Abstract: A versatile articulated magnetic toy having removable appendages is provided. Body shells encapsulate a magnet and pair of armature plates. The armature plates include beveled edges to form joints and are retained on either side of the magnet by the magnetic flux. The magnet is hollow and can be aligned by the respective body shells and can further accommodate a chest cavity projectile firing mechanism. The appendages advantageously resemble humanoid arms and legs. An arm appendage can include a spring-loaded firing mechanism capable of discharging the first portion of the arm as a projectile. The ease with which the appendages can be removed permits the addition of various accessories to form modified toy assemblies.
Abstract: A small single lens reflex camera for use with a 110 film format cartridge is provided. The size of the camera body can be maintained at a minimum by an improved view finder optical system which coacts with a movable mirror movable into and out of the photographic path in correlation with the releasing operation of a shutter. A series of reflecting mirrors are utilized in the viewfinder assembly within certain angular design parameters to maintain a compact shape while permitting a highly accurate focusing system. The viewfinder optical system can be assembled as a relatively stationary sealed module unit. The movable mirror is adjustable relative to the optical path to optimize its alignment and calibration focusing of an image on the focusing plate of the module viewfinder.
Abstract: The present invention provides a multifaceted reflecting polygon scanner system that is suitable for incorporation into a projector, camera, or other optical scanning or image immobilizing apparatus. The rotating reflecting optical system of the present invention, is capable of being combined with a continuous film transport to produce an overlap frame dissolve of sequential frames for optical immobilization of a projected image. The present invention includes a primary roof reflecting polygon, a secondary reflecting polygon, and an image surface. By proper choice of the polygon parameters and their juxtaposition relative to the image surface, the present invention uniquely provides a significantly higher relative aperture with minimal kinetic aberrations such as dynamic keystone distortion and minimal static aberrations. In one embodiment, a pair of roof reflectors of a 60.degree. and 90.degree.
Abstract: The present invention is an action game apparatus for two or more players and includes a disc, or puck, capable of simulating a mouse and a shell housing enclosing a playing surface and having a plurality of apertures creating an appearance of a Swiss cheese cake. An L-shaped stick is utilized by the respective players for insertion through the apertures to strike the game disc. A plurality of goal openings are mounted about the periphery of the shell housing and a player scores when a disc is propelled through a goal. A scoring device including a peg and a plurality of holes can also be mounted adjacent the shell housing.
Abstract: A deflector assembly for a spray gun includes a mounting collar and a pivotable deflector blade. The mounting collar has a plurality of locking tines, or fingers, for permanent snap engagement about a spray nozzle. The mounting collar further includes a support tube with a pivotable groove on an upper surface and a pair of locking detents on a lower surface. The mounting collar is rotatable about the spray nozzle. The deflector blade comprises a locking retainer having a pivotal shoulder of a complementary shape to that of the pivotal groove of the mounting collar. The deflecting blade further includes a camming or prong lock capable of interengaging with the locking detents on the mounting collar. The deflector blade includes a plate member extending from the locking retainer having a planar impact surface on one side and a serrated surface on the other.
December 16, 1976
Date of Patent:
July 25, 1978
The Leisure Group
Jacob De Gelder, William Harvey Hill, Ronald F. Englhard
Abstract: An improved modular office screen system is provided having a hollow rigid frame member and a central sound-absorbing panel. Relatively movable support legs are adjustably mounted within the rigid frame member. A guide sleeve and fastener can form an aperture for receiving an upright channel of the support leg and further for adjustably holding a force bearing member to permit a subjective positioning of the support member relative to the frame member. Alternatively, a removable leg extension member can permit adjustment of the frame member when positioned above the floor.
Abstract: An improved Gauss type lens system having a long back focal length with a relatively high aperture ratio is provided. The Gauss type lens system can comprise a five group, seven lens element system wherein the overall length of the lens system is less than 90 percent of its focal length. The Gauss type lens system has design parameters within the following ranges, wherein the sub-numbers refer to respective lens characteristics, sequentially measured from the object to image side:1.7 < r8/r6 < 1.9, (1)0.9 < r10/r8 < 1.2, (2)0.67 < (d.sub.6 + d.sub.7)/(d.sub.3 + d.sub.4) < 0.87, (3)1.65 <n.sub.2 < 1.72, (4)n.sub.5 > 1.72, n.sub.6 > 1.72 (5)wherein,r represents the radius of curvature;d represents the axial distance, andn represents the refractive index.
Abstract: A color encoding video system such as a single or double tube color television camera has an optical grating low pass filter positioned in a plane substantially adjacent the focal plane of the image pickup tube. A separate and interchangeable image forming objective optical system can be mounted on the body of the camera for focusing an object scene on the photosensitive element of the pickup tube. The filter grating pattern can be stripes or lenticular lenses and has a spatial frequency along the scanning direction limited to a value not greater than the highest spatial frequency available for detection of the luminous signals whereby optical imaging problems are prevented regardless of the aperture opening of the objective optical system.
Abstract: An articulated doll figure, such as a robot, having removable appendages and capable of locomotion is provided. The robot figure is particularly adaptable to be separated into subcomponents to form individually or in conjunction with accessory items, independent toys. In this regard, a body or trunk member having an electrical motor is connected to appropriate power transmissions to provide rotational couplings on at least four separate positions on the trunk member plus directly driving an endless track drive pivotally mounted on the back of the trunk member. A lower torso portion can support another transmission assembly to provide sequential linear displacement motion in either branch of the legs. Lower leg members like the lower torso, are removable and each includes a roller assembly capable of coacting with a clutching member to provide unidirectional rotation. Each lower leg member can be mounted for connection with the torso transmission means to provide a walking motion for the robot.
Abstract: A space command toy station is provided including a pair of parallel substantially hexagonal frame members. Extending between the hexagonal frame members are front and rear planar surface members. The rear planar surface member is pivotally mounted and includes an observation platform displaced outwardly at an angle therefrom. The rear planar surface when rotated, closes its original space and causes the observation platform to close a space along the top between said frame members. A front platform member is mounted by a press-fit attachable pivot arm and is movable to extend from the frame of the space command station or to form a wall thereof. The toy also includes a pair of manually rotatable seats and a spring actuated ejection seat.
Abstract: A two dimensional optical phase grating filter is provided that is capable of limiting the transmittance of spacial frequency signals in one or more scan directions. The two dimensional grating of the present invention can be utilized as an optical low pass filter to improve image resolution in a color video system. In the color video system, the two dimensional grating filter could be designed to optically complement a dichroic stripe filter to prevent the introduction of spurious signals by any interference of luminance and chrominance signals. The design parameters of the present invention provide an improved cut-off characteristic with grating widths larger than one-half of the filter period. The two dimensional phase grating filter of the present invention can also be utilized in other optical systems, such as an automatic focusing system, where it is desired to pass only a certain spacial frequency as a monitored signal for the automatic adjustment of the focus of the optical system.
Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of preparing a substrate to improve the adherence of a metallic coating to the substrate and the product thereof. More particularly, a method of manufactiring a molded circuit board and unique circuit board produced thereby, is disclosed. A molding compound, such as an epoxy resin is blended with a plating additive, such as calcium carbonate that is relatively inert to the molding compound. The blended mix can then be molded into a desired shape which, for a printed circuit board, can be a relatively flat plate configuration with a recessed groove and hole formation pattern. The high relief areas of the circuit board can be masked with a protective material. The plating additive can then be chemically etched from the grooved recessed area and holes, for example, by a hydrochloric acid bath. Appropriate catalyst and accelerators can be applied to the recessed groove pattern before the protective mask material is removed.
November 3, 1975
Date of Patent:
March 21, 1978
Metropolitan Circuits Incorporated of California
Edward A. Cuneo, Makoto Kato, Michael S. Wilson, Aaron L. Pinkerton
Abstract: The present lens system is capable of providing not only a zooming function over a relatively wide range, but also macrophotography. The zoom lens system includes a first lens group capable of varying the focal length without a loss of focus and a second lens group forming a master lens group. The second lens group is spatially displaced on the image side of the first lens group and includes a lens component movably mounted on the optical axis of the system that is capable of varying the focal length of the second lens group. The movable lens component in the second lens group has two positions which will provide the same final image plane for the entire zoom lens system, for example, a forward and backward position does not introduce any image plane deviations and permits an extension of the zoom range of the total lens system. The intermediate position of the movable lens component of the second lens group can be utilized for focusing in a macrophotography range.
Abstract: A combination optical low pass filter adapted for use in a single or double tube color television camera is provided with a phase retarding pattern on a transparent substrate. The pattern includes optical elements having a transmissivity which varies with the wavelength of light passing there through so that the optical low pass filter functions as both a phase diffraction and an amplitude diffraction filter. Medium indexed filler material can further supplement the pattern to eliminate any light scattering.
Abstract: A word processing system capable of encoding or printing a large number of characters is provided. The present invention is particularly valuable in the encoding and printing of a large number of characters in a foreign language such as Japanese Kanji, and the like. The word processing system will respond to either local switch control or computer generated printing commands. A font storage tray can be operatively connected with optical readers or the like to encode X-Y character positions for storage. The word processing system is easily convertible from a manual typewriter operation to an automatic printer operation. In the manual or encoding mode of operation a removable stylus is utilized in a panographic manner for selecting and positioning the font characters for respectively, loading and printing as a typewriter, or coordinating the combination of optical read codes to store or generate X and Y positions.
Abstract: A substantially spherical or ball-shaped toy is provided and includes a number of press- and snap-fitted spherical sections which may be removed from a base member and attached at various positions on the base member to form various other toy configurations. The base additionally encloses an electric motor and driving assembly to provide motion in the various configurations.
Abstract: A compact varifocal lens system, such as a zoom lens assembly, is provided having a front focusing lens component of negative refractive power, a variator lens component of positive refractive power, a compensator lens component of negative refractive power and a master lens component. The lens assembly has a compact configuration and further, provides a highly desirable macrophotography capability. The macrophotography mode of operation can be effected by fixing one of the variator and compensator lens components, or by separating one of the variator and compensator lens components into positive and negative subcomponents with a predetermined relative positioning of the subcomponents to provide a close-up focusing.
Abstract: A doll is provided having a plurality of segments which are coupled operably but removably to each other. Each segment has a joint portion or portions which provide an articulation or a joint means in combination with a counterpart joint portion or portions of another segment, when assembled. The articulation or joint means comprises a magnet means built in one segment, and a counterpart joint portion of a magnetic material which is part of another segment. The magnet means comprises a permanent magnet and a pair of pole pieces formed with extension portions which provide magnetic gaps to the aforesaid counterpart portions of another segment, defining joint positions. The counterpart portion described is attracted to the aforesaid pair of pole pieces in the aforesaid joint position to allow for relative movement to the pole pieces.