Patents Represented by Attorney Robert B. Watkins
  • Patent number: 5003788
    Abstract: a heat pump system selectively operable in cooling and heating modes of operation and having an internal combustion engine prime mover which produces refrigerant vapor compression, and which produces excess heat for rejection, is provided with a first heat exchanger that evaporates compressed refrigerant in the system heating mode of operation, with a second heat exchanger which uses prime mover rejected heat to heat a working fluid, and with a fluid distribution arrangement which is selectively operable to flow the heated working fluid in heat exchange relation to said first heat exchanger also, in the system heating mode of operation to provide a defrost capabilities and to improve heat pumping heating capacity at low ambient temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1991
    Assignee: Gas Research Institute
    Inventor: Robert D. Fischer
  • Patent number: 4926659
    Abstract: A absorption refrigeration system having cooling and heating modes of operation functions with a double-effect or "split" refrigeration cycle having approximately the same refrigerant concentration span in each cycle loop. The system includes a novel direct expansion combined evaporator and absorber assembly with improved heat transfer characteristics and with interchangeable liquid flows accomplished through actuation of a conventional reversing valve. Also, the system is provided with improved recuperative heat exchangers to further increase system energy conversion efficiencies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Assignee: Gas Research Institute
    Inventors: Richard N. Christensen, Anthony C. DeVuono, William H. Wilkinson, D. Karl Landstrom
  • Patent number: 4898051
    Abstract: A connector mate/demate tool provides remote coupling and decoupling of connector sections with a rotating locking ring on one section of the connector and where the other section is rigidly attached to some fixture. The tool mates the connector sections by first searching for a key-slot engagement of parts while exerting a small longitudinal force and then rotating the locking ring until the two sections are secured. Demating is accomplished by rotating the locking ring in the reverse direction and pulling the two connector sections apart.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1990
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: David A. Easter, William R. Dick, Donald J. Hackman, Kathryn E. Alexander
  • Patent number: 4869136
    Abstract: A fully automated tool for holding threaded fasteners during fastener insertion, removal, or transport is described. The device is capable of handling different sized fasteners and can be used with remote manipulator systems or in hand-held operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1989
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: David A. Easter, Donald J. Hackman, William R. Dick, John J. Reidy
  • Patent number: 4822336
    Abstract: A method of sensing blood glucose levels in the steps of passing glucose from a peritoneal fluid through a semi-permeable membrane and into a closed chamber, metabolizing the passed glucose in the closed chamber with a yeast suspension to produce a level of carbon dioxide and detection of the level of carbon dioxide, and controlled insulin infusion into blood as a consequence of detected carbon dioxide level. Implantable apparatus is also provided for carrying out the method within a body of live tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Inventor: John DiTraglia
  • Patent number: 4811594
    Abstract: An apparatus and methods for use in measuring the topography of a surface by contact which comprises a piezoelectric polymer film sensor, such as polyvinyldiene difluoride film, with a body portion and a tip portion, with electrically conductive films adhered to each principal surface of the sensor, and a non-conductive support restraining the sensor a fixed distance from the surface to be measured and with the sensor having an arcuate form when flexed by the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 14, 1989
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventor: James E. Dvorsky
  • Patent number: 4809340
    Abstract: Invention provides optical correlation apparatus comprised of optical means producing a light image of the mailpiece including the address information, holographic filter means receiving the optical means light image and producing a filtered light image correlated to an address information reference pattern, detector means receiving the holographic filter means filtered light image and producing an output electronic signal which contains the degree of correlation of the mailpiece address information to the address information reference pattern, and signal processor means receiving the detector means output electronic signal and producing an address location signal based on a high degree of correlation of the mailpiece address information to the address information reference pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1989
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventor: Keith O. Mersereau
  • Patent number: 4788406
    Abstract: One or more optical fibers are attached to an optical component element or supporting substrate by coating the peripheral surface of the optical fiber with a metallic layer and then positioning the metallic layer in electrical contact with a metal surface of the object along an interface. An electrical current pulse or pulses is applied through the interface sufficient to cause local melting or near melting and welding at the interface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1988
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Robert L. Holman, Doyle P. Skinner, Jr., Lynda M. Johnson
  • Patent number: 4785574
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are disclosed for consolidating loose or pre-compressed particulate materials, such as metal powder or metal flakes, in press equipment utilizing a reusable canister means that is sealed in vacuum from the atmosphere and heated prior to consolidation in the press equipment at elevated pressures and temperatures, thereby improving utilization of the press equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1988
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventor: Robert J. Fiorentino
  • Patent number: 4785797
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for soothing and pacifying crying and colicky infants including apparatus and methods to impart a rhythmic cyclic motion of displacement to the surface on which the infant is supported, at a frequency between about ten and forty-three cycles per second with an amplitude of displacement between about one-eighth and one-hundredth of an inch. In a preferred embodiment, methods and apparatus are included for imparting sound at an intensity of between about sixty and eighty decibels at a frequency range of substantially between about two hundred and four thousand Hertz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1988
    Inventor: Armando A. Cuervo
  • Patent number: 4768569
    Abstract: A machine for performing notches of controlled depth in cabinet component parts and the like. The machine consists in part of a main frame with a plurality of elongated support members of equal length. A plurality of tools are mounted to said main frame, consisting in part of a plurality of cutting blades which with the aid of a plurality of guides assist in making a plurality of predetermined notches. The operating sequences herein are preferable but not necessarily limited to manual control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1988
    Inventor: Dwight L. Speck
  • Patent number: 4760961
    Abstract: A modular spraying assembly particularly adapted for use with automatic molding or dye casting machines which is characterized by a plurality of identical sprayhead modules which can be mounted in linear relationship to one another to form variable vertical and horizontal columns accomodating the particular design of a mold or dye which may be sprayed. A support hanger and manifold blocks are provided to communicate a source of air pressure and liquid mold release compound or lubricant to each linear column of spray head modules. Each sprayhead module is mounted in communication with the sprayhead modules forming a given linear column via a plurality of parallel bores which form air and liquid supply passages common to all sprayheads in the linear column and through which tie rods extend to provide a convenient connecting means for any given number of sprayhead modules in the linear array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1988
    Assignee: The Snair Company
    Inventor: Masashi Nagai
  • Patent number: 4760870
    Abstract: A machine for performing dados, grooves, mortises, etc., of controlled depth in cabinet component parts and the like. Consisting in part of a main frame with a plurality of elongated support members of equal length. Having incorporated a plurality of tooling mounted to said frame, consisting in part, a plurality of scoring blades which aid a plurality of cutters in removal of material in a predetermined groove. An automatic revolving cylindrical material transfer apparatus, being of geometric shapes, and effectively advancing a work piece underneath said scoring blades and said cutters, and holding said work piece firmly to work surface and against a guide. The operating sequences herein are preferable but not necessarily limited to automatic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1988
    Inventor: Dwight L. Speck
  • Patent number: 4742693
    Abstract: This invention relates to a cooling and heating system which operates on the absorption and phase change heat exchange principle. More particularly it relates to a continuous heat actuated, air cooled, double effect generator cycle, absorption system. In further aspects, this invention relates to a system constructed for use with an absorption refrigeration solution pair consisting of a nonvolatile absorbent and a highly volatile refrigerant which is highly soluble in the absorbent. A disclosed refrigerant pair are ammonia as the refrigerant and sodium thiocyanate as the absorbent. An absorption cycle is disclosed using the thermo physical properties of sodium thiocyanate/ammonia, absorption/refrigerant pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Columbia Gas System Service Corp.
    Inventors: Edward A. Reid, Jr., F. Bert Cook, Stephen P. Cremean, Richard H. Merrick, Edgar M. Purvis
  • Patent number: 4742687
    Abstract: This invention relates to a cooling and heating system which operates on the absorption and phase change heat exchange principle. More particularly it relates to a continuous heat actuated, air cooled, double effect generator cycle, absorption system. In further aspects, this invention relates to a system constructed for use with an absorption refrigeration solution pair consisting of a nonvolatile absorbent and a highly volatile refrigerant which is highly soluble in the absorbent. A disclosed refrigerant pair are ammonia as the refrigerant and sodium thiocyanate as the absorbent. An absorption cycle is disclosed using the thermo physical properties of sodium thiocyanate/ammonia, absorption/refrigerant pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Columbia Gas System Service Corporation
    Inventors: Edward A. Reid, F. Bert Cook, Edgar M. Purvis, Jr., Horatio H. Krause, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4737097
    Abstract: A concrete slab hand finishing tool is provided with, in combination, a flat floor surface working area, a lip offset surface working area joined to the flat floor surface working area, a flat lip surface working area joined to lip offset working area, and an edge surface working area joined to the flat lip surface working area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1988
    Inventor: Joseph A. Cotugno
  • Patent number: 4722193
    Abstract: This invention relates to a cooling and heating system which operates on the absorption and phase change heat exchange principle. More particularly it relates to a continuous heat actuated, air cooled, double effect generator cycle, absorption system. In further aspects, this invention relates to a system constructed for use with an absorption refrigeration solution pair consisting of a nonvolatile absorbent and a highly volatile refrigerant which is highly soluble in the absorbent. A disclosed refrigerant pair are ammonia as the refrigerant and sodium thiocyanate as the absorbent. An absorption cycle is disclosed using the thermo physical properties of sodium thiocyanate/ammonia, absorption/refrigerant pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1988
    Assignee: Columbia Gas System Service Corp.
    Inventors: Edgar M. Purvis, Edward A. Reid, Jr., F. Bert Cook, Stephen P. Cremean
  • Patent number: 4719767
    Abstract: This invention relates to a cooling and heating system which operates on the absorption and phase change heat exchange principle. More particularly it relates to a continuous heat actuated, air cooled, double effect generator cycle, absorption system. In further aspects, this invention relates to a system constructed for use with an absorption refrigeration solution pair consisting of a nonvolatile absorbent and a highly volatile refrigerant which is highly soluble in the absorbent. A disclosed refrigerant pair are ammonia as the refrigerant and sodium thiocyanate as the absorbent. An absorption cycle is disclosed using the thermo physical properties of sodium thiocyanate/ammonia, absorption/refrigerant pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1988
    Assignee: Columbia Gas System Service Corp.
    Inventors: Edward A. Reid, Jr., F. Bert Cook, Edward M. Winter, Richard H. Merrick, Edgar M. Purvis, Jr., Stephen P. Cremean
  • Patent number: 4706880
    Abstract: A rural mailbox structure including a "mails-in" signaling element that is operable to protrude laterally sideways and be visually apparent from the front and or rear when the mailbox is opened by rotation of the front door. Apparatus is included to maintain the signal element in the cocked unobservable position by a trigger rod engaged in an aperture in the signal element, which is disengaged when the front door is opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1987
    Inventor: Lloyd D. Peters
  • Patent number: 4699267
    Abstract: A luggage case provided with a removably mounted shoe rack for storing and transporting a plurality of pairs of shoes. The generally conventional luggage case includes a rectangular compartment and a hinged cover detachably connected thereto to open and close the compartment. The shoe rack includes rectangular, open rigid frame which is conformed to closely fit within the confines of the luggage compartment and a pair of horizontally extending rows of shoe-receiving members supported on said frame. The shoe receiving members are in the form of inwardly and upwardly directed prongs adapted to receive a shoe, toe first, with the general boundaries of said frame. Also included is a flexible pocket formed in the top of the frame having a closure flap to permit storage of other personal items therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1987
    Inventor: James A. Burke