Patents Assigned to Crane Electronics, Inc.
  • Patent number: 10425080
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing peak current mode control (PCMC) for power converters using discrete analog components. A pair of complementary bipolar junction transistors may be used to set a maximum duty cycle for the power converter. PCMC may be achieved using a comparator that compares peak input current to an error feedback signal and terminates a pulse-width modulation (PWM) pulse when the peak input current exceeds the error feedback signal. A magnetic signal transformer may be used to establish a secondary side bias voltage supply, to return the error signal, and to drive an AC-coupled signal for a synchronous gate drive. A synchronous switch may be turned on when the main switch is turned off via an output winding of the flyback transformer and may be turned off by the trailing edge of a clock pulse from the magnetic signal transformer before the main switch is turned on.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Kai Liu, Herman Chen, Sovann Song, Khoa Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9979285
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing peak current mode control (PCMC) for power converters using discrete analog components. Peak current mode control functionality for latching, set, reset, clocking and slope compensation is provided via available analog components that provide improved performance, design flexibility, reliability, and radiation tolerance. Discrete analog components may include analog comparators, resistors, capacitors, diodes, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Hach Nguyen, Khoa Nguyen, Peter Odell, Sovann Song
  • Patent number: 9888568
    Abstract: A multilayer electronics assembly and associated method of manufacture are provided. The multilayer electronics assembly includes a plurality of stacked substrate layers. Each of the substrate layers is fusion bonded to at least an adjacent one of the plurality of substrate layers. A first discrete electrical circuit component is bonded to a first layer of the plurality of layers. A bonding material is interposed between the discrete electrical circuit component and the first layer. The bonding material has a reflow temperature at which the bonding material becomes flowable that is higher than a fusion bonding temperature of the substrate layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: CRANE ELECTRONICS, INC.
    Inventors: Ernest Clyde Parker, Philip Joseph Lauriello
  • Patent number: 9866100
    Abstract: A circuit for providing dynamic output current sharing using average current mode control for active-reset and self-driven synchronous rectification with pre-bias startup and redundancy capabilities for power converters. The circuit communicates a secondary side feedback signal to a primary side via a bidirectional magnetic communicator that also provides a secondary voltage supply. Pre-bias startup is achieved by detection of the output current direction and controlling the gate signals of synchronous rectifiers. The circuit permits dynamic current sharing via a single-control signal and automatic master converter selection and promotion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Hach Nguyen, Khoa Nguyen, Peter Odell, Sovann Song
  • Patent number: 9831768
    Abstract: Systems and methods that provide control circuits having multiple sub-control inputs that control operation of a power electronics device (e.g., a power converter). Each of the multiple sub-control inputs are output from a separate sub-control circuit that includes a feedback circuit having an input tied to a common control node. The common control node is coupled to an input of a controller (e.g., a PWM controller). Outputs of each of the sub-control circuits are coupled to the common control node by a respective switch (e.g., diode, transistor, etc.) so that each of the sub-control circuits may be selectively coupled to the common control node to provide a control signal to a controller. Since components of each of the feedback compensations circuits are biased at a regulation voltage instead of a higher power supply voltage, the control circuit may switch between control modes with minimal delay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: CRANE ELECTRONICS, INC.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Sovann Song, Khoa Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9780635
    Abstract: A circuit for providing dynamic output current sharing using average current mode control for active-reset and self-driven synchronous rectification with pre-bias startup and redundancy capabilities for power converters. The circuit communicates a secondary side feedback signal to a primary side via a bidirectional magnetic communicator that also provides a secondary voltage supply. Pre-bias startup is achieved by detection of the output current direction and controlling the gate signals of synchronous rectifiers. The circuit permits dynamic current sharing via a single-control signal and automatic master converter selection and promotion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Hach Nguyen, Khoa Nguyen, Peter Odell, Sovann Song
  • Patent number: 9742183
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for providing over-voltage protection for power converters. An over-voltage protection loop includes an error amplifier that maintains an external reference voltage within a highly precise range that can be used to provide a highly precise output voltage from the over-voltage protection loop. The over-voltage protection loop may also include feedback impedance that delays the output of the over-voltage protection loop. The delay may prevent the over-voltage protection loop from being engaged due to voltage transients output from a main servo loop circuit that provides a nominal output voltage under normal operation, thus allowing the threshold voltage and output voltage of the over-voltage protection loop to be set close to the nominal output voltage of the main servo loop circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Khoa Nguyen, Hach Nguyen, Peter Odell, Sovann Song
  • Patent number: 9735566
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for providing over-voltage protection for power converters. An over-voltage protection loop includes an error amplifier that maintains an external reference voltage within a highly precise range that can be used to provide a highly precise output voltage from the over-voltage protection loop. The over-voltage protection loop may also include feedback impedance that delays the output of the over-voltage protection loop. The delay may prevent the over-voltage protection loop from being engaged due to voltage transients output from a main servo loop circuit that provides a nominal output voltage under normal operation, thus allowing the threshold voltage and output voltage of the over-voltage protection loop to be set close to the nominal output voltage of the main servo loop circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Khoa Nguyen, Hach Nguyen, Peter Odell, Sovann Song
  • Patent number: 9419538
    Abstract: A power converter has a transformer having three primary windings configured to receive respective phases of a three-phase alternating current (AC) input signal in a delta configuration and three secondary windings, each split into two portions, wherein the portions are coupled together in a regular hexagon. The power converter includes a rectifier having a first rectifier path coupled between taps of the secondary windings and a positive output of the power converter and a second rectifier path coupled between taps of the secondary windings and a negative output. One of the secondary windings may be reversed with respect to the other secondary windings. The primary windings may be split with a corresponding secondary winding sandwiched between portions of the primary. One of the paths may have a different inductance than the other path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Kaz Furmanczyk, Randy Stephenson
  • Patent number: 9293999
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing a self-driven synchronous rectification circuit for an active-clamp forward converter which includes automatically enhancing synchronous MOSFETs and maximizing input voltage range. The gate signals for the synchronous MOSFETs are derived from a unipolar magnetic coupling signal instead of a bipolarized magnetic coupling signal. The unipolar signal is retained for fully enhanced driving of the MOSFETs at low line voltage and the unipolar signal is automatically converted to a bipolar signal at high line amplitude due to line variance to maximize input voltage range by utilizing non-polarized characteristics of the MOSFET gate-to-source voltage (Vgs). The circuit permits efficient scaling for higher output voltages such as 12 volts DC or 15 volts DC, without requiring extra windings on the transformer of the forward converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Sovann Song, Khoa Nguyen, Herman Chen
  • Patent number: 9230726
    Abstract: Systems and methods that allow for weight and size reduction of electronics components, such as transformer rectifier units (TRUs) or autotransformer rectifier units (ATRUs), by providing a fluid cooling system is utilized to provide high heat dissipation for a transformer assembly of TRUs or ATRUs by providing a thermal interface at the windings of the transformer assembly, which are the hottest spots in such assemblies. The cooling system may include a fluid-cooled winding heat sink element or “finger,” which may be a thermally conductive bar (e.g., aluminum, copper) having microchannels therein positioned between the core and windings of a transformer or between turns of the windings of a transformer. Fluid passes through the microchannels of the heat sink element to provide direct cooling to the heat generating windings of the transformers. The heat sink element may be produced by an additive manufacturing technology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Ernest Parker, Fan Wang, James William White, Michael Robert Pierce, Randall Stephenson, David L. Wiley
  • Patent number: 9160228
    Abstract: This disclosure describes systems, methods and articles of a passive EMI filter integrated with an active boost converter for low-side line transients and/or an active clipper for high-side line transients. During steady-state operation, the active circuitry is disabled so the circuit functions as a passive EMI filter. Inductive and capacitive components used in the passive EMI filter during steady-state operation may serve a dual role and become part of a boost converter when input voltage is below a low-line steady-state and, in some variations, the inductive and capacitive components may become part of a transient clipper when the input voltage is above a high-line steady-state level. The transient clipper may be implemented as a linear pass element or as a switch-mode converter (e.g., buck converter).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Ernest Parker, Dongmin Liu, Anton Zlatev
  • Patent number: 9041378
    Abstract: Systems and methods that provide control circuits having multiple sub-control inputs that control operation of a power electronics device (e.g., a power converter). Each of the multiple sub-control inputs are output from a separate sub-control circuit that includes a feedback circuit having an input tied to a common control node. The common control node is coupled to an input of a controller (e.g., a PWM controller). Outputs of each of the sub-control circuits are coupled to the common control node by a respective switch (e.g., diode, transistor, etc.) so that each of the sub-control circuits may be selectively coupled to the common control node to provide a control signal to a controller. Since components of each of the feedback compensations circuits are biased at a regulation voltage instead of a higher power supply voltage, the control circuit may switch between control modes with minimal delay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: CRANE ELECTRONICS, INC.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Sovann Song, Khoa Nguyen
  • Patent number: 8890630
    Abstract: An oscillator formed from low cost discrete semiconductors and passive devices creates a linear periodic ramp of constant frequency with ramp slope based on an external voltage signal. Parameters are stable over a wide range of temperatures and variations of transistor parameters that normally degrade in extreme environments. The oscillator period can be phase and frequency synchronized to an external clock source over a wide range of frequencies. The oscillator ramp generator phase can be synchronized on a cycle by cycle basis for incorporation in power converters employing spread spectral EMI reduction techniques, multi-converter systems employing clock interleaving for distribution bus filter optimization, and resonant mode converters employing zero voltage switching techniques. Oscillator ramp rate is independent of frequency and can be synchronized to DC (inhibit) for use in ultra low power burst mode power conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventor: Rodney Alan Hughes
  • Patent number: 8885308
    Abstract: Control circuitry handles inrush current, and may provide under voltage and/or over voltage monitoring and handling, as well as remote enable handling. The circuitry may advantageously employ a sense capacitor in parallel with an input capacitor (e.g., bulk input filter capacitor), and a current mirror to produce a signal proportional to input current. A clamp circuit may control a series pass device to regulate current in response to the proportional signal, or to interrupt current flow in response to an under voltage or over voltage condition or receipt of a signal indicative of a disable state. An enable signal may be summed into a comparator that handles under voltage condition determination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Barry F. Waltman, Rodney Alan Hughes, Reid Adriance, Bertrand Nkei, Jay Allen Kuehny
  • Patent number: 8866551
    Abstract: A dual compensation operational amplifier is suitable for use in an environment that experiences fluctuations in ambient energy levels. A dual compensation impedance can be determined to nullify or compensate for effects of an input offset voltage or an input bias current or both. Adjustments to the dual compensation impedance can be made based on calibration data for various environmental conditions so that the dual compensation impedance can be either pre-set for anticipated conditions in different target operational environments, or automatically adjusted in-situ. Target operational environments that may benefit from such a dual compensation impedance include remote areas that experience extreme or variable temperatures, high altitudes, space, or high radiation environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Jay Kuehny, David Perchlik
  • Patent number: 8829868
    Abstract: A power converter provides current limit/current share functionality, allowing use in a point-of-load architecture and/or in parallel with one or more other power converters. An inner current control loop may sense output current over only a portion of a duty cycle, for example at a low side active switch. The resulting signal is compensated, and may be level shifted, for example via a resistor divider network, and supplied to a current control amplifier. An outer voltage control loop may sense output voltage, and provide a voltage error signal from a voltage error amplifier to the resistor divider network. Power converters are operable as masters or slaves, and include sense input and trim input terminals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Barry F. Waltman, Reid Adriance, Jay Allen Kuehny, Stefan Jon Kristjansson
  • Patent number: 8824167
    Abstract: An auxiliary power supply or bias voltage supply employs a step up switch mode DC/DC power converter topology to supply regulated bias supply voltages, from very low input voltages (e.g., less than 2V). The supply will synchronize to dynamic loads making it particularly useful in circuits with periodic high peak current power demands, for example, gate drive circuits employed in regulated switched mode power converters. When unladed, the supply will efficiently adjust its cycle period to the minimum required to maintain the desired boosted output voltage. Additional transformer windings or a charge pump may be used to generate additional vias voltage sources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Rodney Alan Hughes, Reid Adriance, Bertrand Nkei, Jay Allen Kuehny
  • Patent number: 8710820
    Abstract: A power architecture receives an input signal at an input node and converts the input signal into an intermediate signal with a power conversion stage. The power conversion stage supplies the intermediate signal to an output node of the power conversion stage where the intermediate signal is filtered with an operating capacitance coupled to the output node. A hold-up capacitance is charged, and when a loss of the input signal is detected, the hold-up capacitance is coupled to the input node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Crane Electronics, Inc.
    Inventor: Ernest Clyde Parker
  • Publication number: 20140070887
    Abstract: A dual compensation operational amplifier is suitable for use in an environment that experiences fluctuations in ambient energy levels. A dual compensation impedance can be determined to nullify or compensate for effects of an input offset voltage or an input bias current or both. Adjustments to the dual compensation impedance can be made based on calibration data for various environmental conditions so that the dual compensation impedance can be either pre-set for anticipated conditions in different target operational environments, or automatically adjusted in-situ. Target operational environments that may benefit from such a dual compensation impedance include remote areas that experience extreme or variable temperatures, high altitudes, space, or high radiation environments.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: CRANE ELECTRONICS, INC.
    Inventors: Cuon Lam, Jay Kuehny, David Perchlik