Patents Represented by Attorney Kari H. Bartingale
  • Patent number: 6026170
    Abstract: An electronic stethoscope emulates the frequency response of a standard acoustical stethoscope in both bell and diaphragm modes, while providing additional features attainable only with an electronic stethoscope, such as signal amplification, noise reduction, wider bandwidth, and mode selection. The electronic stethoscope includes spectrally separate idealized diaphragm and idealized bell modes. The idealized diaphragm mode and the idealized bell mode each include emphasized passbands and de-emphasized passbands. The emphasized passbands are spectrally separate. In addition, the electronic stethoscope also includes a wideband mode, which permits the user to hear high frequency sounds such as those associated with mechanical heart valves, lung sounds, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Alan P. Dieken, Joel R. Dufresne, Daniel V. Hulse
  • Patent number: 5939985
    Abstract: An Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) marker is adapted for direct application to optically recorded media such as compact disks, CD-ROM's, laser disks, digital video disks, and the like. The marker includes a support sheet and one or more marker elements which are positioned such that the mass distribution of the marker is symmetrically disposed about the center of the marker. This ensures that when the marker is properly positioned on the optically recorded media, the marker does not adversely affect the mechanical balance of the media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ching-Long Tsai, Chester Piotrowski, Rita M. Lunderville, Norman L. Koning, John G. Fitzgerald
  • Patent number: 5850192
    Abstract: An underground vehicle sensing system extends below a vehicle travel surface to detect the presence of a vehicle. A conduit extends substantially horizontally underground from an access hole placed at the side of the vehicle travel surface. A plurality of sensors are spaced apart in the conduit to detect localized changes in the magnetic field. A plurality of sections house the probes and wiring to orient and position the probes. Sections detachably clip together to form a lightweight support structure and may be added one by one through the access hole. Lightweight extension members are utilized in some configurations between the support sections for positioning and supporting the probes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Frederick J. Turk, Claude E. Cybulski, Earl B. Hoekman
  • Patent number: 5847649
    Abstract: An EAS marker assembly is a packaging and delivery method for large numbers of individual ferromagnetic EAS markers. The assembly is especially suited for use with an automated or semiautomated EAS marker insertion system. The EAS markers have an adhesive layer on each side to allow the markers to be attached between pages of a book. The assembly includes a plurality of markers carried by a differential release liner. The finished assembly can be in either a roll or stack form. When the roll assembly is rolled up, or when a plurality of sheets of markers are assembled in a stack, the easy release side of the differential release liner contacts one of the adhesive layers, and the tight release side of the liner contacts the adhesive layer on the other side of the marker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: William P. Collins, Peter J. Zarembo
  • Patent number: 5843272
    Abstract: A book marker insertion apparatus includes a cartridge assembly, a separator assembly, a gripper assembly, an elevator assembly and a page spreader assembly. The cartridge assembly holds a roll of marker materials including a plurality of markers on a backing sheet and advances the material to the separator assembly. The separator assembly includes jaws and a peel bar for removing the endmost marker from the backing sheet. The gripper assembly includes rotatable arms which grip the separated end marker and position the separated end marker for insertion into the book. The elevator raises and lowers the gripper assembly from the position for gripping the separated end marker to the position for inserting into the book. The page spreader assembly includes a V-arm with a slot formed therein for receiving the gripper arms and the separated end marker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Donald P. DeVale, Peter J. Zarembo, James L. Allen, Philip M. Anthony, III, Randall P. Bell, Aaron B. Eiger, Gerald Fleischfresser, Gregory W. Lantz, Emily Matz, Glenn A. Newby, Kurt T. Peterson
  • Patent number: 5825292
    Abstract: An Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) marker is adapted for direct application to optically recorded media such as compact disks, CD-ROM's, laser disks, digital video disks, and the like. The marker includes a support sheet and one or more marker elements which are positioned such that the mass distribution of the marker is symmetrically disposed about the center of the marker. This ensures that when the marker is properly positioned on the optically recorded media, the marker does not adversely affect the mechanical balance of the media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Ching-Long Tsai, Norman L. Koning, John G. Fitzgerald, Chester Piotrowski, Rita M. Lunderville
  • Patent number: 5805065
    Abstract: A magnetic security marker of an article surveillance system is deactivated by first determining the status of the marker by exposing it to the interrogating field. If the marker is active, a deactivation field is applied to the marker. The marker is again interrogated using the interrogating field and, if an active marker is detected, an incrementally increased deactivation field is applied. The marker is continually interrogated and, as long as an active marker is detected, the intensity of the field is incrementally increased until the field reaches a level effecting deactivation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Werner Schwarz, Josef Graessle, Peter J. Zarembo
  • Patent number: 5777884
    Abstract: An article inventory tracking and control system tracks and controls removal of articles from a secured facility. Exemplary facilities in which the system may be useful include libraries, rental stores and retail stores. Each article is marked with an EAS marker to prevent unauthorized removal. In the system, each user of a facility and each article in the facility is uniquely identifiable. Upon receiving the user and article information, the system queries a central database to ensure that the user is a valid user and that the desired transaction is authorized. A receiving compartment is specifically designed to receive a particular type of article, such as a video or audio cassette. Sensors in the receiving compartment ensure that the article is properly placed within the receiving compartment. Proper placement of the article within the receiving compartment ensures that the marker is properly re/desensitized, and also ensures that only one transaction on one article can be performed at a time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Anthony M. Belka, Thomas J. Brace
  • Patent number: 5755226
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for the direct noninvasive prediction of hematocrit in mammalian blood using photoplethysmography techniques and data processing. The method and apparatus also include optional prediction of other analytes of interest: percent oxygen saturation of mammalian blood and methemoglobin of stored blood. The method and apparatus can be used for the immediate, periodic, or continuous noninvasive diagnosis or monitoring of hematocrit levels in mammalian patients without pain to the patient or exposure of the health care practitioner to the blood of the patient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Hatim M. Carim, Orlin B. Knudson, Bruce P. Ekholm, David P. Erickson, William J. Kelliher, Jr., Michael J. Rude
  • Patent number: 5751225
    Abstract: A detector system filters the effects of periodic noise such as magnetic flux from nearby power lines or other periodic sources. The detector system further adapts in the case that the system incorporates microloops for the inductive sensors. The detector system further counts multiple vehicles while in presence mode. The detector system also logging of vehicle data and system faults.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Mickiel P. Fedde, Kevin W. Klimisch
  • Patent number: 5734338
    Abstract: The period T.sub.nv of an oscillator signal is measured. A number N.sub.meas of cycles of the oscillator signal is determined based upon the measured oscillator period T.sub.nv and upon a desired minimum change in inductance .DELTA.L (sensitivity) which will result in an object being detected. The N.sub.meas cycles of the oscillator signal represent a measurement period. The length of the measurement period, defined by N.sub.meas oscillator cycles, is periodically determined. The length of the measurement period is compared to a reference value. An output, based upon the results of the comparison, is provided. Thereafter, the desired minimum change in inductance .DELTA.L (sensitivity) may be automatically adjusted by determining an average magnitude change in inductance .DELTA.L.sub.ave caused by a plurality of vehicles. The number N.sub.meas of oscillator cycles, which define the measurement period, is recalculated based upon the average magnitude change in inductance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Earl B. Hoekman, Martin C. Henderson
  • Patent number: 5699047
    Abstract: An Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) marker is adapted for direct application to optically recorded media such as compact disks, CD-ROM's, laser disks, digital video disks, and the like. The marker includes a support sheet and one or more marker elements which are positioned such that the mass distribution of the marker is symmetrically disposed about the center of the marker. This ensures that when the marker is properly positioned on the optically recorded media, the marker does not adversely affect the mechanical balance of the media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co.
    Inventors: Ching-Long Tsai, Chester Piotrowski, Rita M. Lunderville, Norman L. Koning, John G. Fitzgerald
  • Patent number: 5684898
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for producing a background image from a plurality of images of a scene and for subtracting a background image from an input image are described. A background image is produced by dividing an image into subimages, acquiring reference subimages for each subimage location and comparing subsequent subimages with the reference subimage to determine if any objects have passed between the reference subimage and the video camera that acquired images. When objects have passed between the reference subimage and the video camera, the reference subimage is designated as background and stored in a background image. Background portions of an input image can be removed or their intensity diminished with a background image. Foreground weights can be determined by comparing the difference between a background image and an input image. To the extent that corresponding pixels are the same, the pixel is given a low foreground weight, indicating that the pixel is a background weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Mark J. Brady, Darin G. Cerny
  • Patent number: 5657008
    Abstract: A electronic license plate system having an identification device embedded in a license plate portion and electronics stored in a license plate holder ensures that the proper identification device is connected to the electronics. The identification device is constructed in a manner such that tampering with the device will render is inoperable. Also, if an improper license plate is mounted to the license plate holder of a vehicle, a security system will disable the electronics of the system or will transmit a alarm signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 12, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Heinrich Bantli
  • Patent number: 5625339
    Abstract: The present re/desensitizer is an apparatus for changing the status of a magnetic marker of an electronic article surveillance system. The markers are attached to or otherwise associated with an object to be protected, such has a book, CD, etc. The device can be set up as a resensitizer, a desensitizer, or with the inclusion of a mode switch, a combination re/desensitizer. The apparatus includes a magnetic field generator for generating a marker status changing magnetic field, detection means for detecting presence of an object, a control means for controlling the activation time of the magnetic field generator such that the marker status changing magnetic field is generated when an object is present. The magnetic field generator includes an offset core designed for continuous operation without excessive heat build up.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Peter J. Zarembo, Philip E. Edstrom, Anthony M. Belka, Dennis L. Sando, William R. Weber, III, Mark R. Crellin
  • Patent number: 5621571
    Abstract: An integrated retroreflective data communication display for visual and electromagnetic communication is described. The display may be configured as an integrated retroreflective electronic license plate, with printed visual information, similar to the information printed on traditional license plates, on retroreflective sheeting. An antenna network is integrated within the license plate for electromagnetic communication and may be connected to external electronic modules. The display may also be configured as an integrated retroreflective electronic road sign, also providing visual and electromagnetic information in a unitary structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Heinrich Bantli, Thomas I. Bradshaw, Stephen W. Mohn, Edmund J. Ring
  • Patent number: 5621645
    Abstract: A method and apparatus defines boundaries of the roadway and the lanes therein from images provided by video. The images of the roadway are analyzed by measuring motion between images and detecting edges within motion images to locate edges moving parallel to the motion of the objects, such as vehicles, thereby defining the approximate boundaries of a lane or roadway. A curve is then generated based on the approximate boundaries to define the boundaries of the lane or roadway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Mark J. Brady
  • Patent number: 5619616
    Abstract: A system for classifying vehicles based on the sound waved produced by the vehicles receives analog sound pressure levels and converts them to a power spectrum. Fuzzification functions, such as asymmetric wedge shaped functions, are convoluted with the power spectrum to create a vector that characterizes the power spectrum while reducing the dimensionality of the characterizing vector. A neural network analyzes the characterizing vector and produces a classification designator indicative of the class of the object associated with the analog sound pressure levels received by the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 8, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Mark J. Brady, Michael E. Hamerly
  • Patent number: 5608391
    Abstract: An electronic license plate architecture is described wherein a license plate portion has a conventional license plate having visual information thereon and an identification device integrated therewith. The identification device stores restricted information. A license plate holder supports the license plate portion and houses communications and signal processing electronics. An antenna may be integrated with the license plate portion or may be housed in the license plate holder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Heinrich Bantli, Edmund J. Ring, Wayne M. Thomas
  • Patent number: D379512
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 27, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Alan P. Dieken, Edward J. Moe, Joy A. Packard, Thomas J. Packard, Thomas A. Turgeon, Thomas W. Reeder