Patents Assigned to Conoco Inc.
  • Publication number: 20050209349
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of synthesis gas (i.e., a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen), typically labeled syngas. More particularly, the present invention relates to a regeneration method for a syngas catalyst. Still more particularly, the present invention relates to the regeneration of syngas catalysts using a re-dispersion technique. One embodiment of the re-dispersion technique involves the treatment of a deactivated syngas catalyst with a re-dispersing gas, preferably a carbon monoxide-containing gas such as syngas. If necessary, the catalyst is then exposed to hydrogen for reduction and further re-dispersion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2005
    Publication date: September 22, 2005
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Daxiang Wang, Baili Hu, Yaming Jin, Harold Wright
  • Publication number: 20050181939
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for converting a hydrocarbon and oxygen containing gas feed stream to a product stream, such as syngas, including catalytically partially oxidizing the hydrocarbon feed stream over a catalyst bed. The catalyst bed has a downstream zone which is less resistant to flow than the upstream zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2005
    Publication date: August 18, 2005
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Bang Xu, Sriram Ramani, Kevin Ricketson, Gloria Straguzzi, Larry Swinney, Joe Allison
  • Publication number: 20040221508
    Abstract: The present invention relates to improved catalyst compositions, as well as methods of making and using such compositions. In particular, preferred embodiments of the present invention comprise rare earth catalyst supports, catalyst compositions having rare earth supports, and methods of preparing and using the catalysts and supports. Accordingly, the present invention also encompasses an improved method for converting a hydrocarbon containing gas and an oxygen containing gas to a gas mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, i.e., syngas, using the rare earth catalyst supports in accordance with the present invention. In addition, the present invention contemplates an improved method for converting hydrocarbon gas to liquid hydrocarbons using the novel syngas catalyst supports and compositions described herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2002
    Publication date: November 11, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Yaming Jin, Tianyan Niu, Harold A. Wright
  • Publication number: 20040136613
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for fault-tolerant computing in a parallel processing environment. Intermediate data points are determined from a set of input data by a plurality of processing elements operating in parallel. Preferably, the resolution of the intermediate data points is greater than the resolution required in an output imaging data set. The intermediate data points are spatially re-gridded to the resolution required in the output imaging data set, ignoring any missing data as a result of a processing element failing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2003
    Publication date: July 15, 2004
    Applicant: CONOCO INC.
    Inventor: William Meredith Menger
  • Publication number: 20040122115
    Abstract: The present invention presents an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalyst having a low water-gas shift activity and high selectivity and productivity toward a hydrocarbon wax wherein said catalyst comprises iron; silver; sodium, lithium, potassium, rubidium and/or cesium; optionally, calcium, magnesium, boron, and/or aluminum; and a silica structural promoter. The present invention further presents a method of making a precipitated iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalyst. The present invention still further presents a process for producing hydrocarbons using the iron-based, precipitated Fischer-Tropsch catalyst of the present invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Rafael L. Espinoza, Kandaswamy Jothimurugesan
  • Patent number: 6751558
    Abstract: A method of determination of fluid pressures in a subsurface region of the earth uses seismic velocities and calibrations relating the seismic velocities to the effective stress on the subsurface sediments. The seismic velocities may be keyed to defined seismic horizons and may be obtained from many methods, including velocity spectra, post-stack inversion, pre-stack inversion, VSP or tomography. Overburden stresses may be obtained from density logs, relations between density and velocity, or from inversion of potential fields data. The seismic data may be P-P, P-S, or S-S data. The calibrations may be predetermined or may be derived from well information including well logs and well pressure measurements. The calibrations may also include the effect of unloading. The determined pressures may be used in the analysis of fluid flow in reservoirs, basin and prospect modeling and in fault integrity analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2004
    Assignee: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Alan Royce Huffman, Ernest C. Onyia, Richard Wayne Lahann, David W. Bell, Robert Lankston
  • Publication number: 20040101473
    Abstract: The present invention is directed towards a process that allows for the adjustment of hydrogen concentration in a syngas product or Fischer-Tropsch feedstock stream. In particular, the invention is identified as an improved process for producing syngas comprising a secondary chemical reaction, preferably a water gas shift reaction, that allows for the adjustment of the hydrogen concentration in a syngas product stream. Ultimately, the present invention is for an improved process for converting hydrocarbon-containing gas to liquid hydrocarbons.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2002
    Publication date: May 27, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Daxiang Wang, Barbara A. Belt, Vincent H. Melquist, Steve R. Landis
  • Publication number: 20040102531
    Abstract: Embodiments include a method and apparatus for producing synthesis gas in a catalytic partial oxidation reactor by adding hydrogen to the reactor feed stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2002
    Publication date: May 27, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen R. Landis, Lisa M. Carmichael, Kevin L. Ricketson, Thomas R. Ruddy
  • Publication number: 20040092392
    Abstract: A porous catalyst support having an increased average pore size is produced from a mixed metal oxide material. In accordance with one embodiment, a method for preparing a mixed metal oxide material includes providing a mixed metal oxide precursor containing at least two metals, calcining the mixed metal oxide precursor at a temperature sufficient to form a thermally and mechanically stable mixed metal oxide material, and leaching the mixed metal oxide material in a leach solution with a constituent that dissolves one metal oxide. Preferably, the calcination temperature is approximately between 300° C. and 1300° C. The leaching constituent may be chosen from the group including acidic solutions of HCl, HNO3, H2SO4, H3PO3, and their combinations, or basic solutions of NH3, NaOH, KOH, and their combinations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2002
    Publication date: May 13, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Daxiang Wang, Shuibo Xie
  • Publication number: 20040091409
    Abstract: A process is presented for separating and removing acid gases or base gases from an acid feed gas or a base feed gas, respectively, by use of a gas permeable membrane and caustic or acidic solution. In particular, the process utilizes a caustic or an acidic solution, separated from the base feed gas or acid feed gas by a gas permeable membrane, to react with the base gases, such as, for example, ammonia (NH3), or acid gases, such as, for example, hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon oxysulfide (COS) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx), to form salts, thereby facilitating the removal of said base gas or said acid gas from the base feed gas or acid feed gas, respectively. In another aspect of the present invention is presented an apparatus for treating a feed gas containing an acid or a base gas wherein the apparatus comprises a feed gas passage; a treatment solution container containing a treatment solution; and a gas permeable membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2002
    Publication date: May 13, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventor: Joe D. Allison
  • Publication number: 20040092609
    Abstract: A process for reducing C2-C9 olefin formation by recycling them to a Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbon synthesis process and promoting recycled olefins chain growth comprises contacting a gas feed comprising a mixture of H2 and CO with a catalyst in a reactor system at conditions effective to produce a hydrocarbon product stream including C2-C9 olefins, separating a C2-C9 olefins-rich stream from the hydrocarbon product stream to form a light olefin recycle stream and recycling the light olefin recycle stream to the reactor system at a point in the reactor system where the H2:CO ratio is low relative to the H2:CO ratio in the rest of the reactor system. Depending on whether the initial H2:CO ratio is greater or less than the usage ratio of the selected catalyst, the recycled olefins can be returned to the system up- or downstream of the reactor system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2002
    Publication date: May 13, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Rafael L. Espinoza, Ajoy P. Raje, Doug S. Jack
  • Publication number: 20040084188
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method of re-manufacturing a composite riser section having a damaged original metal liner. An expandable replacement liner is inserted into the bore of the composite riser section and is positioned to cover the liner. An annular recess may be formed circumferentially into the damaged portion of the metal liner to accommodate the replacement liner. The replacement liner is radially expanded within the composite riser section and a seal is created to prevent fluid inside the composite riser from flowing around the replacement liner, through the damaged liner and to the outside of the composite riser.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2002
    Publication date: May 6, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventor: Mamdouh M. Salama
  • Publication number: 20040086341
    Abstract: The present invention provides a metal lined composite riser section for use in offshore applications featuring a traplock metal-to-composite interface to secure a plurality of structural composite overwrap layers about a metal liner assembly. Each traplock is formed with at least one annular groove or channel which has been made in the exterior surface of the metal liner assembly. The annular trap grooves may be of various geometries and may be arranged adjacent to each other to form a traplock having 2 to 8 or any number of grooves required to ensure proper adhesion between the composite overwrap layers and the metal liner assembly. A number of structural composite overwrap layers are secured about the assembly by building up alternating combinations of helical and hoop fiber windings to form a composite material. The present invention also provides a method of making composite riser sections using either a mandrel or counterweights to facilitate the composite fiber winding process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2002
    Publication date: May 6, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Mamdouh M. Salama, Brian E. Spencer
  • Publication number: 20040082670
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of synthesis gas (i.e., a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen), typically labeled syngas. More particularly, the present invention relates to a regeneration method for a syngas catalyst. Still more particularly, the present invention relates to the regeneration of syngas catalysts using a re-dispersion technique. The re-dispersion technique involves the formation and removal of carbonyls with the active metals. The carbonyl formation and removal effectively re-disperses the catalyst metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2002
    Publication date: April 29, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Robin G. Cnossen, Lisa M. Carmichael
  • Publication number: 20040072685
    Abstract: A catalyst useful for the production of olefins from alkanes via oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) is disclosed. In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a catalyst for use in ODH processes includes a MCrAlY support. M is preferably a base metal, or combination of base metals. A base metal is herein defined as a non-Group VIII metal, with the exception of iron, cobalt and nickel. Suitable base metals include Group IB-VIIB metals, Group IIIA-VA metals, Lanthanide metals, iron, cobalt and nickel. In a preferred embodiment, M is iron. Additionally, the catalyst may optionally include a Group VIII promoter. Suitable Group VIII promoters include Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, and Pt. In another preferred embodiment, M is a combination of a Lanthanide metal and iron with a front-loaded Group VIII promoter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2002
    Publication date: April 15, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Zhen Y. Chen, Sriram Ramani, Lisa M. Carmichael, Joe D. Allison
  • Publication number: 20040065591
    Abstract: A defined catalyst withdrawal and replacement program for optimizing the productivity and the economics of catalyst consumption in a multi-reactor system is disclosed. Catalyst cost is reduced by minimizing removal of the newest catalyst and maximizing removal of older catalyst to achieve an overall reduction of catalyst age in the multi-reactor system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2002
    Publication date: April 8, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventor: James L. Rockwell
  • Publication number: 20040068153
    Abstract: Catalysts and methods useful for the production of olefins from alkanes via oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) are disclosed. The ODH catalysts include a base metal selected from the group consisting of lanthanide metals, their oxides, and combinations thereof. The base metal is more preferably selected from the group consisting of samarium, cerium, praseodymium, terbium, their corresponding oxides and combinations thereof. The base metal loading is preferably between about 0.5 and about 20 weight percent and more preferably between about 2 and about 10 weight percent. Optionally, the ODH catalysts are further comprised of a Group VIII promoter metal present at trace levels. The Group VIII promoter metal is preferably platinum, palladium or a combination thereof and is preferably present at a promoter metal loading of between about 0.005 and about 0.1 weight percent. Optionally, the ODH catalyst is supported on a refractory support.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2002
    Publication date: April 8, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Joe D. Allison, Sriram Ramani, Zhen Chen, Lisa M. Carmichael, Shang Y. Chen, Steve R. McDonald, Anne Gaffney
  • Publication number: 20040068148
    Abstract: Catalysts and methods useful for the production of olefins from alkanes via oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) are disclosed. The ODH catalysts are comprised of a Group VIII promoter metal present at trace levels. The Group VIII promoter metal is preferably platinum, palladium or a combination thereof and is preferably present at a promoter metal loading of between about 0.005 and about 0.1 weight percent. Optionally, the ODH catalysts include a base metal, metal oxide, or combination thereof. The optional base metal is selected from the group consisting of Group IB-IIB metals, Group IVB-VIIB metals, Group IIA-VA metals, scandium, yttrium, actinium, iron, cobalt, nickel, their oxides, and combinations thereof. The base metal is more preferably selected from the group consisting copper, tin, chromium, gold, manganese and their respective oxides and any combinations thereof. The base metal loading is preferably between about 0.5 and about 10 weight percent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2002
    Publication date: April 8, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Joe D. Allison, Sriram Ramani, Zhen Chen, Lisa M. Carmichael, Shang Y. Chen, Steve R. McDonald, Anne Gaffney
  • Publication number: 20040062704
    Abstract: The present invention includes a process for producing carbon filaments and synthesis gas from a mixture of alkanes, preferably natural gas, comprising converting a first portion of the alkanes, preferably C2+ hydrocarbons, directly to carbon filaments and converting a second portion of the alkanes, preferably methane, to syngas. The natural gas may be separated into a first feed stream comprising ethane, propane, and butane and a second feed stream comprising methane. The first feed stream is fed to a carbon filament CF reactor to produce carbon filaments and hydrogen. The second feed stream is fed to a syngas production reactor to produce syngas. Alternatively, the natural gas is fed to at least one carbon filament reactor that is maintained at an effective temperature to convert C2+ hydrocarbons in the natural gas to carbon filaments and hydrogen, thereby filtering methane from the natural gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2002
    Publication date: April 1, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Joe D. Allison, Sriram Ramani, Priya Rangarajan, Kenneth M. York, Troy L. Amundson, Gary E. Welch
  • Publication number: 20040050806
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for separating liquid products and catalyst fines from a slurry used in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor. A settling system continuously or intermittently removes catalyst fines from the slurry and is coupled with catalyst-liquid separation system that separates liquid products from the slurry. The preferred separation system produces a sub-particle rich stream and a catalyst-lean stream that are removed from the system. The systems of the present invention act to reduce the concentration of catalyst fines in the reactor, thereby increasing the effectiveness of a catalyst-liquid separation system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2002
    Publication date: March 18, 2004
    Applicant: Conoco Inc.
    Inventors: Rafael L. Espinoza, Sergio R. Mohedas, Seyi Odueyungbo, James Dale Ortego