Patents Assigned to Battelle Memorial Institute
  • Publication number: 20190252689
    Abstract: A one-step in-situ electrochemical pre-charging strategy to generate thin protective films simultaneously on the surfaces of both carbon-based air-electrode and metal anode under an inert atmosphere is disclosed. The thin-films are formed from the decomposition of electrolyte during the in-situ electrochemical pre-charging process in an inert environment and can protect both a carbon air-electrode and a metal anode prior to conventional metal-oxygen discharge/charge cycling where reactive reduced oxygen species are formed. Lithium-oxygen cells after such pre-treatment demonstrate significantly extended cycle life which is far more than those without pre-treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2017
    Publication date: August 15, 2019
    Applicant: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Wu Xu, Bin Liu, Ji-Guang Zhang
  • Patent number: 10381667
    Abstract: A redox flow battery stack cell frame comprising a support frame and a monolithic bipolar plate integrated within the support frame is disclosed. The bipolar plate comprises a plurality of interdigitated flow channels on at least one surface. The support frame comprises an inlet manifold formed into a facing surface of the first side of the frame, the inlet manifold comprising fluid inlet distribution channels in a serpentine arrangement, each fluid inlet distribution channel aligned with a single inlet flow channel of the bipolar plate; and an outlet manifold formed into the facing surface of the opposing side of the frame, the outlet manifold comprising fluid outlet distribution channels in a serpentine arrangement, each fluid outlet distribution channel aligned with a single outlet flow channel of the bipolar plate. Redox flow battery stack cells and stacks comprising the stack cell frame are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Edwin C. Thomsen, David M. Reed, Brian J. Koeppel, Kurtis P. Recknagle, Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Alasdair J. Crawford, Zimin Nie, Wei Wang, Vincent L. Sprenkle, Bin Li
  • Patent number: 10378094
    Abstract: Reactive coating processes are provided that can include providing a coating material, reacting the coating material to form a shell about the coating material, contacting the shelled coating material with a substrate to be coated, depositing the coating material from within the shelled coating material on the substrate, and removing the shells from the substrate. Coating materials may be deposited upon a substrate to be coated and reacted to form a shell about the coating material. The coating materials can be particles and a shell can be formed about each of the individual particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Jung-Pyung Choi, Jeffrey W. Stevenson, Kenneth Scott Weil, Yeong-Shyung Matt Chou, Jens T. Darsell, Vineet V. Joshi
  • Patent number: 10379093
    Abstract: A dual quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor is disclosed for use in a hand-held detection device (10) for detecting the presence of an odorant in hydrocarbon gaseous fuels. The odorant is a thiol-based compound, such as ethanethiol. One QCM (16) is coated with a coating typically containing a reagent that specifically reacts with the thiol of the odorant and alters its oscillation frequency as a result of mass gained in the reaction. A second QCM (16?) serves as a control and the two frequency signals may be heterodyned (26) to produce a delta-frequency representative of the mass change. Circuitry and signal processing (32) are used to produce a final result correlated to the level of thiol in the hydrocarbon gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Michael J. Murphy, Michael J. Swickrath
  • Patent number: 10369748
    Abstract: A method for solid state joining of dissimilar materials using a friction stir welding device wherein a pin is inserted through an aperture defined in a first material and a second material to hold the materials together and then held in place by friction stir welding a portion of the pin to a material adjacent said pin, or by friction stir welding a cap or plug that holds the pin in place to the adjacent material. The result is a connection or join wherein the central portion of the pin is not friction stir welded but the portions holding the pin in place (the ends or caps) generally are.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Scott A. Whalen, Md. Reza-E-Rabby, Kenneth A. Ross, Aashish Rohatgi
  • Patent number: 10369396
    Abstract: An assembly containing a shelf-stable formulation for decontaminating skin exposed to toxic compounds located in a package formed with water and potassium bicarbonate in a first chamber; and a sponge, diacetylmonoxime (DAM), and polyethylene glycol (PEG) located in a second chamber. The package includes a barrier between the first chamber and the second chamber, with the barrier being configured to be rapidly removed when needed to enable the water and potassium bicarbonate to enter the second chamber. The package is made by placing the water and potassium bicarbonate in the first chamber of a package; mixing the DAM with PEG to form a DAM:PEG mixture; infusing the sponge with the DAM:PEG mixture to distribute DAM within the sponge; and placing the sponge, DAM and PEG in a second chamber of the package. Infusing the sponge includes solubilizing the DAM:PEG mixture in ethanol or another low boiling point solvent to form an ethanol-DAM-PEG solution and applying the ethanol-DAM-PEG solution evenly to the sponge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Erik W. Edwards, Steven Risser, Jeffrey Boyce
  • Patent number: 10373815
    Abstract: A method of validating data produced from a multiplexing process on an analytical instrument is disclosed. In one embodiment, the method includes using a pseudorandom sequence to encode a multiplexed segment of data; applying Hadamard transform to generate a demultiplexed segment of the data; aligning the pseudorandom sequence to the multiplexed data; and calculating a score for at least one positive value in the demultiplexed segment to find a valid demultiplexed value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Kevin L. Crowell, Spencer A. Prost
  • Patent number: 10370577
    Abstract: New cement-polymer composites and processes of making and using are detailed. One exemplary cement-polymer composite include a Portland cement, an epoxide polymer, a thiol-containing crosslinking agent, and an optional phase separation inhibitor. These composites are dynamically self-healing, mechanically robust, and thermally stable in high temperature environments and can be expected to increase service lifetimes in various applications including energy producing wellbores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Carlos A. Fernandez, Phillip K. Koech, Wooyong Um, Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou, Jaehun Chun, M. Ian Childers, Manh Thuong Nguyen, Kenton A. Rod
  • Patent number: 10367189
    Abstract: An anode-free rechargeable battery is disclosed. The battery includes an anode current collector and a cathode containing an active cation Mn+, where n=1, 2, or 3. The anode-free rechargeable battery further includes a separator placed between the anode current collector and the cathode. The anode-free rechargeable battery also includes an electrolyte including a salt or salt mixture containing an active cation Mn+ dissolved in a solvent or solvent mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Ji-Guang Zhang, Jiangfeng Qian, Wu Xu, Wesley A. Henderson
  • Patent number: 10367232
    Abstract: Embodiments of localized superconcentrated electrolytes (LSEs) for stable operation of electrochemical devices, such as rechargeable batteries, supercapacitors, and sensors, are disclosed. Electrochemical devices, such as rechargeable batteries, supercapacitors, and sensors, including the LSEs are also disclosed. The LSEs include an active salt, a solvent in which the active salt is soluble, and a diluent in which the active salt is insoluble or poorly soluble. In certain embodiments, such as when the solvent and diluent are immiscible, the LSE further includes a bridge solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Ji-Guang Zhang, Jianming Zheng, Shuru Chen
  • Publication number: 20190228629
    Abstract: A system and method of detecting and analyzing a threat in a confined environment is disclosed. An audio board detects and analyzes audio signals which are then transmitted and analyzed to determine the location of a gunshot in a confined location and the type of firearm being shot.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2019
    Publication date: July 25, 2019
    Applicant: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: James R. Skorpik, Michael S. Hughes, Eric G. Gonzalez
  • Publication number: 20190227181
    Abstract: A method includes directing a probe beam to a target that includes an array of data portions in a data storage medium arranged so that a beam area of the probe beam extends across a plurality of adjacent data portions, the array including a data portion subset with each data portion of the subset responsive to the probe beam to produce a response illumination, receiving the response illumination at a detector, and determining data values corresponding to the plurality of adjacent data portions based on the received response illumination. Apparatus and systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2019
    Publication date: July 25, 2019
    Applicant: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: David W. Gotthold, Andrew J. Stevens, Nigel D. Browning, Eric Jensen, Nathan L. Canfield, Alan G. Joly
  • Patent number: 10360667
    Abstract: Biological material fouling assessment systems and methods are described. According to one aspect, a biological material fouling assessment system includes processing circuitry configured to access image data of an image of a surface of a substrate which has been fouled with biological material, wherein the image data comprises intensity information regarding a plurality of pixels of the image, and wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to process the intensity information regarding the pixels of the image to generate information which is indicative of an amount of the fouling of the biological material upon the surface of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: George T. Bonheyo, Curtis J. Larimer, Eric M. Winder, Raymond S. Addleman, Robert T. Jeters, Matthew S. Prowant, Anthony D. Cinson
  • Patent number: 10358562
    Abstract: A method of coating a carbon nanotube material with a solventless coating composition is described. The resulting coating has been shown to preserve the conductivity of the conductive layer and protect the conductive layer from the effects of subsequent coating compositions. Examples are shown in which the coating formulation comprises a polyol and an isocyanate. A layer material comprising a polyurethane coating on a carbon nanotube network layer is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Katherine M. Palmer, Amy M. Heintz, Brett R. Burton, Ioan I. Feier, Timothy J. Lastrapes
  • Publication number: 20190217517
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions of a fused filament fabrication (FFF) composite filament having embedded functional materials in a thermoplastic matrix. Methods of making the composite filaments are also disclosed. In one example, a FFF composite filament incorporates a MOF, in an amount greater than 10% by mass, dispersed in a matrix polymer. One example of a method of synthesizing FFF composite filaments involves mixing a suspension that has a MOF with a matrix polymer solution to yield a polymer-MOF mixture. The mixture is cast and dried into a solid composite material, which is formed a FFF composite filament having the MOF in an amount greater than 10% by mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2018
    Publication date: July 18, 2019
    Applicant: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Rebecca L. Erikson, Josef F. Christ, Zachary C. Kennedy, Kent A. Evans, Christopher A. Barrett, Satish K. Nune
  • Publication number: 20190204712
    Abstract: Methods of generating second harmonic generation (SHG) signals from interfaces formed with, or formed over, a noncentrosymmetric material, e.g., ?-quartz, are provided. The methods make use of the noncentrosymmetric material as an internal phase reference for the determination of a variety of interfacial electrostatic parameters, including interfacial potential, interfacial charge density, and the sign of the interfacial charge (i.e., net positive or net negative).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2019
    Publication date: July 4, 2019
    Applicant: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Franz M. Geiger, Paul E. Ohno, Hong-fei Wang, Kenneth B. Eisenthal
  • Publication number: 20190195837
    Abstract: A system and method are disclosed for interrogating a liquid in a container. In one embodiment, methods are provided to interrogate and identify a container material type and a liquid within a container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2018
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Applicant: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Wesley C. Pirkle, Richard L. Shoaf
  • Publication number: 20190198305
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a first pair of opposing electrode arrangements that confine ions between them in a portion of a confinement volume inwardly laterally in a first confinement direction with respect to a longitudinal ion propagation direction, each opposing electrode arrangement including an arrangement of RF electrodes situated to receive an unbiased RF voltage having an alternate phase between adjacent RF electrodes of the arrangement of RF electrodes so as to provide the confining of ions between the first pair of opposing electrode arrangements, and a second pair of opposing electrode arrangements that confine the ions between the second pair in the confinement volume inwardly laterally in a second confinement direction that complements the first confinement direction, each opposing electrode arrangement of the second pair including an arrangement of RF electrodes that receive an unbiased RF voltage having an alternate phase between adjacent RF electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2019
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Applicant: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Yehia M. Ibrahim, Richard D. Smith
  • Patent number: D855730
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Daniel E. Stamm, Alexander Morrow
  • Patent number: D855731
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Daniel E. Stamm, Alexander Morrow