Abstract: A method of recovering a hydrogen-enriched gas at least 70 percent by volume hydrogen includes introducing into the feed device to a rotary furnace defining a tubular interior space, starting materials containing carbon or hydrocarbons. A mass of water being added to the starting material is regulated according to the content of hydrogen in the gas mixture leaving the rotary furnace. The tubular interior space of the rotary furnace is expanded axially to accommodate thermally expanding the starting material and water in the interior space of the rotary furnace.
Abstract: Apparatus and methods for treating radioactive material, in particular for cleaning radioactive contaminated water, are described. One apparatus comprises a process chamber with a combustion zone for generating an oxygen rich gas and an oxidation zone, which is arranged to receive the oxygen rich gas from the combustion zone. The process chamber further comprises a feed opening for feeding the radioactive material into the oxidation zone and is configured to use the oxygen rich gas for oxidizing the radioactive material to obtain oxidized material. The apparatus further comprises a separation device operationally connected to an outlet of the process chamber and configured to at least partly separate the oxidized material into a gaseous fluid and a non-gaseous residue. This way a greatly reduced volume of the radioactive material is achieved, enabling safe and efficient handling and/or compact and space-saving disposal of the radioactive material.
Abstract: A device for reacting an organic starting material to yield a gas that includes hydrogen has a feed device, a tubular furnace with an entry zone, an interior space, an axis of rotation and an exit side, and a water feed arranged by the feed device or entry zone and controllable as a function of the content of hydrogen in the gas mixture. The feed device feeds the starting material in the region of the entry zone into the interior space of the tubular furnace, from which a solid material and a gas mixture is discharged. The tubular furnace has a compensator for different thermal expansions of a first zone and a second zone. A gas-conducting system includes a gas monitor for the content of hydrogen in the gas mixture.