Abstract: A fuel nozzle having a flow pathway including a smooth, sharp, or mitered bend prior to a nozzle tip is provided. The fuel nozzle injects fuel into a combustion chamber with an even flow distribution of the fuel and substantially reduces undesirable acoustic resonance encountered in a fuel nozzle body in a combustion system.
Abstract: System, methods and apparatus for dynamic control of mixing of diluent and fuel at desired diluent-to-fuel ratios to obtain low level of undesirable emissions in a combustion system are described.
Abstract: An Advanced Cheng Combined Cycle engine is a combination of the Cheng Cycle or the Advanced Cheng Cycle and a combined cycle, and serves to further enhance the power generation capability of either the Cheng Cycle, the Advanced Cheng Cycle, or the combined cycle alone. A gas turbine is provided, having a turbine generating power, a compressor receiving power from the turbine, and a combustion chamber to which is input compressed air from the compressor along with fuel and combustion products for producing energy to drive the turbine, the gas turbine producing a hot stream gas. A heat recovery steam generator receives hot stream gas produced by the gas turbine and generates high-pressure steam therefrom. A steam turbine receives and is driven by high-pressure steam generated by the heat recovery steam generator. The steam turbine bleeds intermediate-pressure steam for cooling the turbine and for injection back into the combustion chamber of the gas turbine.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for reducing emissions in combustion systems, particularly gas turbines. A mixture of diluent and fuel is created, wherein the diluent and the fuel are at a predetermined diluent-to-fuel ratio. The mixture is homogenized to create a homogenized mixture having a uniform concentration distribution of the diluent and the fuel at the predetermined diluent-fuel ratio. Thereafter, the homogenized mixture is introduced into a flame zone and the homogenized mixture is combusted.
Abstract: A power generator in which the rotor's mechanical rotation speed and the output frequency can be varied substantially independently of each other through electronic controls, to achieve results such as better match between speed and load regime of the primary mover and the generator's output.
Abstract: A steam injection nozzle system for injecting steam into a combustion liner of a gas turbine for enhancing power output and efficiency of the gas turbine. The combustion liner has a plurality of dilution holes for supplying air to a combustion chamber to create turbulence. A steam manifold surrounds the combustion liner and has a plurality of steam injection nozzles, each steam injection nozzle being disposed opposite a corresponding dilution hole, without touching the combustion liner, for injecting the steam directly into the combustion liner through the dilution holes. The steam is injected without altering an existing amount of air through the plurality of dilution holes, resulting in a constant amount of air through the plurality of dilution holes independent of the amount of steam injected therein within a predetermined range of steam. The predetermined range of steam injected may be between approximately 9% and approximately 35%, inclusive, of the air flowing through the combustion liner.