Abstract: Techniques, systems, apparatus and material are disclosed for generating renewable energy from biomass waste while sequestering carbon. In one aspect, a method performed by a reactor to dissociate raw biomass waste into a renewable source energy or a carbon byproduct or both includes receiving the raw biomass waste that includes carbon, hydrogen and oxygen to be dissociated under an anaerobic reaction. Waste heat is recovered from an external heat source to heat the received raw biomass waste. The heated raw biomass waste is dissociated to produce the renewable fuel, carbon byproduct or both. The dissociating includes compacting the heated raw biomass waste, generating heat from an internal heat source, and applying the generated heat to the compacted biomass waste under pressure.
Abstract: Systems and methods for collecting portions of a target sample are disclosed herein. A method for detecting the presence and/or properties of a target sample can include selectively collecting a portion of a target sample with a sample collector and detecting, with the sample collector, the presence of one or more properties of the microscopic portion of the target sample. The method also includes analyzing, with the sample collector, the one or more properties of the microscopic portion of the target sample. Based on the analysis, the method further includes reporting, from the sample collector, a real-time indication of the analysis of the one or more properties of the target sample. The method can also include at least partially removing the microscopic portion of the target sample from the sample collector.
Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a system for delivery of a target material and/or energy. The system includes a source configured to provide a mixture containing the target material and a non-target material, a delivery conduit coupled to the source to receive the mixture from the source, and an in-line extraction device concentric to the delivery conduit. The in-line extraction device is configured to selectively extract the target material and/or energy from the mixture in the delivery conduit and to delivery it to a downstream facility.
Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally a fuel injector configured to inject fuel into a combustion chamber. The fuel injector includes a body having a base portion opposite a nozzle portion, wherein the base portion is configured to receive the fuel into the body, and the nozzle portion is configured to be positioned adjacent to the combustion chamber. The fuel injector also includes a valve assembly carried by the base portion of the body. The valve assembly may have a first valve coupled to a first actuator and a second valve coupled to a second actuator. The fuel injector further includes an igniter carried by the nozzle portion of the body and configured to ignite the fuel in the combustion chamber.
Abstract: Described is a coffee machine (1) comprising a brewing member (5, 5′), a support surface (15) for ground coffee and a member (3, 6, 7) for applying water to the ground coffee, in which it is possible to level off the ground coffee positioned on the support surface (15) in a constructionally simple and generally applicable manner to obtain a layer having a substantially uniform thickness. To this end there is provided a member (22, 24, 25, 122, 222, 322) which guides water in a purposefully non-uniform manner over the ground coffee such that the ground coffee is distributed over the support surface (15) in a layer having a substantially uniform thickness.
December 1, 1999
Date of Patent:
February 4, 2003
WMF Wurttembergische Metallwarenfabrik AG
Abstract: The present invention provides a portable greenhouse structure comprising a base in the shape of a right-polygonal cylinder having a top and a bottom, wherein the base comprises a plurality of wall panels connected along abutting edges; a hemispherical roof attached to the top of the base, wherein the hemispherical roof has a polygonal hole in the apex thereof; and a polygonal panel having the same shape as the polygonal hole, wherein the polygonal panel is moveable between an open position and a closed position, and wherein the polygonal panel sealably covers the polygonal hole when in the closed position.
Abstract: A rapidly dispersing dosage form is described, which releases its active ingredients within a period of less than about ninety seconds. These dosage forms exhibit a three-dimensional shape that is retained for adequate storage but is readily dispersed in the presence of excess moisture. Also disclosed are methods of administration of a medicament and a process for the preparation of rapidly dispersing dosage forms.
February 20, 1998
Date of Patent:
October 29, 2002
Jaedeok Yoo, Sandeep Kumar, Donald C. Monkhouse
Abstract: A rotary type internal combustion engine having stationary stator housing and a rotor, which is rotatably mounted within the stator housing. The rotor has a thrust face, which is exposed to combusted gases within the engine. The thrust face has a variable surface area. The stator has a profiled inner surface or a contoured end cap which varies the surface area of the thrust face exposed to combusting gases and thus provides the engine with a required torque characteristic.
Abstract: A method for realizing alignment marks on a semiconductor device employs a thicker dielectric layer than in the prior art. The method is used during a manufacturing process including at least a Chemical Mechanical Polishing process step, and includes forming alignment marks on a portion of a semiconductor substrate; masking the marks portion during a further deposition step of a first conductive layer covered by a first dielectric layer; depositing a first conformal metal layer over the first dielectric layer and over the marks portion; depositing a second dielectric layer over the first metal layer; and performing a CMP process step to planarize the second dielectric layer; wherein the thickness of the first dielectric layer is high enough that the second dielectric layer covers the alignment marks portion under the level of the first dielectric top surface thereby preventing the CMP process step to planarize the marks portion.
Abstract: A treadmill with at least one endless belt provided with a plurality of tread lamellae and guided around two deflection pulleys which are arranged one behind the other with parallel axes, the deflection pulleys being smooth in the area where they are in contact with the belt and at least one belt being implemented as a flat belt. Each tread lamella is provided with at least one engagement element projecting from the lower surface of the tread lamella. In addition, at least two stabilizers are provided, which are connected to the deflection pulley such that they are secured against rotation relative thereto, a stabilizer of this kind being in engagement with an engagement element on the lower surface of a tread lamella when the circumferential area of the deflection pulley, which rotates in synchronism with the stabilizer, is in contact with the at least one belt, and at least one stabilizer being always in engagement with the engagement element of a tread lamella.