodiacetic resin is very selective for separating rare earth elements. By using an ammonium EDTA solution with pH 8.2 to 8.6, the iminodiacetic resin in separation column is returned to the proper ratio of ammonium and hydrogen form resin.
Abstract: The spectroscopic process uses a detector in the form of a linear array of detector units made of a photoconductive semiconductor material, wherein a radiation sample is broken down into its spectrum; the spectrum thus obtained is used to illuminate the detector and is evaluated making use of the dependence of the conductivity of the semiconductor material on the radiation intensity; the beam path between the sample and the detector is periodically interrupted by a chopper to generate dark and bright phases; when at least one measuring cycle is conducted, a measuring cycle is determined during both the dark and bright phases in one measuring period, and the intensity of the radiation impinging on the detector in the bright phase is found from the comparison between the dark phase and light phase; the interruptions in the radiation and the measuring periods are mutually synchronized so a measuring period lies either within a bright or within a dark phase, with the measuring period being variable and adjustable
February 23, 1998
Date of Patent:
June 6, 2000
Thomas Ischdonat, Ursula Schumacher-Hamedat, Thomas Husemann
Abstract: Factors controlling the effect of cloud seeding were critically examined, and a new horizontal penetration seeding method using liquid homogeneous ice nucleants at the lower level of the supercooled portion of clouds was invented to maximize the microphysics-dynamics interaction between the seeded ice crystal thermal and the supercooled cloud through optimal utilization of the phase change energy. Cloud seeding tests showed a remarkable effect. This method allows the development of twin rotating horizontal cylinders of ice crystal thermal, which slowly rise, expand and entrain the supercooled cloud droplets to provide the supersaturated condition and time for the required growth of seeded ice crystals. When the thermal reaches the top of the cloud, it spreads horizontally while lowering the ice crystals of sufficiently large size and fall velocity resulting in an effective treatment of the existing and induced cloud volume for precipitation augmentation and the associated dynamic effect.
Abstract: The invention concerns a method of testing the hardness of workpieces (22), wherein an impact body (20) is moved onto the workpiece (22) to be tested such that it impinges thereon (along a forward path) and rebounds thereof (along a return path). On both the return and the forward paths, a movement value of the impact body (20) is detected by a contactlessly operating device and a measure of the hardness of the workpiece (22) is obtained from the difference between the forward and return path movement values. The movement value is detected at at least two points on the forward path and at at least two points on the return path. Corresponding to each movement value detection point on the forward path is a point on the return path at a substantially similar distance from the point of impact.