Abstract: A magnetron cathode sputtering apparatus including a pair of rotary cylindrical sputtering targets mounted in spaced parallel relation in an evacuable coating chamber and separate magnetic means located within said targets, the magnetic means being oriented relative to one another such that the material sputtered therefrom will be directed inwardly and downwardly at an acute angle whereby the sputtered material from the two targets will be focused upon the substrates.
Abstract: A flexible vacuum bag for use in the lamination of glass sheets with an interposed layer of thermoplastic material, said bag having one initially open edge through which the laminations are introduced, and magnetic means for sealing said open edge to render the bag airtight during the laminating process.
Abstract: A magnetron cathode for sputter-coating non-planar substrates, which includes a rotatable elongated tubular member having a layer of the coating material to be sputtered applied to the outer surface thereof, and magnetic means mounted in said tubular member, said tubular member being contoured longitudinally to provide a non-cylindrical sputtering surface.
Abstract: A rotatable magnetron cathode comprising an elongated cylindrical tubular member, magnetic means disposed in said tubular member, a plurality of individual target strips provided with the same or different coating materials to be sputtered removably secured to the tubular member, said target strips extending the axial direction of the tubular member and disposed in spaced parallel relation around the periphery thereof, and means for rotating or indexing the tubular member to bring selected target strips in position for sputtering opposite the magnetic means.
Abstract: Apparatus for curving and tempering glass sheets, including a furnace for heating the glass sheets to softening temperature, shaping means for curving the heated glass sheets, and means for tempering the curved sheets arranged in tandum. The glass sheet shaping means includes upper and lower complemental pressing units, and a series of relatively narrow endless belts for receiving the glass sheets from the furnace, positioning them between the pressing units for curving and for subsequently delivering the curved sheets to the tempering means. The shaping means also includes means automatically operable to relieve the tension on the endless belts to bring the travel of the glass sheets to a stop between the pressing units during pressing and to reestablish the tension on said belts after pressing to deliver the curved sheets to the tempering means.
June 24, 1982
Date of Patent:
April 10, 1984
Shatterproof Glass Corporation
Harold E. McKelvey, William T. Livingston, Edward D. Sheldon
Abstract: For use in the manufacture of laminated safety glass, a vacuum bag in which the glass-plastic laminations are bonded together formed of fiber glass cloth having a layer of silicon-rubber applied to the outer surface thereof which seals the interstices between the glass fibers but leaves the interior surface of the bag bare and the individual glass fibers exposed for direct contact with the glass sheets during lamination.
Abstract: A gas distribution system for use with a sputtering cathode mounted in a vacuum chamber and provided with a planar target formed of the material to be sputtered upon planar substrates passing therebeneath, in which two divergent streams of gas are introduced into the vacuum chamber, one of the gases being an inert gas directed into the upper portion of the chamber adjacent the target and the other gas being a reactive gas directed into the lower portion of the chamber adjacent the substrate.
Abstract: A rotatable magnetron cathode sputtering apparatus for operation in an evacuable chamber for sputter coating substantially planar substrates as they move through said chamber. The cathode comprises an elongated, cylindrical tubular member having a layer of the coating material to be sputtered applied to the outer surface thereof. Magnetic means are mounted within the tubular member and includes at least one row of permanent magnets extending lengthwise thereof. The tubular member is horizontally mounted in the coating chamber for rotation about its longitudinal axis either in a step-by-step fashion or continuously, relative to the magnets to bring different portions of the coating material into sputtering position opposite said magnets and within the sputter coating zone.
Abstract: A cylindrical magnetron cathode sputtering apparatus for the simultaneous coating of a large number of articles or substrates, comprising an evacuable coating chamber, a central cylindrical cathode mounted in said coating chamber and a plurality of auxiliary cylindrical cathodes also mounted in said coating chamber circumferentially of said central cathode, magnet assemblies mounted in said central cathode and in each of said auxiliary cathodes, with means being provided for rotating each of said cathodes while maintaining the magnet assemblies therein stationery. A carrier for holding the articles to be coated is located between the central cathode auxiliary cathodes and includes a plurality of article supports arranged circumferentially of the central cathode, said article supports being rotatable as well as being caused to revolve around the central cathode in planetary fashion.
Abstract: A magnetron cathode sputtering apparatus for operation within an evacuable chamber for coating planar substrates, such as glass sheets, that are also contained in said chamber. The cathode comprises an elongated substantially U-shaped support member mounted in said chamber and provided with a concavo-convex bottom wall. Magnetic means is mounted within the support member and includes an array of permanent magnets extending lengthwise thereof to provide a magnetic field which establishes the zone or region in which sputtering of the target material takes place. The target comprises a replaceable continuous band or foil of the material to be sputtered. The foil is mounted on a feed roll at one side of the cathode and is advanced across said support member in contact with the convex surface of the bottom wall thereof for sputtering as it passes through the sputter zone, and subsequently wound onto a take-up roll at the opposite side of said cathode.
Abstract: A rotatable magnetron cathode sputtering apparatus for operation within an evacuable chamber for coating substrates that are also contained within said chamber. The cathode comprises an elongated cylindrical tube having a layer of the coating material or materials to be sputtered applied to the outer surface thereof. Magnetic means is mounted within the tube and includes at least one row of permanent U-shaped magnets extending lengthwise of the tube. The tube is horizontally disposed and rotatably mounted in the coating chamber such that it can be turned on its longitudinal axis relative to the magnets to selectively bring different portions or segments of the same sputtering material or different sputtering materials into sputtering position with respect to the magnets and within the magnetic field. Means is also provided for internally cooling the cathode.
Abstract: The flat glass sheet to be curved, which is at softening temperature, is advanced in a horizontal position on a curved bed formed by a series of flexible shaping rolls including coiled springs having progressively increasing degrees of curvature such that as the sheet moves thereon it will be caused to bend under its own weight to gradually assume the curvature of the shaping rolls. The shaping rolls are provided with end sections which are angularly adjustable to independently alter the degree of curvature of the rolls. The shaping bed is followed by a second bed formed of flexible rolls having a constant curvature on which the curved sheet is supported and subjected to a tempering and or cooling procedure. Means is also provided for driving the rolls of the shaping bed and the rolls of the second bed to move the glass sheets forwardly at a constant speed.
Abstract: Sheet handling apparatus in which sheets or plates of glass are automatically loaded onto the upper surfaces of successive horizontal support platens as the glass sheets and platens are conveyed forwardly in different horizontal planes preparatory to the introduction of the loaded platens into a processing apparatus. The loading apparatus also contemplates the provision of means for removing dust, dirt and other contaminates from the support platens prior to the loading of the glass sheets thereon and means for maintaining the upper surfaces of the glass sheets free of foreign matter during the loading of them onto the support platens and the transfer of the support platens into the processing apparatus.
Abstract: Apparatus for tempering glass sheets, comprising a furnace for heating the glass sheets and means for conveying the sheets horizontally therethrough, spaced conveyor rolls for receiving the heated glass sheets from the furnace, upper and lower blastheads positioned horizontally above and beneath the path of travel of the glass sheets, each blasthead comprising a spaced, parallel array of elongated tubular members extending transverse to the direction of travel of the glass sheets, each said elongated member having a cavity therein to receive a gas flow from a manifold and at least one orifice through which the gas is discharged against the respective surface of the glass sheets to rapidly cool the same, and means for independently mounting the upper and lower blastheads for pivotal movement such that they can be swung upwardly and downwardly respectively relative to the conveyor rolls to permit broken glass to fall freely between said conveyor rolls and away from the apparatus.
Abstract: A transparent article having improved abrasion resistance, and method of making the same, which comprises a body of transparent glassy siliceous material having a smooth continuous surface and a continuous film of chromium silicide sputter-coated on said continuous surface to a thickness of from about 200 to 1,000 A.
Abstract: An oven door for cooking ranges of the type provided with a double-glazed window comprised of at least two spaced parallel glass panels, including an outer panel and an inner panel. The door is provided with openings at the bottom and top thereof to permit the circulation of air upwardly through the space between the glass panels. The inner glass panel is preferably mounted in a fixed position in the door, while the outer glass panel is slidably mounted therein in a manner that it can be completely removed from the door through the opening at the top thereof by a simple upward sliding movement of said panel.
Abstract: A ventilated window for oven doors comprising at least two spaced parallel glass panels mounted in a frame surrounding the peripheral edges of the panels, said frame being comprised of spaced glass receiving channels and an integral spacer portion between the channels, the spacer portions at the top and bottom of the window being formed with angled fins or vanes to provide relatively narrow elongated louvers which extend substantially the entire width of the window for directing a flow of cooler air upwardly through the space between the glass panels to replace the hotter air therein.
December 1, 1975
Date of Patent:
March 29, 1977
Shatterproof Glass Corporation
Harold E. McKelvey, Leonard B. Maciejewski
Abstract: A cathode for use in the sputter-coating of thin films of a selected coating material on glass sheets and other substrates, and means for cooling the same. The cathode is of rectangular construction including a top wall, a bottom wall and side and end walls defining a closed chamber therein. The cathode is internally cooled by circulating a cooling medium, such as oil, under a constant head pressure, through a closed system in which the cathode is interposed, and means for continuously withdrawing air and any other gases from the system such that as the oil circulates through the cathode chamber it will exert a pressure, less than atmospheric pressure, upon the walls of said cathode and thereby reduce the pressure differential across the cathode walls.
Abstract: An oven door comprising front and back metal door panels having a substantially rectangular central opening therein to receive a window unit for see-through into the oven compartment. The window unit comprises a substantially rectangular metal frame formed with spaced channel portions connected by an integral spacer portion, the spacer portions at the top and bottom of the frame being provided with aligned slots, and three spaced, parallel glass panels, the inner and outer glass panels being mounted in the channel portions of the frame and the center glass panel being inserted through the slots in the spacer portion. The center glass panel is supported at its lower edge and projects upwardly beyond the spacer portion at the top of the frame into the space between the front and back metal door panels.
Abstract: An insulated building element for use as a spandrel in facing the exterior walls of buildings comprising inner and outer spaced parallel sheets or plates of glass sealed together around their peripheral edges to form a dead air space therebetween and a substantially rigid sheet or layer of a foamed or expanded cellular plastic material disposed between the glass sheets and substantially filling the space therebetween. A thin film of a reflective metal may be applied to the inner surface of the outer glass sheet.