Abstract: The subject invention relates to a system for identifying, for writing data into and reading data out of electronic tags which may be attached to moving and moveable objects. An interrogator sends an RF signal to a remote tag, the signal including data intended to be received and stored in the tag. The tag backscatter-modulates the received signal with data temporarily and permanently stored in the tag, including data indicating the identity of the object to which the tag is attached. The interrogator has the capability of (1) recognizing the identity of the tagged object from the returned backscatter-modulated signal and (2) transmitting data to the tag only if it has data to be transmitted to that particular tagged object. This permits data to be selectively transmitted to a tag and received and stored by that tag only after the tag has been identified as a correct one to receive that data.