Patents Assigned to Ashland Oil, Inc.
  • Patent number: 5683747
    Abstract: Carbon fiber mat are embedded in a coating by first rolling on a coating of e.g. epoxy on the floor or wall, then applying sheets of fine carbon fibers, (optionally) removing the carbon fiber which is not adherent after the coating has dried, then applying one or more additional top coats of coating to additionally embed the carbon fibers. The result is an electrically conductive floor and/or wall coating system useful in antistatic rooms such as clean rooms, operating rooms, etc. Coatings can be sol vent based or waterborne urethanes, epoxies, alkyds, polyethylenes, acrylics, vinyls, vinyl acetates, esters, polyesters, sulfones, polysulfones, silicones, polysilicones and others. The preferred mats are carbon fiber "veils" or "paper" generally having a density of about 0.75 oz./square yard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventor: Ray C. Hamon
  • Patent number: 5478790
    Abstract: In its broadest aspects, the present invention is directed to a tin or bismuth catalyst/mercapto complex as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,788,083 which catalyst complex exhibits substantially the same stability and activity after extended periods of storage as it exhibits upon initial formation. Such long term storage stability is achieved by restricting the vehicle for the catalyst complex to one that will not react with said mercapto compound upon extended storage of said catalyst system. Advantageous such vehicles include aromatic hydrocarbons and terpenes. Importantly, ketone vehicles are excluded from the catalyst complex formulation. Preferred vehicles include toluene, xylene, turpentine, d-limonene, aromatic petroleum distillates, and mixtures thereof. Corresponding method for forming the stabilized catalyst complex forms yet further aspect of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: David B. Norby, Kimberly S. Baker
  • Patent number: 5434213
    Abstract: Broadly, the present invention is directed to a pressure sensitive adhesive that possesses enhanced adhesion to low surface energy substrates. The inventive PSA comprises the free-radical polymerization reaction product prepared in the presence of a free-radical initiator and dispersed in organic solvent of between about 0.5% and 10%, by weight of the non-volatile solids of the reaction product, of an organic solvent soluble, high ethylene-containing polymer; and a mixture of ethylenically-unsaturated monomers. Such mixture of monomers comprises between 0% and not substantially above about 10%, by weight of the non-volatile solids of the reaction product, of an ethylenically-unsaturated carboxylic acid or anhydride; and the balance being a non-carboxyl/non-anhydride-functional vinyl monomer or mixture of monomers. The T.sub.g of the polymerized mixture of monomers is not substantially above about -20.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: Gang-Fung Chen, Laurence G. Dammann
  • Patent number: 5420166
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for treating cross-linked (cured) filled or untilled unsaturated polyester for deriving an alcohol recycle reactant useful in the synthesis of alcohol-formed derivative products. The first step of the method is the attrition of the cured unsaturated polyester to form particulates thereof. In the next step of the process, at least a fraction of any filler or fiberglass in the cured unsaturated polyester is separated to form a cured unsaturated polyester regrind. The next step is the subjecting of the cured unsaturated polyester regrind to agitated, uncatalyzed or catalyzed glycolysis in the presence of excess glycol and, optionally, a transesterification catalyst under agitation at elevated transesterification temperature. The final step of the process is the recovery of the recycle alcohol reactant for use in the synthesis of alcohol-formed derivative products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Tufts, Chung-Chieh Tsai, Stephen S. Hupp
  • Patent number: 5417751
    Abstract: This invention relates to heat-cured foundry binders comprising in admixture (1) a source of soluble silica, and (2) a source of soluble alumina, such that the source of silica, source of alumina, or both contain an alkali metal. The binder components form a saturated solution when they are mixed with an aggregate. The resulting mix is shaped and heated at an elevated temperature to form a cured foundry shape. Heat is applied by warm air with warm-box equipment, baking in an oven, microwave, and preferably from hot-box equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 23, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: Helena Twardowska, Heimo J. Langer
  • Patent number: 5416134
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an aqueous emulsion acrylic pressure sensitive adhesive composition that excels in high performance applications. The inventive adhesive composition comprises in water:(I) a polymer system wherein the system is:(A) (a) a copolymer of between about 95 wt-% and 99.9 wt-% of a C.sub.4 -C.sub.18 alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer and between about 0.1 wt-% and 5 wt-% N-alkyl substituted or unsubstituted amide of (meth)acrylic acid, and(b) a homopolymer or copolymer of between about 0 wt-% and 99.8 wt-% of a C.sub.4 -C.sub.18 alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer and about 0.2 wt-% and 100 wt-% of an ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid; or(B) (a) a copolymer of between about 90 wt-% and 99.8 wt-% of a C.sub.4 -C.sub.18 alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer and about 0.2 wt-% and 10 wt-% of an ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid; and(b) a homopolymer or copolymer of between about 0 wt-% and 99.1 wt-% of a C.sub.4 -C.sub.18 alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer and between about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Skoglund
  • Patent number: 5405881
    Abstract: The invention relates to an ester cured no-bake foundry binder system preferably comprising as separate components (a) an aqueous basic solution of a phenolic resole resin; (b) a hardener comprising (i) an epoxy resin, and (ii) a liquid ester.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: James T. Schneider, Gary R. Hysell
  • Patent number: 5393412
    Abstract: Optimized utilization of combinations of fluid catalyst magnetic separator, classifier, and/or attriter can be used to achieve lower catalyst cost, and better catalyst activity and selectivity through control of metal-on-catalyst, particle size and particle size distribution. This process is especially useful when processing high metal-containing feedstocks. This provides a catalyst recovery unit (RCU.TM.) ancillary to an FCC or similar unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventor: William P. Hettinger
  • Patent number: 5390727
    Abstract: This invention relates to inorganic no-bake foundry binder systems and their uses. The binder systems comprise as separate Part A and Part B components: (A) an aqueous solution of specified phosphoric acids, and (B) a mixture comprising (1) an iron oxide selected from the group consisting of (a) ferrous oxide, (b) ferroferric oxide, and (c) mixtures thereof and (2) magnesium oxide. The binder systems are used to prepare foundry mixes which are used to prepare foundry molds and cores. The foundry molds and cores are used to cast metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuily M. Yunovich, Ruth A. Dudenhoefer, Heimo J. Langer
  • Patent number: 5382289
    Abstract: This invention relates to inorganic no-bake foundry binder systems and their uses. The binder systems comprise as separate components: (A) mono-aluminum phosphate in an aqueous solution containing specified phosphoric acids, and (B) magnesium oxide; and certain specified zinc compounds in either the Component A, Component B or both. The components of the binder system react when they are mixed with a foundry aggregate to prepare foundry mixes which are used to prepare foundry molds and cores. The foundry molds and cores are used to cast metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 17, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: Ruth A. Bambauer, Heimo J. Langer, Steven C. Akey
  • Patent number: 5380793
    Abstract: This invention is a low cost styrene-soluble unsaturated polyester resin made using recycled or virgin polyethylene terephthalate. The PET is first glycolyzed using inexpensive glycols and then reacted with maleic anhydride and dicyclopentadiene, forming polyesters containing cyclopentadiene added by Diels-Alder reaction and/or norbornyl-terminated polyesters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 10, 1995
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventor: Timothy P. Pepper
  • Patent number: 5376696
    Abstract: The subject invention relates to foundry mixes comprised of (a) an aqueous basic solution of a phenolic resole resin; (b) a major amount of reclaimed sand which has first been treated with an aqueous non halogenated surfactant solution, and (c) a liquid ester co-reactant.The invention also relates to foundry shapes made with the subject foundry mixes which have improved tensile strengths and scratch hardness when compared to foundry shapes which are prepared from foundry binder systems which do not utilize foundry aggregates which have been mixed with an aqueous surfactant solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: William R. Dunnavant, Kenneth W. Barnett, Gary R. Hysell
  • Patent number: 5374676
    Abstract: The polyurethane oligomer reaction product of a hydroxyl-terminated prepolymer with a dicarboxylic acid anhydride is incorporated into conventional thermosetting polyester resin formulations to impart improved impact properties and reduced shrinkage behavior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: James M. O'Connor, Donald L. Lickei, Michael L. Rosin
  • Patent number: 5370790
    Abstract: Mid-distillate hydrocarbon fuels, preferably having initial boiling points above 350.degree. F., are separated e.g. by prep-HPLC into non-aromatic and aromatic fractions which are used to set 0% aromatics (the non-aromatics) and 100% aromatics (the aromatics) on an NIR spectrophotometer. From NIR aromatic band absorbances of unknown samples, their percent aromatics is determined using this two-point calibration and the Beer-Lambert equation. Preferred NIR bands of 1650-1700 and 2120-2256 exhibit excel lent correlation with aromatics content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 6, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven M. Maggard, William T. Welch
  • Patent number: 5364827
    Abstract: By continuously or intermittently adding amounts of magnetically active moieties, e.g. iron compounds, over time so that the moiety deposits on a catalyst or sorbent in a fluid catalytic cracker or similar circulating hydrocarbon conversion unit, older catalyst, being more magnetic, can be readily separated from catalyst which has been in the system a shorter time. Separation is readily accomplished by passing the catalyst and/or sorbent through a magnetic field and discarding the more magnetic 50% by wt. or more preferably 20% by wt., while recycling the remainder back to the hydrocarbon conversion unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: William P. Hettinger, Roger M. Benslay
  • Patent number: 5362965
    Abstract: Method for determining oxygenate content and/or octane of hydrocarbon fuels suitable for automotive vehicles. Selecting nanometer frequencies in the range 1,300 to 1,350 reduces the temperature dependence of calibration equations that predict values representative of both oxygenate content and octane. This can be further improved by using only derivatives of selected temperature-dependent frequencies in addition to those in the 1,300 to 1,350 nanometer range. The selected frequencies preferably primarily correspond to C-H vibrational modes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil Inc.
    Inventor: Steven M. Maggard
  • Patent number: 5349189
    Abstract: Certain selected wavelengths in the near infrared spectra permit analysis of weight percent, volume percent, or even mole percent of each component, e.g. PIANO (paraffin, isoparaffin, aromatic, napthenes, and olefins), octane (preferably research, motor or pump), and percent of various hydrocarbons, e.g. alpha olefins. Analysis can be nearly continuous analysis on-line or at-line, as well as batch analysis, e.g. in a quality control laboratory. Preferably the NIR data is converted to a second derivative of the spectra and multiple linear regression performed to model the individual PIANO concentrations, and to predict physical properties of fuel blending components, e.g. research octane of reformate, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventor: Steven M. Maggard
  • Patent number: 5348645
    Abstract: Mid-distillate hydrocarbon fuels, preferably having initial boiling points above 350.degree. F., are separated e.g. by prep-HPLC into non-aromatic and aromatic fractions which are used to set 0% aromatics (the non-aromatics) and 100% aromatics (the aromatics) on an NIR spectrophotometer. From NIR aromatic band absorbances of unknown samples, their percent aromatics is determined using this two-point calibration and the Beer-Lambert equation. Preferred NIR bands of 1650-1700 and 2120-2256 exhibit excellent correlation with aromatics content. Also similar techniques measure sulfur through correlation with the benzothiophenic band and its overtones and combination bands, or possibly directly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven M. Maggard, William T. Welch
  • Patent number: 5349188
    Abstract: Certain selected wavelengths in the near infrared spectra permit analysis of weight percent, volume percent, or even mole percent of each component, e.g. PIANO (paraffin, isoparaffin, aromatic, napthenes, and olefins), octane (preferably research, motor or pump), and percent of various hydrocarbons, e.g. alpha olefins. Analysis can be nearly continuous analysis on-line or at-line, as well as batch analysis, e.g. in a quality control laboratory. Preferably the NIR data is converted to a second derivative of the spectra and multiple linear regression performed to model the individual PIANO concentrations, and to predict physical properties of fuel blending components, e.g. research octane of reformate, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventor: Steven M. Maggard
  • Patent number: 5345028
    Abstract: Disclosed is an alkylation catalyst to form adducts or alkylates of a C.sub.3 -C.sub.9 olefin with a C.sub.4 to C.sub.9 isoparaffin comprising a sulfated mixed oxide of titanium and nickel, wherein the percent by weight of titanium is at least 80%; of nickel is in the range 1-4%; and of sulfur in the range 1-10%. Also disclosed are the appropriate ratios of olefin to isoparaffin and the use of adamantane to increase yields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: Ashland Oil, Inc.
    Inventor: Saeed Alerasool