Patents Represented by Attorney Lisa A. Clifford
  • Patent number: 5354185
    Abstract: A compressor is disclosed having an electromagnetic actuator for driving the piston in the compression cylinder. The actuator includes an electromagnetic element having a core and a coil. The core has an electromagnet surface and a channel extending through the core. The coil is disposed in the channel. An axially reciprocating armature element is interconnected with the piston. The armature element defines an axial stroke having a stroke midpoint and a stroke peak. The armature element also has an armature surface dimensioned to align with and correspond to the electromagnet surface at the stroke peak. The actuator also includes a primary spring disposed on one end of the armature element for biasing the armature from movement in an axial direction. A secondary spring is disposed on the opposing end of the armature element and biases the armature from movement in an opposite axial direction. The armature is biased by the springs to resonate at a pre-determined frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Fernando B. Morinigo, Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5355108
    Abstract: A compressor having an electromagnetically actuated valve is disclosed. The movement of the compressor's piston is controlled by an electromagnetically actuated valve. The valve includes an electromagnetic element having a core and a coil, and an armature. The core has a surface and an opening at the surface extending through the core. The surface also includes a continuous channel extending around the opening. The channel has a top portion of frustroconical cross-section and a bottom portion. The coil is disposed in the bottom portion. The armature element has a raised portion dimensioned to be received within the top portion of the channel. The valve shaft is disposed within the opening of the electromagnetic element and is connected to the armature. The compressor piston is connected to one end of the shaft. A support spring is disposed within the opening of the electromagnetic element, and extends from the retaining bar to the upper surface of the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Fernando B. Morinigo, Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5352101
    Abstract: A compressor having an electromagnetically actuated valve is disclosed. The movement of the compressor's piston is controlled by an electromagnetically actuated valve. The valve includes an electromagnetic element having a core and a coil, and an armature. The core has a surface and an opening at the surface extending through the core. The surface also includes a continuous channel extending around the opening. The channel has a top portion of frustroconical cross-section and a bottom portion. The coil is disposed in the bottom portion. The armature element has a raised portion dimensioned to be received within the top portion of the channel. The valve shaft is disposed within the opening of the electromagnetic element and is connected to the armature. The compressor piston is connected to one end of the shaft. A support spring is disposed within the opening of the electromagnetic element, and extends from the retaining bar to the upper surface of the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Fernando B. Morinigo, Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5350153
    Abstract: An improved electromagnetically actuated valve is disclosed. The improved valve design includes a layer of structurally stable, non-magnetic material, preferably Kapton or Chrome, disposed intermediate the core element and the electromagnetic element of the valve, and a core element and electromagnetic element fabricated from a high electrical resistive iron material. The layer of non-magnetic structurally stable material and high resistance core element serve to eliminate the hysteresis effect in the magnetic force of the valve. The core element may also include radially extending or axially extending perforations through the core element. The axial and radial perforations serve to reduce the weight of the core design and the axial perforations serve to reduce the effect of the air spring created in the gap as the core element approaches the electromagnetic element during operation of the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Fernando B. Morinigo, William C. Blaire, Dennis Bulgatz
  • Patent number: 5341054
    Abstract: An electromagnetic actuator includes a magnetic flux conductive material housing, an electrical current conductive coil, a magnetic flux conductive material stationary core portion, a slideable core portion, and a pair of radially polarized magnetic flux developing elements. The coil is disposed in the housing coextensively adjacent to the housing's interior wall. The core is disposed within the housing and the coil and includes both the magnetic flux conductive stationary core portion and the slideable core portion. The slideable core portion is slideably received on the stationary core portion, and the magnetic flux developing elements are carried on the exterior wall of the slideable core portion in a facing relationship with the coil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Zeev Tal, Keith O. Stuart, Dennis C. Bulgatz
  • Patent number: 5325699
    Abstract: A linear electromagnetic actuator has it core mounted to a can body forming apparatus and its coil attached to re-draw sleeve of such apparatus. The actuator provides for the axial movement of the re-draw sleeve between its fully retracted position and its fully extended position. The re-draw sleeve and the coil are coaxially mounted to each other so that the force exerted on the re-draw sleeve is also coaxial. Once the re-draw sleeve is in its fully extended position, an electromagnet is turned on so that the re-draw sleeve exerts the requisite force on the can material preform. The electromagnet is mounted coaxially about the re-draw sleeve and exerts its force on a magnetic material ring mounted to the re-draw sleeve to hold the re-draw sleeve against the can material preform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5321762
    Abstract: A voice coil actuator includes a magnetic flux conductive material core, a magnet and an electrical current conductive coil. The core has a first surface and a continuous channel disposed in said first surface. The channel has a pair of opposing walls. The magnet is disposed in intimate contact with a first one of said walls and spaced from a second one of said walls so that a gap remains between the magnet and the second one of the walls. The magnet has a first face of a first magnetic polarity facing the first one of the walls and a second face of a second, opposite magnetic polarity facing the gap. The magnet is further spaced from a bottom of the channel so that magnetic flux is substantially normal from the second face across said gap to the second one of the walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5307665
    Abstract: A linear electromagnetic actuator has its core mounted to a can body forming apparatus and its coil attached to re-draw sleeve of such apparatus. The actuator provides for the axial movement of the re-draw sleeve between its fully retracted position and its fully extended position. The re-draw sleeve and the coil are coaxially mounted to each other so that the force exerted on the re-draw sleeve is also coaxial. Once the re-draw sleeve is in its fully extended position, an electromagnet is turned on so that the re-draw sleeve exerts the requisite force on the can material preform. The electromagnet is mounted coaxially about the re-draw sleeve and exerts its force on a magnetic material ring mounted to the re-draw sleeve to hold the re-draw sleeve against the can material preform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5309050
    Abstract: An electromagnetic actuator is disclosed having a case fabricated of a ferromagnetic material and defining a central axis, a core disposed coaxial with the central axis, and being in slideable engagement within the case. The core includes a first end portion, a second end portion, and a central portion. The actuator further includes magnetic flux developing element mounted coaxial with the central axis and a first and a second electrical current conductor coil. The first coil is mounted in a facing relationship with the first end portion of the core and the second coil is mounted in a facing relationship with the second end portion of the core. The coils are fabricated from a ferromagnetic material and are coaxial with the central axis. The coils have a cross-sectional length in a direction perpendicular to the central axis and a width of insulating space between the turns of the coil in a direction parallel to the central axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Fernando B. Morinigo, Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5285995
    Abstract: An optical table active leveling and vibration cancellation system is disclosed. The system includes an optical table with three active isolation devices connected to the optical table, and one sole pneumatic device, such that the table is supported on all four corners. Each of the isolation devices includes a pneumatic suspension device and an electromagnetic suspension device. The pneumatic suspension device includes a pressurized load chamber, a gimballed piston received in the pressurized load chamber and coupled to the walls of the pressurized load chamber by a thin walled diaphragm, and a support rod extending from the optical table to the floor level. The electromagnetic bearing suspension device includes a magnetic bearing rotor having two planar surfaces and a peripheral surface, and two magnetic bearing stators, the stators each defining a central aperture and each stator being in a spaced apart relationship from each of the rotor planar surfaces. The rotor is secured to the support rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Walter Gonzalez, John A. Gniady
  • Patent number: 5278953
    Abstract: A video image of the article to be produced is displayed on a computer. A first geometric shape is developed to enclose fully the video image of the article. The first geometric shape provides a video image of a workpiece of machinable stock and the approximate unscaled dimensions of the workpiece. A selection is made from a library of known machine tool tables to select the exact type of machine tool table to be used to produce the article. The video image of the table is positioned visually underneath each of the video image of the article and first geometric shape. The video representation of the machine tool table includes a frame of reference origin which corresponds to the actual machine tool table zero reference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: C. Rogers Saxon, David B. Pickels
  • Patent number: 5260798
    Abstract: An apparatus to modulate the intensity of a pixel displayed on a screen focused optical energy from a broadband source onto a reflective first face of a planar member. The first face is disposed in said first propagation path at a selected angle thereto to direct optical energy along a second propagation path. A planar mirror is disposed in the second propagation path. The plane of the mirror is actuatable to orientate the mirror within a range of angles to said second propagation path between a first angle limit and a second angle limit. A second focusing lens disposed in the second propagation path to focus optical energy reflected from the first face onto the mirror.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1993
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory Um, Andrei Szilagyi
  • Patent number: 5245369
    Abstract: Optical energy from a broadband source is focused on an aperture in an opaque member. The energy exiting the aperture is received off axis by a parabolic mirror which collimates the energy. The collimated energy is reflected from each planar mirror of an actuated mirror array. The reflected energy from the mirror array is re-reflected to the aperture by the parabolic mirror. The orientation of each planar mirror determines the flux which passes through the aperture or is reflected by a reflective face of the opaque member. The energy reflected from this face which is derived from each mirror corresponds to the flux intensity for a corresponding pixel. This energy may then be focused on a screen to display the scene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1993
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory Um, Yeon H. Lee
  • Patent number: 5222714
    Abstract: An electromagnetically actuated valve is disclosed having an upper electromagnetic element and a lower electromagnetic element, each of the elements having a toroidal configuration or an annular configuration with a U-shaped cross-section. The elements each define a central chamber and a central channel. The upper and lower electromagnetic elements are in a mirrored relationship to each other. The valve also includes a core element having an annular horizontal cross-section and is disposed intermediate the upper and lower electromagnetic elements. A coil is disposed within the central channel of each of the electromagnetic elements. A valve stem is disposed within the central chamber of the electromagnetic elements. A spring is disposed within the central chamber of the electromagnetic elements for biasing the electromagnetic elements in a neutral position. A connecting plate connects the core elements to the valve stem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1993
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Fernando B. Morinigo, Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5212977
    Abstract: A linear electromagnetic actuator has it core mounted to a can body forming apparatus and its coil attached to re-draw sleeve of such apparatus. The actuator provides for the axial movement of the re-draw sleeve between its fully retracted position and its fully extended position. The re-draw sleeve and the coil are coaxially mounted to each other so that the force exerted on the re-draw sleeve is also coaxial. Once the re-draw sleeve is in its fully extended position, an electromagnet is turned on so that the re-draw sleeve exerts the requisite force on the can material perform. The electromagnet is mounted coaxially about the re-draw sleeve and exerts its force on a magnetic material ring mounted to the re-draw sleeve to hold the re-draw sleeve against the can material perform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Keith O. Stuart
  • Patent number: 5207239
    Abstract: A variable gain control apparatus for a servo assist system includes a position sensor, a valve, a controller and an actuator. The valve has an actuated member and a variable flow orifice to communicate hydraulic fluid between the high pressure supply line and a reservoir of hydraulic fluid. The position of the actuated member determines the cross sectional area of the variable flow orifice. The position sensor determines the present position of the actuated member. The controller determines a position error between the present position of the actuated member and a varying predetermined position of the actuated member. The actuator in response to the position error actuates the actuated member to eliminate the position error so that assist pressure to the servo assist system is varied as a function of the varying predetermined position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1993
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: J. David Schwitalla
  • Patent number: 5187398
    Abstract: An electromagnetic actuator includes a magnetic flux conductive material case, an electrical current conductive coil, a magnetic flux conductive material core, and a pair of radially polarized magnetic flux developing elements. The coil is disposed in the case coextensively adjacent to its interior wall. The core is movably received within the chamber with motion of the core occurring between the first end and the second end of the case such that a first region of the core traverses the coil between its first end and its midpoint, and a second region of the core traverses the coil between its second end and its midpoint. A first one of the magnetic elements is carried by the first region and a second one of the magnetic elements is carried by the second region so that magnetic flux across the coil between the first region and the case is in a first direction, and magnetic flux across the coil between the second region and the case is in a second direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1993
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Keith O. Stuart, Dennis C. Bulgatz
  • Patent number: 5175465
    Abstract: An actuator for tilting the plane of an object is constructed from a stack of piezoelectric or electrostrictive members. First alternate interstices between the members are filled with a first conductive material, except that a first gap remains between the material and one side of the stack. Similarly, second alternate interstices between the members are filled with a second conductive material, except that a second gap remains between the material and an opposite side of the stack. The first gap and the second gap have unequal depth into the stack. The first material in the first interstices is coupled in common and the second material in the second interstices is coupled in common. A voltage applied between the first material and the second material will thereby cause the stack to bend, thereby tilting the plane of the op of the stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1992
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory Um, Andrei Szilagyi
  • Patent number: 5162767
    Abstract: A high efficiency solenoid includes a magnetic material solenoid core, an electrical current conductive coil and a moveable magnetic plunger. The solenoid core has a first end portion, a first face disposed at the first end portion, a second end portion opposite the first end portion and a continuous channel disposed in the first face. The electrical current conductive coil disposed in the channel and arranged so that magnetic flux developed in response to a current in the coil forms a first magnetic pole on the first face interiorly of the channel and a second magnetic pole of opposite plurality on the first face exteriorly of the channel. The plunger has a surface and a facing coextensive relationship to the first face. The plunger is normally biased in a first position to space the surface from the first face to form a gap therebetween. There is no magnetic material which is received through a bore within the solenoid core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1992
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: David Lee, Christopher K. Sortore
  • Patent number: D355751
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1995
    Assignee: Aura Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Gideon Dagan