Patents Represented by Attorney Paul D. Gaetjens
  • Patent number: 5315011
    Abstract: The present invention provides (1) curable polyamide monomers represented by the formula: R.sup.1 --A.sup.1 --B.sup.1 --A.sup.2 --B.sup.2 --A.sup.3 --R.sup.2 where R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are radicals selected from the group consisting of maleimide, substituted maleimide, nadimide, substituted nadimide, ethynyl, and (C(R.sup.3).sub.2).sub.2 where R.sub.3 is hydrogen with the proviso that the two carbon atoms of (C(R.sup.3).sub.2).sub.2 are bound on the aromatic ring of A.sup.1 or A.sup.3 to adjacent carbon atoms, A.sup.1 and A.sup.3 are 1,4-phenylene and the same where said group contains one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halo, e.g., fluoro, chloro, bromo, or iodo, nitro, lower alkyl, e.g., methyl, ethyl, and propyl, lower alkoxy, e.g., methoxy, ethoxy, or propoxy, and fluoroalkyl or fluoroalkoxy, e.g., trifluoromethyl, pentafluoroethyl and the like, A.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Brian C. Benicewicz, Andrea E. Hoyt
  • Patent number: 5303510
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for ultrasonic machining in which feeding of a tool assembly holding a machining tool toward a workpiece is accomplished automatically. In ultrasonic machining, a tool located just above a workpiece and vibrating in a vertical direction imparts vertical movement to particles of abrasive material which then remove material from the workpiece. The tool does not contact the workpiece. Apparatus for moving the tool assembly vertically is provided such that it operates with a relatively small amount of friction. Adjustable counterbalance means is provided which allows the tool to be immobilized in its vertical travel. A downward force, termed overbalance force, is applied to the tool assembly. The overbalance force causes the tool to move toward the workpiece as material is removed from the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Noel C. Calkins
  • Patent number: 5301612
    Abstract: A laser driven flyer plate utilizing an optical fiber connected to a laser. The end of the optical fiber has a layer of carbon and a metal layer deposited onto it. The carbon layer provides the laser induced plasma which is superior to the plasma produced from most metals. The carbon layer plasma is capable of providing a flatter flyer plate, converting more of the laser energy to driving plasma, promoting a higher flyer plate acceleration, and providing a more uniform pulse behind the plate. In another embodiment, the laser is in optical communication with a substrate onto which a layer of carbon and a layer of metal have been deposited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: David B. Stahl, Dennis L. Paisley
  • Patent number: 5296203
    Abstract: A process for selective separation of niobium from proton irradiated molybdenum targets is provided and includes dissolving the molybdenum target in a hydrogen peroxide solution to form a first ion-containing solution, contacting the first ion-containing solution with a cationic resin whereby ions selected form the group consisting of molybdenum, biobium, technetium, selenium, vanadium, arsenic, germanium, zirconium and rubidium remain in a second ion-containing solution while ions selected from the group consisting of rubidium, zinc, beryllium, cobalt, iron, manganese, chromium, strontium, yttrium and zirconium are selectively adsorbed by the cationic resin; adjusting the pH of the second ion-containing solution to within a range of from about 5.0 to about 6.0; contacting the pH adjusting second ion-containing solution with a dextran-based material for a time to selectively separate niobium from the solution and recovering the niobium from the dextran-based material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Dennis R. Phillips, David J. Jamriska, Sr., Virginia T. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 5288169
    Abstract: Methods for distributing gases throughout the interstices of porous materials and removing volatile substances from the interstices of porous materials. Continuous oscillation of pressures and flows results in increased penetration of the interstices by flowing gases and increased transport of gaseous components out of the interstices. The invention is particularly useful in soil vapor extraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Donald A. Neeper
  • Patent number: 5284628
    Abstract: Convection towers which are capable of cleaning the pollution from large quantities of air and of generating electricity utilize the evaporation of water sprayed into the towers to create strong airflows and to remove pollution from the air. Turbines in tunnels at the skirt section of the towers generate electricity. Other embodiments may also provide fresh water, and operate in an updraft mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Melvin L. Prueitt
  • Patent number: 5281824
    Abstract: A detector for atmospheric radon using a long range alpha detector as its sensing element. An electrostatic filter removes ions from ambient air, while allowing radon atoms to pass into a decay cavity. Here, radon atoms are allowed to decay, creating air ions. These air ions are drawn by a fan through a second electrostatic filter which can be activated or deactivated, and into the long range alpha detector. With the second electrostatic filter activated, no air ions are allowed to pass, and the signal output from the long range alpha detector consists of only the electronic background. With the second electrostatic filter deactivated, air ions and cosmic rays will be detected. The cosmic ray contribution can be minimized by shielding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: The United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Duncan W. MacArthur, Krag S. Allander, John A. Bounds
  • Patent number: 5281706
    Abstract: A method of making 3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Michael D. Coburn, Donald G. Ott
  • Patent number: 5278138
    Abstract: A process of preparing a film of a multicomponent metal oxide including: forming an aerosol from a solution comprised of a suitable solvent and at least two precursor compounds capable of volatilizing at temperatures lower than the decomposition temperature of said precursor compounds; passing said aerosol in combination with a suitable oxygen-containing carrier gas into a heated zone, said heated zone having a temperature sufficient to evaporate the solvent and volatilize said precursor compounds; and passing said volatilized precursor compounds against the surface of a substrate, said substrate having a sufficient temperature to decompose said volatilized precursor compounds whereby metal atoms contained within said volatilized precursor compounds are deposited as a metal oxide film upon the substrate is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Inventors: Kevin C. Ott, Toivo T. Kodas
  • Patent number: 5273359
    Abstract: A remote optical heat-flux gauge for use in extremely high temperature environments is described. This application is possible because of the use of thermographic phosphors as the sensing media, and the omission of the need for an intervening layer of insulator between phosphor layers. The gauge has no electrical leads, but is interrogated with ultraviolet or laser light. The luminescence emitted by the two phosphor layers, which is indicative of the temperature of the layers, is collected and analyzed in order to determine the heat flux incident on the surface being investigated. The two layers of thermographic phosphor must be of different materials to assure that the spectral lines collected will be distinguishable. Spatial heat-flux measurements can be made by scanning the light across the surface of the gauge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Bruce W. Noel
  • Patent number: 5274091
    Abstract: 3-Amino-6-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (ADMPT) and a method of making it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Michael D. Coburn, Donald G. Ott
  • Patent number: 5271668
    Abstract: An isolation enclosure and a group of isolation enclosures useful when a relatively large containment area is required. The enclosure is in the form of a ring having a section removed so that a technician may enter the center area of the ring. In a preferred embodiment, an access zone is located in the transparent wall of the enclosure and extends around the inner perimeter of the ring so that a technician can insert his hands into the enclosure to reach any point within. The inventive enclosures provide more containment area per unit area of floor space than conventional material isolation enclosures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: David O. Carlson
  • Patent number: 5271870
    Abstract: High-temperature electrically conducting polymers. The in situ reactions: AgNO.sub.3 +RCHO.fwdarw.Ag.degree.+RCOOH and R.sub.3 M.fwdarw.M.degree.+3R, where M=Au or Pt have been found to introduce either substantial bulk or surface conductivity in high-temperature polymers. The reactions involving the R.sub.3 M were caused to proceed thermally suggesting the possibility of using laser means for initiating such reactions in selected areas or volumes of the polymeric materials. The polymers successfully investigated to date are polyphenylquinoxaline, polytolylquinoxaline, polyquinoline, polythiazole, and pyrrone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Raimond Liepins, Betty S. Jorgensen, Leila Z. Liepins
  • Patent number: 5270294
    Abstract: A substrate-free, free-standing epitaxially oriented superconductive film including a layer of a template material and a layer of a ceramic superconducting material is provided together with a method of making such a substrate-free ceramic superconductive film by coating an etchable material with a template layer, coating the template layer with a layer of a ceramic superconductive material, coating the layer of ceramic superconductive material with a protective material, removing the etchable material by an appropriate means so that the etchable material is separated from a composite structure including the template layThis invention is the result of a contract with the Department of Energy (Contract No. W-7405-ENG-36).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Xin D. Wu, Ross E. Muenchausen
  • Patent number: 5270548
    Abstract: A phase-sensitive flow cytometer (FCM) provides additional FCM capability to use the fluorescence lifetime of one or more fluorochromes bound to single cells to provide additional information regarding the cells. The resulting fluorescence emission can be resolved into individual fluorescence signals if two fluorochromes are present or can be converted directly to a decay lifetime from a single fluorochrome. The excitation light for the fluorochromes is modulated to produce an amplitude modulated fluorescence pulse as the fluorochrome is excited in the FCM. The modulation signal also forms a reference signal that is phase-shifted a selected amount for subsequent mixing with the output modulated fluorescence intensity signal in phase-sensitive detection circuitry. The output from the phase-sensitive circuitry is then an individual resolved fluorochrome signal or a single fluorochrome decay lifetime, depending on the applied phase shifts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: John A. Steinkamp
  • Patent number: 5268646
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for noncontact, radio-frequency shielding current characterization of materials. Self- or mutual inductance changes in one or more inductive elements, respectively, occur when materials capable of supporting shielding currents are placed in proximity thereto, or undergo change in resistivity while in place. Such changes can be observed by incorporating the inductor(s) in a resonant circuit and determining the frequency of oscillation or by measuring the voltage induced on a coupled inductive element. The present invention is useful for determining the critical temperature and superconducting transition width for superconducting samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1993
    Assignee: University of California Patent, Trademark & Copyright Office
    Inventor: James D. Doss
  • Patent number: 5267343
    Abstract: A process for producing an optical fiber having enhanced radiation resitance is provided, the process including maintaining an optical fiber within a hydrogen-containing atmosphere for sufficient time to yield a hydrogen-permeated optical fiber having an elevated internal hydrogen concentration, and irradiating the hydrogen-permeated optical fiber at a time while the optical fiber has an elevated internal hydrogen concentration with a source of ionizing radiation. The radiation source is typically a cobalt-60 source and the fiber is pre-irradiated with a dose level up to about 1000 kilorads of radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Peter B. Lyons, Larry D. Looney
  • Patent number: 5266132
    Abstract: A method for providing chemical energy and energetic compositions of matter consisting of thin layers of substances which will exothermically react with one another. The layers of reactive substances are separated by thin layers of a buffer material which prevents the reactions from taking place until the desired time. The reactions are triggered by an external agent, such as mechanical stress or an electric spark. The compositions are known as metastable interstitial composites (MICs). This class of compositions includes materials which have not previously been capable of use as energetic materials. The speed and products of the reactions can be varied to suit the application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Wayne C. Danen, Joe A. Martin
  • Patent number: 5262394
    Abstract: A ceramic superconductor comprising a metal oxide substrate, a ceramic high temperature superconductive material, and a intermediate layer of a material having a cubic crystal structure, said layer situated between the substrate and the superconductive material is provided, and a structure for supporting a ceramic superconducting material is provided, said structure comprising a metal oxide substrate, and a layer situated over the surface of the substrate to substantially inhibit interdiffusion between the substrate and a ceramic superconducting material deposited upon said structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Xin D. Wu, Ross E. Muenchausen
  • Patent number: 5261941
    Abstract: Alloys of tungsten and uranium and a method for making the alloys. The amount of tungsten present in the alloys is from about 55 vol % to about 85 vol %. A porous preform is made by sintering consolidated tungsten powder. The preform is impregnated with molten uranium such that (1) uranium fills the pores of the preform to form uranium in a tungsten matrix or (2) uranium dissolves portions of the preform to form a continuous uranium phase containing tungsten particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Haskell Sheinberg