Patents Assigned to Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
  • Patent number: 11213801
    Abstract: Biomass combustion processes may be controlled to intentionally generate a carbon-containing ash, from which activated carbon is produced according to the methods disclosed. Some variations provide an economically attractive process for producing an activated carbon product, the process comprising combusting a carbon-containing feedstock to generate energy, combustion products, and ash, wherein the ash contains at least 10 wt % carbon; separating and recovering carbon contained in said ash; and further activating or treating the separated carbon, to generate an activated carbon product. Many process variations are disclosed, and uses for the activated carbon product are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2022
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Daniel J. Despen, James A. Mennell, David Reamer
  • Patent number: 11214528
    Abstract: A method and system is provided for treating water to remove contaminants using treated biochar placed in the water flow pathway of a water treatment process. The system further includes the further treatment of the treated biochar after its use in the water treatment process for use in agricultural or animal applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2022
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Rajashekharam Malyala, Richard Wilson Belcher, Ranko Panayotov Bontchev, Brian Buege, Mark L. Jarand, Han Suk Kim, Juliette MacKay, Ronald A. Sills, Vern Traxler
  • Patent number: 11111185
    Abstract: Biochar is provided that is treated to have certain chemical and physical properties found to have the highest impact on plant growth and/or soil health. In particular, the following physical and/or chemical properties, among others, of a biochar have been identified as critical properties to control for in the selection of biomass feedstock, pyrolysis conditions, and/or enhancing treatment to increase biochar performance: (i) bulk density (ii) impregnation capacity; (iii) particle size distribution; (iv) solid particle density; (v) surface area; (vi) porosity; (vii) total porosity; (viii) ratio of macroporosity to total porosity (ix) content of residual organic compounds; (x) content of volatile organic compounds; (xii) ash content; (xiii) water holding capacity; (xiv) water retention capabilities; (xv) levels of dioxins and other potentially hazardous byproducts of pyrolysis; and (xvi) pH.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Ranko Bontchev, Han Suk Kim, Richard W. Wilson, Richard Wilson Belcher, Cameron Cheyne, Leo E. Manzer, Mark L. Jarand, Haijun Wan, Rajashekharam Malyala
  • Patent number: 11091716
    Abstract: This invention provides processes and systems for converting biomass into high-carbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Some embodiments employ pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 Btu/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects. The structural objects may have a structure and/or strength that derive from the feedstock, heat rate, and additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Daniel J. Despen, James A. Mennell, Steve Filips
  • Patent number: 11053172
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for applying biochar to turf and landscape to allow the turf and landscape to be effectively maintained under reduced water and/or reduced fertilizer applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Richard W. Wilson, Han Suk Kim, Ranko Bontchev, Neil Christopher Wahlgren, Vern S Traxler, Timothy Alan Thompson, Brian Buege, Mark L. Jarand
  • Patent number: 11053171
    Abstract: Biochars and methods for treating biochars are provided that are useful in various applications, including, but not limited to, applications related to the raising, care, maintenance, disease prevention, disease treatment and odor control of animals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Richard Wilson Belcher, Ranko Panayotov Bontchev, Han Suk Kim, Gregory Dean Butler, Brian Buege, Juliette MacKay
  • Patent number: 10982161
    Abstract: This invention provides processes and systems for converting biomass into high carbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Some embodiments employ pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 Btu/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects. The structural objects may have a structure and/or strength that derive from the feedstock, heat rate, and additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2021
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Mennell, Daniel J. Despen
  • Patent number: 10889775
    Abstract: This invention provides processes and systems for converting biomass into highcarbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Some embodiments employ pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 Btu/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Mennell, Daniel J. Despen
  • Patent number: 10870608
    Abstract: A soil amendment is provided and a method for making the same, where the soil amendment is encasing biochar in a biodegradable material. The biochar encased in the biodegradable material may be either or both treated and untreated (raw) biochar. The biodegradable material encasing the biochar may be sealed to produce a packet or capsule, or deposited on a sheet of biodegradable material. The sheet of biodegradable material may include a biodegradable adhesive, creating a biochar tape on the biodegradable material. In another example the biodegradable material may be immersed in a solution containing biochar to create a soil amendment, for example, to wrap a root ball of a seedling or sapling. The biodegradable material may, for example, be a polymer, wax, oil, or paraffin which is used to create a bead, capsule, or pod of biochar or biochar slurry, or may be a fiber based or polymer based material that can be formed into a shape, such as a liner, container, or a disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Matthew William Smith, Han Suk Kim, Lawrence M. Wanken, Victoria Putsche, Juliette MacKay
  • Patent number: 10864492
    Abstract: A method for producing biochar aggregate particles that comprising the steps of (i) collecting or producing treated biochar fines less than 1 mm, (ii) adding a binding agent to the fines, (iii) forming the fines and binding agent into solid aggregate particles. The steps may further include, for example, adding additives to the fines, drying the solid aggregate particles, activing the binder after forming the solid aggregate particles with heat or cold temperatures and/or treating the biochar fines prior to forming the aggregate particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Rajashekharam Malyala, Vern Traxler, Matthew William Smith, Han Suk Kim, Ranko Panayotov Bontchev, Richard Wilson Belcher
  • Patent number: 10696603
    Abstract: A treated biochar comprising a porous carbonaceous particle that has been treated and mixed with a media containing a mineral solubilizing microorganism, whereby the porous carbonaceous particle after mixing has retained the mineral solubilizing microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Richard W. Belcher, Han Suk Kim, Brian Buege, Ronald A. Sills
  • Patent number: 10611977
    Abstract: Processes and systems for converting biomass into high-carbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas is employed to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 BtU/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects. The structural objects may have a structure and/or strength that derive from the feedstock, heat rate, and additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Mennell, Daniel J. Despen
  • Patent number: 10174267
    Abstract: This invention provides processes and systems for converting biomass into high carbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Some embodiments employ pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 Btu/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects. The structural objects may have a structure and/or strength that derive from the feedstock, heat rate, and additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Mennell, Daniel J. Despen
  • Patent number: 10167437
    Abstract: This invention provides processes and systems for converting biomass into highcarbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Some embodiments employ pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 Btu/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Mennell, Daniel J. Despen
  • Patent number: 9845440
    Abstract: This invention provides processes and systems for converting biomass into high-carbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Some embodiments employ pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 Btu/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects. The structural objects may have a structure and/or strength that derive from the feedstock, heat rate, and additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Mennell, Daniel J. Despen
  • Patent number: 9752090
    Abstract: This invention provides processes and systems for converting biomass into high-carbon biogenic reagents that are suitable for a variety of commercial applications. Some embodiments employ pyrolysis in the presence of an inert gas to generate hot pyrolyzed solids, condensable vapors, and non-condensable gases, followed by separation of vapors and gases, and cooling of the hot pyrolyzed solids in the presence of the inert gas. Additives may be introduced during processing or combined with the reagent, or both. The biogenic reagent may include at least 70 wt %, 80 wt %, 90 wt %, 95 wt %, or more total carbon on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may have an energy content of at least 12,000 Btu/lb, 13,000 Btu/lb, 14,000 Btu/lb, or 14,500 Btu/lb on a dry basis. The biogenic reagent may be formed into fine powders, or structural objects. The structural objects may have a structure and/or strength that derive from the feedstock, heat rate, and additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Daniel J. Despen, James A. Mennell, Steve Filips
  • Patent number: 9724667
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides biorefining systems for co-producing activated carbon along with primary products. A host plant converts a feedstock comprising biomass into primary products and carbon-containing co-products; a modular reactor system pyrolyzes and activates the co-products, to generate activated carbon and pyrolysis off-gas; and an oxidation unit oxidizes the pyrolysis off-gas, generating CO2, H2O, and energy. The energy is recycled and utilized in the host plant, and the CO2 and H2O may be recycled to the reactor system as an activation agent. The host plant may be a saw mill, a pulp and paper plant, a corn wet or dry mill, a sugar production facility, or a food or beverage plant, for example. In some embodiments, the activated carbon is utilized at the host plant to purify one or more primary products, to purify water, to treat a liquid waste stream, and/or to treat a vapor waste stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Carbon Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Mennell, Daniel J. Despen, David Reamer