Patents Represented by Attorney Scott A. Baum
  • Patent number: 8323072
    Abstract: A method of polishing transparent armor, preferably to optical clarity. The method can be used on flat or contoured armor, manually or via robotic automation. The method includes using a step-wise progression of diamond, structured abrasive articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Daniel A. Billig, John L. Barry, James L. McArdle, Ann M. Hawkins
  • Patent number: 8226869
    Abstract: To provide a method and a device for replicating structure which was capable of accurately replicating structure, even if a composition which was an object to be molded, has a relatively high viscosity. [Means for Solving] A method for replicating structure comprising the steps of: providing a film-form production tool having a front surface and a back surface, with a reversed shape of structure which is an object to be replicated, on the front surface; applying decompression to the front surface of the film-form production tool; sealing the reversed shape to keep decompression degree applied; filling a composition which is an object to be molded, with applying sufficient fluid pressure, in the reversed shape; and solidifying the object composition and transferring it on a substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Masanao Shikano, Seiji Morizaki, Yoshiyuki Takakusagi, Michihiro Ohishi
  • Patent number: 8206473
    Abstract: An abrasive composition including vitreous binding material; abrasive material; and a dimensional stabilizing additive (DSA), present in an amount that is from about 1 to about 40 volume percent of the abrasive composition, wherein the dimensionally stabilizing additive is inert to the binding material, and has a Mohs hardness of between 4 and 9, and wherein the abrasive composition does not include hollow sphere fillers. Also included is a method of making an abrasive articles, articles formed thereby; and articles formed from the abrasive compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Gary Michael Huzinec, William Francis Koval
  • Patent number: 8142891
    Abstract: Abrasive particles comprising dish-shaped abrasive particles each having a sidewall; each of the shaped abrasive particles comprising alpha alumina and having a first face and a second face separated by a thickness, t; and wherein either the first face or the second face is recessed or concave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Scott R. Culler, Dwight D. Erickson, Negus B. Adefris, John T. Boden, John D. Haas
  • Patent number: 8142532
    Abstract: Abrasive particles which are shaped abrasive particles each with an opening is disclosed. The shaped abrasive particles are formed from alpha alumina and have a first face and a second face separated by a thickness t. The opening in each of the shaped abrasive particles can improve grinding performance by reducing the size of a resulting wear flat, can provide a reservoir for grinding aid, and can improve adhesion to a backing in a coated abrasive article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Dwight D. Erickson, Scott R. Culler, Negus B. Adefris, John T. Boden, John D. Haas
  • Patent number: 8142531
    Abstract: Shaped abrasive particles each having a sloping sidewall, each of the shaped abrasive particles comprising alpha alumina and having a first face and a second face separated by a thickness, t. The shaped abrasive particles further comprising either: a draft angle ? between the second face and the sloping sidewall, and the draft angle ? is between about 95 degrees to about 130 degrees, or the sloping sidewall having a radius, R, between the first face and the second face and the radius, R, is between about 0.5 to about 2 times the thickness, t.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Negus B. Adefris, Dwight D. Erickson, Scott R. Culler, John T. Boden, John D. Haas
  • Patent number: 8123828
    Abstract: By controlling the process parameters and by using a polymeric production tooling having a plurality of mold cavities, different types of shaped abrasive particles selected from the group consisting of abrasive shards, dish-shaped abrasive particles, and shaped abrasive particles with an opening can be produced from the exact same mold. In one embodiment, the mold comprised a plurality of equilateral triangles and fractured precursor abrasive particles, dish-shaped precursor abrasive particles, or precursor shaped abrasive particles with an opening were produced from the same mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Scott R. Culler, Dwight D. Erickson, Negus B. Adefris, John T. Boden, John D. Haas
  • Patent number: 8080073
    Abstract: A method of making an abrasive article including the steps of treating a plurality of cavities in a contacting surface of a production tool by plasma deposition of a thin film thereby forming a plurality of plasma treated cavities. Filling the plurality of plasma treated cavities in the production tool with an abrasive slurry, and at least partially curing the abrasive slurry while residing in the plurality of cavities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Moses M. David, Scott R. Culler, John T. Boden
  • Patent number: 8080072
    Abstract: Abrasive articles, and methods of making abrasive articles that include a supersize coating or component, such as one configured to inhibit the collection of dust and/or swarf on the abrasive coating. The supersize component can be applied to the abrasive coating after converting the abrasive article with a laser or other conversion mechanism, whether non-contact or mechanical contact. In some embodiments, no fresh or exposed abrasive or backing surfaces exist; that is, the supersize component covers all surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Edward J. Woo, Ehrich J. Braunschweig, Charles J. Studiner, IV
  • Patent number: 8070862
    Abstract: A dust collection device for a sanding tool comprising a bag having a sidewall and a coupler attached to the bag. The sidewall comprising a first filter layer, a second filter layer, and an outer support layer. The first filter layer comprising a plurality of fibrillated electrostatically charged electret fibers forming a nonwoven web; the first filter layer having a total pressure drop between about 0.1 to about 4.0 mm H2O, and the first filter layer having a total basis weight between about 50 to about 450 gram/m2. The second filter layer comprising a melt blown microfiber nonwoven web; the second filter layer having a total pressure drop between about between about 5.5 to about 20.0 mm H2O, and the second filter layer having a total basis weight between about 15 to about 75 grams/m2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Edward J. Woo, Seyed A. Angadjivand, Rufus C. Sanders, Jr., Edward L. Manor, Robert A. Harkins, Ehrich J. Bräunschweig, Joseph B. Eckel, Timothy J. Rowell
  • Patent number: 8034137
    Abstract: Precursor alpha alumina abrasive particles in a mold are subjected to a drying process that cracks or fractures at least a majority of the precursor abrasive particles into at least two pieces thereby producing abrasive shards having a smaller size than the mold cavity from which they were made. The smaller abrasive shards, once formed, could be reassembled like jigsaw puzzle pieces to reproduce the original cavity shape of the mold from which they were made. The cracking or fracturing of the precursor abrasive particles is believed to occur by ensuring that the surface tension of the abrasive dispersion to the walls of the mold is greater than the internal attractive forces of the abrasive dispersion as the abrasive dispersion is dried within the mold cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2011
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Dwight D. Erickson, Scott R. Culler, Negus B. Adefris, John T. Boden, John D. Haas
  • Patent number: 7959694
    Abstract: Abrasive articles, and methods of making abrasive articles by using a laser to convert (e.g., cut) at least a portion of the abrasive coating to form the abrasive article. The method includes laser propagation impinging on the abrasive back side (opposite the abrasive coating) and progressing through to the abrasive side. Such a process inhibits ridging effects around cut regions (e.g., openings) on the front side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: 3m Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ehrich J. Braunschweig, Rufus C. Sanders, Charles J. Studiner, IV, Edward J. Woo
  • Patent number: 7887608
    Abstract: An abrasive agglomerate includes a plurality of abrasive grains bonded together in a three-dimensional structure by a substantially continuous, non-porous inorganic binder, wherein the abrasive grains have an average size of between about 0.5 microns and about 1500 microns, the inorganic binder is less than about 75 percent, by weight, of the abrasive agglomerate, and the bulk density of the abrasive agglomerate is less than about 90 percent of the bulk density of the abrasive grains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Mark G. Schwabel, Dwight D. Erickson
  • Patent number: 7661247
    Abstract: A system for packaging resin bonded molded abrasive articles having a flexible package comprising at least one sidewall defining an enclosed volume and at least one resin bonded abrasive article positioned within the enclosed volume. The sidewall comprises a multilayer barrier composite having a water vapor transmission rate that is less than 0.5 grams per 645 square centimeters (100 square inches) per 24 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2010
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Mark G. Schwabel, Jeffrey W. Nelson, Joseph A. Scheller
  • Patent number: 7553346
    Abstract: The invention provides a method and apparatus for making an abrasive product comprising providing a substantially horizontally deployed flexible backing having a first surface bearing an at least partially cured primer coating and an opposite second surface; providing a dry flowable particle mixture comprising abrasive particles and particulate curable binder material; depositing a temporary layer comprising said particle mixture on the at least partially cured primer coating of the first surface of the backing; softening said particulate curable binder material to provide adhesion between adjacent abrasive particles; embossing the layer comprising softened particulate curable binder material and abrasive particles to provide a pattern of raised areas and depressed areas and curing the softened particulate curable binder material to convert the embossed layer into a permanent embossed layer comprised of cured particulate binder material and abrasive particles and cure the at least partially cured primer coati
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Dennis G. Welygan, Jason A. Chesley, Louis S. Moren
  • Patent number: D572019
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2008
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ehrich J. Braunschweig, Charles J. Studiner, IV
  • Patent number: D578310
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ehrich J. Braunschweig, Charles J. Studiner, IV
  • Patent number: D582684
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ehrich J. Braunschweig, Charles J. Studiner, IV
  • Patent number: D645065
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Ehrich J. Braunschweig, Charles J. Studiner, IV
  • Patent number: D673243
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Deborah M. Bryan, Martin J. Blaze