Abstract: A device using longitudinal ultrasonic vibrations for rotating a shaft at relatively low rotational speeds is particularly useful for rotating a brush-type tooth polisher on an insert for an ultrasonic dental prophylaxis unit. The device has a sleeve which supports the rotatable shaft and a vibrator. A disc is normal to the axis of rotation of the shaft and connected to the shaft for rotation. A transducer at one end of the vibrator responds to excitation for producing longitudinal ultrasonic vibrations in the vibrator, and the other end of the vibrator which is urged against the disc with a constant force converts the longitudinal vibrations into elliptical motion to engage one face of the disc during an arc of the elliptical motion. This imparts substantially only pulses of tangential driving force and normal vibrational forces to rotate the disc and shaft unidirectionally. In one preferred embodiment, the vibrator has a single driving pad urged against the disc.
Abstract: An optical gas-concentration analyzer which utilizes the infrared absorption principle has a sample chamber and reference chamber with infrared source and detector assemblies spaced at opposite ends of an in alignment with the chambers. An electronic processing system utilizes a spectral-absorption electrical signal from the detector assembly to derive the desired gas-concentration measurement for readout from a display device. Barometric correction means is provided to permit on site calibration by the user of the gas analyzer via an atmospheric pressure calibration indication obtained on the display device by switching the apparatus to a calibrating mode. Apparatus for compensating for broadening of the spectral line of a gas the concentration of which is to be measured by another gas in the sample and for the temperature of the sample gas is also provided.