Abstract: A manipulator comprises a carriage on which is mounted a peel having jaws for gripping a workpiece. The peel can move relative to the carriage longitudinally vertically and in tilt. Detectors give signals representing parameters on which the position of the peel depend and a circuit derives from those signals an indication of the position of the jaws, taking into account the angular attitude of the peel. The position indication can be used to control the peel jaws to a required position relative to the carriage.
Abstract: A rolling mill stand for hot or cold rolling rod and flats has a C-shaped housing and a bolt connecting the protruding ends of the housing. The work rolls are mounted in cantilever fashion and are carried in chocks which are restrained by the housing. The chocks are pivoted to the housing about pivot pins, the axes of which are parallel to the axes of the work rolls and are displaced from the plane through the roll axes. Pivoting of the chocks about the pivot pins in order to vary the separation of the work rolls does not affect the shape of the roll gap.