Patents Assigned to ACF Industries, Incorporated
  • Patent number: 5507235
    Abstract: A gravity outlet (10) for discharging lading from a railway car (C). An outlet assembly is attached to a discharge opening in the railcar. The assembly includes an upper end attached to the discharge opening, and sidewalls (14a, 14b) and endwalls (16a, 16b) sloping downwardly and inwardly from the upper end. A bottom portion of the sidewalls and endwalls define a discharge outlet (D) through which lading flows, by gravity, when it is discharged from the railcar. An outlet gate (22) is positioned beneath the assembly and is movable relative to the discharge outlet between respective open and closed positions to open and close the outlet. A latch assembly (26) latches the outlet gate in its closed position, when the gate is closed, to prevent inadvertent opening of the gate and spillage of lading. A gate operating mechanism (34) moves the gate between its open and closed positions. The mechanism automatically unlatches the latch when the gate is to be moved from its closed to its open position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1996
    Assignee: ACF Industries Incorporated
    Inventors: Richard H. Dugge, Gregory E. Bertram
  • Patent number: 5404827
    Abstract: A sliding gate type gravity outlet (10) is for use on railcars (C) for discharging a lading. A pan assembly (12) defines an outlet pan (14) having a flange (18) attached to the discharge opening and sidewalls (20) sloping downwardly from the flange. A bottom portion of the sidewalls defines a discharge outlet (22) into which lading flows. An outlet gate (24) is movable relative to the opening to open and close the outlet. Lading to be discharged bears upon the gate when it is in its closed position. A rack and pinion gear arrangement (36) is used to move the gate back and forth between these positions, and a rod (62) guides movement of the gate. The gate sealingly abuts against a seal (32) when the gate is closed to prevent loss of lading. The guide mechanism sits at an angle (X1) with respect to the outlet, and the gate is set at a second and greater angle (X2) with respect thereto. As the gate moves from its closed to its open position, it is drawn away from the seal and does not slide over it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Dwain J. Baltz, Roger A. Dalske, Dennis J. Schipper
  • Patent number: 5329859
    Abstract: An underbody structure (10) supporting an end of a railway car body (B, B') cradled in a cradle pad (12, 12'). A center sill assembly (16) has first and second spaced apart side plates (18, 20) spaced to either side of the longitudinal centerline of the car body. A top plate (28) extends along the center sill assembly, the width of the top plate corresponding to the width between the side plates. The top plate is attached to the side plates to form part of the center sill assembly. A weld support (50) is installed on both sides of the assembly. Part of the respective side plates and top plate are cut-away at the junction formed between to form a pocket (56) in which welding material pools. Weld support members (52, 54) are attached to the top plate adjacent the pockets. The weld supports provide a substantial contact surface between the center sill assembly and the cradle pad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1994
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Laurence E. Culligan, Paul J. Dumser
  • Patent number: 5314094
    Abstract: A limp, porous membrane (18) is formed from a flexible sheet material (20). The membrane is used with a fluidized hopper outlet (10) containing a pulverant, particulate lading which is fluidized and unloaded via the outlet. A valve installed in the outlet, when open, extends substantially through the outlet and allows fluidized lading to be unloaded through the outlet. The outlet has a frame (12) for securing the outlet to the hopper, an outlet opening (14) in which the valve is positioned, and intersecting outlet walls (16) extending between the frame and the opening. An outer margin (54) of the membrane is secured to the frame. An inner margin (18) of the membrane, which defines an opening for the lading, is attached to a boot (36). The boot is secured to the top of an outlet pan (P), adjacent the outlet opening, by a retainer ring (50). The ring locks the boot in place so the opening in membrane is secured adjacent to the outlet opening for the lading to flow into the outlet through the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Roger A. Dalske, Dennis J. Schipper, David M. Maechling
  • Patent number: 5279395
    Abstract: An improved brake linkage system for a railway car, especially a hopper car, having an air cylinder actuated to move a cylinder lever. The cylinder lever is directly connected to a floating operating lever by a slack adjuster which can be made substantially shorter, lighter and less expensive than slack adjusters of prior art systems. With respect to the prior art, the present invention permits use of less linkages, shorter linkages and lighter linkages, thus making the overall linkage system lighter, less expensive and more efficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 18, 1994
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: William L. Willis, William T. Deet, John A. Krug
  • Patent number: 5277128
    Abstract: A gravity outlet valve (10) is for use on a railway car for discharge of lading from the car. The valve has sloping sidesheets connected together to form sidewalls (12a, 12b) and endwalls (14a, 14b) of the valve. An outlet (O) is defined by the lower end of the sidesheets and endsheets. A gate (16) is located beneath the outlet and is slidably movable from a valve closed to a valve open position. A seal (34) is used for sealing the valve and preventing loss of lading. The seal is a multi-ply seal having an inner core (36) of a spring-like material, and an outer covering (38) of a wear resistant material. The outer covering is contacted by the gate as it moves between its positions. The inner core forces the outer covering into this contact whereby a seal is effected between the outer covering and the gate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventor: James R. Zimmerle
  • Patent number: 5238333
    Abstract: An improved pneumatic outlet (10) is for use on a railcar (C) for discharging a lading from a hopper (H) of the railcar. The outlet comprises an integrally formed bottom cover (12) extending the length of the outlet. A pair of outlet valves (50A, 50B) are installed in the cover. The valves are mounted on respective valve shafts (54A, 54B) and are installed in the cover in a diagonal arrangement. Accordingly, each valve allows discharge of lading from one side of the hopper. A bulkhead (40) is also installable in the cover and supports an inner end of the respective valve shafts. The cover is severable into two sections (36A, 36B). One of the sections is reversible with respect to the other section. Thereafter, the two sections are joined together to form a unified cover through which lading flows during discharge. The bulkhead fits within the reunified cover such that no gaps or other deformities are present which would collect material that may contaminate a lading.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1993
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Richard H. Dugge, William U. Casseau
  • Patent number: 5236287
    Abstract: A pneumatic outlet (10) is for use on a railcar (C) for discharging a lading from a hopper (H) of the railcar. An improvement to the outlet comprises a bottom cover (16) extending the length of the outlet. This cover is severable into two sections (44A, 44B) one of which is reversible with respect to the other. The two sections are joined together to form an integral cover through which lading flows during discharge. A bulkhead divider (48) is installed in the cover at the juncture between the two cover sections. A pair of outlet valves (12A, 12B) are installed in the cover. The valves are mounted on respective valve shafts (54A, 54B) which are installed in the cover with the inner end of each valve shaft being removably mounted on the divider. An end closure (64A, 64B) is installed at each end of the outlet, and the outer end of each valve shaft is located adjacent a respective closure. Each end closure is pivotally mounted to an end wall (90A, 90B) of the outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1993
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Richard H. Dugge, Gary J. McClain
  • Patent number: 5178317
    Abstract: A method of creating a weld joint between two metal members (B1, B2). The members have coincidentally configured abutting edges (E1, E2), first surface (1A, 1B) which are adjacent to and on one side of the edges, and second surfaces (2A, 2B) which are adjacent to and on the other side of the edges. The method includes chamfering the corners of the respective edges and first surfaces to create a generally V-shaped groove (4) between the first surfaces. A gasket (5) of weld filler material is placed between the edges. The gasket is held between the edges and extends both into the groove and outwardly beyond the second surfaces. The groove is next filled with additional weld filler material (7), and the gasket is then melted and fused with this additional material. The portion of the gasket extending outwardly beyond the respective second surfaces is melted and fused with the edges to form a smooth, continuous surface (8) with the second surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1993
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Richard H. Dugge, Stephen A. Coughlin, Bob Barnes
  • Patent number: 5076539
    Abstract: A bottom outlet valve for a tank on a vehicle, especially for a railway tank car. The valve comprises a valve body including a valve seat, a valve stem spring biased toward the closed position against the seat and an operator assembly for mechanically opening and closing the valve stem. The operator assembly may be removed from the valve body in an improved facile manner by means of bolts all located exterior of the operator housing. A lost motion linkage allows the stem to seat under spring pressure even though the stem seals have become worn. The assembly has been uniquely designed to permit easier and safer installation and maintenance of the valve due in part to an improved stem cage assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1991
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventor: Jan D. Holt
  • Patent number: 5076173
    Abstract: An improved bolster assembly (21) is for use on a railway tank car (T). The assembly comprises a vertical web member (23) the upper end of which is formed to fit about the outer surface of the shell (S) forming the tank. The member has a lifting hook opening (41) formed therein adjacent the outer end of the member. The size and orientation of the opening conform to the Association of American Railroads (AAR) design specifications for devices used in vertically lifting the car. Reinforcement plates (45a, 45b) are attached to at least one side of the web member, at the upper end thereof, to reinforce the member. The reinforcement plates are spaced from the opening and not adjacent thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1991
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Thomas B. Baker, John A. Krug
  • Patent number: 5063858
    Abstract: A covered hopper railway car (10) for transporting difficult-to-unload ladings includes a pair of parallel, spaced apart side walls (12a, 12b) and opposed end walls (14a, 14b). A roof (16) covers the car and has an opening (18) therein for loading lading into the car. The bottom has outlets (24a-24g) attached thereto for discharging lading from the car. Each outlet comprises a drop-bottom outlet whose length and width are sufficient so as to substantially prevent lading from bridging over the outlet thereby facilitating discharge of the lading.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1991
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventor: Richard H. Dugge
  • Patent number: 5059072
    Abstract: A trailer hitch (1) for use on a railcar (C) is movable between an erect position and a retracted position. A first strut (9) has its lower end pivotally mounted to the railcar. A second strut (25) has its lower end movable in a horizontal direction relative to the railcar. A hitch head (3) is carried on the upper ends of the struts for engaging a trailer loaded on the railcar to hold it in place. A cushioning unit (49) is carried by the second strut to cushion the trail from impacts. A latching mechanism (57) automatically latches the hitch in its erect position and maintains it there. The latching mechanism also allows for a safe release of the hitch so it can be retracted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1991
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventor: Jan D. Holt
  • Patent number: 5017065
    Abstract: A retractable trailer hitch (1) for use on an intermodal railcar (C) supports an over-the-road trailer (T) of the railcar when the hitch is in its raised position. The hitch includes a hitch head (3) which is releasably securable to the king pin (K) of the trailer. The hitch head is supported by a first or generally vertical support strut (9) and by a second or a diagonal support strut (7), both of these struts being pivotally connected to the hitch head. The lower end of the first strut is pivotally secured in fixed position to the railcar and the lower end of the second strut is selectively locked in a fixed position with respect to the railcar when the hitch is in its raised position. A latch mechanism is carried on the lower end of the second strut so as to positively maintain the hitch in its raised position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: John A. Krug, James C. Hammonds, Kenneth D. Schmidt, Dennis F. Paglusch
  • Patent number: 5000358
    Abstract: A low profile pneumatic outlet for a covered hopper railway car is disclosed which allows the bottom slope sheets of the hopper car to be moved downwardly closer to the rail thereby increasing the cubic capacity of the car while maintaining the car within AAR clearances. The low profile aspects of the pneumatic outlet result from the provision of an outlet opening in the bottom of the outlet which is opened and closed by a slidable, translatable gate operated by gate opening and closing cam mechanisms positioned generally horizontally with respect to the gate. The preferred gate operating mechanism is a cam operated mechanism which generates a high mechanical advantage initially upon effecting opening movement of the gate thereby to overcome lading and static friction loads, and then, after movement of the gate has been initiated, a lower mechanical advantage is provided so as to more rapidly move the gate toward its open position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1991
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventor: Richard H. Dugge
  • Patent number: 4944233
    Abstract: A hatch cover assembly (1) for a railway car (C). A hatch cover (7) is hingedly mounted to a roof (R) of the car for pivotal movement of the cover to open and close a hatch. The axis about which hinging movement occurs is perpendicular to the center line (CL) of the car. A locking strap (31) is rotationally mounted to the cover for movement between a cover locking position and a cover unlocking position. The longitudinal axis of the strap when the cover is in its locking position is also perpendicular to the center line of the car. A latch mechanism (61) adjacent the cover latches the strap in its cover locking position to prevent movement of the strap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 31, 1990
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: Richard H. Dugge, John W. Coulborn
  • Patent number: 4922833
    Abstract: An end structure for a railway car, and more particularly a covered hopper railway car, is disclosed which has side sill extensions extending diagonally inwardly from the ends of the side sills to the center stub sill for transmitting substantially all of the longitudinal, horizontal loads between the center stub sill and the side sills. A generally vertically extending truss is provided between the center stub sill and the end of the car above the center stub sill so as to withstand overturning moments and vertical loads between the end of the car and the center stub sill. The side sill extensions are tapered in heightwise and widthwise relation so as to minimize weight of these members. The truss includes outer vertical members which are curved so as to blend with the side sheets of the car body thereby to optimize load transfer. Inner truss members are of a convenient rectangular cross section so as to facilitate fabrication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1990
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: John W. Coulborn, John A. Krug
  • Patent number: 4890646
    Abstract: An eduction or siphon pipe in a railway tank car extends from adjacent a bottom sump area to a fitting in a top area of the car. The railway tank car has a generally curvilinear inner wall, and the eduction pipe is provided with a shape corresponding to the generally curvilinear inner wall and is supported in proximity thereto. This enables the eduction pipe to readily accommodate radial distortions of the railway tank car during transport. In addition, all (or substantially all) of the fluid commodity in the railway tank car can be withdrawn through the eduction pipe since the lower end thereof may be positioned in close proximity to the bottom sump without concern for radial distortion or deflection of the tank car.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1990
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventor: Paul J. Dumser
  • Patent number: 4884723
    Abstract: A gasket for a hopper outlet is disclosed, particularly well-suited for use between the frame of the hopper and the frame of an unloading outlet for a railway hopper car. The gasket has a central metal frame carrying a pair of relatively hard, continuous elastomeric seals along each edge of the frame. Each of the seals has a lip which protrudes upwardly (or downwardly) and outwardly from the body of the gasket so as to be readily compressed upon initially mating with the frames to ensure sealing even if the frames are warped. Such a gasket may be retrofitted to existing outlets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1989
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventor: Richard H. Dugge
  • Patent number: D317277
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1991
    Assignee: ACF Industries, Incorporated
    Inventors: John W. Coulborn, John A. Krug