Patents Represented by Attorney Kenneth P. Van Wyck
  • Patent number: 5317050
    Abstract: Compositions containing an aryl phosphite and water to hydrolyze the aryl phosphite provide controlled and extended work time when used as hardening agents for the ambient temperature hardening of phenolic resins and for rapid hardening of such resins at modestly elevated temperatures. Pre-solvolysis with small quantities of water, alkanols of 1 to 4 carbon atoms or alkylene glycols of 2 to 4 carbon atoms improve compatibility of trisubstituted phosphites with the resin. Pre-hydrolysis of the phosphites as well as addition of furfuryl alcohol or alkylene glycols of 2 to 4 carbon atoms accelerate the hardening (curing) of the resin. Various compounds such as: carboxylic acid amides, urea, dicyandiamide, N-methylolated amides, N-alkyl 2-pyrrolidinones having 1 to 4 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, those having an internal epoxide group, alkanols, and Schiff bases retard the ambient temperature hardening of the resin with the aryl phosphite hardening agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5306749
    Abstract: A water based thixotropic adhesive gel is disclosed which comprises; an aqueous emulsion of polyvinyl acetate in an amount sufficient to form adhesive bonds on wood; partially hydrolyzed polyvinyl alcohol in an amount sufficient to provide wet tack of the adhesive; glyoxal in an amount sufficient to provide water resistance to the adhesive; and wood flour in an amount sufficient to increase the water resistance imparted by the glyoxal and to provide sanding and staining properties to the adhesive; and xanthan gum in an amount sufficient to provide a thixotropic index and viscosity allowing extrusion of the gel from a flexible dispenser having a dispensing opening of about 0.073 inches in diameter by applying finger-pressure to the dispenser while, upon extrusion, the gel forms a bead which does not run when applied in a horizontal line on wood in a vertical plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter S. Columbus, John Anderson, Yogeshbai B. Patel
  • Patent number: 5304411
    Abstract: Polyvinyl chloride articles are chemically embossed by placing a pattern thereon with a composition of vinyl ink containing silicone oil wherein the quantity of silicone oil is from about 2.5% to 5% by weight of the composition and then top coating the article with a fluid coating of an aromatic-hydroxyl functional polyester and a multi-isocyanate curing agent which is cured in the presence of a vaporous tertiary amine catalyst to form an adherent film over said substrate and whereby the fluid coating retracts from over the siliconized ink prior to curing to form a concave pattern on the cured film which is in registry with the siliconized ink.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: George Rusincovitch, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5296520
    Abstract: Compositions containing aryl phosphites and water to hydrolyze the aryl phosphite provide controlled and extended work time when used as hardening agents for the ambient temperature hardening of phenolic resins and for rapid hardening of such resins at modestly elevated temperatures. Pre-solvolysis with small quantities of water, alkanols of 1 to 4 carbon atoms or alkylene glycols of 2 to 4 carbon atoms improve compatibility of trisubstituted phosphites with the resin. Pre-hydrolysis of the phosphites as well as addition of furfuryl alcohol or alkylene glycols of 2 to 4 carbon atoms accelerate the hardening (curing) of the resin. Various compounds such as: carboxylic acid amides, urea, dicyandiamide, N-methylolated amides, N-alkyl 2-pyrrolidinones having 1 to 4 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, those having an internal epoxide group, alkanols, and Schiff bases retard the ambient temperature hardening of the resin with the aryl phosphite hardening agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5296584
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composition consisting of a melamine solid suspended or dispersed in a resole resin. The method of the invention favors the intermolecular condensation polymerization reaction between phenol and melamine, rather than homopolymerization between phenol molecules or between melamine molecules. This invention reduces formaldehyde emissions by favoring a reaction whose by-product is water rather than formaldehyde. The compositions are useful for bonding glass fiber mats used for thermal and acoustical insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Wayne R. Walisser
  • Patent number: 5294649
    Abstract: There are disclosed methods and compositions for accelerating the hardening of phenolic resole resins having a pH of about 4.5 to 9.5 with lightburned magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide, with or without the addition of an ester functional hardening agent. Acceleration of hardening is achieved by incorporating into said compositions an effective quantity of a material which: increases the solubility of magnesium in the hardenable mixture; by certain amines; or by certain chelating agents. Accelerator compounds include those which provide chloride, sulfamate, nitrate, formate, and phosphite anions as well as selected tertiary amines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5284897
    Abstract: A water based thixotropic adhesive gel is disclosed which consists essentially of: water; partially hydrolyzed polyvinyl alcohol, or wherein a portion of the polyvinyl alcohol is replaced with polyvinylpyrrolidone; a water-soluble high viscosity thickening agent polymer which is compatible with the polyvinyl alcohol and which imparts thixotropic properties to the gel; a water-soluble plasticizer for the polyvinyl alcohol; and a watersoluble defoamer in proportion of ingredients so that the viscosity of the adhesive will break down when a flexible tube or squeeze bottle dispenser is finger-pressed and have a sufficiently low viscosity to allow for easy extrusion from an orifice having a diameter of about 0.06 to 0.15 inches. When pressure is released, after the desired amount of adhesive has flown out of the dispenser, the adhesive quickly reverts to very close to its original gel state so that it will not run on a vertical surface on porous and semiporous surfaces such as paper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter S. Columbus, John Anderson, Yogeshbhai B. Patel
  • Patent number: 5281644
    Abstract: There are disclosed methods and compositions for retarding the ambient temperature hardening of a phenolic resole resin alone or with an aggregate when such resin is contacted with a nitroalkane and a hardening agent such as lightburned magnesium oxide, an organic ester functional hardening agent, and mixtures of lightburned magnesium oxide and an organic ester functional hardening agent in an alkaline medium. There is also disclosed a hardener composition for phenolic resole resins wherein the hardener composition consists essentially of a solution of a nitroalkane in an organic ester functional hardening agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: S. Raja Iyer, David R. Armbruster, Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5262495
    Abstract: There are disclosed methods and compositions for retarding the room temperature gelation and eventual hardening of phenolic resole resins when such resins are mixed with lightburned magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide hardening agents with or without an ester functional hardening agent. Retardation of gelation and hardening is achieved by incorporating into said mixture a compound which decreases the solubility of magnesium in said mixture. Additionally, hardening at higher temperatures, thermal curing, as well as refractories, coated abrasives, polymer concrete, and other methods and compositions of this invention are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5262444
    Abstract: The invention relates to a breathable, plastic film, useful as a wall covering material. A low boiling additive, such as water, is added to a plastisol before extrusion. During extrusion and curing of the plastisol into a film or coating, the low boiling additive is volatilized and the resulting evolved gas perforates the forming film. In this manner a permeable plastic film, such as vinyl, is produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: George Rusincovitch, Paul J. Roe, Richard C. Andrews
  • Patent number: 5248707
    Abstract: The hardening of a composition containing a phenolic resin solution and a magnesia aggregate is effected by mixing into such composition at a pH of at least 4.5: a compound which provides an acetate, adipate, 4-aminobenzenesulfonate, 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate, formate, glycolate, lactate, nitrate, benzenesulfonate, naphthalenesulfonate, methanesulfonate, phenolsulfonate, succinate, sulfamate, or toluenesulfonate anion to the composition; or an acetylacetone, 2-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, salicylaldehyde compound; or a mixture of said compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5223554
    Abstract: There are disclosed methods and compositions for accelerating the hardening of phenolic resole resins having a pH of about 4.5 to 9.5 with lightburned magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide, with or without the addition of an ester functional hardening agent. Acceleration of hardening is achieved by incorporating into said compositions an effective quantity of a material which: increases the solubility of magnesium in the hardenable mixture; by certain amines; or by certain chelating agents. Accelerator compounds include those which provide chloride, sulfamate, nitrate, formate, and phosphite anions as well as selected tertiary amines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5218010
    Abstract: The hardening of a composition containing a phenolic resin solution and a magnesia aggregate is effected by mixing into such composition at a pH of at least 4.5: a compound which provides an acetate, adipate, 4-aminobenzeneslfonate, 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate, formate, glycolate, lactate, nitrate, benzenesulfonate, naphthalenesulfonate, methanesulfonate, phenolsulfonate, succinate, sulfamate, or toluenesulfonate anion to the composition; or an acetylacetone, 2-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, salicylaldehyde compound; or a mixture of said compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5214079
    Abstract: There are disclosed methods and compositions for accelerating the hardening of phenolic resole resins having a pH of about 4.5 to 9.5 with lightburned magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide, with or without the addition of an ester functional hardening agent. Acceleration of hardening is achieved by incorporating into said compositions an effective quantity of a material which: increases the solubility of magnesium in the hardenable mixture; by certain amines; or by certain chelating agents. Accelerator compounds include those which provide chloride, sulfamate, nitrate, formate, and phosphite anions as well as selected tertiary amines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5214111
    Abstract: There are disclosed methods and compositions for retarding the room temperature gelation and eventual hardening of phenolic resole resins when such resins are mixed with lightburned magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide hardening agents with or without an ester functional hardening agent. Retardation of gelation and hardening is achieved by incorporating into said mixture a compound which decreases the solubility of magnesium in said mixture. Additionally, hardening at higher temperatures, thermal curing, as well as refractories, coated abrasives, polymer concrete, and other methods and compositions of this invention are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5208274
    Abstract: There is disclosed methods and compositions for retarding the room temperature hardening of phenolic resole resins when such resins are mixed with lightburned magnesium oxide with or without an ester functional hardening agent. Compounds which act as retarders include azelaic acid, salicylamide, sulfanilic acid, glyoxal, salicylic acid, N-methylaniline, and 2,6-diethylaniline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur H. Gerber
  • Patent number: 5191007
    Abstract: Polyvinyl chloride compositions as well as flexible sheets and swimming pool liners of such compositions which contain significant quantities of an ultra high molecular weight polyvinyl chloride resin together with a heat stabilizer, plasticizer and optional additives are disclosed. In preferred compositions: the PVC resin is a mixture of high molecular weight and ultra high molecular weight PVC: the heat stabilizer is a mixed zinc-barium-alkyl phosphite stabilizer; and the composition contains 2-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxyethoxy) benzophenone as an ultraviolet light absorber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: Julian Zelazny, David R. Morse
  • Patent number: D343573
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: William S. Shadrach, Vern F. Mohney, Jr.
  • Patent number: D343639
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventor: Gene Mazzanti
  • Patent number: D343943
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: George P. Mottur, Michael J. Luebbers