Patents Represented by Attorney Louis M. Deckelmann
  • Patent number: 4368996
    Abstract: A positioner is provided for placing plaque or wire penetrameters, as used in radiographic inspection, in close proximity with the inner wall of tubing at any desired location along the tubing. The positioner head carrying the penetrameter is inflatable whereby it is positioned in the deflated condition, inflated to place the penetrameter against a weld to be inspected in the tubing wall, and then deflated during removal. If desired, the penetrameter holder may be used to center the radiographic source on the axis of the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 18, 1983
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Earl V. Davis, Billy E. Foster
  • Patent number: 4272232
    Abstract: An infinite blender that achieves a homogeneous mixture of fuel microspheres is provided. Blending is accomplished by directing respective groups of desired particles onto the apex of a stationary coaxial cone. The particles progress downward over the cone surface and deposit in a space at the base of the cone that is described by a flexible band provided with a wide portion traversing and in continuous contact with the circumference of the cone base and extending upwardly therefrom. The band, being attached to the cone at a narrow inner end thereof, causes the cone to rotate on its arbor when the band is subsequently pulled onto a take-up spool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1979
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Melvin G. Willey
  • Patent number: 4251908
    Abstract: A method of fabricating the measuring junction of a grounded-junction sheathed thermocouple to obtain fast time response and good thermal cycling performance is provided. Slots are tooled or machined into the sheath wall at the measuring junction, the thermocouple wires are laser-welded into the slots. A thin metal closure cap is then laser-welded over the end of the sheath. Compared to a conventional grounded-junction thermocouple, the response time is 4-5 times faster and the thermal shock and cycling capabilities are substantially improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Kenneth R. Carr
  • Patent number: 4253026
    Abstract: A new ion source assembly for calutrons has been provided for the efficient separation of elements having high vapor pressures. The strategic location of cooling pads and improved insulation permits operation of the source at lower temperatures. A vapor valve constructed of graphite and located in a constantly increasing temperature gradient provides reliable control of the vapor flow from the charge bottle to the arc chamber. A pronounced saving in calutron operating time and equipment maintenance has been achieved with the use of the present ion source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Allen M. Veach, William A. Bell, Jr., George D. Howell, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4228351
    Abstract: This invention relates to a nondestructive method for measuring the density of articles composed of elements having a low atomic number such as plastic and carbon composites. The measurement is accomplished by striking the article with a collimated beam of X radiation, simultaneously monitoring the radiation scattered and the radiation transmitted by the article, then relating the ratio of the radiation scattered to the radiation transmitted with the density of the article. The above method is insensitive to all variables except density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1979
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Samuel G. Snow, Edward J. Giacomelli
  • Patent number: 4227081
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for determining defective final layers of carbon on triso-coated fuel particles and the like. Samples of the particles are subjected to a high temperature treatment with gaseous chlorine and thereafter radiographed. The chlorine penetrates through any defective carbon layer and reacts with the underlying silicon carbide resulting in the volatilization of the silicon as SiCl.sub.4 leaving carbon as a porous layer. This porous carbon layer is easily detected by the radiography.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1979
    Date of Patent: October 7, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Anthony J. Caputo, Dante A. Costanzo, Walter J. Lackey, Jr., Frank L. Layton, David P. Stinton
  • Patent number: 4205529
    Abstract: This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Suk M. Ko
  • Patent number: 4201692
    Abstract: Improved binary and tertiary gas mixtures for gas-filled particle detectors are provided. The components are chosen on the basis of the principle that the first component is one gas or mixture of two gases having a large electron scattering cross section at energies of about 0.5 eV and higher, and the second component is a gas (Ar) having a very small cross section at and below aout 0.5 eV, whereby fast electrons in the gaseous mixture are slowed into the energy range of about 0.5 eV where the cross section for the mixture is small and hence the electron mean free path is large. The reduction in both the cross section and the electron energy results in an increase in the drift velocity of the electrons in the gas mixtures over that for the separate components for a range of E/P (pressure-reduced electron field) values. Several gas mixtures are provided that provide faster response in gas-filled detectors for convenient E/P ranges as compared with conventional gas mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Loucas G. Christophorou, Dennis L. McCorkle, David V. Maxey, James G. Carter
  • Patent number: 4200831
    Abstract: This invention relates to an electromechanical energy converter with inertial energy storage. The device, a single phase, two or multi-pole alternator with stationary field coils, and a rotating armature is provided. The rotor itself may be of laminated steel for slower pulses or for faster pulses should be nonmagnetic and electrically nonconductive in order to allow rapid penetration of the field as the armature coil rotates. The armature coil comprises a plurality of power generating conductors mounted on the rotor. The alternator may also include a stationary or counterrotating compensating coil to increase the output voltage thereof and to reduce the internal impedance of the alternator at the moment of peak outout.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: William F. Weldon, Mircea D. Driga, Herbert H. Woodson
  • Patent number: 4199022
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved method for freezing red blood cells, ther living cells, or tissues with improved subsequent survival, wherein constant-volume freezing is utilized that results in significantly improved survival compared with constant-pressure freezing; optimization is attainable through the use of different vessel geometries, cooling baths and warming baths, and sample concentrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Selim M. Senkan, Gerald P. Hirsch
  • Patent number: 4189848
    Abstract: This invention relates to the use of desiccants in conjunction with an open oop drying cycle and a closed loop drying cycle to reclaim the energy expended in vaporizing moisture in harvested crops. In the closed loop cycle, the drying air is brought into contact with a desiccant after it exits the crop drying bin. Water vapor in the moist air is absorbed by the desiccant, thus reducing the relative humidity of the air. The air is then heated by the used desiccant and returned to the crop bin. During the open loop drying cycle the used desiccant is heated (either fossil or solar energy heat sources may be used) and regenerated at high temperature, driving water vapor from the desiccant. This water vapor is condensed and used to preheat the dilute (wet) desiccant before heat is added from the external source (fossil or solar). The latent heat of vaporization of the moisture removed from the desiccant is reclaimed in this manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1977
    Date of Patent: February 26, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Suk M. Ko, Philomena G. Grodzka, Paul O. McCormick
  • Patent number: 4189660
    Abstract: This invention relates to a cylindrical, electron beam collector that efficiently couples the microwave energy out of a high power microwave source while stopping the attendant electron beam. The interior end walls of the collector are a pair of facing parabolic mirrors and the microwave energy from an input horn is radiated between the two mirrors and reassembled at the entrance to the output waveguide where the transmitted mode is reconstructed. The mode transmission through the collector of the present invention has an efficiency of at least 94%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Raphael A. Dandl
  • Patent number: 4184665
    Abstract: This invention relates to an automatically-operating wedge block for maintaining intimate structural contact over wide temperature ranges, including cryogenic use. The wedging action depends on the relative thermal expansion of two materials having very different coefficients of thermal expansion. The wedge block expands in thickness when cooled to cryogenic temperatures and contracts in thickness when returned to room temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 22, 1980
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Charles C. Queen, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4158598
    Abstract: A hot plasma producing device is provided, wherein pellets, singly injected, of frozen fuel are each ignited with a plurality of pulsed laser beams. Ignition takes place within a void area in liquid lithium contained within a pressure vessel. The void in the liquid lithium is created by rotating the pressure vessel such that the free liquid surface of molten lithium therein forms a paraboloid of revolution. The paraboloid functions as a laser mirror with a reflectivity greater than 90%. A hot plasma is produced when each of the frozen deuterium-tritium pellets sequentially arrive at the paraboloid focus, at which time each pellet is illuminated by the plurality of pulsed lasers whose rays pass through circular annuli across the top of the paraboloid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1979
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: James K. Baird
  • Patent number: 4157471
    Abstract: A reduced size ion source for on-line use with a cyclotron heavy-ion beam is provided. A sixfold reduction in source volume while operating with similar input power levels results in a 2000.degree. C. operating temperature. A combined target/window normally provides the reaction products for ionization while isolating the ion source plasma from the cyclotron beam line vacuum. A graphite felt catcher stops the recoiling reaction products and releases them into the plasma through diffusion and evaporation. Other target arrangements are also possible. A twenty-four hour lifetime of unattended operation is achieved, and a wider range of elements can be studied than was heretofore possible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1979
    Assignee: United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Ronald L. Mlekodaj
  • Patent number: 4148134
    Abstract: A method is provided for producing a fast response, insulated junction thermocouple having a uniform diameter outer sheath in the region of the measuring junction. One step is added to the usual thermocouple fabrication process that consists in expanding the thermocouple sheath following the insulation removal step. This makes it possible to swage the sheath back to the original diameter and compact the insulation to the desired high density in the final fabrication step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1977
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1979
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Hugh J. Metz
  • Patent number: 4135821
    Abstract: This invention relates to a system for the calibration of an optical particle-size analyzer of the light-intercepting type for spherical particles, wherein a rotary wheel or disc is provided with radially-extending wires of differing diameters, each wire corresponding to a particular equivalent spherical particle diameter. These wires are passed at an appropriate frequency between the light source and the light detector of the analyzer. The reduction of light as received at the detector is a measure of the size of the wire, and the electronic signal may then be adjusted to provide the desired signal for corresponding spherical particles. This calibrator may be operated at any time without interrupting other processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 23, 1979
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: William H. Pechin, Louis H. Thacker, Lloyd J. Turner
  • Patent number: 4135294
    Abstract: A magnet winding method is provided wherein the individual pancakes are fabricated such that adjacent pancakes have oppositely spiraled grooves that begin and end at the same relative locations on the pancakes. Holes through the pancakes are provided at each end of the spirals that permit winding the entire magnet without a single splice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 23, 1979
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Robert L. Brown
  • Patent number: 4135093
    Abstract: A duopigatron ion source is modified by replacing the normal oxide-coated wire filament cathode of the ion source with a hot tungsten oven through which hydrogen gas is fed into the arc chamber. The hydrogen gas is predissociated in the hot oven prior to the arc discharge, and the recombination rate is minimized by hot walls inside of the arc chamber. With the use of the above modifications, the atomic H.sub.1.sup.+ ion fraction output can be increased from the normal 50% to greater than 70% with a corresponding decrease in the H.sub.2.sup.+ and H.sub.3.sup.+ molecular ion fraction outputs from the ion source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 16, 1979
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Jinchoon Kim
  • Patent number: 4115190
    Abstract: A high beta plasma is produced in a plasma producing device of toroidal configuration by ohmic heating and auxiliary heating. The plasma pressure is continuously monitored and used in a control system to program the current in the poloidal field windings. Throughout the heating process, magnetic flux is conserved inside the plasma and the distortion of the flux surfaces drives a current in the plasma. As a consequence, the total current increases and the poloidal field windings are driven with an equal and opposing increasing current. The spatial distribution of the current in the poloidal field windings is determined by the plasma pressure. Plasma equilibrium is maintained thereby, and high temperature, high beta operation results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1978
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: John F. Clarke