Abstract: A process for fractionation of dairy whey is described which enables various whey constituents, in particular, alpha-lactalbumin and beta-lactoglobulin, to be recovered in substantially pure form. Lactose may also be recovered. The mineral content of raw whey is reduced so that the calcium content is less than 120 parts per million. Thereafter, the whey is treated to allow the lactose to crystallize out for removal and selectively to flocculate the alpha-lactalbumin, leaving a liquor containing substantially pure beta-lactoglobulin.
March 14, 1997
Date of Patent:
May 5, 1998
Dairygold Technologies Limited
Francis Martin Stack, Mark Hennessy, Daniel Mulvihill, Brendan Thomas O'Kennedy
Abstract: Apparatus for use in removing hazardous material from an elongated pipe has an upper work section comprised of a sheet of flexible material having a centrally located opening and a lower debris collection and disposal bag that depends from the upper work section about the opening. Gloves are mounted to the upper work section sheet. So constructed, upon wrapping and securing the upper work section about a pipe with opposite ends thereof drawn upwardly thereto aside the opening, the work section is configured into the shape of a funnel for funneling debris worked from the pipe down into the debris collection and disposal bag. The apparatus is made by cutting one or more holes in a generally rectangular sheet of flexible material such as plastic, mounting gloves to the sheet, and mounting bags to the sheet about the holes.
Abstract: A drying bed for waste sludge in a wastewater treatment facility having a vertical drainage riser extending vertically from a subnatant discharge pipe near the bottom of the drying bed. A sludge inlet at an end of the drying bed communicates with a source of watery sludge. Water communicates through a mesh screen that wraps the vertical drainage riser and through openings in the vertical drainage riser to the subnatant discharge pipe. A valve is selectively opened to control the flow rate of the water from the subnatant discharge pipe. A method of dewatering waste sludge is disclosed. The wastewater treatment facility provides a mixing/balancing chamber for initial mixing of activated return sludge with influent wastewater for aggressive assimilation of wastes and an improved airlift for removal of suspended solids in the wastewater. The airlift comprises a solids evacuation pipe having a lower open end for receiving solids, an upper open end for exiting solids, and a midsection defining a series of holes.
Abstract: An air compressed gun (10) is provided having a stock (11), a barrel (12), a trigger (13) and a manual pump (14). The manual pump is coupled to a swivel joint (31) which provides pivotal movement of the pump relative to the barrel so as to allow for a variety of gun configurations and uses.
April 27, 1995
Date of Patent:
May 6, 1997
Johnson Research & Development Co., Inc.
Abstract: A tubular corrugated paperboard shipping container having a rigid base frame, a cleat-reinforced tubular corrugated paperboard body attached thereto, and a top frame. The corrugated paperboard body includes a pair of spaced-apart attaching strips fixed on opposing side wall panels of the body. One of the pair of attaching strips on each panel is disposed in alignment with a member of the base frame. The other one of the pair of attaching strips is positioned on the panel in alignment with the top frame. Staples driven through the paperboard wall and the attaching strips secure the paperboard container to the base frame and to the top frame to ensure against component separation, thereby providing a cleated container with improved structural rigidity. A plastic sheet in the top frame prevents dust and dirt from entry into the container.
Abstract: An apparatus for measuring viscosity of liquids includes an external chamber (10) which encloses an internal chamber/duct (20) having an inlet (21) and an outlet (22). Internal chamber (20) houses a fan (30) for forcing air through the duct, a heater (40) for heating air to a desired temperature, a thermal ballast (50) for maintaining the temperature of the air in the duct constant, and a viscometer (72) for measuring viscosity of liquids.
Abstract: A packing material having a resilient core and a uniform non-seamed exterior surface comprising a plurality of discrete compressible particles attached to the flexible core and to each other, the particles being compressed after attachment. The method comprises surrounding the flexible elongate core with a plurality of powder-like particles which together feed through a plurality of aligned pairs of feed groove rollers. The core, with the attached particles, wraps under tension around an arcuate sector of a cylinder or wheel passing between a pair of spaced-apart walls. A roller pushes against the core to compress the powder particles together and to bias the length of packing material into a spiral coil.
Abstract: In a method of determining creatinine clearance for detecting and monitoring renal dysfunction, spot samples of urine and blood from a person are obtained. Specific gravity or osmolality and creatinine concentration of the urine sample are measured. Creatinine concentration of plasma of the blood sample is also measured. Creatinine clearance is calculated as a function of the measured urine specific gravity or osmolality, the measured urine creatinine concentration and the measured plasma creatinine concentration.
Abstract: A connector for electrical communication between a low-voltage lamp and an electrical cable connected with a source of low-voltage electricity. The connector has a base with two opposed sections that define a channel for receiving the cable. Distal ends of each section have threaded radially outward surfaces for receiving a threaded cap. A presser in the cap pushes the cable into piercing engagement with a pair of nails in the channel for providing electrical communication between the cable and a lamp having a pair of wires connected to the nails. A U-shaped positioner is received within the channel over the electrical cable therein for accommodating narrow gauge cable. A method of connecting a lamp to an electrical cable is disclosed.
Abstract: An air compressed gun (10) is provided having a stock (11), a barrel (12), a trigger (13) and a manual air pump (14). The gun also has a magazine (18) having a series of barrels (26) for holding several projectiles (P). An actuator (50) indexes the magazine with each shot of the gun and automatically actuates a release valve (36) which controls the firing of the gun.
Abstract: An air compressed gun (70) is provided having a housing (71), a magazine (75) having multiple barrels (89) for holding projectiles, and a manual air pump (76). The gun also has a pneumatic indexer (82) which indexes the magazine for firing with each shot of the gun and a harness (77) which enables the magazine to be supported adjacent the head of a person.
Abstract: A heat exchanger (10) for extracting thermal energy from a process fluid, comprising a first group of at least one plate-fin heat exchange module (34a) and a second group of at least one plate-fin heat exchange module (34b). Each plate-fin heat exchange module (34) includes an inlet (72), an outlet (74) and a plurality of spaced-apart plates (60) for communicating a refrigerant fluid in a cross-direction to a process fluid. The modules (34) are sequenced alternately with one of the modules (34a) of the first group adjacent one of the modules (34b) of the second group. The modules (34) are disposed so that the refrigerant fluid flows in a first direction through the modules (34a) of the first group and flows in a second opposite direction through the modules (34b) of the second group. A supply header (38) connects to the inlets (72) of each heat exchange module (34) in parallel for communicating the refrigerant fluid from a supply to the heat exchange modules.
Abstract: A water gun 10 having a storage tank (18), a pressure tank (19) and an electric pump (28) for conveying liquid from the storage tank to the pressure tank. The conveyance of liquid into the pressure tank causes the liquid to be pressurized by air compressed within the pressure tank. A safety switch (42) limits the pressurization of the liquid. The pressurized liquid is released through a nozzle (21) coupled to the pressure tank.
November 25, 1994
Date of Patent:
December 24, 1996
Johnson Research & Development Company, Inc.
Abstract: A surgical staple (10) is provided having a fastener member (11) and a retainer member (12). The retainer member has an internal channel (31) having ridges (33) with serrated teeth (35). The fastener member has a tubular head (13), and a series of prongs (14) removably mounted to the tubular head by a locking pin (15). The prongs have two flexible arms (23) with serrated teeth (24) adapted to mate with the serrated teeth of the retainer member to lock the fastener member to the retainer member.
Abstract: The present invention is directed toward a toy water gun which is operated by selectively releasing water from a water reservoir pressurized with air. The present invention has a manually operated pump incorporated into the design. As the pump is cycled, water and air is drawn from a water storage tank. Once drawn, the water and air are forced into a pressure reservoir. As the amount of water and air forced into the pressure reservoir increases, the pressure on the water within the pressure reservoir increases. The pressure of the water and air within the pressure reservoir increases with each cycle of the pump, until the pump can no longer overcome the pressure of the water and air within the pressure tank. The pressurized water and air within the pressure tank has an avenue of release that is regulated by the trigger mechanism of the invention. When no force is applied to the trigger, the pressurized water and air are held at bay with no means of release.