Patents Assigned to Anadrill, Inc.
  • Patent number: 5275040
    Abstract: Gas influx into a wellbore, which is commonly referred to as a "kick", is detected during active drilling of the borehole. In a preferred embodiment of the invention a determination of mud pump noise round trip transit time T by evaluating a function T=(n-.PHI./2.pi.)f where .PHI. is the phase between standpipe and annulus signals and f is the frequency of a drill fluid oscillation caused by a mud pump and n is an integer which is incremented or decremented until the rate of change of T with respect to frequency is zero. An alarm signal is generated when the rate of change of T with respect to time exceeds a predetermined threshold. In another embodiment of the invention a determination of the Doppler frequency shift of a mud pump signal expressed as a ratio signal, .DELTA.f/f.sub.0 where .DELTA.f is the change in frequency measured at the annulus from the frequency f.sub.0 of the mud pump signal measured at the standpipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1994
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: Daniel Codazzi
  • Patent number: 5267398
    Abstract: A diamond thrust bearing and method for manufacturing the diamond thrust bearing wherein diamond bearing pads are interference fitted at ambient temperature into a plurality of equidistantly spaced bearing pad recesses located in a circle in a receiving surface of a bearing pad retainer. The bearing faces of the diamond bearing pads are located coplanar with a predetermined common bearing plane by pressing the bearing faces into the bearing pad retainer with a ram and inflexible pressing plate until the pressing face of the pressing plate is stopped by a press stop block. The diamond thrust bearing manufactured using the method will be free from heat induced stresses that cause bearing face misalignment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1993
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: David R. Hall
  • Patent number: 5253939
    Abstract: Cylindrical bearing pads are insertable into bearing pad recesses formed in a receiving surface of a bearing pad retainer in a load-carrying structure. The bearing pads have an insertion end which is fixed into the bearing pad recess by brazing or by interference fitting and a bearing end which projects from the receiving surface and terminates in a bearing face. The bearing face has a periphery which encircles the bearing face and an indentation having a perimeter formed centrally in the bearing face. An annular flattened area encircles the indentation forming an effective bearing contact area between an outer border of the flattened area and the perimeter of the indentation. When the indentation is filled with drilling fluid, lubrication is provided to an opposed bearing face of an opposing bearing pad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1993
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: David R. Hall
  • Patent number: 5181576
    Abstract: In accordance with illustrative embodiments of this invention, a downhole adjustable stabilizer includes a sleeve having outwardly extending blades and mounted for limited rotation on a mandrel, vertically aligned sets of radially movable buttons mounted in bores in the blades, and longitudinal flats on the outer periphery of the mandrel that when radially aligned with the respective sets of buttons allows them to shift inward to positions where the stabilizer becomes undergage and can be tilted in the borehole. Some spring loaded buttons drag against the borehole wall to provide frictional restraint against rotation of the housing. The blades can each have an inclined side surface that causes the sleeve to be rotated to its position relative to the mandrel where the sets of buttons are retracted as the stabilizer slides downward in the borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1993
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Warren E. Askew, Alan Eddison
  • Patent number: 5154078
    Abstract: Gas influx into a wellbore, called A "kick", is detected by two different, yet complementary methods during active drilling of the borehole. The first method is based upon the existence of standing wave patterns generated by pressure oscillations of the drilling rig mud pumps. Such standing wave patterns form time sequences of maximum and minima as a gas slug moves upwardly in the annulus. The time between such peaks of such oscillations is measured and forms the basis for generation of one first kick signal. A continuous increase in the phase between annulus and drill string standing waves forms the basis for another standing wave kick signal. The second method uses acoustic signals from a downhole source near the bottom of the borehole which are transmitted at different speeds in the annulus mud and in the interior drill string mud, where the annulus mud may be gas cut. A difference in arrival time between the signals is determined, and if large enough, causes a second kick signal to be generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1992
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: Daniel Codazzi
  • Patent number: 5146433
    Abstract: Methods for recovering a LWD or MWD data signal in the presence of mud pump noise are provided and generally comprise calibrating the drilling mud pressure as a function of the mud pump piston position, and then tracking the piston position during transmission of the LWD or MWD data signal and using the calibration information to subtract out the mud pump noise. Calibration is accomplished in the absence of the LWD or MWD data signal to provide a correlation between mud pump piston position and the drilling mud pressure. Then, when the LWD or MWD data signal is being generated, the mud pump piston position is tracked such that the pressure due to the pump can be subtracted and the LWD or MWD signal recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1992
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Alexandre Kosmala, David Malone, Peter Masak
  • Patent number: 5139094
    Abstract: Methods are provided for controlling the direction of a borehole drilled by a downhole motor, including the steps of positioning downhole adjustable bent housing and near-bit stabilizer in the drill string, adjusting the bent housing from its normally straight condition to its bent condition to effect borehole curvature, and using the stabilizer in its undergage condition to enhance the inclination. The Measurements are made from which the inclination with respect to the vertical and the azimuth can be determined and telemetered uphole for processing, display, and recording. Preferably the directional measurements are made at two locations, one below the bent point and one above it. These two sets of measurements can be compared to confirm the bend angle and to obtain a definition of the orientation of the plane of the bend angle so that the drilling path can be accurately controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Bernhard Prevedel, Warren E. Askew, Alan Eddison
  • Patent number: 5092687
    Abstract: A diamond thrust bearing and method for manufacturing the diamond thrust bearing wherein diamond bearing pads are interference fitted at ambient temperatures into a plurality of equidistantly spaced bearing pad recesses located in a circle in a receiving surface of a bearing pad retainer. The bearing faces of the diamond bearing pads are located coplanar with a predetermined common bearing plane by pressing the bearing faces into the bearing pad retainer with a ram and inflexible pressing plate until the pressing face of the pressing plate is stopped by a press stop block. The diamond thrust bearing manufactured using the method will be free from heat induced stresses that cause bearing face misalignment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: David R. Hall
  • Patent number: 5063776
    Abstract: Improved methods and systems are provided for determining a volumetric flow rate of mud in a return line without the aid of a velocity probe. A mud level sensor is located in a return line chimney preferably in close proximity to the bell nipple. The sensor senses the height of the mud flowing in the return line. Where an ultraonsic transceiver is used as the sensor, temperature sensors in the chimney and return line determine a temperature gradient in the return line which provides a speed of sound correction as does a target at a known distance from the transceiver. A computer receives the uncorrected mud height and the speed of sound information, and determines the flow-out volume of the mud. Flow-out volume is related to the mud height, the geometry of the return line, and mud parameters. In a more complete system, the computer calibrates the determined flow-out volume with the flow-in volume, and provides a correction factor which is used to provide a corrected flow-out determination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1991
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Klaus J. Zanker, Jacques Orban
  • Patent number: 5033557
    Abstract: In accordance with an illustrative embodiment of the present invention, a hydraulic drilling jar includes a mandrel and a housing movable between extended and retracted relative positions to deliver jarring blows to a struck object, a piston on the mandrel that slides in a cylinder in the housing, and a restriction assembly on the housing having an internal seal that engages an enlarged section of the mandrel to enclose a high pressure, oil-filled chamber between the piston and the restriction assembly, the restriction assembly including a pin check valve that provides a very slow leakage of oil from the high pressure chamber while the enlarged section of the mandrel is engaged with the seal. An oil-filled compensating chamber on the opposite side of the restriction means from the high pressure chamber has its pressure equalized with the pressure inside the mandrel by ports through the wall of the mandrel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 23, 1991
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: Warren E. Askew
  • Patent number: 4981036
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of determining the porosity of an undergound formation being drilled by a rotating drill bit mounted at the lower end of a drill string. The torque (TOR) and the weight (WOB) applied on the bit when drilling the underground formation are measured; the effect of the geometry of the drill bit on the torque and weight on bit response is determined; the porosity (phi) of the formation being drilled is derived from the measured TOR and WOB taking into account the effect of the geometry of the drill bit. Preferentially, the porosity phi is determined from the following equation:TOR=(k.sub.1 +k.sub.2.phi)WOB.sup.awhere k.sub.1, k.sub.2 and a are parameters characteristic of the geometry of the drill bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1991
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: David Curry, Michael Sheppard
  • Patent number: 4976143
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for accurately determining drill bit depth are provided. A hook load is sampled at a rate of at least 4 Hz and is compared to a low threshold to establish a slips-in condition. A determination is made retroactively that the drill string stopped moving when the hook load passed through a high dynamic threshold. On the slips-out procedure, the identical high threshold is used, with movement established when the hook load exceeds the high threshold. The high dynamic threshold corresponds to the points at which the drill string actually stops and starts moving in the slips-in and slips-out procedures. The apparatus provided is a drawworks encoder mounting assembly which retrofits an auxiliary brake section of the drawworks or the rotary seal air coupler of a drawworks clutch. A split ring gear fits around and is secured to the rotating cylinder of the rotary seal air coupler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1990
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher G. Casso
  • Patent number: 4956921
    Abstract: A method is proposed for better determining the azimuth and inclination of a borehole in which a priori information regarding the magnitude of the earth's gravitational field strength, its magnetic field strength and direction are utilized to constrain the measured components of the earth's gravitational and magnetic field vectors. The constrained fit method adjusts the accelerometer and the magnetometer tri-axis measurements to optimize agreement between the measured data and the a priori magnetic and gravity field strengths and the magnetic dip angle. The adjustment that is selected is that which produces the least increase in the statistical measure .chi..sup.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1990
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark Coles
  • Patent number: 4958125
    Abstract: The invention is related to a method of determininng the instantaneous rotation speed of a drill string or a drill bit in a borehole or the lateral shocks applied to the string or bit. The centripetal acceleration of the drill string is measured at at least two opposite ends of a drill string diameter so as to obtain two centripetal acceleration signals ac1 and ac2; the signals ac1 and ac2 are combined and the instantaneous rotation speed or the lateral shocks are derived from said combined signal. The accelerometers must be of the type delivering a signal with a DC component. An important application of the invention is to transform drill string rotation speed dependent data acquired versus time with a constant sampling time increment T.sub.c separating successive data, into compensated data which would be obtained for a substantially constant drill string rotation speed S.sub.c. The compensated data are obtained either by adjusting the constant sampling time interval T.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1990
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Stuart Jardine, Dominic McCann, Marc Lesage
  • Patent number: 4949575
    Abstract: Formation Strength and other measurement while drilling parameters are combined to produce a formation volumetric analysis which may including the traditional volumetric components of clay volume, sand volume, total porosity, and water filled porosity. In shaley formations, the volumetric analysis may also include an excess or overpressure porosity. Formation Strength may be derived from measurements of torque and weight on bit and be corrected for such effects as bit dullness, mud weight and hydrostatic pressure balance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: John C. Rasmus
  • Patent number: 4941951
    Abstract: A variety of flow and pressure measurements are obtained to characterize the drilling fluids hydraulics system of the borehole drilling process. Notably, a differential pressure measurement which measures the difference between the pressure internal to and external of the drill bit is made close to the drill bit. From this and other measurements are obtained valuable information on whether a change in pressure drop is due to a leak or a lost bit nozzle, on corrections to the downhole weight on bit measurement, on the rate of rotation of a downhole positive displacement drilling motor, on the efficiency of the drilling motor, and on an indication of whether a leak in or a blockage of the drill string has occurred and its location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1990
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Sheppard, Zhian Hedayati
  • Patent number: 4887464
    Abstract: A system for the quantitative analysis of one or more evolving gases exiting a borehole includes a Venturi ejector for substantially capturing liberated gases in the bell nipple and return line, a rotating disk extractor for substantially extracting gases entrained and dissolved in drilling mud, and a gas analyzer system for analyzing and quantifying the captured and extracted gases. The Venturi ejector preferably is operatively coupled to the return line, and a pipe wiper may be arranged to partially cover the bell nipple. The ejector sucks liberated gases out of the return line and causes a negative pressure to occur at the bell nipple such that air is sucked into the bell nipple rather than exiting the same. The rotating disk extractor has air flowing countercurrent to the mud flow. As the disks rotate, they pick up a thin liquid film of mud which is exposed to the air stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 19, 1989
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Eli Tannenbaum, Trevor Burgess, Vassilios Kalessidis, Andre Orban, John Williams, Klaus Zanker
  • Patent number: 4876886
    Abstract: Downhole Torque and Rate of Penetration are utilized to develop indications of formations having high porosity or of the development of an undergauge bit. Downhole torque is normalized by dividing it by the product of downhole weight on bit and bit size to produce Dimensionless Torque while Rate of Penetration is normalized by dividing it by the product of downhole weight on bit and rotary speed. The values of Dimensionless Torque and Normalized Rate of Penetration are compared to "normally" expected values of these quantities. Deviations from the normal values are taken as an indication of the occurrence of bit penetration of a highly porous formation or of the development of an undergauge or damaged bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1989
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew Bible, Marc Lesage, Ian Falconer
  • Patent number: 4852399
    Abstract: Downhole torque and rate of penetration are utilized to develop indications of formations that are porous, argillaceous or tight. This information is useful as an aid in selecting drilling practices and drilling bits. The method separates bit effects from lithology effects when drilling with roller cone or PDC bits by utilizing surface and subsurface wellsite sensors to determine averaged values of real time penetration rate and downhole torque. Changes in bit torque are used to broadly classify the lithology into three categories: porous, argillaceous and tight formations while trends in bit torque and rate of penetration in shale are used to separate wear of the bit from changes in formation strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1989
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: Ian G. Falconer
  • Patent number: 4847815
    Abstract: A pressure pulse generator which generates relatively sinusoidal pressure pulses in a fluid flowing in a borehole is disclosed. The pressure pulse generator for a MWD tool broadly comprises: a housing adapted to be connected in a tubing string so that fluid flowing in the string will at least partially flow through the housing; a stator mounted within the housing and having a plurality of lobes with intervening gaps; a rotor coaxial to the stator which rotates relative to the stator and which is mounted within the housing and has a plurality of lobes with intervening gaps between adjacent lobes, wherein the lobes of the rotor and stator are arranged such that as the rotor rotates relative to the stator, the area of the adjacent gaps between the lobes of the stator and rotor through which the fluid may flow in a direction parallel to the borehole varies approximately with the inverse of the square root of a linear function of a sine wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1989
    Assignee: Anadrill, Inc.
    Inventor: David Malone