Patents Represented by Attorney Mark E. Fejer
  • Patent number: 8296915
    Abstract: A method for external repair of a leak in an in-service fluid containment vessel in which a fluid venting device is affixed to the outer surface of the fluid containment vessel so as to enable venting of the leaking fluid to the atmosphere during the remainder of the method steps. A composite repair material is applied over the fluid venting device and the fluid containment vessel and allowed to cure. During the curing period, fluid leaking from the fluid containment vessel is vented to the atmosphere. After curing of the composite repair material, a sealant is provided to the leak by way of the fluid venting device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Daniel Thomas Germata
  • Patent number: 8268896
    Abstract: A method and system for co-production of electric power, fuel, and chemicals in which a synthesis gas at a first pressure is expanded using a stand-alone mechanical expander or a partial oxidation gas turbine, simultaneously producing electric power and an expanded synthesis gas at a second pressure after which the expanded synthesis gas is converted to a fuel and/or a chemical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Arunabha Basu, Iosif K Rabovitser, John J Lewnard, John M Pratapas, Howard S Meyer, Dennis Leppin, Dmitri Boulanov
  • Patent number: 8241603
    Abstract: A multi-stage UCSRP process and system for removal of sulfur from a gaseous stream in which the gaseous stream, which contains a first amount of H2S, is provided to a first stage UCSRP reactor vessel operating in an excess SO2 mode at a first amount of SO2, producing an effluent gas having a reduced amount of SO2, and in which the effluent gas is provided to a second stage UCSRP reactor vessel operating in an excess H2S mode, producing a product gas having an amount of H2S less than said first amount of H2S.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Arunabha Basu, Howard S. Meyer, Scott Lynn, Dennis Leppin, James R. Wangerow
  • Patent number: 8221525
    Abstract: A method of oxygen enrichment in which a gaseous mixture containing O2 molecules and N2 molecules is provided to a feed side of a SAPO molecular sieve, oxygen enrichment membrane having pore sizes suitable for discriminating between O2 molecules and N2 molecules, resulting in selective transport of the O2 molecules through the membrane to a permeate side of the membrane. Also disclosed is a method for producing the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Shiguang Li, Qinbai Fan
  • Patent number: 8205559
    Abstract: An apparatus for transporting a payload along the inside of a substantially horizontal pipe, which apparatus includes a pair of spaced apart, vertically aligned, relationally pivotably connected, rollable pipe tracking contactors, wherein pivoting of one of the pipe tracking contactors in a first direction results in pivoting of the other pipe tracking contactor in a direction opposite to the first direction. The apparatus further includes a control system which is used to maintain the vertical alignment of the pipe tracking contactors and which includes a two-dimensional tilt sensor that provides information to a controller regarding the orientation of the apparatus. Using the information from the sensor, the controller is able to correct both the lateral position and the speed of the contactors to bring the apparatus back into vertical alignment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: James Louis
  • Patent number: 8183421
    Abstract: A method for producing biofuels from biomass in which a refined biomass material is introduced into a non-Faradaic electrochemical device, preferably at a temperature greater than or equal to about 150° C., and deoxygenated and/or decarboxylated in said device to produce an increased carbon chain fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Qinbai Fan
  • Patent number: 8173082
    Abstract: A fuel processing system for heavier sulfur-laden hydrocarbon fuels, such as JP-8 and diesel fuels, having a fuel processor in which the sulfur-laden hydrocarbon fuels are reformed using steam reforming, an integrated desulfurization/methanation unit, and a solid oxide fuel cell. The heart of the system is the desulfurization/methanation unit which has a first reactor vessel and a second reactor vessel disposed within the first reactor vessel, forming an enclosed reaction space between the first reactor vessel and the second reactor vessel. A methanation catalyst is provided in the enclosed reaction space or the second reactor vessel. A desulfurization material is provided in the other of the enclosed reaction space and the second reactor vessel. During the normal course of operation, the desulfurization material will reach a saturation point at which it is no longer able to adsorb the sulfur-containing compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: James Wangerow, Andy Hill, Chakravarthy Sishtla, Michael Onischak
  • Patent number: 8156810
    Abstract: A method for characterizing a defect of a defective heat fusion joint connecting two pipe segments in which the time of flight of an ultrasonic waveform reflected off an exterior surface of a heat fusion joint fitting connecting the two pipe segments or reflected off an interior wall of one of the pipe segments at a plurality of locations around the circumference of the heat fusion joint fitting is measured to determine the minimum and maximum times of flight, which correspond to the maximum and minimum combined wall thicknesses of the heat fusion joint fitting connecting the pipe segments and the pipe segment wall. If the difference between the minimum and maximum combined wall thicknesses as determined from the measured times of flight is equal to or greater than a predetermined amount, then the heat fusion joint is defective and possibly unacceptable for use, requiring a second set of time-of-flight measurements to characterize the nature of the defect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: James Emerson Huebler, Maurice Givens
  • Patent number: 8143471
    Abstract: An apparatus for concentration and deactivation of actinide nuclear materials having a pair of spaced apart electrodes made of a composite material including at least one oxide, at least one carbon-containing material and lead, a nuclear waste water stream flowing between the electrodes, and a DC power supply operably connected with the electrodes. When a voltage is applied to the spaced apart electrodes, nuclear cations in the nuclear waste water stream are attracted to one of the electrodes and anions in the nuclear waste water stream are attracted to the other of the electrodes, forming a substantially deionized water stream and a concentrated nuclear waste stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Qinbai Fan
  • Patent number: 8143019
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for microbiological testing of biogas and other gaseous streams in which a liquid bacteria growth medium disposed within a lower region of a portable sampling vessel is contacted with a gas sample of interest. The gas sample is passed through a hydrophobic filter element which retains microorganisms in the gas sample. The sampling vessel is then inverted, thereby submerging the hydrophobic filter element in the liquid bacteria growth medium. The sampling vessel is incubated for a predetermined period of time at a predetermined temperature following which a presence or absence of microorganisms is determined based on turbidity and/or color of the liquid bacteria growth medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Xiangyang Zhu, Kristine Mila H. Cruz, Diane Saber
  • Patent number: 8138471
    Abstract: An apparatus for inspection in situ of a wellbore casing and a pipeline from inside the wellbore or pipeline. The apparatus includes a penetrating radiation source such as x-rays, a rotatable beam collimator adapted to collimate the penetrating radiation source and produce at least one pencil radiation beam rotatable about the radiation source, an arcuate radiation detector suitable for detecting radiation scattered off a target, and a housing containing the radiation source, the rotatable beam collimator, and the radiation detector. The housing is provided with at least one exit point for exiting of the at least one pencil radiation beam from the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Daniel Shedlock, Andrew Hammerschmidt
  • Patent number: 8139222
    Abstract: A method and system for measuring a physical property of a fluid in which light having wavelengths in the near-infrared is directed into a test cell containing the fluid and portions of the light not absorbed by the fluid and passing out of the cell are spatially dispersed by wavelength, forming a light spectrum that is projected onto a detector. The light spectrum is digitized and inputted into a data processing unit in which it is compared to the actual spectrum of the light source stored in the system to determine the absorbance spectrum of the fluid. The system is spectrally calibrated by identifying known spectral features of the fluid absorbance spectrum. To correct for deviations in the original light source spectrum, a calibration method in which the pressure of the fluid in the test cell is alternated between a first positive pressure and a second positive pressure is employed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Alexei Saveliev, Serguei Zelepouga, David M. Rue
  • Patent number: 8133381
    Abstract: A method and system for protecting underground gas carrier pipes housed within an outer casing pipe in which a gas carrier pipe section disposed within an outer casing pipe section and having opposed ends is electrically isolated from a remaining gas carrier pipe section proximate each of the ends. An annular space between the gas carrier pipe section and the outer casing pipe section is filled with an electrolyte. At least one anode electrode is inserted into the annular space distal from each of the gas carrier pipe section and the outer casing pipe section and connected with a positive voltage lead of a cathodic protection rectifier. A negative voltage lead of the cathodic protection rectifier is connected to the gas carrier pipe section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Daniel Allen Ersoy
  • Patent number: 8127626
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for in-situ measurement of soluble contaminant flux rates from sediments in which an inverted desorption chamber containing a sorbent system is filled with water and placed over an area of sediment, whereby the interior of the chamber is isolated from the exterior of the chamber above the sediment. Soluble contaminants released from the sediment are sorbed onto the surface of a sorbent material disposed within a plurality of semipermeable membrane bags disposed within the chamber. Each semipermeable membrane bag is removed from the chamber in a pre-defined sequence over a period of time and the sorbent material in each bag is analyzed to determine an amount of the soluble contaminant sorbed by the sorbent material. From the results of the analyses, the mass of the soluble contaminant removed from the sediment over time can be calculated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Thomas David Hayes
  • Patent number: 8128717
    Abstract: An apparatus for fast pyrolysis of biomass and other solid organic materials including a vertically oriented cylindrical vessel having a solids outlet proximate the bottom thereof, a vapor outlet, a top wall forming at least one opening, and an adjacent heated side wall. Disposed within the cylindrical vessel and extending through the at least one opening in the top wall is a rotor having a rotatable shaft coincident with the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical vessel to which is attached at least one substantially vertically oriented blade having one edge connected directly or indirectly with the rotatable shaft and having an opposite edge spaced apart from the heated side wall, whereby a non-radial, preferably tangential, force is imparted on the feedstock in the cylindrical vessel. Also disclosed is a method for fast pyrolysis of biomass and other solid organic materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Martin Brendan Linck, Phillip Vann Bush
  • Patent number: 8105474
    Abstract: An electrochemical device having a proton exchange membrane disposed between an anode electrode and a cathode electrode, an anode plate adjacent the anode electrode and forming at least one anode flow channel, and a cathode plate adjacent the cathode electrode and forming at least one cathode flow channel, in which a bio-oil is introduced into the at least one anode flow channel, and a carbohydrate is introduced into the at least one cathode flow channel. The bio-oil is oxidized at the anode, producing the biofuel, and protons from the anode electrode migrate to the cathode electrode and are reduced to hydrogen and/or reacted with the carbohydrate at the cathode, producing hydrogen and carbon-hydrogen biofuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Qinbai Fan
  • Patent number: 8094301
    Abstract: A system and method for real-time monitoring of the interior of a combustor or gasifier wherein light emitted by the interior surface of a refractory wall of the combustor or gasifier is collected using an imaging fiber optic bundle having a light receiving end and a light output end. Color information in the light is captured with primary color (RGB) filters or complimentary color (GMCY) filters placed over individual pixels of color sensors disposed within a digital color camera in a BAYER mosaic layout, producing RGB signal outputs or GMCY signal outputs. The signal outputs are processed using intensity ratios of the primary color filters or the complimentary color filters, producing video images and/or thermal images of the interior of the combustor or gasifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignees: Gas Technology Institute, The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Alexei V. Saveliev, Serguei A. Zelepouga, David M. Rue
  • Patent number: 8088261
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell for producing copper having a dense graphite anode electrode and a dense graphite cathode electrode disposed in a CuCl solution. An anion exchange membrane made of poly(ethylene vinyl alcohol) and polyethylenimine cross-linked with a cross-linking agent selected from the group consisting of acetone, formaldehyde, glyoxal, glutaraldehyde, and mixtures thereof is disposed between the two electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Qinbai Fan, Renxuan Liu
  • Patent number: 8075671
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separation of H2 gas from a gaseous mixture utilizing an H2 gas permeable metallic membrane supported directly on a porous substrate made up of at least one porous polymeric hollow fiber. In accordance with one preferred embodiment, the porous substrate is made up of a plurality of porous polymeric hollow fibers, forming a porous hollow fiber membrane. In accordance with one embodiment, a cooling fluid is disposed in contact with the hollow fiber, thereby enabling advantageous operation of the H2 gas separation process at elevated temperatures in the range of about 200° F. to about 800° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Shaojun James Zhou, Howard S. Meyer
  • Patent number: 8050414
    Abstract: A method for discriminating a noise pulse from a background noise in which a signal of interest is converted to an envelope signal using an entropy-based envelope generator, which envelope signal is then integrated over a plurality of consecutive integrative periods, producing an integrated envelope signal for each of the integration periods. The ratio of the envelope signal at the end of each of the integration periods corresponding to each corresponding said integrated envelope signal is determined and compared with a predetermined threshold signal for each of the integration periods, resulting in a comparison value. The integration period in which the comparison value exceeds the predetermined threshold signal and which is preceded by two integration periods in which the comparison value does not exceed the threshold value represents the point in time at which the noise pulse is detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Maurice Givens