Patents Represented by Attorney Shao-Hua Guo
  • Patent number: 7932323
    Abstract: Disclosed is an adhesive composition. The adhesive composition comprises a polyolefin, a maleated polyolefin, a Bronsted acid, and an antioxidant. The adhesive composition has improved oxidative stability compared with those which do not contain Bronsted acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Maged G. Botros, Robert L. Sherman, Jr., Charles S. Holland
  • Patent number: 7875679
    Abstract: A polypropylene resin composition comprising 40 to 80% of a polypropylene component (A) comprising a copolymer of propylene with ethylene and/or a C4-12 ?-olefin, or a homopolymer of propylene, and 20 to 60% of a copolymer component (B) containing copolymer (B-1) and copolymer (B-2), wherein both (B-1) and (B-2) are copolymers of propylene with ethylene and/or a C4-12 ?-olefin, in (B-1) the amount of units derived from propylene is more than 50% to 85%, and in (B-2) the amount of units derived from propylene is 15 to 50%, the molecular weight distribution is 3.0 or less, and blockness is 1.3 or less; in which composition the amount of (B-2) is 3% or more, and the ratio of the limiting viscosity of (B-1) to the viscosity of (A). is 1.5 or less, and the ratio of the limiting viscosity of (B-1) to the viscosity of (B-2) is 0.8 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Bassell Poliolefine Italia S.p.A.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Fudaba, Nobuyuki Mitarai, Katsuharu Tagashira
  • Patent number: 7868108
    Abstract: The present invention relates to transition metal compounds of the formula (I), a process for preparing polyolefins by polymerization or copolymerization of at least one olefin in the presence of at least one olefin in the presence of at least one of the catalyst systems according to the invention and the use of the ligand systems according to the invention for preparing transition metal compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Shahram Mihan, Benno Bildstein, Alexander Solchinger, Lars Kölling
  • Patent number: 7855255
    Abstract: Disclosed is a polyethylene composition. The composition comprises single-site multimodal resin A and single-site multimodal resin B, wherein resin A differs from resin B in molecular weight, in monomeric composition, in density, in long chain branch concentration or distribution, or in combinations thereof. Disclosed is also a method for making the polyethylene composition. The method comprises polymerizing, in the presence of two or more single-site catalysts, ethylene or its mixture with a C3-C10 ?-olefin to form a first multimodal resin and continuing the polymerization in the presence of the same catalysts but in a different hydrogen concentration, in a different monomer composition, or at a different temperature to form a second multimodal resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2010
    Assignee: Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Venki Chandrashekar, Mark P. Mack, Charles H. Gates, Jr., Charles S. Holland, Natalia Nagy, Sandor M. Nagy, Edward S. Vargas, Jean A. Merrick-Mack
  • Patent number: 7838607
    Abstract: Process for preparing an antistatic for olefin polymerization by contacting an antistatically acting compound comprising at least one hydrogen atom bound to a nonmetallic heteroatom with at least one metal alkyl in an amount which is sufficient to react completely with the at least one hydrogen atom bound to a heteroatom, wherein the antistatically acting compound and the metal alkyl are each present in a concentration of at least 0.01% by weight during contacting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventor: Shahram Mihan
  • Patent number: 7834107
    Abstract: Process for preparing polyolefins having high molecular weights in the presence of a catalyst comprising an organic transition metal compound in a gas-phase fluidized-bed reactor, where the polyolefins prepared have a melt flow rate at 2.16 kg and 190° C. in accordance with ISO 1133 of less than 4 g/10 min. According to the present invention, a start-up phase during which a polyolefin having an increased melt flow rate of above 4 g/10 min is produced for a transitional period is provided. In this way, trouble-free start-up of the reactor is ensured even in the case of polymer products having a high molecular weight and a melt flow rate below 4 g/10 min and even when using catalysts based on organic transition metal compounds, in particular metallocene catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Alexander Köppl, Rainer Karer, Ulrich Nieken
  • Patent number: 7829641
    Abstract: A two-stage cascade polymerization process for the production of multimodal polyethylene film resins with improved bubble stability is provided. The process comprises polymerizing ethylene or a mixture of ethylene and a C4-8 ?-olefin in two reactors arranged in series using a mixed single-site catalyst comprised of a bridged and a non-bridged indenoindolyl transition metal complex to form a multimodal polyethylene resin comprised of a lower molecular weight, higher density component and a higher molecular weight, lower density component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Bradley P. Etherton, Stephen M. Imfeld, Philip J. Garrison
  • Patent number: 7811968
    Abstract: A method for preparing supported palladium-gold catalysts is disclosed. The method comprises increasing the porosity of a titanium dioxide support, impregnating the support with a palladium salt, a gold salt, and an optional alkali metal or ammonium compound, and reducing the calcined support. The resultant supported palladium-gold catalysts have increased activity in the acetoxylation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventor: Steven M. Augustine
  • Patent number: 7812191
    Abstract: A method for removing hydrocarbon impurities from acetic acid is disclosed. The method comprises extracting acetic acid with a hydrophilic imidazolium salt. The imidazolium salt preferably has the general structure of wherein X? is a counter ion and R1, R2, R3, R4, and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of C1-C6 hydrocarbon substitutes. The method is useful for removing hydrocarbon impurities from the alkane distillation bottoms stream of a methanol carbonylation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Noel C. Hallinan, Brian A. Salisbury
  • Patent number: 7794848
    Abstract: A multilayer film and a method of making the film are disclosed. In the method a multilayer film is post-oriented uniaxially in the machine direction resulting in a film that has a water vapor transmission rate of less than 2.5 g-mil/m2-day and an oxygen transmission rate of less than 1.5 cm2-mil/m2-day. The film of this invention is ideal for applications requiring low water vapor and oxygen transmission rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventor: D. Ryan Breese
  • Patent number: 7790919
    Abstract: A method for removing hydrocarbon impurities from an acetic acid production process is disclosed. The method comprises distilling at least a portion of the heavy organic phase from the decanter of the acetic acid production process into a vapor stream comprising the majority of methyl iodide (i.e., over 50% of the methyl iodide from the heavy organic phase) and a bottoms stream comprising the majority of acetic acid, methyl acetate, methyl iodide and the hydrocarbon impurity (i.e., over 50% of each of the components from the heavy organic phase); extracting the bottoms stream with water, an acetic acid aqueous solution, or with a methanol aqueous solution to form an organic phase comprising the majority of the hydrocarbon impurity (over 50% of the hydrocarbon impurity from the bottom stream) and an aqueous phase comprising the majority of methyl iodide (over 50% of the methyl iodide from the bottoms stream); and recycling the aqueous phase to the carbonylation reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Noel C. Hallinan, Brian A. Salisbury
  • Patent number: 7790920
    Abstract: A process for producing acetic acid is disclosed. The process comprises carbonylating methanol to form a reaction mixture comprising a catalyst, catalyst stabilizer, acetic acid, methanol, methyl iodide, methyl acetate, water, and carbon monoxide and introducing at least a portion of the reaction mixture to a distillation column to separate into a bottom steam comprising the catalyst and catalyst stabilizer, a sidedraw stream comprising acetic acid and water, and an overhead stream comprising methanol, methyl acetate, methyl iodide, and water. The process of the invention eliminates the use of flash tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Wayne J. Brtko, Michael E. Fitzpatrick, Brian A. Salisbury
  • Patent number: 7767613
    Abstract: Polyethylene which comprises ethylene homopolymers and copolymers of ethylene with ?-olefins and has a molar mass distribution width Mw/Mn of from 6 to 100, a density of from 0.89 to 0.97 g/cm3, a weight average molar mass Mw of from 5000 g/mol to 700,000 g/mol and has from 0.01 to 20 branches/1000 carbon atoms and at least 0.5 vinyl groups/1000 carbon atoms, wherein the 5-50% by weight of the polyethylene having the lowest molar masses have a degree of branching of less than 10 branches/1000 carbon atoms and the 5-50% by weight of the polyethylene having the highest molar masses have a degree of branching of more than 2 branches/1000 carbon atoms, a process for its preparation, catalysts suitable for its preparation and also fibers, moldings, films or polymer blends in which this polyethylene is present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventor: Shahram Mihan
  • Patent number: 7767767
    Abstract: A method of modifying polyethylene is disclosed. The method comprises contacting the polyethylene powder with ozone. The modified polyethylene exhibits an increase in melt elasticity and the complex viscosity at low shear rates. The rheological benefits are achieved without a significant reduction in the weight average molecular weight of the polyethylene. The modified polyethylene can be used in applications that require higher melt strength such as film or blow molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Andrew J. Scheie, Richard T. E. Sylvester
  • Patent number: 7740951
    Abstract: Multilayered structures formed from two or more polymeric layers are fabricated to obtain a single structure preferably having advantages of each of the separate layers. Polyolefin-based substrates can provide a layer with a good balance of stiffness and impact resistance, excellent processability, and relatively lower cost. Tie layers, preferably physically positioned adjacent a polyolefin-based substrate layer, facilitates adhering additional layer(s) together with the polyolefin-based substrate. Suitable tie layers generally include a multicomponent blend of at least one vinyl cyanide-containing component and at least one styrenic block copolymer component. Preferably, the additional layers include at least one acrylate-based cap layer, which can have a glossy, scratch resistance outer layer with excellent optical characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Assignee: LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins USA Inc.
    Inventors: Tara Thomasson, Kyle Davis, Marta Drewniak
  • Patent number: 7737229
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the continuous preparation of ethylene homopolymers or copolymers in the presence of free-radical polymerization initiators and, if desired, molecular weight regulators at from 120° C. to 350° C. and pressures in the range from 100 to 4000 bar, in which the polymer is separated from unpolymerized ethylene in a high-pressure stage at a pressure of from 100 to 500 bar and at least one low-pressure stage at a pressure of from 1 to 100 bar and the ethylene separated off in the high-pressure stage is separated from remaining monomeric, oligomeric and/or polymeric constituents and recirculated to the inlet of the tube reactor in a high-pressure circuit and the ethylene separated off in the low-pressure stage is separated from remaining monomeric, oligomeric and/or polymeric constituents and recirculated to the inlet of the tube reactor in a low-pressure circuit. The initiator is used as a solution in an isoparaffinic solvent having a boiling point of not more than 160° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Andrei Gonioukh, Gernot Köhler, Theo Teuber, Thomas Dröge
  • Patent number: 7737230
    Abstract: Method of determining the composition of polymer mixtures comprising defined polymer components of differing mean molar masses Mn, which comprises the steps (a) recording of at least one 1H-NMR relaxation curve of the polymer mixture and (b) calculating the proportions of the polymer components by matching the measured relaxation curve with the relaxation curves of the individual polymer components. In this way, the composition of polymer mixtures can be determined quickly and simply. Furthermore, process integration for regulating the polymerization is possible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Shahram Mihan, Dieter Lilge, Wolfgang Rohde
  • Patent number: 7687575
    Abstract: Adhesive blends suitable for use as tie-layer adhesives for a variety of substrates used in multi-layer film and sheet constructions are provided. The adhesive blends contain a polyolefin base resin, a functionalized polyolefin and a propylene elastomer containing isotactic propylene crystallinity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Chun D. Lee, Timothy S. Schloemer
  • Patent number: 7550065
    Abstract: A method for recovering a solvent from its mixture containing oligomers extracted from grafted polyolefins is disclosed. The method includes distilling the solvent from the mixture in the presence of a naphthalene compound. The method of the invention significantly increases the solvent recovering yield without causing the vessel fouling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Majid Keyvani, Jude T. Ruszkay, Edward P. Carey
  • Patent number: 7534341
    Abstract: Method of metering at least one solid, particulate catalyst into a reactor containing a fluidized bed (11) of particles in an at least partly gaseous medium, in which the catalyst is metered discontinuously at prescribed time intervals into the fluidized bed (11) at at least one metering point (10). According to the present invention, a fluid stream is firstly introduced into the reactor (5) so that a region having a reduced particle density is formed in the fluidized bed (11) around the metering point (10) and the catalyst is subsequently metered into this region. As a result of the prior introduction of a fluid stream (“preblowing”) before the actual introduction of the catalyst, the catalyst can penetrate significantly deeper into the fluidized bed from the metering point due to the reduced particle density and is dispersed better.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Rainer Karer, Kaspar Evertz, Peter Kölle, Hans-Jacob Feindt