Patents Represented by Attorney Rene E. Grossman
  • Patent number: 6456214
    Abstract: A high-speed comparator and an associated method are disclosed. The comparator utilizes input circuitry to receive the input signal and utilizes resonant tunneling diode (RTD) circuitry to provide a high or low level determination. The RTD circuitry may be made weak compared to the input circuitry to eliminate hysteresis, and the comparators may be cascaded together to provide a positive-gain. In addition, clocked switches may be added to the cascaded comparator circuitry to create a clocked quantizer for analog to digital conversion. If desired, the RTD circuitry may include two RTDs connected to the output signal, and the input circuitry may include a transistor connected as a source-follower and transistor connected as a current sink.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2002
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventor: J. Paul A. van der Wagt
  • Patent number: 6366259
    Abstract: An antenna structure and associated method are disclosed that provides a lightweight and reduced-cost antenna element. The antenna structure may include a printed circuit board material coupled to a support structure. The printed circuit board may include electrical circuitry patterns and may have components mounted thereon to provide desired transmit and receive functionality, for example, to provide radio frequency transmit/receive functionality along with phase shifter and control circuitry. The support structure may be a light-weight material, for example, a space-qualified foam material that is strong and light-weight. The combined antenna structure of the present invention may thereby form a strong, rigid and light-weight antenna structure that may be used as sub-array elements in an antenna array, such as an ESA system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: James A. Pruett, James F. Kviatkofsky, Bill R. Norvell, Charles M. Rhoads, Timothy E. Adams, Billy Powers, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6292293
    Abstract: An infrared lens and detector system and associated method are disclosed that utilize infrared lenses to form an internal entrance pupil at which an internal aperture stop is placed to control the intensity of infrared radiation focused on the infrared detector. In more detailed respects, the infrared lens is an assembly including a first infrared lens, a second infrared lens spaced from the first lens to form a pupil between the first and second lenses, and an aperture stop disposed proximal the pupil. The aperture stop may have a fixed diameter or may have an aperture stop that is manually or automatically adjustable depending upon the intensity of the infrared radiation being viewed. Significantly, this lens assembly may be sealed for improved performance particularly in extreme conditions. In more detailed respects, the lens assembly forms a wide-angle lens and includes a diffractive surface on the second lens to reduce color aberrations and improve performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2001
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventor: Robert B. Chipper
  • Patent number: 6104342
    Abstract: A scanned antenna array and the ferrite scanning source controlling the array which includes a ferrite scanning line source (21) comprising a ferrite element (23) having an RF input (25), a current source (31) extending through the ferrite element and a plurality of RF outputs (27) spaced apart along the ferrite element and an antenna element (33) coupled to each of the RF outputs. Each of the RF outputs is equally spaced apart from adjacent RF outputs. The ferrite element has an input end portion and an output end portion and an axis therebetween, the RF outputs being disposed along the axis. The ferrite element comprises a pair of ferrite toroids (43, 45) spaced apart by a layer of dielectric material (47), the RF outputs (49) being disposed in the dielectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Philip L. Noel, Arno L. Lindorfer
  • Patent number: 6097275
    Abstract: A motor starting device (1) has a thermostatic element (14) of a first switch circuit (11), a first resistive heater (13) serially connected to the first switch circuit, a thermostatic element (22) of a second switch circuit (21) and a second resistive heater (23) serially connected to the second switch circuit. The thermostatic element (22) of the second switch circuit is heated by both the first and second resistive heaters and, after actuation, is closer to the first resistive heater (13), thereby bringing the second switch circuit (23) into a de-energized state. When the second switch circuit (21) and the second resistive heater (23) are employed in the motor starting device, it becomes possible to provide a large electric current to the start winding during the start-up phase and to make the electric current that flows to the start winding zero after the start-up phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2000
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Kanezo Kudoh
  • Patent number: 5932857
    Abstract: A pressure responsive electric switch (10) is shown having an improved flexible diaphragm (28) to extend the useful life of the switch particularly when used with fluid media of a corrosive nature. The flexible diaphragm (28) comprises a base layer (28a) of resin having excellent mechanical properties over a wide range of temperature and a first level of fold endurance capability covered on one or both face surfaces with a protective layer (28b) of resin having excellent corrosion resistance capability and a second level of fold endurance capability at least as great as the first level. In a second embodiment, the flexible diaphragm is composed of biaxially oriented polyphenylene sulfide which can be used without additional protective layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Richard A. Stander, John E. Brennan, Bryan J. Dague
  • Patent number: 5902099
    Abstract: An electric control is shown adapted for use with gas furnaces which controls fan motors, ignition controls and a gas valve based on inputs from a room thermostat, limit switches, a flame probe, a flame roll-out probe, and a condensate sensor. A roll-out detection circuit utilizing flame rectification includes a multidirectional roll-out probe 16 coupled to a microcontroller (U2) through an inverter (U3) to provide both fault both protection and fault identification. A condensate sensor (20) in the form of a conductive condensate sensor member is also coupled to the microcontroller (U2) through an inverter (U3) to detect the presence of condensate build-up.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Mitchell R. Rowlette, Ronald E. Garnett, Mark A. Eifler
  • Patent number: 5889247
    Abstract: A normally closed, fluid pressure responsive electric switch (10) has an electrically conductive body (12) formed with an orifice (12a) leading to a pressure chamber (12c) which is separated from a switch chamber by a flexible member (14). An annular support plate (18) and disc seat (20) are sandwiched in the body by crimping distal free end (12g) of body (12) over the flange (26b) of a connector body (26). A pressure/force converter (22) has a plurality of outwardly extending fingers which are interdigitated with a corresponding number of fingers extending inwardly from an aperture in the disc seat. The converter has one end (18b) engaging the membrane and an opposite end having a circular force applying surface (22g) adapted to engage a snap acting disc (24) disposed on the disc seat within a recess formed in the connector body. The disc is centered by a centering lip (22e) formed on the converter fingers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Stanley G. Homol
  • Patent number: 5880371
    Abstract: A fluid pressure responsive capacitive transducer (20) having a lowered manufacturing cost is shown in which a sheet (10) of cast or roll compacted tape material having a selected thickness is partitioned into a multitude of rectangular substrates portions (16) and another sheet (12) having another selected thickness is partitioned into a like number and sized diaphragm portions (18) and are processed in sheet form to apply capacitor plates and associated conductive traces as well as a sealing and spacing glass layer. At least one sheet is then separated into groups, generally comprising one, two or four portions, and pairs of groups of substrates and diaphragms are held together and heated to seal the transducers. Groups of more than one portion of the first and second sheets are then separated into individual transducers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Steven Beringhause, Stanley J. Lukasiewicz, Charles J. Leedecke
  • Patent number: 5870817
    Abstract: A fluid pressure responsive electric switch (10) is shown having an elongated base (12) in which first and second terminals (34, 48) are mounted by dropping them into respective slots (26, 28). The terminals are provided with tabs (38, 52) to engage with a platform (30) of the base to limit motion in one direction and are in turn engaged by a guide member (62) to prevent motion in an opposite direction. The guide member (62) has a cylindrical force transfer portion (86) aligned with the weld portion (104) of a sensor assembly (92) to transfer force without adversely affecting the calibration of the sensor assembly. Electrical leads (118, 120) have connectors (126, 128) attached to an end thereof along with cylindrical gaskets (134) which form an interference fit in bores (22, 20) of the base to provide an environmental seal at the same time electrical connection is made to the terminals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Scott B. Sehlhorst, James R. Thayer, John T. Hancock
  • Patent number: 5870014
    Abstract: A thermally actuatable auxiliary switch (10, 10', 100) used with a refrigerator compressor system (60) has a generally U-shaped bimetallic element (12) mounted at one end on a base plate (16, 16', 102) and with a movable contact (28) mounted on the high expansion side (12a) of the bimetallic element in alignment with a stationary contact (32) mounted on a stationary contact support (18, 18', 116). A thermal generator (34) in the form of a PTC pill (36) wire-wound resistor (28), or other electrically energizable heater or in the form of a discharge tube (60e) of a compressor, provides heat to the bimetallic element (12) causing it to deflect after the solid state starter (50) has switched to its high resistance state to switch out the solid state starter while the compressor motor remains energized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Joseph G. Nield, Jr., James T. Racine, Alfred Raulino
  • Patent number: 5865639
    Abstract: Socket apparatus (10) particularly adapted for use of burn-in tests of IC components having a large number of contact points on the bottom surface thereof has a cover frame (16) and adapter plate (22) movably mounted on a base (16). A latch assembly (30) is pivotably mounted on the base (12) at each side thereof and is linked to the cover frame so that when the cover frame is moved downwardly toward the base against the bias of spring members (20) each latch member (30a) is pivoted away from the seating surface allowing an IC component to be inserted into the socket or removed from the socket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Masahiro Fuchigami, Salvatore P. Rizzo
  • Patent number: 5867557
    Abstract: A communication line diagnostic unit (10, 10') that allows telephone central office equipment to perform a test of a communication line and determine the ability of the line as a communication medium is shown. The device is completely passive and transparent during normal operation and responds only to a unique trigger signal generated from the central office verification controller (VC). The unit is powered from a capacitor storage element (C1) charged by the communication line through an AC coupling network (pins 11, 12 and 8) as well as through a DC network comprising voltage regulator device (Q2; Q23; Q24, Q25) when the unit is awakened. Upon receipt of the trigger signal the device responds as by disconnecting the subscriber apparatus and then providing certain electrical terminations through a single solid state switch (Q10) to allow for identification, loop resistance, noise and frequency response measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Anthony G. D'Andrea, Claude A. Charland
  • Patent number: 5861794
    Abstract: An open ended cup shaped housing (12) has first and second spaced electric terminals (14,16) extending through the bottom wall of the housing into a switch chamber with a snap acting, current carrying disc (18) cantilever mounted on one terminal and having a movable contact (20) movable into and out of engagement with a stationary contact (22) mounted on the other terminal. A reset member (28) is received in the housing and has a first leg (28b) formed with a catch (28g) normally biased against the edge of the disc with the catch receivable under the disc upon opening of the contacts. A force applying member (32, 38) is mounted on a lid and upon depression applies a force through a flexible, environmental gasket disposed across the open end of the housing causing a second leg (28c) to displace the catch and allow the contacts to reengage. In a modified embodiment a two piece (34, 36) reset member is shown.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Christian V. Pellon
  • Patent number: 5856618
    Abstract: A potentiometric position sensor (16, 40) is shown having first and second electrical contact wipers (24, 26; 24', 26') mechanically coupled to the control rod (14) of an automotive manual transmission. An electrical resistive circuit is formed on a flexible substrate (28, 28') which is mounted on the inside cylindrical surface (28a, 46a) of a housing (18, 46). The first contact wiper is adapted to wipe over a first set of resistive elements (28a, 28b, 28c; 28a', 28b', 28c') and the second contact wiper is adapted to wipe over a second set of resistive elements (28f, 28g, 28h; 28f', 28g', 28h) to provide unique analog voltage outputs dependent upon the position of the control rod along a translational and rotational axis (14a). In one embodiment the contact wipers (24, 26) are mounted on a rotor (22) which in turn is mounted directly on the control rod (14).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1999
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Eric C. Beishline
  • Patent number: 5847624
    Abstract: A discrete increment attenuator for processing an input signal by effecting discrete attenuation increments of the input signal to create corresponding attenuation states for the output signal resulting from the input signal, comprising a parallel branched attenuator network providing at least three attenuation states defining corresponding attenuation increments, coupled to receive the input signal and provide the output signal. A separate attenuation branch circuit having an input end and an output end corresponding to a particular plural parallel branch is selectively activated by an attenuation control signal for effecting a discrete incremental attenuation of the input signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Samuel Dale Pritchett
  • Patent number: 5844716
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method and system for controlling the optics of a coherent light source impacting a three dimensional defined volume. The system uses a scanner to time and spatially position the coherent light. The divergent light beam output of the scanner is then placed through positive and negative lenses to narrow the beam waist while also increasing the divergence angle of the beam. Provision is made to abate the divergence angle so that the light, as it impacts the defined volume, will not continue to diverge, creating a skewed image within the volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Douglas W. Anderson
  • Patent number: 5844465
    Abstract: A time-delay switch responsive to a sensor 36 having a temperature compensation feature including bimetallic creep-type strip elements (10, 11). Additionally, the switch has an alarm function (A) with a manual reset button (9).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Eduardo Armenio, Giancarlo Attena, Giuseppe Notaro
  • Patent number: 5834943
    Abstract: A microprocessor control (10, 24) has one or more temperature responsive thermistor sensors (20, 26, 28) used to provide temperature inputs to control operation of a temperature control system. The microprocessor control subjects the thermistor sensors to a series of diagnostic tests prior to reading the thermistor sensors, the tests including short and open circuits, shorts to ground or power and leakage paths to ground. The thermistors, along with a reference resistor (R11, R26) form an RC charge circuit with a capacitor (C6, C6'). The capacitor is charged through each thermistor and reference resistor for selected open and short tests while a watch dog timer is used to determine the time taken to charge the capacitor via a timer capture port coupled to the capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Inventor: Mark E. Miller
  • Patent number: 5834776
    Abstract: A pyroelectric detector system and the pyroelectric detector element therefor having an integrated circuit (1) and a pyroelectric detector element (7) coupled to the integrated circuit and thermally isolated from the integrated circuit. The element includes a lead-containing pyroelectric layer having a pair of opposing surfaces and having a thickness to provide a resonant cavity for radiations in a predetermined frequency range. A bottom electrode (5) opaque to radiations in the predetermined frequency range is secured to one of the pair of opposing surfaces and a top electrode (9, 11) is secured to the other of the pair of opposing surfaces which is semi-transparent to radiations in the predetermined frequency range.The top electrode is taken from the group consisting of platinum and nichrome. The lead-containing pyroelectric layer is preferably lead titanate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Howard R. Beratan, Charles M. Hanson