Patents Represented by Attorney Lawrence E. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8335660
    Abstract: A method and system for determining whether the number of samples taken from a population of units where the distribution of X and Y variables are unknown by evaluating ratio mean measurements on a computer to determine a confidence interval. The method comprising: inputting samples from the total population with each unit sample having at least two variables X and Y; redefining the multivariate data that comprises the two variables X and Y; estimating the mean; computing the standard error; using a bootstrapping method, generating boot strap samples, computing a Z distribution based upon the bootstrap samples; and computing the confidence interval. The system comprises a processor for performing the steps of the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: John Stanley Nierwinski, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8334770
    Abstract: A detector assembly for detecting a flash from the firing of a weapon comprising: a first support; a plurality of sensors supported by the first support for detecting light from the flash; the sensors operating to receive light in the range of ultraviolet light from approximately 100 nm to approximately 290 nm; a directional indicator for indicating the directional location of the first support; and an indicator assembly comprising at least one indicator; the at least one indicator operating to display the directional location of the flash.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Kristan Peter Gurton
  • Patent number: 8330650
    Abstract: A radar system, apparatus, and method includes at least one radar transmitter for transmitting an electromagnetic waveform; a receiving antenna comprising a plurality of receiving antenna elements and delay lines, each of the plurality of receiving antenna elements receiving the return signal operatively associated with a predetermined delay line; each delay line having a delay length which produces a different phase delay in the return signal; the different phase delays producing substantially different antenna patterns for the received signal at a given frequency; at least one processor operatively connected to receive data from the plurality of delay lines; the at least one processor operating to analyze the substantially different beam patterns for a given frequency; whereby the processing of the data produces results indicating the presence and location of a target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Geoffrey Howard Goldman
  • Patent number: 8315283
    Abstract: Laser systems and related methods are provided. In this regard, a representative laser system includes: a laser diode array that generates light; a first crystal having a cavity; an optical element operative to focus the generated light onto the first crystal such that the light generates a high-power circulating beam within the cavity; a second crystal positioned with respect to the first crystal such that the frequency of the high-power circulating beam is doubled; and a first coating applied to the first crystal and second coating applied to the second crystal, the first coating and the second coating being operative to cause at least a portion of the beam to be emitted within a particular wavelength range of the generated light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Robert C. Hoffman
  • Patent number: 8314604
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an apparatus and methodology for performing spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR) measurements on an RF circuit, such as a mixer, using a single analog input port. The present invention is designed for use when access to the intermediate frequency (IF) port in a radio frequency (RF) front-end circuit is not available, when the traditional two-port method for making an SFDR measurement is inadequate. Passing the analog input through a directional coupler between the RF combiner and the mixer facilitates the performance of the traditional third order intermodulation (IMD) test. Key differences between the single-port and traditional two-port setups are considered and examined, and experimental data obtained using the single-port setup is compared to data obtained using the traditional two-port set-up for different mixer models. Comparison of similar results yields confirmation and a calibration to account for the additional losses introduced by the directional coupler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Gregory Allen Mitchell, Christian Fazi
  • Patent number: 8278919
    Abstract: A microelectromechanical system (MEMS) device for sensing a magnetic field comprising: a base; a cantilever attached to the base structure at a first end and movable at a second end, the second end oscillating at a predetermined frequency upon application of a current; a magnetic sensor attached to the movable second end; at least one flux concentrator mounted on the base adapted to transfer magnetic flux to the sensor; whereby when the current is applied, the oscillation of the cantilever causes the sensor to oscillate between the lines of flux transferred from the at least one flux concentrator resulting in the shift of the frequency of the sensed magnetic field to the predetermined frequency. The invention further comprises a method of making the MEMS device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Gregory Alexander Fischer, Jonathan Elliott Fine, Alan Shane Edelstein
  • Patent number: 8269222
    Abstract: A detection device comprising a photodetector comprising a first semiconductor layer through which light first enters the photodetector; the first semiconductor layer formed of a first semiconductor material crystal lattice which terminates at an interface creating a first interface charge; the first semiconductor layer being an absorption layer in which photons in a predetermined wavelength range are absorbed and create photogenerated carriers; and a second polar semiconductor layer deposited on the crystal lattice of the first semiconductor layer substantially transparent to light in the predetermined wavelength range and having a total polarization different from the first semiconductor layer so that a second interface charge is induced at the interface between the first and second semiconductor layers; the induced second interface charge reduces or substantially cancels the first interface charge so as to increase the collection of photogenerated carriers by the photodetector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Paul Shen, Michael Wraback, Anand V Sampath
  • Patent number: 8269191
    Abstract: An apparatus for determining the depolarization efficiency of a environment includes a transmitter, a receiver, and signal processing circuitry. A reference object is located within the environment at a reference distance. The transmitter includes a radiation source providing incident radiation that has an initial polarization as it enters the environment. The receiver receives returned radiation from the reference, which may be diffuse reflection or photoluminescence. The signal processing circuitry calculates the depolarization efficiency of the environment from the initial polarization, luminescence or final polarization, and the reference distance. A method of determining depolarization efficiency includes directing incident radiation having initial polarization through an environment onto a reference, detecting returned radiation from the reference, and calculating the depolarization efficiency using the initial polarization and the luminescence or final polarization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: David Lawrence Rosen, Ronald Everett Meyers
  • Patent number: 8269200
    Abstract: A method and device for generating terahertz radiation comprising a substrate; a plurality of segments of polar crystal material formed on the substrate, the segments having an internal electric polarization; each segment comprising at least two edges oriented substantially perpendicular to the polar axis such that the electric polarization terminates at the edges and the segment comprises a majority of positive charges on one edge and a majority of negative charges on the opposite edge thereby leading to creation of an internal electric field; whereby when irradiated by a pulsed source of duration less than one picosecond, electron-hole pairs are generated within the segments and the internal electric field separates and accelerates the electron-hole pairs to thereby produce terahertz radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Michael Wraback, Paul H Shen
  • Patent number: 8266085
    Abstract: A network of coupled neurons for implementing Non-Lipschitz dynamics for modeling nonlinear processes or conditions comprising: a plurality of neurons, each being configurable in attractor and repulsion modes of operation, and programmable by an external signal; a plurality of synaptic connections for connecting at least a portion of the plurality of neurons for passage of data from one neuron to another; feedback circuitry for incrementing and decrementing an analog voltage output depending upon the output of the synaptic connection; whereby by the circuit solves Non-Lipschitz problems by programmably controlling the attractor and repulsion modes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Ronald Everett Meyers, Keith Scott Deacon, Gert Cauwenberghs
  • Patent number: 8249346
    Abstract: Three-dimensional imaging techniques are used for a visualization method and apparatus. In a preferred embodiment, terrain data is displayed as a series of pixels—areas of terrain elevation data. Individual pixels are analyzed to determine whether they are locally smooth or “warpable” relative to their surrounding neighbor pixels. Those pixels that are locally relatively “smooth,” i.e., those satisfying a given set of criteria, are joined with adjacent neighbor pixels by a process referred to herein as “warping” to create “smooth,” gap-free surfaces. A preferred embodiment includes drawing or generating lines between the centers of two pairs of adjacent pixels to determine a slopes m1 and m2 respectively. The slopes m1 and m2 are then analyzed using the following equations/determinations: |m1??mmax; |m2??mmax; and |m1?m2|??max; i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: John F. Dammann
  • Patent number: 8249820
    Abstract: A method and system for detecting a signal source at a specified frequency in the presence of background noise includes a processor; a first sensor mounted at a first location operatively connected to the processor; a second sensor mounted at a second location operatively connected to the processor; the processor operating to compute the amplitudes of the first and second Fourier transforms of the outputs of the first and second sensors, respectively, the difference in the amplitudes of the first and second Fourier transforms being determinative of the existence of a signal being generated at the predetermined frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Alan S. Edelstein
  • Patent number: 8242428
    Abstract: A method and system for at least three dimensional imaging comprising a processor for processing information; at least one photon light source generating a beam of light; a modulator for modulating the light of the at least one photon light source; a plurality of first receivers operative to detect the influence of a subject on the beam; the plurality of first receivers being operatively connected to the processor and operating to transmit nonspatial information to the processor; the plurality of first receivers being spaced at known, different distances from the subject, whereby comparison of each of the outputs of the plurality of first receivers provides three dimensional information concerning the subject; the processor operating to correlate the outputs of the plurality of first receivers with spatial information derived from the modulated light at correlating intervals of time to create a three dimensional image of the subject.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Ronald Everett Meyers, Keith Scott Deacon
  • Patent number: 8234773
    Abstract: A method of forming at least one electronic device on a substrate comprising creating a depository and an attached capillary; providing a liquid containing particles in the range 1 nanometer to 1 millimeter for deposit into the depository; the liquid flowing into the at least one capillary by capillary action; evaporating the liquid such that the particles form an agglomerate beginning at the end of the at least one capillary with a substantially uniform distribution of the particles within the agglomerate; whereby the agglomerate is used to form a part of the at least one electronic device. An microelectronic integrated circuit device comprising a substrate; a depository coupled to said substrate formed by at least one wall, a capillary channel coupled to said depository adapted to be filled with liquid comprising nanoparticles by capillary action, whereby as the liquid evaporates, an agglomerate forms in the capillary channel having a substantially uniform distribution of the particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Sarah S. Bedair, Brian Morgan, Christopher D. Meyer
  • Patent number: 8222898
    Abstract: A system for modulating a magnetic field sensor device comprising: a base; a magnetic sensor comprising a plurality of magnetic components; at least one coil for creating a magnetic field around the magnetic sensor; the at least one coil adapted to be connected to an alternating current source that passes through the coil to modulate the magnetic field at the magnetic sensor and drive at least one of the magnetic components of the magnetic sensor into and out of its region of increased magnetic response while shifting the frequency of the magnetic field that is sensed by the magnetic sensors a higher frequency to thereby minimize 1/f-type noise, where f is the frequency of operation of the magnetic sensor. The method comprises forming at least one coil around the magnetic sensor; connecting the coil to an alternating current power source; and modulating the current from the power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Alan Shane Edelstein
  • Patent number: 8217368
    Abstract: A method and system for investigating properties of an object comprising: a transmitter, including a radiation source, the transmitter providing incident radiation having a plurality of predetermined polarization states; the incident radiation illuminating an object and thereby causing the object to emit photoemission; a receiver, receiving photoemission from the object when the object is illuminated by the incident radiation, the receiver including a detector, the detector providing photoemission intensity data; and signal processing circuitry, in electrical communication with the detector, the signal processing circuitry determining three-dimensional information relating to the object from the photoemission intensity data for each of the plurality of incident polarization states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Inventors: Ronald Everett Meyers, David Lawrence Rosen
  • Patent number: 8218143
    Abstract: A method of detecting oxygen and/or chemical content in a subject, comprising generating at least one spectral image of the subject; generating at least one spectral image of a reference object; comparing spectrum from the subject image to the reference image to thereby reveal the relative oxygen content of the subject. A system for determining the level of oxygenation of the blood of a subject body part comprising: a hyperspectral image generator for generating a plurality of spectral images; an image capture device for capturing the spectral images; a processor for generating hyperspectral image cubes such that the spectrum of the body part is extracted and normalized using the spectrum from the reference object to cancel out the spectral response of the light source and the imager; said processor comparing spectral from a subject image to reference images to thereby reveal the relative oxygen content of the subject.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Neelam Gupta
  • Patent number: 8207887
    Abstract: A method and system for processing radar data from a movable platform comprising passing a radar signal through a low noise amplifier; down converting the signal to a lower frequency; filtering out harmonics; sampling using A/D converter at or above Nyquist frequency; determining a scene center; performing a two stage averaging scheme of the received signals with a variable window function based upon the velocity, acceleration of the platform and scene center; coherently averaging N pulses to create an average pulse; performing an inverse Fourier transform; compensating to the scene center by multiplying by a complex exponential based upon GPS and inertial navigational system; summing the average pulses using a low pass filter; repeating the determination of an average pulse for a time period that is less than the Nyquist sample time interval to generate second average pulses; and performing a 2D inverse Fourier transform to obtain SAR image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Geoffrey Howard Goldman
  • Patent number: 8203127
    Abstract: A method and device for generating terahertz radiation comprising a plurality of layers of polar crystal material operative to emit terahertz radiation; the plurality of layers comprising transport layers and divider layers, the plane of the layers being not parallel to the polar axis, the interface between the transport layers and divider layers forming boundaries at which the internal electric polarization terminates leading to charges accumulating at the boundaries, and creation of internal electric fields oriented along the polar axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Michael Wraback, Paul H Shen
  • Patent number: 8193967
    Abstract: A method and system for generating images from projection data comprising inputting first values representing correlated positional and recorded data; forming an image by processing the projection data utilizing a pixel characterization imaging subsystem to form the SAR imagery utilizing one of a back-projection algorithm or range migration algorithm; integrating positional and recorded data from many aperture positions, comprising: forming the complete aperture A0 comprising collecting the return radar data, the coordinates of the receiver, and the coordinates of the transmitter for each position k along the aperture of N positions; forming an imaging grid comprising M image pixels; selecting and removing a substantial number of aperture positions to form a sparse aperture Aifor L iterations; classifying each pixel in the image into target class based on the statistical distribution of its amplitude across L iterations; otherwise, the pixel is given the value of zero.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Lam Huy Nguyen, Jeffrey P. Sichina