Abstract: A permanent magnet rotor cooling system and method in which the rotor end cap includes an axially extending bore with a plurality of radially extending holes aligned with holes in the sleeve around the permanent magnet to provide cooling air flow to the air gap between the permanent magnet sleeve and the stator. A second smaller diameter extended bore, with a second plurality of radially extending holes, offset from the first plurality of holes, may also be provided.
Abstract: The layer of photoresist on a substrate to be exposed is deformed to approximate the shape of the region of best focus of the image to be projected thereon. The region of best focus is projected into a central region of the resist throughout the exposure field of the image. The deformation is accomplished by conforming the substrate with vacuum to a smoothly curved or spherically curved, permanent, rigid surface in a substrate chuck holding the substrate. The substrate chuck is mounted for motion on a substrate stage so that multiple exposure fields may be formed in the resist.
Abstract: An acoustic tomography telemetry system and method allowing spatially averaged ocean temperatures to be measured in real-time. The system includes autonomous acoustic sources mounted on subsurface moorings and receivers that are either suspended from drifting surface buoys or cabled to shore. The telemetry method largely eliminates, in real-time, corruption of acoustic travel times due to wander of the source's mooring by shifting the start times of tomographic transmissions. Corrections to source wander are obtained without expending battery energy over and above that used in conventional tomography experiments. Standard techniques are used to correct clock errors at the source in real-time.
Abstract: An apparatus for monitoring multiple physiological variables of a patient at a single site on the patient can be used to facilitate assessment of the patient's well being during medical surgery as well as during ambulatory monitoring, home monitoring, procedure monitoring and similar situations. The apparatus has an infrared (IR) temperature sensor, a pulse oximeter sensor and a communication circuit for outputting information produced from the pulse oximeter and information produced from the infrared temperature measuring device. These elements are integrally placed within a mold or plug made to fit the ear of the patient.
Abstract: A vacuum vice for holding a bowling ball when drilling holes or engraving the ball includes inner and outer o-rings seals which form inner and outer concentric vacuum chambers that work together to form a seal with a bowling ball having surface imperfections or engraving. The inner vacuum chamber holds the ball against the inner seal and a vacuum passageway applies the vacuum to the outer vacuum chamber which seats the ball against the outer seal.
Abstract: Method and system for determining position from suppressed carrier signals transmitted by satellites in which a digital representation of the satellite signals is sampled and distributed for simultaneous measurement in synchronous parallel circuits. The phases of suppressed carriers implicit in the signals are combined in a time series of measurements with phase data from a second receiver to determine position.
Abstract: A vacuum vice for holding a bowling ball when drilling holes or engraving the ball includes inner and outer o-rings seals which form two vacuum chambers that work together to form a seal with a bowling ball having surface imperfections or engraving. The inner vacuum chamber holds the ball to a buoyant cup. The outer vacuum chamber seats the ball against a contoured, hard rim surface and is connected by a leakage path around the inner seal to a piston chamber which pulls on the buoyant cup to further seat the ball. The outer seal is mounted on a movable housing that automatically adjusts to the size of the ball.
Abstract: The present invention provides a method of forming a pre-wrapped gift package which appears to have been hand wrapped. The method includes forming a sheet of box construction material with decorative paper affixed thereto into a flattened box tube by joining ends thereof. The box construction material is properly creased and provided with flaps so that a consumer may erect the flattened box tube into an open box so that the end flaps form ends of the box and the decorative paper forms a pair of paper flaps which may be overlapped and secured. A volume sizer is provided in the form of creased box construction material which, when erected, provides an illustration of the volume made available when the pre-wrapped gift box is erected. Box loading devices, particularly useful for shirt box sized packages, are provided in the form of inner sleeves and mechanical devices into which the gift is placed before insertion into the pre-wrapped gift box.
Abstract: A hip protector using a matching pair of hip protector holsters interconnectable to form a waist encircling belt from which a pair of protective pad pockets are pivotally suspended over the patent's hips and secured in place by leg encircling straps. The hip protector is light weight and flexible for use under clothing and does not interfere with restroom activities. Each holster is identical and has a wide waist size adjustment range to minimize costs and inventory problems. The pads include impact absorbing base pads on which are positioned semi-rigid shells to distribute impact energy across the pad. The waist and leg encircling belts are secured by hook and loop fastening fabric for convenience and adjustability, and may be provided with an alternative hook and loop fastening fabric to service a substantially different range of leg sizes. The waist encircling belt may be locked with cable ties, a locking strap, or a locking buckle to ensure compliance.
August 9, 1995
Date of Patent:
December 17, 1996
Bill H. Kim, Audrey H. Kim, Steven P. Lau, Letina C. Lau
Abstract: A folding knife includes a lubricated barrel pivot removably mounted in the handle. An oil reservoir within the barrel communicates with the bearing surface by means of an oil wick in a bore. The barrel may be mounted in the handle by engaging male threads at one end of the barrel into female threads in the knife handle in which case an oil conduit is provided within the male threads for filling the oil chamber. Similarly, the barrel may be mounted with a pair of screws engaged with female threads at opposite ends of the barrel in which case an oil conduit is provided within at least one of the female threads for filling the oil chamber. Further, the barrel may be mounted by providing a slotted head at one of the barrel and female threads at the other end. A screw is mounted through the handle to engage the female threads and an oil conduit is provided within the female threads for filling the chamber with oil.
Abstract: A self amplifying optical pattern recognizer includes a geometric system configuration similar to that of a Vander Lugt holographic matched filter configuration with a photorefractive crystal specifically oriented with respect to the input beams. An extraordinarily polarized, spherically converging object image beam is formed by laser illumination of an input object image and applied through a photorefractive crystal, such as a barium titanite (BaTiO.sub.3) crystal. A volume or thin-film difORIGIN OF THE INVENTIONThe invention described herein was made in the performance of work under a NASA contract, and is subject to the provisions of Public Law 96-517 (35 USC 202) in which the Contractor has elected to retain title.
Abstract: A gridded electron reversal ionizer forms a three dimensional cloud of zero or near-zero energy electrons in a cavity within a filament structure surrounding a central electrode having holes through which the sample gas, at reduced pressure, enters an elongated reversal volume. The resultant negative ion stream is applied to a mass analyzer. The reduced electron and ion space-charge limitations of this configuration enhances detection sensitivity for material to be detected by electron attachment, such as narcotic and explosive vapors. Positive ions may be generated by generating electrons having a higher energy, sufficient to ionize the target gas and pulsing the grid negative to stop the electron flow and pulsing the extraction aperture positive to draw out the positive ions.
Abstract: Strained layer single or multiple quantum well lasers include an InP substrate, a pair of lattice-matched InGaAsP quarternary layers epitaxially grown on the substrate surrounding a pair of lattice matched In.sub.0.53 Ga.sub.0.47 As ternary layers surrounding one or more strained active layers of epitaxially grown, lattice-mismatched In.sub.0.75 Ga.sub.0.25 As. The level of strain is selected to control the bandgap energy to produce laser output having a wavelength in the range of 1.6 to 2.5 .mu.m. The multiple quantum well structure uses between each active layer. Diethyl zinc is used for p-type dopant in an InP cladding layer at a concentration level in the range of about 5.times.10.sup.17 /cm.sup.3 to about 2.times.10.sup.18 /cm.sup.3.
April 3, 1992
Date of Patent:
October 26, 1993
California Institute of Technology
Siamak Forouhar, Anders G. Larsson, Alexander Ksendzov, Robert J. Lang
Abstract: The present invention provides a method of forming a pre-wrapped gift package which appears to have been hand wrapped. The method includes forming a sheet of box construction material with decorative paper affixed thereto into a box tube by joining ends thereof. The box construction material is properly creased and provided with flaps so that a consumer may fold the flattened box tube into a box so that the end flaps form ends of the box and the decorative paper forms a pair of paper flaps which may be overlapped and taped. A flattened pull bow is provided to form a gift wrapping kit with the flattened box tube which may be distributed and displayed in a flat package.
Abstract: Fullerene propellants, which are stable carbon cage structures composed of even numbers of carbon atoms in the range of about 32 to 200 atoms, particularly a combination of conveniently obtainable C.sub.60 and C.sub.70, may be carried in solid form in a spacecraft, sublimated to produce the appropriate molecular propellant such as C.sub.60 or C.sub.70, which may then be ionized by DC discharge or RF radiation to efficiently produce specific impulses in the range above 1000 lbf -s/lbm.
December 3, 1992
Date of Patent:
August 31, 1993
California Institute of Technology
Stephanie D. Leifer, Winston A. Saunders
Abstract: A technique for digital data error detection and correction is disclosed which adds alignment and checksum bytes to three sides of a matrix (24) of digital data to be protected. This technique is particularly used for the recording and storage (16,18) of digital data on video tape medium (14). The digital data is treated as a matrix block (24). Checksum and alignment bytes are added (20) to the digital data before tape storage and stripped (22) therefrom after successful alignment checks and data validation. In particular, the first column may be used to provide alignment bytes of a predetermined value for each row. The last column provides row checksum bytes for the data in each row. The last row provides column check sum bytes for each column, excluding the column of alignment bytes. The data location at the intersection of the row of column checksum bytes and the column of row checksum bytes may be used as a checksum byte for either the row or column checksum bytes.
Abstract: A noncontacting waveguide backshort is provided for use with frequencies of interest between 1 and 1000 GHz including a relatively rugged metallic bar movably mounted within the waveguide in a MYLAR insulator. A series of regularly shaped and spaced circular or rectangular openings are made in the metallic bar to form sections of high impedance alternating with sections of the bar having low impedance. This creates a periodic impedance variation which serves to provided an adjustable short circuit in a waveguide for the frequencies of interest.
Abstract: A non-linear dynamic compensation subsystem is added in the feedback loop of a high precision optical mirror positioning control system to smoothly alter the control system response bandwidth from a relatively wide response bandwidth optimized for speed of control system response to a bandwidth sufficiently narrow to reduce position errors resulting from the quantization noise inherent in the inductosyn used to measure mirror position. The non-linear dynamic compensation system includes a limiter for limiting the error signal within preselected limits, a compensator for modifying the limiter output to achieve the reduced bandwidth response, and an adder for combining the modified error signal with the difference between the limited and unlimited error signals.
Abstract: A phased array telescope in which the output field angle of each afocal subtelescope is equal to the arcsin of the product of the magnification and the sine of the input field angle. The resultant subtelescope distortion reduces piston error at the input to the beam combining telescope to increase resolution by reducing piston error otherwise caused by distortion-free subtelescopes. The phased array telescope uses only reflecting surfaces in order to operate over a wide spectral band. Optically powered primary, secondary and tertiary reflecting surfaces are combined with an aspheric folding mirror before the image that would have been formed by the secondary mirror to control the distortion of each subtelescope to exactly follow the arcsin rule provided.
Abstract: A catheter for measuring motility and peristalsis in tubular organs that transport their contents by simultaneous, multiple impedance measurements includes an insulating plastic tube, conductive annular electrodes and interior channels for electrode leads. The electrodes also serve for biosignal detection and electrical stimulation of the organ being measured. The interior channels may be used to stiffen the catheter during use, remove sample materials from the organ for analysis and/or introduce substances to the organ such as a contrast medium.