Abstract: The present invention relates to a polishing slurry including: a colloidal silica having an average particle size of 40 nm or more; water; and a ? potential adjusting component, in which the ? potential adjusting component includes at least one water-soluble organic polymer selected from a water-soluble polyether polyamine and a water-soluble polyalkylene polyamine and at least one acid selected from hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, nitrous acid and amidosulfuric acid, and the ? potential adjusting component contains the acid at a ratio of from 0.6 to 1.4 to the water-soluble organic polymer in terms of molar ratio, and the polishing slurry has a pH of 8 or more.
Abstract: A data receiving and recording method and data receiver are provided for receiving data coded by a predetermined method and copyright information attached to the data. While recording the received data on a predetermined recording medium, the copyright information is recorded into a predetermined area of the recording medium. Preferably, the data consists of audio data of the song, lyrics data of the song and image data relating to the song and the copyright information is allotted respectively to the audio data, lyrics data and image data.
Abstract: An illuminating device has a solid light-emitting element module and a phosphor module joined to the solid light-emitting element module. The solid light-emitting element module has a plurality of the solid light-emitting elements. The phosphor module has a plurality of phosphor-containing parts corresponding to the individual solid light-emitting elements. Thus, a light-emitting part is provided, which has more than one kind of luminescence sources having the solid light-emitting element and the phosphor-containing part. An illumination intensity of a composite light is 150 lux or more at a distance of 30 cm perpendicularly from the light-emitting surface of the light-emitting part.
Abstract: A seat for reducing looseness of a seated posture in the entirety of the body. In connection with a load peak position of the pelvis of a seated occupant as detected by a pelvis displacement sensor disposed in the seat cushion of a seat, a control device compares an initial peak position and a peak position after displacement. At the same time, the control device detects a shoulder blade position from load distribution of the chest of the seated occupant, detected by a chest displacement detecting sensor disposed in the upper portion of a seat back, and compares an initial position detected in advance and an after-displacement position.
January 14, 2009
Date of Patent:
January 8, 2013
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Toyota Boshoku Kabushiki Kaisha
Abstract: A glass composition for substrates having good polishability while securing characteristics for FPD substrates, especially for PDP substrates, from which a glass substrate having excellent polishing workability and productivity can be obtained, is provided. A glass composition for substrates, which is characterized by comprising, as represented by mass % based on oxides, from 55 to 75% of SiO2, from 5 to 15% of Al2O3, from 0 to 4% of MgO, more than 5.5% and at most 12% of CaO, from 5 to 18% of SrO, from 0 to 13% of BaO, from 0.5 to 6% of ZrO2, from 0 to 10% of Na2O, from 0 to 15% of K2O, from 6 to 20% of Na2O+K2O, from 17 to 25% of MgO+CaO+SrO+BaO, and from 15 to 25% of CaO+SrO, as a glass matrix composition; and having a glass transition point of at least 600° C., an average thermal expansion coefficient of from 75×10?7 to 90×10?7/° C. within a range of from 50 to 350° C., and an abrasion resistance of at least 98.
Abstract: A substarate processing apparatus capable of reducing the capacity of a space in an internal chamber. The internal chamber is housed in a space in an external chamber. A gas supply unit supplies a process gas into the space in the internal chamber. The space in the external chamber is under a reduced pressure or filled with an inert gas. An enclosure being movable and included in the internal chamber defines the space in the internal chamber with a stage heater included in the internal chamber. When a wafer is transferred in and out by a transfer arm used to transfer the wafer, the enclosure exits out of a motion range within which the transfer arm can move.
Abstract: In a semiconductor device, a body thick film transistor and a body thin film transistor having a different body film thickness are formed on the same SOI substrate (silicon support substrate, buried oxide film and silicon layer). The body film is formed to be relatively thick in the body thick film transistor, which has a recess structure where the level of the surface of the source/drain regions is lower than the level of the surface of the body region, and thus, the SOI film in the source/drain regions is formed to be as thin as the SOI film in the body thin film transistor. On the other hand, the entirety of the SOI film is formed to have a relatively thin film thickness in the body thin film transistor. In addition, the source/drain regions are formed to penetrate through the silicon layer.
Abstract: A terminal apparatus includes: a display unit configured to display a projection image of a three-dimensional object on a two-dimensional display screen; an imaging unit configured to capture an image of an operator who is in a state of viewing the display screen; a changing unit configured to change a viewpoint position relative to the three-dimensional object in response to a position of an image of the operator's face relative to the captured image; and a projection image generator configured to obtain a projection image generated by projecting each portion of the three-dimensional object viewed from the viewpoint position onto a predetermined projection plane.
Abstract: An embodiment of the invention provides a light emitting device in which a semiconductor laser diode is used as a light source to emit visible light in a wide range. The light emitting device includes a semiconductor laser diode that emits a laser beam; and a luminescent component that is provided while separated from the semiconductor laser diode and absorbs the laser beam to emit the visible light. In the light emitting device, the luminescent component includes an optical path through which the laser beam is incident to a center portion of the luminescent component.
Abstract: A method of organising data items in an n-dimensional space comprises, for each of a plurality of iterations, the step of generating a relative displacement of position for each data item within the n-dimensional space in accordance with a similarity value between each data item and respective other data items, the distance between each data item and respective other data items in the n-dimensional space, and the difference in position within the n-dimensional space between each data item and at least one reference point.
Abstract: A spark-ignited internal combustion engine includes a variable compression ratio mechanism that changes a mechanical compression ratio and an actual compression ratio start timing-changing mechanism that changes a start timing at which actual compression starts. An actual compression ratio is changed according to the specific heat ratio of an intake gas that is supplied into a cylinder.
Abstract: A structure includes a conductive film (12) provided in an underlying layer (10); and a carbon nanotube bundle (20) including a plurality of carbon nanotubes each having one end connected to the conductive film (12), wherein, at other end side of the carbon nanotube bundle (20), at least carbon nanotubes allocated at outer side of the carbon nanotube bundle (20) extend with convex curvatures toward the outside of the carbon nanotube bundle (20), and the convex curvatures of the carbon nanotubes allocated at the outer side of the carbon nanotube bundle are larger than those of inner side of the carbon nanotube bundle (20), and diameters of the carbon nanotube bundle (20) decrease toward the other end of the carbon nanotube bundle (20).
Abstract: A seat slide apparatus for a vehicle includes: a plurality of lower rails adapted to be fixed at a floor of the vehicle in an inclining manner relative to the floor of the vehicle; a plurality of upper rails adapted to be slidably supported by the lower rails, respectively, and to support a seat for the vehicle; a motor generating a driving force for moving the upper rails in a manner where the upper rails slide relative to the corresponding lower rails; a transmitting mechanism transmitting the driving force of the motor to the upper rails; and at least one slide-resistance applying portion provided in the transmitting mechanism and applying an increased slide resistance to the transmitting mechanism when the upper rails move to slide downwardly on the inclination while applying a decreased slide resistance to the transmitting mechanism when the upper rails move to slide upwardly on the inclination.
Abstract: An exhaust emission control device has a particulate filter 5 and a selective reduction catalyst 6 arranged side by side. An S-shaped communication passage 9 is arranged for introduction of exhaust gas 3 from a rear end of the filter 5 to a front end of the adjacent catalyst 6 in a forward fold-back manner and with a urea water addition injector 11 arranged midway of the passage 9. In order to satisfactorily disperse the urea water with enhanced mixing with the exhaust gas 3 even if the flow rate is increased, slits 12 are formed in circumferentially spaced positions on a rear end of a mixing pipe 9B constituting an upstream portion of the communication passage 9 so as to introduce the exhaust gas 3. A downstream end 9a of a gas gathering chamber 9A is connected to the rear end of the mixing pipe 9B such that the slits 12 are encased and the rear end of the mixing pipe 9B is closed.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a silicon carbide semiconductor device is provided that includes a step of forming in a surface of a silicon carbide wafer of first conductivity type a first region of second conductivity type having a predetermined space thereinside by ion-implanting aluminum as a first impurity and boron as a second impurity; a step of forming a JTE region in the surface of the silicon carbide wafer from the first region by diffusing the boron ion-implanted in the first region toward its neighboring zones by an activation annealing treatment; a step of forming a first electrode on the surface of the silicon carbide wafer at the space inside the first region and at an inner part of the first region; and a step of forming a second electrode on the opposite surface of the silicon carbide wafer. Thereby, a JTE region can be formed that has a wide range of impurity concentration and a desired breakdown voltage without increasing the number of steps of the manufacturing process.
Abstract: A potassium fluoride dispersion essentially consisting of potassium fluoride and an aprotic organic solvent having a boiling point higher than that of methanol, which is obtainable by mixing a mixture containing potassium fluoride and 5 to 50 parts by weight of methanol per 1 part by weight of potassium fluoride with the aprotic organic solvent followed by concentrating the obtained mixture, and a process for producing a fluorine-containing organic compound comprising contacting an organic compound having at least one group capable of being substituted nucleophilically with a fluorine atom with the potassium fluoride dispersion.
Abstract: A gantry has a cylindrical shape and rotates around a subject on a top panel about the body axis. An X-ray irradiating part is arranged inside the gantry and emits an X-ray. An X-ray detector is arranged at a position facing the X-ray irradiating part and detects the X-ray transmitted through the subject. PET detectors are arranged in two separate regions facing the rotation center and detect ?-rays emitted from the positron-emitting nuclides. A moving mechanism moves the top panel and the gantry relatively to each other. An X-ray CT image generator generates an X-ray CT image of the subject based on the result of detection by the X-ray detector. A PET image generator generates a PET image of the subject based on the ?-rays detected by the PET detectors on the circumference in accordance with rotation of the gantry.
December 8, 2009
Date of Patent:
January 8, 2013
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba, Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation
Abstract: A nonvolatile semiconductor memory includes a memory cell string having a plurality of memory cell transistors connected in series, a selection gate transistor connected in series with one end of the memory cell string, and having a gate electrode provided on a gate insulating film on a semiconductor substrate, and an element isolation insulating layer which is provided in the semiconductor substrate. The gate electrode includes a first gate electrode provided on the gate insulating film, a first and second insulating films provided on the first gate electrode, and a second gate electrode provided on the second insulating film and the element isolation insulating layer, and electrically connected to the first gate electrode. An first upper surface portion of the element isolation insulating layer below the second gate electrode is leveled with an upper surface of the first gate electrode.
Abstract: A vehicle braking system including an input piston and a pressure piston that are moveably supported within a cylinder. The input piston is allowed to depress the pressure piston and is connected to the a brake pedal. Pressure chambers to the front and to the rear of the input piston are communicated through a communication passage such that the control hydraulic pressure in accordance with the operation amount to the brake pedal is applied to the second pressure chamber via first and second linear valves. The control hydraulic pressure in accordance with the operation amount to the brake pedal that has been transmitted to the pressure piston through the input piston is regulated by a pressure regulating valve so as to be applied to the second pressure chamber. The braking hydraulic pressure may be output from the pressure chambers, respectively.
Abstract: A display device in which an Al alloy film and a conductive oxide film are directly connected without interposition of refractory metal and some or all of Al alloy components deposit or are concentrated at the interface of contact between the Al alloy film and the conductive oxide film. The Al alloy film contains 0.1 to 6 at % of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Ni, Ag, Zn, Cu and Ge, and further contains 1) 0.1 to 2 at % of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mg, Cr, Mn, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ir, Pt, La, Ce, Pr, Gd, Tb, Sm, Eu, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and Dy or 2) 0.1 to 1 at % of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Ti, V, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta and W, as the alloy components.