Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Michael S. Yatsko
  • Patent number: 6424310
    Abstract: An antenna system comprising a feed array, a subreflector and a main reflector which are oriented to define a folded optics antenna geometry. The feed array is comprised of a plurality of separate feeds which are aligned on a predetermined contour. Each feed is coupled to a feed network which acts to combine the illumination beams of a preselected number of feeds to produce a plurality of composite illumination beams. Each composite illumination beam is directed to be incident upon a separate predetermined location on the subreflector which directs the illumination beams towards the main reflector. Each composite illumination beam is reflected by the main reflector in a preselected direction so that each composite illumination beam forms an antenna beam that impinges a predetermined coverage area on the Earth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Romulo F. J. Broas, David L. Brundrett, Charles W. Chandler, Te-Kao Wu
  • Patent number: 6414606
    Abstract: Adding a quantity of metallic shot or particles of other materials having a high dielectric constant to the thermoplastic paint in the mixing pot of ordinary roadway marker fixation equipment, which extrudes the paint and applies same to the roadway surface, enhances the MMW radiometric visibility of the marker without adverse effect to the affixation equipment. Vehicles containing MMW radiometers directed down toward the roadway surface moves along the roadway surface is able to automatically sense microwave/millimeter wave energy from a marker in the vehicles path. In one system, the sensed energy is used in conjunction with other apparatus to assist to guide the vehicle within a traffic lane. In another system, the sensed energy is decoded and displayed as pertinent information for the vehicle's driver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: M. Larry Yujiri, Bruce I. Hauss, Bill H. Quon, James E. Eninger
  • Patent number: 6295026
    Abstract: An apparatus (800) and method (1000) for forming a shapeable and directable composite beam (305) from a plurality of pixel beams (302). The apparatus (800) includes a front-end unit (810) which communicates element signals through antenna array elements (808). The apparatus (800) also includes a back-end unit (850) which forms the composite beam from a set of pixel beams by converting between a composite signal and a set of corresponding pixel signals. The back-end unit (850) further adjusts the amplitude and phase of the set of pixel signals to form the composite beam. The apparatus (800) further includes an interconnecting beamforming network (820) interposed between the back-end unit (850) and the front-end unit (810) which couples the back-end unit (850) to the front-end unit (810) by converting between the pixel signals of the back-end unit (850) and the element signals of the front-end unit (810). The method (1100) includes determining a desired shape and direction for the composite beam (1110).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Chun-Hong H. Chen, Barry R. Allen, Kenneth T. Yano, Mark Kintis, Steven S. Kuo
  • Patent number: 6266996
    Abstract: A method and device for determining concentration and rate of change of concentration of a gas having ability to act as crystal etchant, such as hydrofluoric acid (HF) or deuterium fluoric acid (DF) gas. A crystal 22 is placed in a chamber and subjected to erosion by the gas. The crystal resonant frequency, changeable during the crystal erosion, is determined and a crystal resonant frequency change is calculated to determine the concentration of the gas. The crystal 22 is preferably an AT-cut quartz crystal. The step of obtaining the crystal resonant frequency is preferably performed in a Colpitts oscillator. The step of calculating the gas concentration, proportional to the change in the crystal resonant frequency, may also encompass calculating a change and rate of change in the gas concentration, and averaging the calculated gas concentration. The crystal 22 is preferably inserted in a crystal holder 20, and mounted on an electronic box 34 which holds the oscillator board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventor: Peter M. Livingston
  • Patent number: 6265774
    Abstract: Development of Millimeter Wave Devices containing MMIC's is expedited by use of a new package for the MMIC's and associated electrical components that define the functional circuit. The package includes a base plate and a plurality of metal inserts removeably fastened to the base plate. The inserts are spaced apart and contain a profiled edge with the profiled edge in one in confronting spaced relationship with that of another of the inserts. Together with the backplate, the profiled edges define elongated cavities, serving as two of the cavities side walls. The cavities serve as a repository for the MMIC devices and some of the additional components and stripline. Should extraneous resonances be discovered, the insert can be removed and adjusted in size and profile, and replaced, thereby adjusting the cavity without disturbing the electronic components or MMIC's which are secured to the back plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Michael D. Sholley, Jeffrey B. Mitchell, Gregory K. Barber, Charles E. Gage, Bruce E. Osgood
  • Patent number: 6265704
    Abstract: A laser tracking system steers a beam of laser energy which is dithered in two directions to scan the surface of a moving object. A laser energy detector detects laser energy reflected from the target. Reflected energy is filtered to distinguish dither frequencies for signals in both directions, which signals are independently analyzed to determine the location of the target in relation to the laser beam. A bias signal is generated which causes the beam of laser energy to be steered toward a surface radius to be steered toward a surface with the largest compound curvature within the trackers, field-of-regard, to the target, to the tracked location on-target, or modified signals steer a portion of the beam to an optimum track location on target while offsetting most of the beam's energy to a second engagement location on target. Also, a track testing system is capable of monitoring a laser beam focused on a missile and determining the effective laser engagement on a spinning target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventor: Peter M. Livingston
  • Patent number: 6261872
    Abstract: An advanced electronics package for integrating electronic components of an electronic circuit, such as RF circuits. An important aspect of the invention relates to the simplicity in forming and integrating the electronic components in the package relative to known electronics packages. In one embodiment of the invention, various ceramic preforms are utilized which may be cast with temperature durable electronic components or formed as interconnect channels or feedthroughs. The preforms, in turn, are adapted to be cast into a composite housing, for example, an aluminum silicon carbide (AlSiC) housing. The component preforms may include resistors, capacitors, and inductors. In addition, RF pins as well as DC pads may be cast in the housing. The electronic components are electrically coupled to an interconnect channel or feedthrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: James A. Hathaway, David J. Brunone, Michelle M. Reyes
  • Patent number: 6252725
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a monolithic micro-optical component. The construction of the micro-optical components is accomplished by using standard semiconductor fabrication techniques. The method comprises the steps of depositing an etch stop layer (44) onto a semiconductor substrate (42); depositing an optical component layer (46) onto the etch stop layer (44); coating the entire surface of the optical component layer with a photoresist material; applying a photoresist mask (50) to the photoresist material on the optical component layer (46); selectively etching away the optical component layer (46) to form at least one optical column (52); forming a pedestal (54) for each of the optical columns (52) by selectively etching away the etch stop layer (44); and finally polishing each of the optical columns (52), thereby forming monolithic optical components (56).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Dean Tran, Eric R. Anderson, Ronald L. Strijek, Edward A. Rezek, Luis M. Rochin
  • Patent number: 6250583
    Abstract: An imaging self-referencing target tracker (10) for a laser weapon (12). The weapon generates a first beam of radiation (14) that engages a target (16) to form a beam hit spot (20) thereon. In a first embodiment, a target illuminator (22) (variant 1) illuminates the target with a second beam of radiation (23a). An optics subsystem (30) receives and separately images the first and second beams (23b, 24) of radiation. In a second embodiment, a blocking filter (40) is implemented rather than an illumination laser to pass only radiation at the target wavelength, thereby ensuring that the first and second beams of radiation are separately imaged. A controller (32) is programmed to steer the first and second beams of radiation to the desired target aim point (18) in response to information from the imaged first and second beams of radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventor: Peter M. Livingston
  • Patent number: 6252334
    Abstract: Modular control patches including assemblies of sensors and actuators are provided to impart or control vibration of foundation members such as struts in aerospace apparatus. Local digital electronic control means is associated with each control patch assembly. Programmable digital compensators in the control permits operation of the patches to be remotely varied. Patches are attached mechanically or by chemical bonding to the outside of the struts so that the electronics can be selectively removed and replaced. The patch being the sensors and actuators may also be attached or embedded with a composite structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Theodore W. Nye, Allen J. Bronowicki, Richard E. Wyse, George R. Dvorsky, Nicholas R. Steffen, Claude I. Kansaku
  • Patent number: 6249642
    Abstract: An extended play radio video cassette recorder (EPRVCR) capable of receiving and recording audio and video signals transmitted over a radio frequency channel is provided. The EPRVCR includes a videocassette recorder (VCR) and a tuner capable of receiving of radio frequency signals and television frequency signals electrically connected to the VCR. Method for broadcasting and receiving a composite video and audio signal over a radio frequency for subsequent recording by an extended play radio video cassette recorder is also provided. The method includes the steps of providing a VCR having a tuner capable of receiving radio frequency signals; broadcasting audio on a preselected baseband radio frequency; broadcasting a visual image on a subcarrier sideband of the preselected baseband frequency; and receiving the audio and visual image using the tuner of the VCR. The VCR is also capable of recording the audio and video image simultaneously onto a single video cassette.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Richard A. Lewis, James M. Anderson
  • Patent number: 6243049
    Abstract: An antenna for providing a first antenna pattern at a first frequency of operation and a second antenna pattern at a second frequency of operation from first and second RF signals, respectively. The antenna included a horn which is dimensioned to generate the first antenna pattern from the first RF signal. A conduit is located within the horn and is configured to propagate the second RF signal in a waveguide mode. A corrugated rod having a first and a second portion is associated with the conduit. The first portion of the rod is located inside the conduit and the second portion of the rod protrudes from the conduit into the horn. The rod is configured to be responsive to the second RF signal and is operative to transition the second RF signal from a waveguide mode to a surface wave mode and propagate the second RF signal in a surface wave mode along the rod. The rod is configured to generate a second antenna from the second RF signal propagating in a surface wave mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventor: Charles W. Chandler
  • Patent number: 6242984
    Abstract: An SSPA module in accordance with the present invention comprises a signal input (102), and a radial splitter (100) connected to the signal input (102) comprising a plurality of radially extending splitter waveguides 104, 106, 108, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126. The SSPA module also includes a signal output (202), and a radial combiner (200) connected to the signal output (202) comprising a plurality of radially extending combiner waveguides 204, 206, 208, 210, 212, 214, 216, 218, 220, 222, 224, 226. Connections between the splitter (100) and combiner (200) are provided by a plurality of vertically extending waveguides 404, 406, 408, 410, 412, 414, 416, 418, 420, 422, 424, 426. The SSPA module also includes a plurality of processing circuits 304, 308, 308, 310, 312, 314, 316, 318, 320, 322, 324, 326, for example MMIC amplifiers, connected to the combiner waveguides 204, 206, 208, 210, 212, 214, 216, 218, 220, 222, 224, 226.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: David I. Stones, Alfred E. Lee
  • Patent number: 6243168
    Abstract: A dynamic optical micrometer for measuring the position of a moving object is invented. The optical micrometer includes a laser for generating an optical signal, an RF signal generator, an acousto-optic modulator that is responsive to the optical signal and the RF signal and is operative to provide a first light beam and a second light beam that is up shifted in frequency by the RF frequency, an optical interferometer that reflects the first beam off the object and interferometrically combines the reflected light beam and the second light beam into a heterodyned signal, means responsive to the heterodyned signal and operative to produce an electrical signal at the optical beat frequency corresponding to the RF and means responsive to the RF signal and the electrical signal and operative to provide a linear output signal that corresponds to the position of the object. A method for accomplishing the same is also invented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Donald G. Heflinger, Lee O. Heflinger
  • Patent number: 6242820
    Abstract: Apparatus for sensing the weight of an object and providing a digital representation of a weight range within which the sensed weight falls, and apparatus for controlling the deployment of a vehicular air bag in accordance with the weight of a passenger seated in a vehicle seat adjacent the air bag. A number of two-position switches 28 normally assume a first position and are responsive to a force of at least a predetermined amount to assume a second position. The first position represents a first weight range, and the second position represents a second weight range. A support surface 58, 60 overlies the switches to support an object to be weighed. A decoding circuit 30 monitors the positions of each of the two-position switches and provides a digital representation of the weight range within which the weight of the object falls. In the vehicular air bag system, a number of groups of the two-position switches 28 are mounted in a passenger seat 52 adjacent the air bag.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Pramod Shankar, L. Dwight Gilger, Carlton B. Ardery, Barry Dunbridge
  • Patent number: 6239422
    Abstract: A metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (18) is provided including an optical waveguide (22) disposed on a substrate (28) and an array of metal-semiconductor-metal photodiodes (20) coupled to the optical waveguide (22). An absorber (30) is disposed between the photodiodes (20) and the optical waveguide (22) and a transmission line (26) is coupled to the photodiodes (20). Each of the photodiodes (20) includes an electrode (24) having a plurality of interdigitated electrode fingers (31) wherein a width of each finger (31) and a gap between adjacent fingers (31) tapers from one end of the electrode (24) to the other. Preferably the rate of tapering corresponds to an exponential rate of optical power decay through the photodiode (20). In this way, both the photocurrent density in the fingers (31) and the uniformity of the electric field underneath the electrodes (24) are optimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Vang, David C. Scott
  • Patent number: 6234426
    Abstract: A modular spacecraft construction having a simple spacecraft core structure (10) of cylindrical shape, spacecraft equipment modules (12) in the form of generally flat panels that are attached in a radial configuration about the core structure, and electronic sub-modules (16) secured to the faces of the spacecraft equipment modules. Hand-operated fasteners (14, 18) facilitate assembly of the modules (12) to the core structure (10) and of the electronic sub-modules (16) to the modules. Each spacecraft equipment module (12) is secured to the core structure (10) using multiple hook-type latches (14) that are hand-operated to secure the module to the core structure. Each sub-module (16) is secured to an equipment module (12) by fasteners (18) of a different type that are also hand-operated. These fasteners (18) have a one-way ratchet a mechanism that prevents their deliberate or inadvertent loosening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Raymond H. Renken, Joseph F. Anderson
  • Patent number: 6236375
    Abstract: An antenna system comprising a feed array, a subreflector and a main reflector which are oriented to define a offset gregorian antenna geometry. The feed array is comprised of a plurality of separate feeds which are aligned on a predetermined contour. Each feed array is coupled to a feed network which acts to combine the illumination beams of clusters of a preselected number of feeds to produce a plurality of composite illumination beams. Each composite illumination beam is directed to be incident upon a separate predetermined location on the subreflector which directs the composite illumination beams and directed towards the main reflector. Each composite illumination beam is reflected by the main reflector in a preselected direction so that each composite illumination beam forms an antenna beam that impinges a predetermined coverage area on the Earth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Charles W. Chandler, Gregory P. Junker, Ann L. Peebles
  • Patent number: 6234688
    Abstract: A method of aligning a photonic device (12) to an optical fiber (20) with sub-micron accuracy. The photonic device packaging assembly (10) includes a housing (16) defining a cavity (14) therein, where the photonic device (12) is mounted within the cavity (14). A single mode fiber (20) having a lensed end (18) is inserted into the cavity (14) to be aligned with the photonic device (12). A fiber (20) extends into a cylindrical ferrule (24) and is soldered therein such that a polished end (26) of the fiber (12) opposite the lensed end (18) is flush with an end to the ferrule (24). The ferrule (24) extends through an opening (28) in the housing (16). A flange (36) is positioned around the ferrule (24) and is welded to an outside wall (42) of the housing (16). An alignment process is used to align the optical fiber (20) to the photonic device (12) with sub-micron accuracy. The fiber (20) is aligned in a Z-direction and then the ferrule (24) is optically welded to the flange (36).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: David H. Boger, Xenophon G. Glavas
  • Patent number: 6236687
    Abstract: An improved digital decision directed phase locked loop (DD-PLL) for use with short block codes using phase shifting keying (PSK) modulation. The improvement involves a conventional digital phase lock loop which is modified to base its loop corrections on the results obtained by decoding the short block code rather than on a symbol by symbol basis as is customary in conventional DD-PLLs. The improved method of loop corrections involves retaining the symbol data pending the decoder's decision, derotating the retained data in accordance with the decoded result, and integrating the derotated data to form a composite estimator upon which to base the loop correction. In its preferred embodiment, the invention uses an (8, 4) biorthogonal code with quatenary PSK.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory S. Caso, David A. Wright, Dominic P. Carrozza