Patents Assigned to Air Products and Chemical, Inc.
  • Patent number: 10852059
    Abstract: Systems and methods described for increasing capacity and efficiency of natural gas liquefaction processes having a mixed refrigerant precooling system with multiple pressure levels comprising cooling the compressed mixed refrigerant stream and separating the cooled compressed mixed refrigerant stream into a vapor and liquid portion. The liquid portion provides refrigeration duty to a first precooling heat exchanger. The vapor portion is further compressed, cooled, and condensed, and used to provide refrigeration duty to a second precooling heat exchanger. A flash gas separated from the liquefied natural gas is warmed and combined with the natural gas feed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Gowri Krishnamurthy, Mark Julian Roberts, Adam Adrian Brostow
  • Publication number: 20200368665
    Abstract: Pressure swing adsorption process for reducing fluctuations in the flow rate of tail gas from the adsorption unit. The flow rate of the stream of blowdown gas is regulated responsive signals from a sensor measuring the pressure and/or flow rate of the tail gas comprising the blowdown gas and purge gas effluent before the tail gas is introduced into a surge vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2019
    Publication date: November 26, 2020
    Applicant: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Elizabeth M. D'Addio, Christopher H. Wood, Quan Min Shao
  • Patent number: 10843121
    Abstract: Process and apparatus for producing helium, neon, or argon product gas using an adsorption separation unit having minimal dead end volumes. A purification unit receives a stream enriched in helium, neon, or argon, and a stream is recycled from the purification unit back to the adsorption separation unit in a controlled manner to maintain the concentration of the helium, neon, or argon in the feed to the separation unit within a targeted range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Cory E. Sanderson, Jason Michael Ploeger, Jin Cao, Roger Dean Whitley, Shubhra Jyoti Bhadra
  • Patent number: 10835856
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are rapid cycle pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process for separating O2 from N2 and/or Ar. The processes use a carbon molecular sieve (CMS) adsorbent having an O2/N2 and/or O2/Ar kinetic selectivity of at least 5 and an O2 adsorption rate (1/s) of at least 0.2000 as determined by linear driving force model at 1 atma and 86° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger Dean Whitley, Shubhra Jyoti Bhadra, Erdem Arslan, Yong Cao, Timothy Christopher Golden
  • Publication number: 20200332900
    Abstract: An annular seal assembly for use in a fluid mover, such as a compressor, having a tangentially-cut ring assembly and a radially-cut ring assembly, each ring assembly having arcuate segments, where each arcuate segment of the tangentially-cut ring assembly has a plurality of passages extending from the outer peripheral face to within at least 1.0 mm of the inner peripheral face, wherein after wearing in of the seal, the passages extend through the tangentially-cut ring assembly for pressure balancing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2019
    Publication date: October 22, 2020
    Applicant: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: David Jonathan Chalk, Gregory Peter Hupp, Douglas R. Williams, Lance Michael Grimm
  • Patent number: 10799849
    Abstract: An adsorbent for removing CO2 from a gas mixture, the adsorbent comprising alumina and a carbonate compound where the carbonate to alumina IR absorbance intensity ratio is reduced by washing the adsorbent with water. The disclosure also describes a method of making adsorbent particles, process for removing CO2 from a gas mixture using the adsorbent, and an adsorption unit using the adsorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Garret Chi-Ho Lau, Erin Marie Sorensen, Fred William Taylor, Timothy Christopher Golden, Robert Quinn, William Jack Casteel, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10788261
    Abstract: Described herein are methods and systems for the liquefaction of a natural gas feed stream using a refrigerant comprising methane. The methods and systems use a refrigeration circuit and cycle that employs two or more turbo-expanders to expand two or more streams of gaseous refrigerant down to different pressures to provide cold streams of at least predominantly gaseous refrigerant at different pressures that are used to provide refrigeration for precooling and liquefying the natural gas. The resulting liquefied natural gas stream is then flashed to produce an LNG product and a flash gas, the flash gas being recycled to the natural gas feed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Gowri Krishnamurthy, Mark Julian Roberts
  • Patent number: 10788260
    Abstract: Described herein is a method of removing refrigerant from a natural gas liquefaction system in which vaporized mixed refrigerant is withdrawn from the closed-loop refrigeration circuit and introduced into a distillation column so as to be separated into an overhead vapor enriched in methane and a bottoms liquid enriched in heavier components. Overhead vapor is withdrawn from the distillation column to form a methane enriched stream that is removed from the liquefaction system, and bottoms liquid is reintroduced from the distillation column into the closed-loop refrigeration circuit. Also described are methods of altering the rate of production in a natural gas liquefaction system in which refrigerant is removed as described above, and a natural gas liquefaction systems in which such methods can be carried out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Keith Johnston, Gowri Krishnamurthy, Mark Julian Roberts
  • Patent number: 10781384
    Abstract: A gasification system for the oxidation of a carbonaceous feedstock to provide a synthesis gas comprising: a reactor chamber for oxidizing the carbonaceous feedstock; a quench section for holding a bath of liquid coolant; an intermediate section having a reactor outlet opening through which the synthesis gas is conducted from the reactor chamber into the bath of the quench section; at least one layer of refractory bricks arranged on the reactor chamber floor, the lower end section of the refractory bricks enclosing the reactor outlet opening and defining the inner diameter thereof; the intermediate section including a number of halved tubes for liquid coolant arranged onto at least part of the reactor chamber floor on a side thereof opposite to the lower end section of the refractory bricks; and a pump system for circulating the liquid coolant through the halved tubes on the reactor chamber floor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Sijing Liu, Manfred Heinrich Schmitz-Goeb, Anthony Wolfert, Unai Jauregi, Joachim Ottomar Wolff
  • Patent number: 10781499
    Abstract: A method of operating a BOF bottom stir tuyere having an inner nozzle surrounded by an annular nozzle, including during a hot metal pour phase and a blow phase, flowing an inert gas through both nozzles; during a tap phase, initiating a flow of a first reactant through the inner nozzle and a flow of a second reactant through the annular nozzle, and ceasing the flow of inert gas through the nozzles, wherein the first and second reactants includes fuel and oxidant, respectively, or vice-versa, such that a flame forms as the fuel and oxidant exit the tuyere; during a slag splash phase, continuing the flows of fuel and oxidant to maintain the flame; and after ending the slag splash phase and commencement of another hot metal pour phase, initiating a flow of inert gas through both nozzles and ceasing the flows of the first and second reactants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory J. Buragino, Shailesh Pradeep Gangoli, Anshu Gupta, Anup Vasant Sane, Avishek Guha, Xiaoyi He, Michael David Buzinski, Kyle J. Niemkiewicz, Russell James Hewertson
  • Patent number: 10767858
    Abstract: A gasification reactor comprises a pressure shell; a reaction zone partly bounded by a tubular membrane wall enclosed by the pressure shell; at least one burner having a burner head, said burner head protruding the membrane wall; at least one cooling device arranged in the membrane wall and enclosing the burner head of at least one burner, the at least one cooling device comprising several concentric rings of increasing diameter, forming a truncated cone shape having a largest diameter opening facing the reaction zone and a smallest diameter opening facing the burner head, each ring being a conduit having an inlet and an outlet for a cooling medium, the smallest diameter opening for the burner head being located between the pressure shell and the membrane wall; the cooling device comprising at least one part-circular outer ring having an interruption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Alfons Heitmann, Roland Reimesch, Thomas Paul Von Kossak-Glowczewski
  • Patent number: 10765991
    Abstract: A rapid cycle pressure swing adsorption (RCPSA) air purification process, apparatus, and device for the removal of at least one of water, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and one or more hydrocarbons from a feed air stream prior to cryogenic air separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Jinzhong Liu, Wu Li, Timothy Christopher Golden
  • Patent number: 10767922
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for liquefying a natural gas feed stream and removing nitrogen therefrom to produce a nitrogen-depleted LNG product, in which a natural gas feed stream is fed into the warm end of a main heat exchanger, cooled and at least partially liquefied, withdrawn from an intermediate location of the main heat exchanger and separated to form a nitrogen-enriched natural gas vapor stream and a nitrogen-depleted natural gas liquid stream, the liquid and vapor streams being reintroduced into an intermediate location of the main heat exchanger and further cooled in parallel to form a first LNG stream and a first at least partially liquefied nitrogen-enriched natural gas stream, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Fei Chen, Yang Liu, Gowri Krishnamurthy, Christopher Michael Ott, Mark Julian Roberts
  • Patent number: 10760017
    Abstract: A gasification system for the partial oxidation of a carbonaceous feedstock to at least provide a synthesis gas, comprising: a reactor chamber for receiving and partially oxidizing the carbonaceous feedstock; a quench chamber below the floor of the reactor chamber for holding a bath of liquid coolant; an intermediate section at said reactor chamber floor, the intermediate section having a reactor outlet opening through which the reactor chamber communicates with the quench chamber to conduct the synthesis gas from the reactor chamber into the bath of the quench chamber; at least one layer of refractory bricks arranged on and supported by the reactor chamber floor, the lower end section of the refractory bricks enclosing the reactor outlet opening and defining the inner diameter thereof; and a dip tube extending from the reactor outlet opening to the bath of the quench chamber, the dip tube having a widened top section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products & Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Manfred Heinrich Schmitz-Goeb, Paul Christian Karzel
  • Patent number: 10753676
    Abstract: Systems and methods described for increasing capacity and efficiency of natural gas liquefaction processes having a mixed refrigerant precooling system with multiple pressure levels comprising cooling the compressed mixed refrigerant stream and separating the cooled compressed mixed refrigerant stream into a vapor and liquid portion. The liquid portion provides refrigeration duty to a first precooling heat exchanger. The vapor portion is further compressed, cooled, and condensed, and used to provide refrigeration duty to a second precooling heat exchanger. A flash gas separated from the liquefied natural gas is warmed and combined with the natural gas feed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Gowri Krishnamurthy, Mark Julian Roberts, Adam Adrian Brostow
  • Patent number: 10744450
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are multi-bed rapid cycle pressure swing adsorption (RCPSA) processes for separating O2 from N2 and/or Ar, wherein the process utilizes at least five adsorption beds each comprising a kinetically selective adsorbent for O2 having an O2 adsorption rate (1/s) of at least 0.20 as determined by linear driving force model at 1 atma and 86° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Shubhra Jyoti Bhadra, Roger Dean Whitley, Timothy Christopher Golden, Dingjun Wu, Glenn Paul Wagner
  • Patent number: 10746470
    Abstract: A method of operating a furnace having process tubes and multiple burners where it is desired to conform the temperatures of the process tubes to selected target temperature criterion. The present method provides a systematic and quantitative approach to determine how to adjust burner flow rates to result in desired tube wall temperatures, for example, using objective functions to decrease the probability that temperatures pertaining to the plurality of process tubes exceed their selected limit temperatures. An objective function can also be used to reduce the excess oxidant requirement for the furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products & Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Ali Esmaili, Hu Li, Matthew James Labuda, Joshua David Isom
  • Patent number: 10730142
    Abstract: Methods and systems for controlling gas atmospheres in three-dimensional laser printing and weld overlay consolidation operations using metallic powders are provided. In one or more embodiments, such systems and methods comprise a printing chamber or laser weld overlay system, a gas supply system, a feed powder system, and one or more sensors employed to control the printing or welding operation. The methods and systems of the invention employ one or more inert gases having a purity greater than or equal to 99.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Zbigniew Zurecki, Ranajit Ghosh
  • Patent number: 10730006
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a stator plate for a rotary bed PSA apparatus that has an exhaust slot that has first and second sections for receiving blowdown and purge exhaust gas streams, the sections being separated by a flow restriction that restricts but does not full prevent gas flow between the sections, or that has separate exhaust slots for separately receiving the blowdown and purge exhaust gas streams. Also disclosed is pressure swing adsorption (PSA) apparatus including such a stator plate, and a rotary bed PSA process using such an apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Glenn Paul Wagner, Xue Mei Liu, Jinzhong Liu, Roger Dean Whitley, Shubhra Jyoti Bhadra, Michael Jamie McKerrow
  • Publication number: 20200232707
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for nitriding metal articles, wherein the nitriding potential of the nitriding atmosphere is controlled as a function of the molecular weights of the inlet and outlet gases from the nitriding apparatus, as measured by molecular weight sensors located outside (external to) the furnace chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2019
    Publication date: July 23, 2020
    Applicant: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Liang He, Guido Plicht, Ranajit Ghosh, Donald James Bowe