Abstract: A three dimensional object modeling apparatus that produces a three dimensional object. The apparatus including a forming unit configured to form a transfer image to be transferred on an intermediate transfer body, with the transfer image to be transferred to a laminate product that is a three dimensional object being formed. A laminating unit is provided to transfer the transfer image to the laminate product from the intermediate transfer body, and a pressing member is provided with the intermediate transfer body to take pressing power to the transfer image formed on the intermediate transfer body, in a state of contacting with the laminate product from the intermediate transfer body side for transferring the image to the laminate product. The pressing member including a plurality of high hardness portions having a high hardness and a low hardness portion having a hardness lower than that of the high hardness portions.
Abstract: An inkjet printing apparatus uses a printing head including a plurality of nozzle arrays each including a plurality of nozzles arrayed in a first direction, the nozzle arrays being arranged in a second direction. A compensating unit compensates for an ejection failure of a defective nozzle by causing a compensating nozzle to eject ink to a predetermined pixel area in a case where the print data corresponding to the defective nozzle indicates ink ejection to the predetermined pixel area. The compensating unit determines the compensating nozzle such that the compensating nozzle satisfies both a first condition that the compensating nozzle is not a defective nozzle and a second condition that the print data indicates that nozzles belonging to the nozzle array including the compensating nozzle do not eject ink to a pixel area corresponding to N pixels (N is a positive integer) around the predetermined pixel area in the first direction.
Abstract: In an imprint method in a condensable gas atmosphere, the force (mold releasing force) required to separate a mold from a resist cured film (mold release) has been large. A photocurable composition for performing imprint in an atmosphere containing a condensable gas includes a component (A) which is a (meth)acrylate monomer; a component (B) which is a photopolymerization initiator; and a component (C) which is a mold releasing agent. The saturated solubility of the component (C) in the condensable gas at 5 degrees (Celsius) and 1 atm is 50% by weight or more, the condensable gas being in a liquid state at 5 degrees (Celsius) and 1 atm.
Abstract: Provided is a capacitive transducer including an element including a plurality of cells supported such that a vibrating membrane including one of a pair of electrodes formed with an gap inbetween is capable of vibration, wherein a distance between a pair of electrodes of a cell in an end portion of the element is greater than that between a pair of electrodes of a cell in a middle portion of the element.
Abstract: A transfer system according to an aspect of the invention includes a stator including a plurality of coils, a carriage capable of moving along the stator, a carriage drive magnet provided on the carriage and configured to drive the carriage by magnetic force generated by the plurality of coils, and a power receiver provided on the carriage and including a power receiving magnet configured to drive an actuator by magnetic force generated by the plurality of coils.
Abstract: A recording element board includes a discharge orifice configured to discharge liquid, a pressure chamber communicating with the discharge orifice, a recording element configured to generate thermal energy to cause bubbling of the liquid, the recording element being disposed in the pressure chamber facing the discharge orifice, and a substrate on which the recording element is formed. When the recording element is driven and the liquid of within the pressure chamber is discharged, a generated bubble communicates with the atmosphere. A discharge orifice projection region where the discharge orifice has been projected on the substrate includes a region includes a region extending beyond a heat-generating region projection region where the heat-generating region of the recording element has been projected on the substrate, the outline of the discharge orifice projection region is circumscribed by the outline of the heat-generating region projection region.
Abstract: In order to keep possible local temperature differences in a liquid ejection head small to allow stable liquid ejection performance to be achieved, temperatures in a plurality of heating areas in a liquid ejection head are discretely controlled using heating elements and temperature detection elements.
Abstract: Provided is a metallic image forming method by which a metallic image that assumes sufficient metallic feeling can be acquired. The metallic image forming method is a method of forming a metallic image on a recording medium through use of an ink containing metal particles and includes an ink application step of applying an ink onto a recording medium having an underlayer formed thereon such that the ink overlaps at least a part of the underlayer, the underlayer having a black color or an opposite color with respect to diffusion light of the ink.
Abstract: To provide a recording medium in which the ink absorbability and the color development properties of an image to be obtained are high and in which cracking in an ink receiving layer is sufficiently suppressed. A recording medium contains a base material and an ink receiving layer containing inorganic particles and a binder, in which the inorganic particles have an organosilicon structure having a quaternary ammonium group, an imino group or a substituted imino group, and a hydroxyl group.
Abstract: An ultrasonic apparatus is provided with an adaptive signal processing block (007) and a fixed signal processing block (006). The adaptive signal processing block generates a first intermediate signal by calculating a correlation matrix of a plurality of received electrical signals, extracting a plurality of sub-matrices from the correlation matrix, calculating a sub-correlation matrix by averaging the plurality of sub-matrices, determining a weighting coefficient from the sub-correlation matrix, and synthesizing the plurality of received electrical signals by using the weighting coefficient. The fixed signal processing block generates a second intermediate signal by synthesizing the plurality of received electrical signals with the use of a predetermined weighting coefficient. Then, a comparison and synthesis processing block (008) generate an output signal by comparing and synthesizing the first and second intermediate signals with each other.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus using a contact charging method includes a control unit capable of executing cleaning in a post-rotation step at the end of a job and in an inter-image step during execution of the job. The cleaning involves moving toner adhering to a charging member from the charging member to an image bearing member. The job is a series of operations started by a predetermined start instruction and involving forming an image on one or more recording materials and outputting the one or more recording materials. When an instruction to start the next job is input during execution of cleaning in the post-rotation step, the control unit stops the cleaning in the middle of the execution, starts the next job, and adjusts timing for executing subsequent cleaning on the basis of information. relating to the amount of cleaning executed before being stopped in the middle of the execution.
Abstract: A roller shaft is inserted into a mold including molding members respectively having a first mold surface that defines an outer circumference of a roller portion and second and third mold surfaces that respectively define first and second flat portions of the roller portion, and the mold is then closed. A molding material is injected around the roller shaft to integrally mold the roller portion. The roller portion includes the outer circumference and the first and second flat portions rising from the roller shaft to the outer circumference. The roller shaft includes flange portions at portions corresponding to the first and second flat portions. The flange portions prevent the molding material from leaking outside the first and second flat portions when the roller portion is integrally molded around the roller shaft by injection molding.
Abstract: A communication apparatus accepts remote control from an external apparatus via wireless communication, and includes a communication unit configured to communicate with the external apparatus, and a control unit configured to execute, in response to an operation request that the communication unit has received from the external apparatus, the request being performed through the remote control, a task corresponding to the operation. The control unit sets a time interval relating to a timing at which communication with the external apparatus is performed, and controls the communication unit to perform communication with the external apparatus in compliance with the set time interval.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes an image forming unit forming images on a first sheet and a second sheet having a higher stiffness than the first sheet, a discharge rotary member pair, and a sheet supporting unit to support the first and second sheets discharged through the discharge rotary member pair. In addition, an abutment surface abuts against upstream ends of the first and second sheets supported on the sheet supporting unit, and an elevation unit moves the sheet supporting unit up and down. A control unit, in a state where no sheet is supported on the sheet supporting unit, executes a first discharge mode of controlling the elevation unit to position the sheet supporting unit at a first position before the discharge rotary member pair starts discharging the first sheet, and a second discharge mode of controlling the elevation unit to position the sheet supporting unit at a second position lower than the first position.
Abstract: A discharge extension tray can be extended in a sheet discharge direction from a discharge tray. A front end regulating portion is coupled to the discharge extension tray on a downstream side in the sheet discharge direction of the discharge extension tray such that the front and regulating portion is turnable with respect to the discharge extension tray. A sheet guide portion guides a front end portion of the sheet to a direction separating from a turning center of the front end regulating portion when a sheet having a length longer than a predetermined size is discharged in a state where the discharge extension tray is not extended from the discharge tray.
Abstract: A sheet processing apparatus includes a stapler that executes a stapling process on sheets set in a sheet insertion opening by a user, and a sheet detecting sensor that detects the sheets set in the sheet insertion opening. The sheet processing apparatus displays a setting screen for setting a time until the staple process is executed, and causes the stapler to execute the stapling process according to elapse of the set time after the sheet detecting sensor detects the sheets.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a discharging portion to discharge a sheet on which the image has been formed, an image reading portion to read the image formed on the sheet, and a switching portion to switch between a first position where the discharged sheet is conveyed to a supporting portion and a second position where the discharged sheet is conveyed toward the image reading portion. The sheet conveyed toward the image reading portion is conveyed to a reading position after conveyance of the sheet by the discharging portion is finished, and the control portion conveys the sheet at a first conveyance speed in a period before a trailing end of the sheet is released from the discharging portion and conveys the sheet at a second conveyance speed different from the first conveyance speed in a period after the trailing end of the sheet is released from the discharging portion.
Abstract: A belt unit includes an endless belt including a metal layer, a nip forming member having a heater that includes a heat generating element, a metal stay that presses the nip forming member toward a rotatable member, and a temperature detecting element. A metal leaf spring urges the temperature detecting element toward the inner peripheral surface of the endless belt, and an insulating supporting member is positioned inside the stay and supports the leaf spring. A cord electrically connects with the temperature detecting element through the leaf spring, and an insulating holder portion includes an interposed portion interposed between an exposed portion of the leaf spring and the stay, so as to provide insulation therebetween, and to hold the supporting member. A creepage distance from the heat generating element to the exposed portion of the leaf spring, through the stay and the interposed portion, is 2.5 mm or more.
Abstract: A polymer nanofiber sheet including polymer nanofibers having a polymer, the polymer nanofibers being accumulated and three dimensionally entangled. The polymer nanofiber sheet has a low molecular weight organic compound containing at least one 4- or higher-membered ring structure with an ether linkage. The difference between the average solubility parameter of the polymer and the average solubility parameter of the low molecular weight organic compound is less than 8 (J/cm3)1/2.
Abstract: A zoom lens, includes, in order from object side: a front unit including a unit including a first unit arranged closest to the object side and not moving for zooming; an Nf unit including three or more lenses and having a negative refractive power; an stop; a first rear unit moving during zooming; a second rear unit moving during zooming; and a third rear unit not moving for zooming, in which: the front unit includes four or more lenses and includes one or more units having a positive refractive power; and a difference between positions of the first rear unit at a wide angle end and a telephoto end, a difference between positions of the second rear unit at the wide angle end and the telephoto end, a focal length of the second rear unit, and a focal length of the zoom at the wide angle end are appropriately set.