Abstract: A surgical apparatus for delivering a conductive fluid to a target site for ablating bodily tissue. The apparatus includes a tube fluidly connected to a source of conductive fluid. The tube defines a proximal portion, a distal portion and a central pathway. The central pathway extends from the proximal portion to the distal portion and is configured to direct flow of conductive fluid to the distal portion. The distal portion is configured for placement at a target site of bodily tissue and forms a helical slot. The helical slot is configured to allow flow of conductive fluid from the central pathway. Following delivery of the conductive fluid, an electrical current is applied to create a virtual electrode for ablating bodily tissue at the target site.
Abstract: An electrocautery device is disclosed. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the electrocautery electrode/tip is provided with a hollow, conductive tube terminating at its distal end in a ball point type tip. Fluid, preferably conductive fluid, is applied to the proximal end of the hollow electrode/tip, and expelled from the distal end thereof during electrocautery. The ball point distal tip allows the distal tip to be directly applied to the tissue and “rolled” or slid along the tissue. This allows the distal tip to be moved across the tissue without dragging or snagging on the tissue. In addition, the conductive fluid expelled from the distal tip further lubricates the distal tip as it moves across the tissue. If conductive fluid is used, the conductive fluid emanating from the electrode/tip conducts the RF electrocautery energy away from the distal tip so that it is primarily the fluid, rather than the distal tip that actually accomplishes the cauterizing of tissue.
Abstract: A surgical apparatus for delivering a conductive fluid to a target site for subsequent formation of a virtual electrode to ablate bodily tissue at the target site by applying a current to the delivered conductive fluid. The surgical apparatus includes an elongated device forming a helical needle. The helical needle is configured to engage bodily tissue and is hollow for delivering conductive fluid from a fluid source. Finally, the helical needle terminates in a needle tip. In one preferred embodiment, an electrode is associated with the helical needle for applying a current to conductive fluid delivered from the helical needle. During use, following delivery of conductive fluid, the electrode applies a current to the delivered conductive fluid for creating a virtual electrode. The virtual electrode ablates bodily tissue contacted by the conductive fluid.
July 6, 1999
Date of Patent:
March 25, 2003
Peter M. J. Mulier, Michael F. Hoey, Richard H. Comben
Abstract: A surgical micro-shaving instrument including an outer tubular member coaxially maintaining an inner tubular member. The outer tubular member is an elongated body defining a distal section, a proximal section and a central lumen extending from the distal section to the proximal section. The distal section forms an elevator tip and a cutting window. The cutting window is positioned proximal the elevator tip and is connected to the central lumen. The elevator tip terminates at a blade-like edge and is non-blunt. In one preferred embodiment, the elevator tip terminates in a knife edge. Regardless, the elevator tip defines a top surface extending from the elevator window. In one preferred embodiment, the top surface extends in an angular fashion, planar with a plane of the cutting window. In another preferred embodiment, the top surface includes a proximal portion and a distal portion. With this configuration, the proximal portion is planar with a plane of the cutting window.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for creating a virtual electrode to ablate bodily tissue. The surgical apparatus includes an inner tube and an outer tube. The inner tube defines a proximal portion and a distal portion. The distal portion forms an orifice for distributing a conductive solution from the inner tube and further forms an electrode. The outer tube coaxially receives the inner tube such that the outer tube is slidable relative to the inner tube. With this configuration, the outer tube selectively blocks flow of conductive solution from the orifice. During use, conductive solution distributed from the orifice is subjected to a current from the electrode, thereby creating a virtual electrode.
Abstract: A method of creating a simulated aorta patterned from a natural aorta and having a preselected amount of compliance is disclosed. The dimensions of a simulated aortic root patterned according to the dimensions of a natural aorta are first selected and a mold provided. The amount of circumferential compliance desired in the simulated aorta is then selected, based on natural circumferential compliancies. A material such as silicone rubber formed of an elastomer and a filler is used to form the aorta, the durometer of the material being varied by varying the relative amount of the components, to provide the selected amount of circumferential compliance in a simulated aorta having the selected dimensions. The aorta is then formed curing the material in the mold for about 24 hours. Groups of simulated aortas so produced, sometimes having different sizes and/or compliancies are also disclosed. A method of testing non-stented valves using the aortas is included.