Abstract: The system provides an improved clutch control system for use in a continuously variable transmission system. The system provides for generation of a clutch pressure setpoint to re-engage the clutch during special conditions in which the torque created by the vehicle inertia would tend to drive the engine to an undesirable operating point. Clutch slip speed is monitored as a difference value and integrated to provide a gradually decreasing error signal to return the clutch input speed to the clutch output speed, at which time clutch lockup will occur. Additionally, throttle position is monitored and a maximum torque schedule used to provide a maximum torque signal to prevent driver demand from undesirably racing the engine in similar conditions. A filtered output of the maximum torque schedule provides a pressure setpoint signal representative of actual driver demand which may be added to the clutch slip speed error signal to generate the clutch pressure setpoint.
Abstract: A chiral catalyst is disclosed together with methods of using it for enantioselective syntheses. The chiral catalyst includes a nucleus with two metal atoms that has four bridging ligands oriented radially to the axis of the nucleus. Each of these ligands includes two complexing atoms each complexed to one of the metal atoms. At least one of the bridging ligands includes a chiral center which is bonded to one of the complexing atoms. Preferably, all four of the bridging ligands include a chiral center bonded to one of the complexing atoms. The catalyst of the invention has been found to be useful in catalyzing carbenoid transformation reactions such as cyclopropanation.
Abstract: An insert for a shoe sole is provided which includes a strip made of an elastic material disposed between an outer sole portion and an upper sole portion of the sole of a shoe. The strip extends from the outer heel area of the shoe to the border of the large toe area of the shoe. The strip forms a rocker bottom which cradles the first metatarsal head of the foot of the wearer. The roll point of the rocker bottom is disposed in a range of from the toe break of the wearer to approximately 2.5 centimeters behind the toe break of the wearer.
Abstract: A sleeper is disclosed comprising a guideway, a resilient strip, a nailing bed and a spring. The guideway is an elongated channel of C-shaped cross-section with three fully closed faces and a partially open face. A plurality of the guideways are fastened to the floor base and the resilient strips placed in the bottom of the guideways. The nailing bed is an elongated wooden element with an elongated protrusion. The nailing bed defines an inverted T-shaped cross-section and is placed in each guideway above the resilient strip. The protrusion of the nailing bed extends through the partially open face for attachment to the flooring material. The nailing bed is shorter than the guideway to leave sufficient room within the guideway at at least one end of the guideway for the spring. The spring is inserted with one end against the end of the nailing bed. The spring is then compressed and a stop inserted through the guideway to maintain the spring in the compressed condition.
Abstract: A breastpump is provided with a valve mechanism that closes a collection chamber when a vacuum is applied to a hood member and opens the collection chamber when the vacuum is removed. The valve mechanism is removably attached to the collection chamber for ready cleaning. A baffle in the hood member protects the vacuum line from milk flow. One embodiment of the invention has a connecting sleeve for connecting either a manually driven pneumatic pump or a motor driven pneumatic pump to the hood body to create an intermittent vacuum. A connector is further provided for use with a pair of breastpumps operated simultaneously by a motor driven pneumatic pump. An adjustment piece for decreasing the cross-sectional area of a funnel-shaped hood member is also disclosed for use of the breastpumps with smaller breasts. One type of manually driven piston pump useful with the invention has apertures formed through the pump cylinder wall that are selectively opened and closed for adjustment of the piston pump vacuum.
Abstract: The invention relates to a device for setting fastener elements or pins, particularly to a screw-setting device. The device comprises a housing in which a retainer shaft for a setting tool is mounted at least for axial displacement, at least one advance drive mechanism within the housing and adapted to be connected to the retainer shaft, a switching sleeve mounted for displacement together with the retainer shaft and defining at least one switch-off point, at least one sensor device supported in the housing for defining the switch-off point, and an adjustment mechanism for adjusting the switch-off point. In known devices of this type, the accurate and rapid adjustment of the switch-off point is difficult. According to the invention the adjustment mechanism is provided within the housing between the switching sleeve and the retainer shaft.
Abstract: A system and method for bracing and cushioning the impact of movable massive loads during sudden deceleration of a transport vehicle, such as created during humping of railway cars. Resilient elastomeric pads separate adjacent objects of the load with the thickness and density of the elastomeric material chosen to dampen typical impact forces without damage to the objects. The resilent pads are preferably formed with at least one face contoured to envelope the side of an object. Three types of resilient pads are disclosed for use in transporting massive sheet metal coils with one pad adapted for particular use at endwalls, another pad for use between coils, and yet another pad for use between mid-row coils and doorway dunnage.
Abstract: A process for reinforcing porous refractories with fillers, such as carbon particles, is provided. First, filler particles are mixed with a liquid resin to produce a liquid mixture. The mixture is allowed to seep into the pores of the refractory, preferably by immersing the refractory in said mixture in an evacuated tank. The refractory can be removed from the mixture and excess mixture can be allowed to drip from the refractory. The refractory is then cured, preferably by heating. The refractory is strengthened by the process to better withstand heat fluctuations encountered, for example, in the steel refining process.
Abstract: An automated method and apparatus for grading pre-cut lumber products according to selected physical properties thereof such as modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) are disclosed. A conveyor transports boards to be graded to an automated lumber feeding mechanism which sequentially rotates each board from a loading to a grading position. In the grading position, an impactor impacts one longitudinal end of the board to generate a compression force and a detector at the opposite longitudinal end converts the compression force to an electrical signal. Data acquisition circuitry samples and stores at least one cycle of the signal and a computer analyzes the samples and assigns values to predetermined parameters which characterize the signal. The computer utilizes the parameter values in one or more predetermined formulas which are optimum statistical predictors of the selected physical properties as a function of the parameters to obtain values for the selected physical parameters.
June 17, 1987
Date of Patent:
July 25, 1989
Thomas A. Pope, deceased, Walter B. Wallin, Mitchell R. Cutrell, James J. Melton
Abstract: A sensing apparatus for use with an automatic door operator and operator control logic responsive to door control signals for controlling the opening and closing operations of a swinging door is disclosed. The disclosed apparatus includes a plurality of infrared emitters and corresponding detectors on each side of the door which are recessed in the muntin of the door and which direct radiant energy and sense reflected radiant energy in selected detection zones which are determined at various positions of the door. Control logic connected to the detectors generates appropriate door control signals. The control logic is also responsive to door position signals generated by operator control logic to automatically vary the emission and detection levels of the emitters and detectors as the door opens and closes.
Abstract: A saturator of the type comprising a chamber situated between a chamber defining element and a mandrel, in which a web is moved between the chamber defining element and the mandrel to impregnate the web with a saturant contained in the chamber includes at least one saturant delivery port which extends across substantially the entire width of saturation zone which extends only partially across the web if the chamber defines a plurality of saturating zones. In this way, uniformity of saturation across the chamber is improved.
Abstract: A quick-release and positive locking mechanism adapted for use on tools for receiving removable sockets, and particularly adapted for use on extension bars of the type frequently employed with socket wrenches. One form of the mechanism comprises a drive stud having a diagonally disposed bore or opening extending therethrough and having a movable member mounted in said bore with its lower end adapted to extend beyond the contour of the bar and into a recess in the socket or like attachment to hold the same when in one position and to be withdrawn from said recess to release the socket or like attachment in another position and with its upper end extending beyond the contour of the drive stud above said socket or like attachment for access for manual movement.
Abstract: An electroluminescent D.C. display panel has a transparent substrate, transparent anodes, a metal oxide interlayer, an electroluminescent powder phosphor, and cathodes formed in stacked relation on the substrate. The metal oxide interlayer allows the panel to be formed relatively quickly at substantially reduced forming currents.
Abstract: A gripping device for a doll's extremity has a holder, resilient material retained in the holder, and a handle. An object is pushed into a slot defined by the resilient material. The resilient material grasps the object and retains it in the holder. The handle is integral with the holder and allows the gripping device to be attached to a doll's extremity, such as a hand. This gives an observer the impression that the doll is actually holding the object.
Abstract: A measuring device for measuring the relative position of two objects includes a graduation of a graduation support connected with one object and a scanning device connected with the other object. The scanning device scans the graduation with light. To eliminate measuring errors that arise due to irregularities in the graduation plane of the graduation support, a first scanning graduation of a first scanning plate is positioned at a first scanning distance from the graduation plane of the graduation support and a second scanning graduation of a second scanning plate is positioned at a second scanning distance from the graduation plane of the graduation support. The scanning graduation plates are located in the scanning unit and intersect light beams from a light source. The graduation planes of the scanning graduation plates are positioned parallel to the graduation plane of the graduation support. A photoelement is optically associated with each of the scanning graduations.
Abstract: Various improvements for polymer modified cementitious compositions are disclosed. A dry mix for making a polymer modified cementitious composition especially useful as a stucco material, which includes a dry, redispersible, non-reemulsifiable polymer at a polymer-cement ratio of between about 0.04:1 to about 0.15:1, is disclosed. Also, the use of sodium acyl (coco) isethionate as a superior wetting agent in polymer modified cementitious composition is disclosed. In addition, the use of non-bridging, plastic fibers for use in pumpable cementitious compositions is disclosed.
Abstract: Capacitor bodies are usually carried in open ended containers. The open ends are then closed with a cover or capacitor top after the capacitor body is inserted in the container. Electrical leads are then attached to terminals carried by the capacitor top. Prior art methods of forming such tops involved insert molding. The present invention starts with a preformed plastic disc with two apertures for terminals and a boss for positioning lead attachment. The terminals and a positioning lead are then applied to the disc through a combination of riveting and ultrasonic swaging.
January 16, 1987
Date of Patent:
June 27, 1989
Aerovox M, Inc.
C. Wayne Hodges, Dennis R. Henderson, Edwin R. Koons
Abstract: A window insert assembly is disclosed having a spring-biased frame construction used to secure the insert within existing window frames of varying size. The insert assembly is particularly useful for mounting interiorly of an existing window pane to form a "double pane" insulative window structure, i.e., by creating a thermal cavity between the interior side of the existing window pane and the window pane of the insert. The insert assembly comprises a solid pane, such as a glass pane, mounted in a first frame. The first frame is received within a second frame which has movable sides for changing the size of the second frame. Springs are provided between the second frame and the first frame, preferably on all four sides of the rectangular window insert assembly, which bias the second frame outwardly relative to the first frame. The size of the second frame is adjustable by pressing one or more sides against this bias to fit the insert within an existing window frame in which it is to be installed.