Patents Represented by Attorney Townsend and Townsend & Crew, LLP
  • Patent number: 7878142
    Abstract: A device (10) to coat food products such as potato crisps or chips and biscuits. The device (10) includes a flavor dispenser 21 that delivers granular flavor material to the products (12) being coated. The device (10) further includes a conveyor (11) with conveyor surfaces (15 to 18) that are arranged in cascade so that the food products tumble from one surface to the next so that the granular flavor material is applied to the various surfaces of the food products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: TNA Australia Pty Limited
    Inventors: Alfred A. Taylor, Garry R. Mackay
  • Patent number: 7880222
    Abstract: A semiconductor device 10 includes a first transistor 11 placed on a substrate 16, a second transistor 12 placed on the first transistor 11 via a heat radiation layer 17, a third transistor 13 placed on the substrate 16, and a fourth transistor 14 placed on the third transistor 11 via a heat radiation layer 17. The first transistor 11 has a first region corresponding to a region where the second transistor is placed, and a second region which is formed so as to surround the first region and in which the rate of area occupied by the emitter region in the base region is higher than in the first region. Likewise the first transistor 11, the third transistor 13 has a region in which the rate of area occupied by the emitter region in the base region is varied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Sanken Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuyuki Torii, Masaki Kanazawa
  • Patent number: 7882461
    Abstract: A method of optimizing clock-gated circuitry in an integrated circuit (IC) design is provided. A plurality of signals which feed into enable inputs of a plurality of clock gates is determined, where the clock gates gate a plurality of sequential elements in the IC design. Combinational logic which is shared among the plurality of signals is identified. The clock-gated circuitry is transformed into multiple levels of clock-gating circuitry based on the shared combinational logic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Magma Design Automation, Inc.
    Inventors: Yunjian (William) Jiang, Arvind Srinivasan, Joy Banerjee, Yinghua Li, Partha Das, Samit Chaudhuri
  • Patent number: 7880216
    Abstract: In a method of fabricating a flash memory device, trenches are formed in an isolation area of a semiconductor substrate. A first insulating layer is formed on sidewalls and bottoms of the trenches. Conductive layer patterns are formed on the first insulating layers at the bottoms of the trenches. A second insulating layer is formed on the conductive layer patterns. Gate lines are formed over a semiconductor substrate including the second insulating layer. The gate lines intersect the conductive layer patterns. Junctions are formed on the semiconductor substrate between the gate lines. An interlayer insulating layer is formed over the semiconductor substrate including the gate lines. Contact holes are formed through which the conductive layer patterns and the junctions located on one side of the conductive layer patterns are exposed. The contact holes are gap-filled with a conductive material, thereby forming contact plugs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Hynix Semiconductor Inc.
    Inventor: Choong Bae Kim
  • Patent number: 7882021
    Abstract: System and methods for facilitating the settlement of financial accounts across different entities utilize a host computer system that tracks financial transactions made at each merchant location or store and uses this information to reconcile accounts across different entities. In one embodiment, the host computer periodically performs a net settlement analysis of the transactional data received from each entity's stores. A request is prepared to transfer funds from each entity's bank account having a positive net settlement amount into a central entity bank account. A request is also prepared to transfer funds into each entity's bank account having a negative net settlement amount from the central entity bank account.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: First Data Corporation
    Inventors: David Baumgartner, Kevin James, Keith Newbrough
  • Patent number: 7881057
    Abstract: A system for restricting mixing of air in a data center includes a plurality of racks, each of the racks having a front face and a back face. The system includes an enclosure for collecting air released from the back faces of the plurality of racks, the enclosure configured to substantially contain the air in an area between the first row and the second row and having a roof panel coupled to the first row of racks and the second row of racks configured to span a distance between the first row of racks and the second row of racks. The enclosure is configured to maintain a first air pressure inside of the enclosure that is substantially equal to a second air pressure outside the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: American Power Conversion Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Fink, John H. Bean, Jr., Stephen F. Held, Richard J. Johnson, Rollie R. Johnson
  • Patent number: 7878840
    Abstract: A Universal Serial Bus socket-equipped arrangement (USB-SEA) configured for mating with a Universal Serial Bus (USB) plug having a plug metal housing and an aperture disposed in the plug metal housing. The arrangement includes a plug-receiving cavity configured to receive the USB plug. The arrangement further includes a spring-loaded mechanism disposed within the plug-receiving cavity. The spring-loaded mechanism is biased toward an interior region of the plug-receiving cavity. The spring-loaded mechanism is also configured to slide along the connector metal housing of the USB plug when the USB plug is inserted into the plug-receiving cavity and to movably mate with the aperture disposed in the plug metal housing when the USB plug is in a terminal mating position with the USB socket assembly. The spring-loaded mechanism represents one of a spring-loaded ball and a spring-loaded pin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Evans Hankey, Rico Zorkendorfer, John Benjamin Filson, Douglas Joseph Weber, Stephen Zadesky
  • Patent number: 7880044
    Abstract: Biogas is converted to a liquid fuel by passing the biogas through a liquid reaction medium that contains a petroleum fraction in the presence of a transition metal catalyst, and doing so at an elevated but non-boiling temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Inventors: Rudolf W. Gunnerman, Peter W. Gunnerman
  • Patent number: 7882296
    Abstract: Circuits, apparatus, and methods for avoiding deadlock conditions in a bus fabric. One exemplary embodiment provides an address decoder for determining whether a received posted request is a peer-to-peer request. If it is, the posted request is sent as a non-posted request. A limit on the number of pending non-posted requests is maintained and not exceed, such that deadlock is avoided. Another exemplary embodiment provides an arbiter that tracks a number of pending posted requests. When the number pending posted requests reaches a predetermined or programmable level, a Block Peer-to-Peer signal is sent to the arbiter's clients, again avoiding deadlock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: NVIDIA Corporation
    Inventor: David G. Reed
  • Patent number: 7880263
    Abstract: A shallow trench isolation structure for integrated circuits. The structure includes a semiconductor substrate and a buffered oxide layer overlying the semiconductor substrate. A pad nitride layer is overlying the buffered oxide layer. An implanted region is formed around a perimeter of the trench region. A trench region is formed within the semiconductor substrate. The trench region has a bottom width of less than 0.13 microns and an upper width of less than 0.13 microns. A rounded edge region is within a portion of the semiconductor substrate surrounding a periphery of the trench region. The rounded edges have a radius of curvature greater than about 0.02 um. A planarized high density plasma fill material is formed within the trench region. The structure has a P-well region within the semiconductor substrate and bordering a vicinity of the trench region. A channel region is within the P-well region within the semiconductor substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Semiconductor Manufacturing International (Shanghai) Corporation
    Inventor: Hae Wang Yang
  • Patent number: 7880026
    Abstract: A rapid, simple and versatile metal organic framework molecule (MOF) synthesis method particularly adapted to make non-linear MOFs includes heating MOF precursors, such as a metal or metal oxide and an organic ligand, in a microwave oven for a period sufficient to achieve crystallization. Microwave-assisted MOF synthesis yields high quality MOF crystals in a reaction time ranging from about 5 seconds to about 2.5 minutes, compared to hours and days required in conventional solvothermal and hydrothermal methods. In addition, microwave assisted methods provide MOF materials with uniform crystal size and well-defined shape. Further, microwave synthesis of MOFs allows the size and shape of MOF crystals to be tailored for use in a wide range applications by manipulating reaction conditions. Secondary growth processes may also be employed to grow larger crystals using seeds obtained from microwave-assisted synthesis methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Zheng Ni, Richard I. Masel
  • Patent number: 7879602
    Abstract: The present invention provides chimeric adenoviral vectors and methods for using the vectors to elicit an immune response to an antigen of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Vaxart, Inc.
    Inventor: Sean N. Tucker
  • Patent number: 7880743
    Abstract: An improved attribute determination process allows the sharpness of a surface attribute function to be adjusted on a per-object, per-surface, per-texture, per-function, or other appropriate basis. A computer-based animator then can selectively adjust the sharpness or other attribute(s) of portions of a to-be-rendered image without significantly increasing the rendering time. For a selected texture, corresponding sampling regions will be shifted about the respective surface points projected in texture space. A multi-dimensional set of sub-regions can be generated for the shifted sampling region. Bounding boxes can be determined for each sub-region, the boxes occupying less area, such as in texture space, than a single bounding box for the original sampling region. The bounding boxes can be used for local attribute determinations (such as texture lookups) for each sub-region, with the local attributes being processed to determine an attribute for the respective surface point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Pixar
    Inventors: Chris Bernardi, Manuel Kraemer
  • Patent number: 7882292
    Abstract: An arbiter decides to grant access from multiple clients to a shared resource (e.g. memory) using efficiency and/or urgency terms. Urgency for a client may be determined based on an “in-band” request identifier transmitted from the client to the resource along with the request, and an “out-of-band” request identifier that is buffered by the client. A difference between the out-of-band request identifier and the in-band request identifier indicates the location of the request in the client buffer. A small difference indicates that the request is near the end of the buffer (high urgency), and a large difference indicates that the request is far back in the buffer (low urgency). Efficiency terms include metrics on resource overhead, such as time needed to switch between reading/writing data from/to memory via a shared memory bus, or bank management overhead such as time for switching between DRAM banks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: NVIDIA Corporation
    Inventors: James M. Van Dyke, Brian D. Hutsell
  • Patent number: 7877999
    Abstract: A thermodynamic engine is configured to convert heat provided in the form of a temperature difference to a nonheat form of energy. Heat is directed through a heating loop in thermal contact with a first side of the thermodynamic engine. A second side of the thermodynamic engine is coupled to an environmental cooling loop in thermal contact with an environmental cooling device. The thermodynamic engine is operated to dispense heat from the second side of the thermodynamic engine through the environmental cooling loop into the environmental cooling device. Operation of the thermodynamic engine thereby generates the nonheat form of energy from the temperature difference established between the first side and the second side of the thermodynamic engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Cool Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian P. Nuel, Lee S. Smith, Samuel P. Weaver, Samuel C. Weaver, Daniel Weaver
  • Patent number: 7874975
    Abstract: Compositions, articles, and methods for treating and imaging vulnerable plaque and other inflamed regions in a patient rely on delivery of a conversion electron emitting source (CEES) to a body location. The CEES may be delivered by coupling to a substance which preferentially binds to vulnerable plaque or other inflammatory marker. Alternatively, the CEES can be delivered on a catheter, scaffold, or other device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Clear Vascular, Inc.
    Inventors: Gilbert R. Gonzales, Nicolas Chronos
  • Patent number: 7874512
    Abstract: System and method for a flyable and roadable vehicle. According to an embodiment, the present invention provides a vehicle capable of air and road travel. The vehicle is adaptable to a flying configuration and a road configuration. The vehicle includes a fuselage having a front end, a rear end, a top side, a bottom side. The vehicle also includes a wing component having a plurality of planes. The plurality of planes includes a first plane and a second plane. The vehicle additionally includes a connecting component for coupling the planes of the wing and the fuselage. The connecting component is able to accommodate a substantial relative rotation between the first plane and the fuselage. The vehicle further includes a plurality of wheels coupled to the bottom side of the fuselage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Inventor: Junfeng Xu
  • Patent number: 7877633
    Abstract: The disk controller has a plurality of channel control units, a plurality of cache memories, a plurality of disk control units, and a plurality of internal switch units. Each channel control unit or disk control unit sends to one of the cache memory units a request packet requesting execution of processing. The cache memory unit sends a response packet in response to the received request packet. Each internal switch unit monitors the request packet sent from the channel control unit or disk control unit, and judges whether or not the response packet to the request packet has passed through the internal switch unit within a first given time period since the passage of the request packet. In the case where the response packet has not passed through the internal switch unit within the first given time period, the internal switch unit sends a failure notification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shuji Nakamura, Akira Fujibayashi, Mutsumi Hosoya
  • Patent number: 7874837
    Abstract: Methods and corresponding apparatus for segmenting an orthodontic treatment path into clinically appropriate substeps for repositioning the teeth of a patient include providing a digital finite element model of the shape and material of each of a sequence of appliances to be applied to a patient; providing a digital finite element model of the teeth and related mouth tissue of the patient; computing the actual effect of the appliances on the teeth by analyzing the finite elements models computationally; and evaluating the effect against clinical constraints. The appliances can be braces, polymeric shells, or other forms of orthodontic appliance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Align Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Muhammad Chishti, Elena I. Pavlovskaia, Gregory P. Bala, Brian Freyburger
  • Patent number: PP21664
    Abstract: This invention is a new and distinct grapevine variety denominated ‘IFG 68-175’. ‘IFG 68-175’ is characterized by producing large bright red, crisp, uniform berries with high sugar content borne on medium size clusters. The fruit ripen and are commercially harvestable from late August to mid-September. Berries color fully even under adverse conditions and do not darken excessively throughout the harvestable period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: International Fruit Genetics
    Inventor: David Cain