Patents Assigned to Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
  • Patent number: 4031338
    Abstract: An echo suppressor for use in the send path of the four-wire part of a long distance telephone circuit employs frequency-selective center clipping. The bandwidth of the channel in which echo occurs is subdivided in contiguous bands or subchannels by appropriate filtering, and each resulting signal is center clipped by a center clipper. Threshold control voltages are predicted from knowledge of the average speech amplitude distribution characteristic as a function of frequency. This characteristic is subdivided into the same frequency bands as that used by the center clippers, and the ratios of energies in the bands are used to equalize the ratios of the control voltages that determine the center clipper thresholds. This technique is implemented through the use of a peak rectifier, the input of which is coupled to the receive path of the echo suppressor and the output of which is connected to each of the filtered subchannels by a resistive dividing network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1977
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (COMSAT)
    Inventors: Samuel Joseph Campanella, Hans Dodel, Henri George Suyderhoud
  • Patent number: 4024358
    Abstract: An echo canceller having a digital transversal filter with an adaptive control loop for achieving minimum echo is disclosed. Minimum echo is attained by subtracting a synthesized echo from the real echo, the synthesized echo being formed in a digital transversal filter by multiplying a stored replica of the impulse response times the incoming signal. The stored replica is updated using the steepest descent technique by adjusting each of the stages of the replica memory a given amount. The incoming signal is differential pulse code modulation encoded to reduce the process complexity and the size of the memories which store the replica and the incoming signals or, alternatively, increase the performance of the canceller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1977
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Krishnamoorthy Virupaksha
  • Patent number: 4021758
    Abstract: A 4 phase PSK modulator is implemented using micro-strip printed circuit technology and produces a 4 phase PSK modulated carrier by direct modulation of an RF carrier. Implementation is by means of three strip-line hybrids and two semiconductor diode phase shifters. The RF carrier is applied to one input of the first hybrid, and the other input is terminated in its characteristic impedance. The outputs of the first hybrid are connected through the semiconductor diode phase shifters to the inputs of the second hybrid. The outputs of the second hybrid are directly coupled to the inputs of the third hybrid, and the 4 phase PSK output is available from each output of the third hybrid. The semiconductor diode phase shifters are controlled to produce either 0.degree. or 180.degree. phase shifts, and by changing the state of the diode phase shifters, a separate output phase is generated for each of the four possible diode states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1977
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Arthur Frederick Standing
  • Patent number: 4021740
    Abstract: A sinewave clock distribution network and a clock driver for use in the network permit simplified distribution and synchronization in very high speed logic and digital transmission systems. The sinewave central clock is connected through a branching network to a plurality of clock drivers located in the vicinity of digital circuits to which clock pulses are to be supplied. Each clock driver includes a receiver amplifier which is AC coupled to the clock line. The output of the receiver amplifier is connected to a phase shift RC network which includes an adjustable capacitance. By adjusting the capacitance in the RC network, the timing or delay of the clock signal can be varied to permit synchronization of the clock signals at various points in the distribution network. The phase delayed signal from the RC network is coupled to a limiter which limits the input sinewave to form a squarewave for use by the digital circuits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1977
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Otakar Anthony Horna
  • Patent number: 4021623
    Abstract: An automatic H-register clear system for the prevention of erroneous convolution in adaptive digital echo cancellers is disclosed. Incoming signals from the H-register are accumulated and compared to a predetermined threshold value and when the value is exceeded, the H-register is cleared with the occurrence of the internal housekeeping cycle of the echo canceller. The clearing of the H-register allows a new impulse response model to be generated from new sampled data. In one embodiment using analog implementation, the accumulation takes place using a sequence of signal processing of digital-to-analog conversion, full wave rectification followed by integration of the signal. In another preferred embodiment using a counter detection system, each word is compared to a threshold and if this value is exceeded, a counter is indexed. If the value of the count in the counter exceeds a predetermined number during the sampling interval, the H-register is cleared.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1977
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Henri G. Suyderhoud, Michael Onufry, Jr., Eric R. Kauffman
  • Patent number: 4008375
    Abstract: A digital voice switch for detecting voice PCM samples in the presence of noise samples is disclosed. The switch includes a digital variable threshold generating means which adapts the threshold level to changes in the noise level. Advantage is taken of the fact that, over a given interval of time T, speech will occur as random talk spurts separated by periods of silence, while noise (Gaussian distributed) will be continuous. This difference between speech and noise makes it possible to detect the noise level with respect to the voice switch threshold level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1975
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1977
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (COMSAT)
    Inventor: Raymond H. Lanier
  • Patent number: 4004098
    Abstract: A Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA) Communications satellite system which utilizes a pair of communications satellite relays having a communications link between them. Each satellite includes a plurality of receive spotbeam antennas which are selectively connected to a plurality of transmit spotbeam antennas by an on-board switching matrix under control of an on-board oscillator. Each spotbeam antenna communicates with a different geographical zone which includes one or more earth stations. Each station may communicate with all other stations in the system including those within the field of view of the spotbeam antennas aboard the other satellite. In order to maintain synchronization between the satellites, a designated reference station transmits a reference synchronization burst of four sequential unique words to the satellite within its field of view. The reference burst is related to the other satellite and back again to the first satellite where it is relayed back to the reference station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1975
    Date of Patent: January 18, 1977
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Nobuhiko Shimasaki
  • Patent number: 3997729
    Abstract: Bit rate compression in a digital communications system is provided by transmitting voice information from n telephone circuits over the capacity conventionally allocated for transmission of voice information from n/2 circuits without appreciable degradation in quality. Alternatively, a doubling of the number of voice circuits may be provided with transmission at the same bit rate required for conventional digital transmission of voice information. Each frame period, at the transmitter, all n circuits are serviced and, utilizing a predictive encoding scheme, only unpredictable samples in the given frame are transmitted over the available channel capacity. A sample assignment word (SAW), which identifies the circuits corresponding to the unpredictable samples, is transmitted therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1975
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Rene Costales, Joseph Albert Sciulli
  • Patent number: 3988736
    Abstract: A plurality of steerable beam feed devices are used in combination with a single stationary toroidal antenna which permits simultaneous communication with several geosynchronous satellites. Each feed device is movably mounted on a flat elevation plate having linear bearings which mate with rails on a flat azimuth plate to allow the feed to be positioned vertically or at some angle with respect to the vertical depending upon the orientation of the antenna. The flat azimuth plate is mounted for movement on two curved rails which follow the focal arc of the toroidal antenna. Linear actuator devices are provided for moving each plate within a limited range to provide fine positioning of the feed relative to the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1974
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Lewis V. Smith, Jr., Norman P. Miller
  • Patent number: 3988674
    Abstract: Bit rate compression in a digital communications system is provided by transmitting voice information from n telephone circuits over the capacity conventionally allocated for transmission of voice information from n/2 circuits without appreciable degradation in quality. Alternatively, a doubling of the number of voice circuits may be provided with transmission at the same bit rate required for conventional digital transmission of voice information. Each frame period, at the transmitter, all n circuits are serviced and, utilizing a predictive encoding scheme, only unpredictable samples in the given frame are transmitted over the available channel capacity. A sample assignment word (SAW), which identifies the circuits corresponding to the unpredictable samples, is transmitted therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1975
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Joseph Albert Sciulli
  • Patent number: 3982964
    Abstract: An improvement in a fine geometry solar cell having a top surface contact comprising substantially more and finer metallic fingers spaced close together for collecting photo current is disclosed. The improvement comprises a reduction in the ohmic contact area of the fine metallic fingers with the light-incident surface of the solar cell. The improved solar cell is constructed by etching a fine line pattern into the anti-reflective coating of the solar cell and then depositing a fine line electrode onto the surface of the solar cell but oriented perpendicular to the etched fine line pattern in the anti-reflective coating. Due to the 90.degree. rotation between the etched fine line pattern in the anti-reflective coating and the fine line electrode, only point contacts are made between the fine line electrode and the exposed light-incident surface of the solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Joseph Lindmayer, James Frederick Allison
  • Patent number: 3979701
    Abstract: A non-recursive digital filter is disclosed, composed of a cascaded plurality of basic sections, each of which is characterized by coefficient values of integer powers of two's. No hardware multipliers are required in the filter and the operating speed is several times faster than other filters which utilize multipliers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Atsushi Tomozawa
  • Patent number: 3977905
    Abstract: A niobium pentoxide (Nb.sub.2 O.sub.5) anti-reflective coating for use on a solar cell responsive to light in the short wavelength region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Akos G. Revesz, Joseph Lindmayer
  • Patent number: 3972065
    Abstract: A method of testing both digital and analog color television systems is disclosed. The method includes the generation of a unique test signal enables the measurement of differential-phase and differential-gain at continuously variable average pictures levels (APL) anywhere between ten per cent and ninety per cent. Because of the particular test signal employed, the method of testing color television systems may be used with either full-frame or single-line (including vertical interval testing) format.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1975
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Melville Lynwood Heiges, Jr., Leonard Golding, Bela Banyasz
  • Patent number: 3969692
    Abstract: A waveguide structure composed of circular waveguide cavities resonant in the TE.sub.011 mode is capable of realizing the most general bandpass filter characteristics with significant decreases in filter loss and gain slope. In addition to the commonly used Tchebychev and Butterworth functions, the structure can realize general transfer functions including the elliptic function. In its simplest form, the structure is composed of four cylindrical cavities which form a building block for more complex filters. The first and second cavities and the third and fourth cavities each have their side walls in contact and their end walls in common planes. The third and fourth cavities are superposed to the first and second cavities with their adjacent end walls in a common plane, but the second and third cavities are offset so that they overlap at one-half diameters. The first and second cavities are coupled by means of a centrally located side wall slot, as are the third and fourth cavities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1975
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Albert Edward Williams, Ali Ezzeldin Atia
  • Patent number: 3963990
    Abstract: An interference reduction circuit to provide isolation in frequency reuse systems operates on two or more non-isolated signals by cross-coupling the signals such that the interfering signals are cancelled on each channel. In a dual-polarized frequency reuse system, cancellation is effected by adding a sample of an oppositely polarized channel of equal amplitude, but of opposite phase, to the interference. Practical implementation includes closed-loop, digital feedback control to permit dynamic signal-to-interference improvement involving no a priori knowledge of the nature of the incoming signals. The circuit has applications in satellites and earth stations in a communications satellite system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1974
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Daniel F. DiFonzo
  • Patent number: 3955156
    Abstract: A planar microwave integrated circuit, including features of slot lines and coplanar lines, for use as a magic tee and a power divider.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1974
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Paul Lawrence Fleming
  • Patent number: 3949463
    Abstract: A method of applying an anti-reflective coating, particularly a metal oxide coating to a solar cell during the manufacture of such cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1973
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventors: Joseph Lindmayer, James F. Allison
  • Patent number: 3942115
    Abstract: A pilot signal for implementing automatic frequency control in a satellite communications system is continuously transmitted by a designated ground station. Its frequency lies in the middle of the communications band so that it will undergo the same frequency shifts or distortions as the overall communications signal. A second ground station monitors the presence of the pilot signal, and if it is lost for a predetermined time, this second station then transmits the pilot signal to ensure the continuation of the AFC function throughout the system. If the pilot signal is lost at the second station, however, an uncertainty might exist as to whether the failure is in the designated ground station or the second ground station. To resolve this uncertainty a secondary pilot signal, having a frequency different from but in the same band as the primary pilot signal, is transmitted by a third ground station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1973
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (COMSAT)
    Inventor: Chester Joseph Wolejsza, Jr.
  • Patent number: 3940706
    Abstract: A low noise, multistage microwave transistor amplifier constructed using microwave integrated circuit techniques is disclosed. The illustrated embodiment is a two-stage transistor amplifier which is the basic building block for broadband, high-gain cascades. This amplifier features an interstage network consisting of a very short transmission line which minimizes the size and frequency dependence of the amplifier. This is achieved in the satellite communications band of 3.7 to 4.2 GHz by constructing the amplifier on a suitably low dielectric constant substrate rather than the usual high dielectric constant substrates used in microwave amplifier applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1974
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1976
    Assignee: Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat)
    Inventor: Ronald E. Stegens