Abstract: A front wheel drive speed control system for a vehicle having a main rear wheel drive and an assisting hydraulically powered front wheel drive. A hydraulic pump is connected by a hydraulic circuit to a hydraulic motor at each driven front wheel. A clutch assembly between the hydraulic motor and the associated wheel facilitates rotation of the driven front wheel. A speed sensing device is mounted to sense speed of the main rear wheel drive and each driven front wheel. A speed control system is connected to the speed sensing devices and to the hydraulic pump and is operable to terminate the pumps operation when the speed of the main rear wheel drive exceeds a predetermined speed and to resume assisting operation of the driven front wheel when the speed of the main rear wheel drive drops below a second predetermined speed.
Abstract: The tool housing-air motor assembly includes an air motor that is of modular design, that is, it is constructed so that the motor rotor is journaled in the cylinder by the end plates, which retain the motor in its operational alignment condition. The tool housing is used in the "as cast" condition without the necessity for performing any machining operations thereon. The assembly of the air motor and tool housing is possible since the motor is self-contained and does not rely on the tool housing for retaining the parts of the motor in assembled relationship or for retaining the motor parts in operational alignment.
Abstract: A measuring and transmitting apparatus for use in a drill string of a well drilling rig has an elongated tubular member functioning as a drill collar in a drill string. This apparatus includes an instrument having transducers that measure lithological and geophysical parameters in the borehole and derive from them data that is encoded into pressure pulsations of the mud flow of the drill string by a modulated signal generator. The modulated signal generator has a valve assembly that selectively restricts the mud flow to introduce the data. The valve is constructed with a movable valve element that is displaced into an orifice located in the mud flow stream. The movable valve element is mounted in a pressure balanced and an area balanced configuration in order that it can be displaced between extended and retracted positions by a valve actuator without regard to the mud pressure either within the drill string or in the borehole annulus around the drill string.
Abstract: A hydraulic liquid pressure sensor for use in a gas operated pressure sensor system includes a sensor body with a generally circular membrane resting surface, an inlet connected to a peripheral portion of the surface and an outlet opening from a central location on the surface. A flexible membrane is positioned adjacent to the resting surface and in flush contact therewith when not in use. The flexible membrane is secured and sealed around the periphery of the circular membrane resting surface. The inlet includes an annular groove in the pressure sensor body and spaced around substantially outward of the outlet opening. The inlet also includes an additional groove in the sensor body opening to the resting surface, connected to the annular inlet groove and extending inwardly therefrom.
Abstract: A direct heat drying and classifying system for the continuous drying of moist particulate granulate material in a mixer by agitating in a hot air flow between stirring blades and a rotary screen with oversized particles of material being removed, hot air being recycled and moisture removed from the recycled air.
Abstract: An improved flow control valve apparatus for pneumatically powered tools that include a motor and feed and retract apparatus driven by the motor. The control valve apparatus includes a main flow valve and a retract control valve each of which is controlled by the control valve to provide air to the motor, to automatically stop the feed and retract motion of the tool, and to stop the tool completely when desired.
Abstract: A method for determining the water saturation of subsurface earth formations substantially independent of lithology utilizing electromagnetic energy propagation measurements. The subsurface formations are first logged to obtain base log measurements of the dielectric permittivity of the formations as derived from electromagnetic energy propagation time values. The formations are then injected with a sufficient amount of oil miscible solution containing a surface active agent to displace substantially all the residual fluids from the formations for a radial distance at least equal to the radial zone of investigation. The formations are then injected with a sufficient amount of water to render the zone of investigation substantially 100 percent water saturated. The formations are logged a second time to obtain measurements of the dielectric permittivity of the saturated formations.
Abstract: A novel process for making solutions of alkaline-earth metal salts of alkaryl sulfonic acids that contain about 1.5 to less than three weight percent water and that does not require an azeotropic distillation step to reduce the water of the reaction product to this level, comprises reacting an alkaryl sulfonic acid with alkaline-earth metal oxide in an organic solvent in the presence of 0.05 to less than 2.5 weight percent water. Calcium oxide, alkylbenzene sulfonic acids wherein the alkyl groups contain 10 to 14 carbon atoms, solvent mixtures of lower alkanols and non-polar hydrocarbon solvents all are representative of materials useful in the process of the invention, wherein the alkyl benzene sulfonic acid is preferably proportioned into a mixture of the other reactants and the water is supplied in admixture with a small amount of a calcium alkylbenzene sulfonate.
April 25, 1985
Date of Patent:
October 7, 1986
Dresser Industries, Inc.
Emanuel Stamatakis, Thomas E. Sample, Jr., Paul H. Javora
Abstract: In a neutron induced gamma ray well logging instrument, a neutron generator is pulsed at a preselected clock frequency. Each neutron burst produces inelastic scattering gamma rays and capture gamma rays. Inelastic scattering gamma rays are detected using a bismuth germanate scintillator during a first time interval coinciding with the neutron source being on. Capture gamma rays are detected by bismuth germanate scintillator during a second interval subsequent to the termination of each neutron burst. The detected pulses are converted into electrical pulses by a photomultiplier. The electrical pulses are coupled into processing circuitry. The use of address decoders, subtractors and ratio circuits enables measurements of the characteristic full-energy photopeaks of selected elements within the formations.
Abstract: This invention provides an additive composition for use for example in drilling, completion and workover fluids that minimizes production formation damage by increasing well clean up efficiency and aids in recovering oil held in place by dynamic capillary forces between oil, water and injected fluids, driving down the water saturation of the formation resulting in an increase in permeability to oil and resulting production. These additives, found to be especially useful in 38% calcium chloride workover and completion fluids, are also effective in 25 and 10% sodium chloride workover and completion fluids, as well as other brines, including bromides. The additives of this invention, when added to fluid workover and completion fluids, in addition to reducing interfacial tension in production formations to minimize water blocks resulting from use of workover and completion fluids, and compatability with brines, also promote water wetting, demulsification and are thermally stable over a useful range.
Abstract: The volume of clay within clay-bearing formations is determined throughout the formations. This volume of clay is then functionally related to measurements indicative of formation porosity, such as density and neutron well logs of the formations. Utilizing measured formation characteristics representative of different clay types, such as potassium content or bound water content, the formation porosity measurements are extrapolated to indicate the porosity log measurements which would be yielded if the logging devices were responsive only to the clay within the formations. These extrapolated measurements are then related to known or determinable formation characteristics to determine additional formation properties such as porosity, permeability, and fluid saturation characteristics.
Abstract: The automatic feed drill includes a spindle mounted therein for rotating in reciprocating movement. The spindle is rotated by spindle rotation gear that is engaged with the main drive gear which is ultimately driven by an air motor or the like. The feed and retraction movement (reciprocation) is caused by a spindle feed gear that is threaded onto the spindle. The spindle feed gear is engaged with a feed gear which, during feed movement, is driven by the main drive gear, and during retraction movement, is shifted into a position wherein the feed gear is prevented from rotating. The spindle also carries a collar or other abutment that engages a shift lever at the end of the feed movement. The shift lever is moved by the collar, and, due to its interconnection with the feed gear, moves the feed gear out of engagement with the main drive gear and into the position wherein it is prevented from rotating. The apparatus also includes a yieldable stop device that holds the feed gear stopped during retraction movement.
Abstract: The automatic feed drill includes a spindle mounted therein for rotating and reciprocating movement. The spindle is rotated by a spindle rotation gear that is engaged with the main drive gear which is ultimately driven by an air motor or the like. The feed and retraction movement (reciprocation) is caused by a spindle feed gear that is threaded onto the spindle. The spindle feed gear is engaged with a feed gear which, during normal feed movement, is driven by the main drive gear, and during retraction and rapid feed movement, is shifted into a position wherein the feed gear is prevented from rotating. During rapid feed the motor direction is reversed by a reversing valve. The apparatus also includes a yieldable stop device that holds the feed gear stopped during retraction and rapid feed movement.
Abstract: Method for generating a composite logging data base from two separate historical data bases in a form suitable for further on-site computerized analysis and processing. A generalized system is provided for automatically producing, as a function of a plurality of elected options, an output which is either a merger of logging curves from the two data bases, a replacement of one or more logging curves or portions thereof from one data base with those of a correlative curve or curves from the second data base, or a splice of one or more logging curves from one data base derived over one borehole increment with a curve or curves from the second data base derived over a different borehole increment, with further provision for automated renaming and reordering of curves as they appear in the output as well as compatibility checks between the two data bases thus being combined in terms of logging parameters and borehole increments as a function of the elected option.
Abstract: A method of treating a polluted gas e.g. desulphurizing a sulphur dioxide-containing flue gas is carried out by spraying the flue gas with a slurry of e.g. calcium hydroxide, under spray drying conditions. The spray device comprises a rotating cup comprising an extended surface on which a film of slurry is formed. On leaving the surface the slurry is immediately impacted with a high velocity stream of air supplied through an annular orifice.Arrangements for supplying the slurry to the rotating cup comprises a stationary distribution device adapted to direct the slurry onto the surface with a swirl component of motion.
Abstract: An improved small diameter, high density shaped charge perforating apparatus is provided. The perforating apparatus includes an elongated carrier member having a plurality of shaped charge receiving stations spirally located therealong. The anterior and dorsal sections of the shaped charges extend outside the outer diameter of the carrier member and a length of helically wound detonator cord passes through an axial aperture in the dorsal section to retain the shaped charges in the carrier member. An alignment member is connected to one end of the carrier member to prevent rotational movement of the carrier member within the gun body and aligns the axis of perforation for each shaped charge with spotfaces on recesses in the periphery of the gun body.
Abstract: A subsurface geophysical parameter measurement is converted downhole to a first pulse train whose instantaneous frequency is a function of the parameter value. In response to a first control signal, a first counter begins a first count of pulses from the first pulse train, and a second counter begins a count of second pulses from a downhole reference oscillator. The first and second counts are terminated in response to a second control signal and the first and second counters are interrogated. A ratio is then developed between the first and second counts which is functionally related to the value of the parameter.
Abstract: An elongated body member adapted to traverse a well contains a chamber for holding a quantity of a tracer element to be injected into the well. A radially extendable arm is pivotally attached to the body member and is adapted to be extended and retracted by a first drive system within the body member. A nozzle is coupled to the arm with a path of fluid communication provided between the chamber and the nozzle such that a second drive system within the body member may cause the tracer element to traverse such path and be released into the well fluid flow column from a location adjacent to the body member and preferably to be released in a generally longitudinal direction relative to the well. One or more detectors within the body member suitable for detecting the tracer element are utilized to determine the locations and/or flow velocity of the tracer element and therefore of the well fluid.
Abstract: The improved dwell and depth attachment includes an elongate housing that is attached to a drill motor and has an output shaft that is movable longitudinally and rotatably in the housing for rotating a drill bit. A drive spindle is connected with the output shaft and extends through the housing. An elongated sleeve encircles the spindle and has an end that is engageable with the work piece. An adjustable depth control located within the housing is connected for movement with the spindle. A first portion of the control includes a threaded interior and has ten circumferentially spaced, radially extending holes therein. The control also includes a second portion that has a threaded exterior mating with the first portion and has ten slots equally spaced about the exterior. A stop screw or the like is removably located in one of the radial extending holes in engagement with the second portion.