Abstract: Woven or knitted fabrics of soft touch and elegant appearance composed of yarns including bundles of superfine fibers of less than 0.7 denier which are at least partly bound with a cured silicone polymer.
Abstract: This invention relates to a thermal-fusible tape used to adhere two fabrics together, and used especially to hem slacks.The adhesive tape of the present invention consists of a warp knitted tape, and at least one thermal adhesive thread which longitudinally extends the width of several wales of the warp knitted fabric in each edge portion of said tape and said thread is positioned on one or both surfaces of said warp knitted fabric.
Abstract: A novel aliphatic triisocyanate, 1,6,11-undecanetriisocyanate having the formula, ##STR1## is produced by phosgenation of 1,6,11-undecanetriamine or its salts. The phosgenation is carried out in one step method or a multi-step method.
Abstract: A composite sheet material comprising a fibrous sheet which is impregnated and/or coated with a polyurethane elastomer, wherein said polyurethane elastomer comprises the reaction product of(A) a polymeric diol having a molecular weight of about 800-5000,(B) an organic polyisocyanate, and(C) a chain extender comprising a low molecular weight organic diol, and if desired,(D) a chain terminator; wherein more than 2 mol % of (C) and/or (D) comprise a hindered amine compound having the formula I ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is a substituent selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, oxygen, an alkyl group containing 1-12 carbon atoms, an aralkyl group containing 7-18 carbon atoms, an acyl group containing 1-12 carbon atoms, --(R.sup.5 O).sub.n H and --(COR.sup.6 CO.sub.2 R.sup.7 O).sub.m --H, wherein R.sup.5 is an alkylene group containing 1-12 carbon atoms, R.sup.6 is a residue of an alkenyl group containing 2-12 carbon atoms, an organic dicarboxylic acid containing 2-12 carbon atoms, R.sup.
Abstract: An improved process for manufacturing high-grade and high-quality graphite fibers by the steps of (a) heating carbon fibers from acrylic fibers in an initial heating zone while exposed to an atmosphere of inert gas having a maximum temperature from about 1700.degree. C. to 1900.degree. C., and (b) then heating the resulting fibers in a subsequent heating zone while exposed to an atmosphere of inert gas having a maximum temperature from 2300.degree. C. to 2700.degree. C.
Abstract: Disclosed is a liquid separation apparatus of spiral type including a membrane module comprising a hollow mandrel having at least a hole, at least one pair of semipermeable membrane sheets and at least one pair of first and second spacing layers, said membrane sheets and spacing layers being wound about said mandrel, said first spacing layer forming, with said membrane sheets, a first passage for a permeated solution to be discharged therefrom into the interior of said mandrel through said hole, said second spacing layer forming, with said membrane sheets, a second passage for a feed solution or a nonpermeated solution having a first opening on the circumference of said module and an axial opening in the vicinity of said mandrel, said second spacing layer consisting of an inner layer portion in the vicinity of said mandrel and the remaining outer layer portion, said inner layer portion having an axial sectional area or a thickness substantially larger than that of said outer layer portion.
Abstract: Thermoplastic polyamide imide copolymers are provided which are excellent in both heat stability and melt viscosity characteristics at a temperature of from about 300.degree. C. to about 400.degree. C., and method of preparation.
Abstract: An intimate polyblend of about 5-90% by weight of a thermoplastic copolyester or block copolyester elastomer and about 95-10% by weight of a vulcanizable synthetic or natural rubber. The preferred copolyester is a copolyester of polybutylene terephthalate and the prefered block copolyetherester is polybutylene terophthalate-poly (tetramethylene oxide) glycol block copolyester. These polyblends can be vulcanized to elastomeric molded articles which exhibit an excellent oil and oxygen/ozone resistance even at elevated temperatures, a high impact strength, an increased scuff resistance and an improved flexibility at low and high temperatures. The vulcanized molded articles also have an improved adhesive property with polyester fibers or fabrics.
Abstract: A highly rigid poly-.epsilon.-caproamide composition containing about 50 to 5000 ppm of barium combined with the poly-.epsilon.-caproamide, and having a .gamma.-type crystal ratio of about 0.3 to 0.7 is disclosed. The polyamide has improved rigidity without loss of other advantageous mechanical properties of poly-.epsilon.-caprolactam. By addition of an aluminum compound, the rigidity of the composition can be further improved. A bisamide compound may be added to provide excellent mold release without harming the mechanical properties of the composition.
Abstract: A process for the continuous filtration and aging of a viscose solution comprising xanthated alkali cellulose (XAC) is described wherein the XAC is continuously passed in a downstream direction through a series of aging tanks and a series of filter means. The aging tanks are so designed and arranged that the viscose solution is never partitioned into batches, as necessitated by common manufacturing systems, but constitutes a continuous, uninterrupted stream throughout aging filtration, deaeration and spinning. The filter means, standard plate and frame filters, are designed and installed in such a manner that the number of filter changes, or redressings, are substantially reduced in the aggregate, without increasing the number of filters now used in a standard plant, or sacrificing viscose quality. This results in less process interruption, loss of product, and less potential environmental pollution.
Abstract: For use as a replacement for existing gas to burners, oil having an API gravity of about 10-80 is preheated and mixed with about 0.1 to 1 pound of steam per pound of oil, at a pressure of about 30-150 pounds per square inch gauge. The resulting mixture is heated to a temperature above the condensation temperature of the mixture, the temperature being approximately in the range of 450.degree.-800.degree. F. The mixture has flow properties which are essentially equivalent to those of gas under the same conditions of temperature and pressure. The mixture is delivered to the nozzle of the gas burner and is burned therein.An apparatus is provided for burning either oil or gas, and includes a gas burner having nozzle means for mixing air and gas, a gas conduit connected thereto, and an oil supply also connected to the burner, the oil supply being fed from an oil vaporizing apparatus as just described above.
January 5, 1977
Date of Patent:
September 15, 1981
Selas Corporation of America
Fraser M. Wall, Maurice R. Kitzen, T. Frederick Kreipe
Abstract: A concentrated saline solution is used to store solar energy for both heating and cooling. A small, uninsulated tank is used to store the desiccant solution so that the heat pump can operate at night or during extended periods when the sun is obscured. No vacuum or pressure refrigerant systems are needed. Reconcentration of the sorbent solution is accomplished by direct solar radiation.
Abstract: A polyurethane elastomer which comprises a reaction product of (A) a polymeric diol having a molecular weight of about 800-5000, (B) a mixture of organic diisocyanates wherein about 2-70 mol % is composed of aliphatic diisocyanate (said aliphatic diisocyanate having no direct bond between an aromatic ring and an isocyanate group) and wherein the balance 98-30 mol % is composed of aromatic diisocyanate which includes a direct bond between an aromatic ring and an isocyanate group, and (C) a chain extender comprising hydrazine and/or a derivative having the formula NH.sub.2 NHR and another chain extender having two functional groups constituting amino and/or hydroxyl groups,and wherein about 30-80% of the carbon atoms which are bonded to nitrogen atoms constituting the ureylene and/or urethane bonds of said polyurethane elastomer constitute benzene and/or naphthalene ring skeletons.
Abstract: A biaxially oriented poly-p-phenylene sulfide film comprising recurring units of the formula ##STR1## a melt viscosity of more than 100 poise and less than 600,000 poise at a shear rate of 200 sec.sup.-1 and at 300.degree. C., and a specific gravity of which is more than 1.330 and less than 1.400. The film has improved mechanical properties, thermal dimensional stability and high temperature durability. Typical applications of the film are as electrical insulation, capacitor, magnetic recording medium, packaging material, and so forth.
Abstract: Disclosed is a light transmission particle containing a colorless sublimable dye, an acyl leucophenoxazine compound suitable for use in the formation of a color image. This particle can produce a clear color image having little fogging and having an excellent resolving power.
May 15, 1978
Date of Patent:
August 18, 1981
Hodogaya Chemical Co., Ltd., Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
Abstract: Impact-modified and moldability-improved polyethylene terephthalate molding compositions are provided which comprise polyethylene terephthalate resins, a copolymer of .alpha.-olefins and glycidyl esters of .alpha.,.beta.-ethylenically-unsaturated carboxylic acids and barium salt of fatty acids. Glass fiber reinforcement of the polyester compositions is preferable because of further enhancement of the moldability of the polyester composition thereof. In addition, resistance to moist heat is also increased.
Abstract: This invention relates to a process and apparatus for the manufacture of viscose products which includes a motor means having a constant torque in the viscose during ripening wherein the resistance on said motor means changes as the viscose ripens because of the change in viscosity and the temperature is adjusted in response to said change in viscosity to heat or cool the viscose, and thereby control its rate of aging.
Abstract: A thermostatically controlled valve, of the type used in a cooling system of an internal combustion engine, has a temperature-responsive actuating member, for opening and closing the valve, in the form of a metal coil having shape memory effect such that its modulus of elasticity increases rapidly at a critical temperature. The actuating member is calibrated prior to assembly in the valve by heating the member to the critical temperature and reducing its length to that at which the valve will begin to open by cutting the member while preventing overheating.