Abstract: A disk type steam trap having a valve disk adapted to engage a valve seat with a double-coiled bimetallic member being provided operatively interposed between the valve disk and the valve seat on one side of the valve seat to lift and lower the valve disc relative to the valve seat in response to temperature change. The bimetallic member comprises a double-coiled body expanding at lower temperatures and contracting at higher temperatures.
Abstract: A multi-chambered cartridge contains a hardenable mass including resin, a hardener and filler members for securing an anchor rod or the like in a borehole. The cartridge is formed with an outer casing and at least one inner casing. The outer casing is axially elongated and has a first end and a second end with the first end arranged to be inserted first into the borehole. Filler members are placed within the outer casing at the second end. The space between the filler members at the second end and the first end is filled with resin and filler members with the hardener maintained separate from the other components. With this arrangement of the components of the hardenable mass within the outer casing, a low viscosity resin can be employed which does not flow out of the second end when the cartridge is destroyed.
Abstract: The invention relates to a cohesive, self-adhesive, rigid or elastic bandage for fixing, compression and support dressings and permanent elastic compression and support dressings for medical purposes and a process for the manufacture thereof. The bandage comprises a web of warp and weft threads or warp threads in the form of a woven fabric having a porous structure and an amount of ultra fine particles of an adhesive, such as a rubber adhesive, distributed over and bonded to both the exposed surfaces of the warp and weft threads to provide adhesive particles bonded to the threads on both sides of the fabric. The adhesive particles are uniformly distributed over both bandage surfaces without the fiber groups adhering to one another or to the projecting fiber ends of the two surfaces, the particles being of a size distribution and amount sufficient to provide adhesion between overlying bandage surfaces without substantially reducing the porosity and elasticity of the fabric.
Abstract: As is known, the walls in cavity structures often become quiescent only after a prolonged period. In order to detect whether and to what extent rock displacements can occur, measuring instruments are installed at mutually opposite points (I, II) on walls (W1, W2). A pendulum (1) mounted on gimbals carries a light source (5) at the mounting point and a light receiver (3) at the pendulum mass (2). On the opposite wall (W2), a mirror (4) is arranged at an inclination .alpha. relative to the vertical. A displacement of the mirror by T.sub.x or by T.sub.Z leads to an indication T.sub.Z at the light receiver (3).
Abstract: An apparatus for pressing tubular parts, more particularly for pressing or forcing pipe-unions onto pipes, sleeves or hoses. The apparatus includes a plurality of spring loaded, radially adjustable jaws and an annular piston in operative communication with the jaws. The piston can move hydraulically towards the jaws and can be returned hydraulically to its neutral position. The effective area of the piston, by means of which it is returned to its neutral position, amounts to only a fraction of the piston-area which advances the piston. The end of the piston remote from the jaws engages in an annular hydraulic cylinder, the entire cross-section of the piston which is largest at this end, forming the effective piston-area which advances the piston.
Abstract: A torque transmitting coupling assembly including a driving member and a power takeoff member, each of which have an equal plurality of claws thereon with movable transmission members interposed between the claws, the claws having lateral surfaces which define therebetween spaces which narrow radially, with the transmission members being held in these spaces by at least one endless flexible traction member which contacts the transmission members on the sides thereof remote from the narrowed portions of the spaces between the claws. The coupling compensates for radial, axial and possibly, also angular offsetting of shafts which are placed in torque transmitting engagement by the assembly.
April 29, 1985
Date of Patent:
September 8, 1987
Klaus Ehrlenspiel, Thomas John, Wolfgang Streinz
Abstract: A device for use on aircraft or spacecraft provides data corresponding to the course and orientation of the craft, and a digital display of the terrain over which the craft is travelling. The device includes at least first, second and third sensor lines consisting of parallel rows of photosensitive semiconductor elements arranged transversely of the flight path of the craft. The sensor lines provide line images corresponding to terrain images directed onto the lines, and the lines are spaced apart from each other so that a first terrain image sensed by the lines during a first scanning period partially overlaps a second terrain image sensed by the lines during a second, successive scanning period.
March 20, 1986
Date of Patent:
August 25, 1987
Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
Abstract: A method and an apparatus for processing the output signals of an optical rth-horizon sensor (1) operating in the infrared range of an orbiting, e.g. stationary earth satellite with respect to variously warm oppositely located earth rims (earth anomaly). With the earth-horizon sensor (1), an off-course signal is formed which is a measurement of the off-course angle of the line of sight of the earth-horizon sensor in relation to the satellite/earth central point connection line and is used for the attitude control of the earth satellite. This off-course signal is corrected in dependence on the earth anomaly.
June 13, 1985
Date of Patent:
August 4, 1987
Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm Gesellscaft mit beschrankter Haftung
Abstract: In a method of measuring ion activity of a liquid sample comprising steps of spotting a reference liquid and the liquid sample on surfaces of ion-selective membranes, respectively, of at least a pair of ion-selective electrode sheets which is electrically insulated from each other, said ion-selective membranes being provided on the top of said ion-selective electrode sheets; and measuring a potential difference between the ion-selective electrodes under the conditions that both liquids are electrically connected to each other by a bridge, the improvement wherein:said each ion-selective electrode sheet is arranged upside down in such a manner that the ion-selective membrane is positioned on the lowest side; andsaid each liquid spotted from the upper side is temporarily conveyed downwardly to the lower level than the surface of the ion-selective membrane, and then conveyed upwardly to the surface of the ion-selective membrane so as to reach the surface of the ion-selective membrane.
Abstract: A photometric device disposed in the optical path of a view finder of a camera includes a photometric element which includes a plurality of minute photo-electric conversion elements. Each of the minute photometric elements is formed by a minute transparent electrode, a minute photo-electric converter, a minute opaque electrode and a transparent substrate which are arranged in that order from the side of a photo-taking lens.
Abstract: A dowel assembly to be anchored in a borehole in a receiving material includes a container positioned around the axis of the borehole and located between an abutment at one end of the dowel assembly and the receiving material into which the assembly is inserted. The container is formed of two parts with one part being telescopically displaceable into the other. An hydraulic mass capable of expanding when mixed with a reaction liquid is filled into the container. The expandable hydraulic mass maintains the force acting on the dowel assembly when there is relaxation of the force originally generated between the dowel assembly and the receiving material. The container has openings through which the reaction liquid can pass into contact with the hydraulic mass. The hydraulic mass can be activated by immersing the container in water.
May 7, 1985
Date of Patent:
July 21, 1987
Helmut Vollmer, Heinz Kousek, Elmar Maier
Abstract: A method of replacing a punched-card tolling system with a magnetic-card tolling system gradually by installing controllers sequentially at entrance and exit gates, each of which controllers is capable of controlling the terminals for both of these two tolling systems simultaneously.
Abstract: A photosensitive element having first and second sensitive regions arranged to receive a light spot in such a way that as the light spot lies astride the boundary therebetween, the ratio of the areas of the two parts of the spot light which are received by the first and second sensitive regions, respectively, varies depending on the received position of the light spot, whereby the received position of the light spot is detected from the variation of the ratio of the outputs of the first and second sensitive regions, wherein an error of variation of the ratio of the outputs of the first and second sensitive regions for the received position of the light spot, which takes place when the diameter of the received spot light is so large as to overrun the first and second sensitive regions, is corrected by providing a supplementary sensitive region surrounding the first or second sensitive region.
Abstract: A data processing device for processing data including a first data sequence indicative of the amplitude of an information signal and a second data sequence each data of which indicates the error rate of each data of the first data sequence. When each data of the second data sequence continuously shows a high error rate of a consecutive number of data of the first data sequence more than a predetermined number, the device generates data of values which are 1/a.sup.k (wherein "k" represents an integer between 1 and "n"; "a" a real number larger than 1; and "n" an integer at least 2) of a data of the first data sequence which has a low error rate and is located before or after the consecutive high error rate data of the first data sequence. The device performs data processing for muting the information signal by using these data.
Abstract: A vacuum deposition plating apparatus having an inlet-side vacuum sealing device provided in front of a vacuum deposition plating chamber, an inlet-side inactive gas replacement chamber provided between the inlet-side vacuum sealing device and an annealing furnace, an outlet-side vacuum sealing device provided in the rear of the vacuum deposition plating chamber, an outlet-side inactive gas replacement chamber provided between the outlet-side vacuum sealing device and the atmosphere, and an inactive gas circulating/purifying device for circulating an inactive gas from vacuum chambers of both the vacuum sealing devices to atmospheric pressure chambers of both the vacuum sealing devices and for removing water, oil and oxygen from the inactive gas; a pressure gauge provided on the annealing furnace; a pressure gauge, a control valve, an automatic valve, a hydrogen concentration detector and a discharge valve provided on the inlet-side inactive gas replacement chamber; a pressure gauge and an automatic valve prov
Abstract: An information setting device in which for a desired photographic information is set as is increased or decreased from the preset value depending on what phase combination the signals of different phase produced in response to manual operation of a photographic information setting member have, the preset value is made to change when the information setting members is turned more than a predetermined angular distance to a click-stopped position.
Abstract: An apparatus for the display and storage of television picture information by using a dynamic random access memory accessible from a computer. The apparatus includes an interface providing connection to the computer, an address modifying circuit, an address switching unit including a first input group connected to predetermined address lines of the address bus of the address generator and a second group connected to predetermined address lines of the interface, and a parallel to series converter. The inputs of the address modifying circuit being coupled to the output of the address switching unit to provide modified addresses for the memory when any of the input groups addresses the memory. The control inputs of the address switching unit and of the data switching unit are connected to a horizontal address line of the address bus associated with a horizontal address bit (X.sub.3) of low significance.
Abstract: In the disclosed automatic focus adjusting device of the active type having a light emitting element for projecting light for focus detection onto an object to be photographed, light emitting operation and non-light emitting operations of the light emitting element are periodically effected, and the duty ratio or frequency of the light emitting period is variable.
Abstract: The preburning plant for burning solid fuel materials having a high ash contents, particularly barks or cut wood chips, is comprised of a hearth (10) downwardly delimited by a grid (15), supplied with fuel material by a hopper (6). The hearth (10) communicates with the boiler (2) by a combustion channel (11). Inside the cladding (9) and above the combustion channel (11), a vertical axis ring (19) is arranged above the grid (15) for fuel material degassing purposes. The ring is rotatingly driven, preferably periodically, so that an endless screw (26) conveys the fuel material to the hearth (10).